|Publication number||US3366308 A|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 1968|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1966|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3366308 A, US 3366308A, US-A-3366308, US3366308 A, US3366308A|
|Inventors||Phillips Jr Floyd L|
|Original Assignee||Archer Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (21), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 30, 1968 F. 1.. PHILLIPS, JR I 3,366,308
COLLAPS IBLE CONTAINER Filed April 11, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 32 22 2e g4 2a 54 i '54 r84 30 1 25 I 3a I 64 I NVEN TOR.
Jan. 30, 1968 F. L. PHILLIPS, JR
COLLAPSIBLE CONTAINER 2 SheetsSheet 2 Filed April 11, 1966 United States Patent Oil ice 3,366,308 Patented Jan. 30, 1968 3,366,308 COLLAPSIBLE CONTAINER Floyd L. Phillips, Jr., Winston-Salem, N.C., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Archer Products, Incorporated, Winston-Salem, N.C., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 11, 1966, Ser. No. 541,823 9 Claims. (Cl. 229-41) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A collapsible container and a blank for such a container. Opposing panels of the container include diagonal score lines to the bottom corners of the panels. A horizontal score line extends from the intersections of the diagonal score lines in one panel across the panel and across an intermediate panel to the corresponding point in the opposing panel. Vertical score lines extend across the opposing panels from the intersections of the diagonal lines to the top of the container. The container top is sloping, substantially closed, and is formed from extensions of the opposing panels which slope upwardly and toward each other and from an inwardly and upwardly sloping extension of the intermediate panel. The container so scored may be collapsed by folding its bottom inwardly and upwardly against the intermediate panel while the sides are collapsed inwardly all the way to the top of the container.
This invention relates to containers, and more particularly to a container which is capable of being easily collapsed.
The invention is particularly adapted to paperboard milk containers having sloping tops, and renders such containers easily collapsible after use.
Collapsible containers have been provided in the past. Such containers are useful since they may be collapsed after use so as to take up little space. Non-collapsible containers, such as empty milk, juice and cereal containers, are quite bulky, and consequently when they are stored, e.g., in a garbage can, they occupy too much space. In the past, containers typically have had to be opened prior to the folding of the container panels for collapsing, or a substantial number of different folding operations have been necessary to complete the collapsing. Further, some types of collapsible containers have required the folding of a number of different container sections, which tends to make a bulky item even in the collapsed state.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved container.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide an improved container which may be readily collapsed.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a container which may be easily collapsed without requiring a substantial number of container-folding operations to complete the collapsing or a container-opening operation prior to collapsing.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a collapsible container which in the collapsed state is generally free from bulkiness.
These and other objects of the present invention are achieved through the use of score lines in the panels of a container. Such score lines are advantageously provided in a carton blank prior to the forming of the blank to a container. A horizontal score line spaced from the bottom of the container extends from a first point in one of the container side panels, across an intermediate panel to a corresponding second point in an opposing side panel of the container. Diagonal score lines extend from the points in the opposing container side panels to the bottom corners of these panels. Further score lines extend vertically along the opposing side panels of the container from these points to the top of the container. With such scoring of the container, the container bottom may be folded upwardly about the horizontal score line and against the intermediate panel of the container, while the two opposing side panels are at the same time pressed inwardly along the vertical score lines that extend to the top of the container and along the diagonal score lines. The two opposing side panels of the container thus collapse toward each other, and the container is compressed to a collapsed state. If the score lines are each dashed and not a single, continuous score line, then the scored container is not weakened by such score lines. The container may be easily collapsed, however, by virtue of the score lines. In the collapsed state, little bulk is provided inasmuch as only the container bottom, not also the top, is folded against the intermediate panel of the container. This arrangement has particular advantage in containers having sloping tops, typical in milk containers, inasmuch as the entire container may be collapsed without requiring the top to be opened prior to collapsing. Hence the collapsing takes place in etfectively a single operation.
The invention will be more completely understood with reference to the following detailed description.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a representative scored carton blank for a container in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a partially completed container formed from the scored carton blank of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective View of the top of a completed container formed from the scored carton blank of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the bottom of a completed container formed from the scored carton blank of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a completed container as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, with its top opened to provide a pouring spout;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the container of FIG. 5 prior to being collapsed;
FIGS. 7 and 8 are side views of the container of FIG. 6 showing the container at different stages in the collapsing of the container; and
FIG. 9 is a side view of the container of FIG. 6 fully collapsed.
Referring to FIG. 1, a representative scored carton blank 20 embodying the present invention is shown. The blank is typically made of paperboard and is suitable for being formed into a milk carton, but of course this is merely exemplary. The blank includes a first pair of opposing panels 22 and 24 and a second pair of 0pposing panels 26 and 28. A panel 30 at the side of the panel 22, which may be considered to be part of the panel 22, is provided as a sealing flap. The portions of the panels designated 22a, 24a, 26a and 28a comprise the side panels of a container that is ultimately formed. Top extensions 22b, 24b, 26b and 28b form the top of the completed container, and bottom extensions 22c 24c, 26c and 280 form the bottom of the completed container. The blank 20 includes horizontal score lines 32, 34 and 36 extending substantially across the entire blank and vertical score lines 38, 40, 42 and 44 extending from the top to the bottom of the blank. Score lines 46 and 48 in the bottom extension 220 and score lines 50 and 52 in the bottom extension 240 serve to complete the bottom of the container as will be explained in more detail below. Similarly, score lines 54 and 56 in the top extension 22b and score lines 58 and 60 in the top extension 24b aid in completing the top closure of the container, as explained below. Score lines 59 and 61 in top extensions 26b and 28b aid in the forming of a pouring spout, as explained below.
A horizontal dashed score line 62 extends from a point 64 in the panel 22 to a point 66 in the panel 24. The dashed score line thus extends across a part of the panel 22, across all of intermediate panel 26 and across part of the panel 24. The dashed score line 62 is generally parallel to and is spaced from the score line 36 which defines the bottom of the container. Diagonal dashed score lines 68 and 70 extend from the point 64 respectively to lower corners 72 and 74 on the side panel 22a. Similarly, diagonal dashed score lines 76 and 78 extend from point 66 respectively to lower corners 80 and 82 of the side panel 24a. Finally, vertical dashed score lines 84 and 86 respectively extend from the points 64 and 66 to the top of the container blank. It will be noted that these vertical score lines, which are substantially perpendicular to the dashed score line 62, extend entirely across the top extensions 22b and 24b. It is the dashed score lines 62, 68, 70, 76, 78, 84 and 86 which render the container capable of being collapsed in accordance with the invention.
Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a partially completed container formed from the score carton blank of FIG. 1. The sealing flap 30 is secured to a portion of the panel 28 against which it abuts. Typically, the adhesive used for securing the fiap to the panel is any suitable thermoplastic material which sets upon the application of heat and pressure. The top of the container is formed by pressing the top extensions 22b and 24b inwardly so that the extensions respectively crease about the score lines 54, 56, 38, 40 and 58, 60, 42, 44 as well as about portions 84' and 86' of score lines 84 and 86 between the top of the container and the horizontal score line 32. All the top extensions 22b, 24b, 26b and 28b crease about the horizontal score lines 32 and 34 in forming the completed container top shown in FIG. 3. As will be noted from FIG. 3, the top extensions 26b and 28b as well as portions of the extensions 22b and 24b slope upwardly. The upwardly sloping container top presents a structure eminently suitable for collapsing in accordance with the present invention, as explained in more detail below.
In similar fashion, the bottom of the container is formed by pivoting the bottom extensions 22c, 24c, 26c and 280 about the bottom score line 36. The bottom extensions 22c and 240 respectively crease about the score lines 46, 48 and 50, 52 in completing the bottom. It will be noted that part of the bottom extension 280 overlies part of the bottom extension 260 in the completed bottom as shown in FIG. 4. The completed bottom is flat, as shown in this figure.
FIG. shows the container of FIGS. 3 and 4 opened at its top portion to provide a pouring spout 100 for the product contained therein. The spout is opened by separating portions of adjacent top extensions 26b and 28b as shown in FIG. 6 and pulling the intermediate top extension 24b outwardly so that the latter extension creases about the score lines 34, 58, 60, 59, 61, 42, 44 and 86 to the position shown in FIG. 5.
The container in FIG. 6 is easily collapsed after the contents of the container have been emptied therefrom by at least partially closing the container top so that it generally assumes the condition shown in FIG. 6. Next, the side panels 22a and 2401 are pressed inwardly by pressure along vertical dashed score lines 84 and 86 (typically applied by the index fingers of the right and left hands) so that these side panels crease about the score lines. Pressure is also applied against the intermediate panel 26a in the region of the horizontal score line 34 (typically applied by the thumbs of both hands) so as to permit the top of the container to collapse inwardly, i.e., so that the top extensions 26b and 28b move toward each other while the top extensions 22b and 24b collapse by suitable creasing of these top extensions about the score lines 84, 54, 56 and 86, 58, 60. The pressure against the intermediate panel 26a is then moved, it
necessary, near the region of the horizontal dashed score line 62 so that the bottom of the container starts to pivot upwardly as shown in FIG. 7. Concurrently, pressure is applied inwardly along the diagonal dashed score lines 68, 70 of side panel 221: and 76, 78 of side panel 24a (typically applied by the index and middle fingers of both hands) so that the container side panels may crease along these score lines to aid in the pivoting of the bottom of the container. The side panels 22a and 24a collapse and the side panels 26a and 28a move toward each other as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8.
FIG. 9 shows the completely collapsed container, of which the bottom is folded upwardly against the side panel 26a. The two side panels 22a and 24a are collapsed inwardly so that the collapsed container is of relatively flat shape. It will be noted that since the container includes the upwardly sloping top, the container is easily collapsed without requiring the top to be opened to permit collapsing. In this regard, since the top extensions 26b and 28b slope upwardly and toward each other, they readily move to the collapsed positions shown in FIG. 9 where they abut each other. It is not necessary to fold the top of the container downwardly against one of the side panels 26:: and 28a as it is necessary so to fold the bottom of the container. Hence a compact structure is provided. It should be noted that in the event that upwardly sloping top extensions are not employed, dashed score lines (84 and 86) extending to the top of the container still may be employed; in such a case the top of the container is typically opened prior to its collapsing so as to permit the collapsing to take place.
By utilizing dashed score lines for the collapsing of the container, the container is not weakened as it might be if the score lines were each continuous. In this fashion inadvertent collapsing of the container, possible with a weakened container, is avoided.
The invention has been described in connection with a particular type of container, namely a paperboard milk container. It is applicable to many different types of containers and hence the invention should be taken to be defined by the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A collapsible container comprising:
(a) first and second opposing panels and an intermediate panel;
(b) a bottom;
(c) a top section comprising extensions of said first and second panels that slope upwardly and toward each other;
(d) a first score line extending substantially parallel to and spaced from said bottom from a first point in said first panel across said intermediate panel to a corresponding second point in said second panel;
(e) score lines from said points to the corners of said first and second panels abutting said bottom; and
(f) further score lines extending substantially perpendicular to said first score line from said points and across said first and second panels to the top of the container across said extensions of said first and second panels.
2. A collapsible container as defined in claim 1, including third and fourth opposing panels forming with said first and second opposing panels a container that is rectangular in section, said intermediate panel consisting of said third panel.
3. A collapsible container as defined in claim 2, wherein said top is a substantially closed sloping top formed from extensions of said panels, the extensions of said third and fourth opposing panels sloping upwardly toward each other and being joined along their upper edges, and wherein said further score lines extend across the extensions of said first and second panels in line with the joinder of the upper edges of said third and fourth opposing panels.
4. A collapsible container as defined in claim 3, Wherein said first point is located substantially in the middle of a lower portion of said first panel and said second point is located substantially in the middle of a lower portion of said second panel.
5. A collapsible container as defined in claim 1, wherein said score lines are dashed lines.
6. A blank for a collapsible container comprising (a) first and second OppOSing panels and an intermediate panel;
(b) top extensions of said first and second opposing panels for forming a sloping top section in the container;
(c) a first score line extending substantially parallel to and spaced from the bottoms of the panels from a first point in said first panel across said intermediate panel to a corresponding second point in said second panel;
(d) diagonal score lines from said points to bottom corners of said first and second panels; and
(e) further score lines extending substantially perpendicular to said first score line from said points entirely across said first and second panels and said extensions thereof.
7. A blank for a collapsible container as defined in claim 6, including third and fourth opposing panels forming with said first and second opposing panels a blank for a container that is rectangular in section, said intermediate panel consisting of said third panel.
8. A blank for a collapsible container as defined in claim 7, wherein said third and fourth panels each have a top extension thereof, said first, second, third and fourth panels each have a bottom extension thereof, said diagonal score lines extend from said points to the corners of said first and second panels that abut the bottom extensions thereof, the top extensions of said panels: (a) being separated from said panels by a second score line parallel to said first score line and (b) including a third score line parallel to said second score line at the top of the blank; the top extensions of the first and second panels including diagonal score lines extending from the lower corners of these top extensions to said further score lines at the intersections of said further score lines With said third score line.
9. A blank for a collapsible container as defined in claim 6, wherein said score lines are dashed lines.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,155,636 4/1939 Bensel 2294-1 2,400,716 5/1946 Sattler 222107 2,858,970 11/1958 Barnes et al. 2293.5 3,120,333 2/1964 Seiple 229-37 3,251,533 5/1966 Cohen 22941 DAVID M. BOCKENEK, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2155636 *||Jun 5, 1937||Apr 25, 1939||Bensel Corp||Collapsible paperboard liquid dispensing container|
|US2400716 *||Sep 15, 1942||May 21, 1946||Sattler Hugh J||Container|
|US2858970 *||Dec 29, 1954||Nov 4, 1958||Foil Process Corp||Packaging and cooking container|
|US3120333 *||Apr 2, 1962||Feb 4, 1964||Ex Cell O Corp||Container with an infolded bottom closure|
|US3251533 *||Aug 20, 1964||May 17, 1966||Cohen Harold J||Re-usable, collapsible containers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3511431 *||Jan 4, 1968||May 12, 1970||Stanley Milton Silver||Siftproof cartons|
|US4027818 *||Dec 18, 1975||Jun 7, 1977||Liberty Carton Co.||Self locking container|
|US4094458 *||Mar 7, 1977||Jun 13, 1978||The Continental Group, Inc.||Reusable, collapsible shipping container|
|US4620665 *||Aug 18, 1983||Nov 4, 1986||Nathaniel H. Garfield||Container with integral toggle closure|
|US4712687 *||Jul 8, 1986||Dec 15, 1987||Weyerhaeuser Company||Collapsible pallet container and multi-wall fibreboard container therefor|
|US4848589 *||Jan 21, 1988||Jul 18, 1989||Olson Bradley J||User expandable container|
|US4974772 *||Nov 30, 1989||Dec 4, 1990||Weyerhaeuser Company||Container|
|US5246162 *||Sep 3, 1992||Sep 21, 1993||Carl Edelmann Gmbh||Cardboard box for pourable material, in particular liquids|
|US5261595 *||Aug 10, 1992||Nov 16, 1993||The Procter & Gamble Company||Collapsible refill container for granular products adapted to be inserted into an outer box-type package|
|US8584927 *||Jul 27, 2012||Nov 19, 2013||Tetra Laval Holdings & Finances S.A.||Packaging material with crease pattern|
|US8631997 *||Oct 6, 2010||Jan 21, 2014||David L. Millet||Taco holder|
|US8814034 *||Dec 1, 2008||Aug 26, 2014||2224568 Ontario Inc.||Collapsible paperboard container and a blank for constructing the same|
|US20070108259 *||Aug 6, 2004||May 17, 2007||Toshiya Daikyo||Paper package and straw|
|US20120085769 *||Oct 6, 2010||Apr 12, 2012||Millet David L||Taco holder|
|US20120292381 *||Jul 27, 2012||Nov 22, 2012||Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.||Packaging material with crease pattern|
|EP1238913A1 *||Mar 4, 2002||Sep 11, 2002||Karton S.p.A.||Thermoplastic container and method for manufacturing the same|
|EP1659069A2||Jul 6, 2000||May 24, 2006||MeadWestvaco Packaging Systems LLC||Collapsible carton and method thereof|
|EP2845816A1||Aug 28, 2014||Mar 11, 2015||K-BIS STUDIO Ismailow Muchtar||Folding packaging|
|WO1993003966A1 *||Aug 10, 1992||Mar 4, 1993||Procter & Gamble||Collapsible refill container for granular products adapted to be inserted into an outer box-type package|
|WO2002004302A1||Jul 6, 2000||Jan 17, 2002||Auclair Jean Michel||Collapsible carton and method for collapsing|
|WO2008071933A2 *||Dec 10, 2007||Jun 19, 2008||Econix Ltd||Container for biologically contaminated items|
|U.S. Classification||229/117.1, 229/249|
|International Classification||B65D5/36, B65D5/02, B65D5/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/067, B65D5/3628|
|European Classification||B65D5/06D, B65D5/36B2C|