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Publication numberUS3367878 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 6, 1968
Filing dateSep 10, 1964
Priority dateSep 10, 1964
Publication numberUS 3367878 A, US 3367878A, US-A-3367878, US3367878 A, US3367878A
InventorsAbraham Mankowich
Original AssigneeArmy Usa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Alkaline water-based cleaner
US 3367878 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent No Drawing. Filed Sept. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 395,625 Claims. (Cl. 252--110) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to compositions of matter for use as alkaline cleaners of asphalt, sodium and/or metallic soap greases, road dirt, forming oils, cutting oils, and aviation dirt from ferrous and non-ferrous metal surfaces.

Specifically it deals with stable, single phase alkaline Water-based cleaners containing an organic solvent and is designed to clean aircraft surfaces by immersion, spraying, brushing or preferably by a hydrosteam cleaning machine. Hydrosteam cleaning machines are of the injection type which use existing plant steam supplies and contain no tubular coils.

The alkaline water-based cleaners comprise specific alkaline salt detergents and specific anionic-nonionic surfactant mixtures combined with specific organic sequestrants. These alkaline salt detergents are inorganic salts or mixtures thereof which, when dissolved in the systems referred to herein, produce a pH not exceeding 12.1 and contain anionic groups (silicate) that act as corrosion inhibitors for nonferrous (aluminum) base metals. The glycols hereinafter referred to, form stable, single phase solutions with aqueous solutions of the other ingredients comprising this invention.

This application is an improvement on the Paint Remover for Missile Component Parts covered in application filed by A. Mankowich, Ser. No. 215,465 on Aug. 7, 1962.

The prior art as it relates to alkaline Water-based cleaners is typified by the comparison formula of Military Specification Mil-C-25769B, Cleaning Compound, Aircraft Surface, Alkaline Waterbase with the composition as follows:

Component: Percent by Weight Na PO 9-10 ethylene oxide adduct of octylphenol 2 Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 6 Water 82 Component: Percent by weight Water 20.2

Sodium xylene sulphonate 1.8 9-10 ethylene oxide adduct of octylphenol 4.3 Triethanolamine 4.0 Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether ('butyl Cellosolve) 9.2 Petroleum solvent, 95% aromatic 36.7 Oleic acid 12.8 Pine oil 1.0

Hexylene glycol 10.0

3,367,878 Patented Feb. 6, 1968 The following tests show that each of these conventional cleaners is deficient or borderline in the deterging of one or more of the common soils, mineral oil (nondetergent, SAE 30 grade), petroleum asphalt (Federal Specification SS-A-706, grade 100, designation AlP-3) and calcium soap-grease (Federal Specification VV-G* 632, Type A, Grade 1). The test panels were 2 /2 by 2 /2 inches, 18-20 gage, cold rolled SAE 1020 steel, polished with No. 1 emery cloth and cleaned prior to soil application. Mineral oil was supplied by dipping the panel into a beaker of oil, removing and draining thirty minutes; 320 to 340 mg. asphalt was spread over one face of the panel with a steel spatula; 290 to 310 mg. grease was spread over one face of the panel with finger tips. The cleaning tests were carried out in 2-liter beakers, using 1600 ml. cleaning solution in every case. The Mil-C- 25769B tests were run at a boil, one series on the concentrate as given above and one series on the concentrate diluted with three parts Water by volume. The Mil- C-22543 tests were run at 130 F. on the concentrate given above diluted with four parts water by volume. The results obtained were as follows:

Mineral Oil (3 Calcium Soap- Asphalt (21 min- Cleaner minute cycle) Grease (5 minute cycle) ute cycle) MILC-22543: 60 mg. residue" 106 mg. residuc 193 mg. residue.

1-4 dilution. MIL-(J-25769B:

Concentrate. Zero residuc. 246 mg. residue 297 mg. residue to 3.6 mg. to mg.

1-8 dilution- Water breaks" development of stable, single phase compositions of matter of the alkaline water-based cleaner type containing a high boiling point, high flash organic solvent of cosolvent characteristics, the said compositions of matter possessing improved detergent efficiency.

The above objective can be obtained by the addition to an aqueous solution of alkaline salt detergents, neutral builders and anionic-nonionic surfactants of suitable quantities of specific glycols. These glycols are high boiling point, high flash point solvents of powerful co-solvent characteristics, which form stable, single phase solutions with the other ingredients of the developed compositions even at boiling temperatures. The alkaline salt detergents are inorganic salts or mixtures thereof which impart a pH not exceeding 12.1 to the developed cleaners, and which contain anionic groups such as silicate that act as corrosion inhibitors for non-ferrous base metals like aluminum.

The improved compositions described herein possess improved and far superior detergent efficiency than the products described as typical of the prior art. The effectiveness of the deterging action is enhanced by the addition of a specific organic chelating agent, namely, the tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Examples of the glycols are hexylene glycol and dipropylene glycol.

Examples of the compositions illustrating this invention are given as follows:

3 EXAMPLE I Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.

Solution A Component: Grams Sodium imetasilicate pentahydrate 2.59 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.51 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 Sodium sulphate 0.67 Sodium oleate 0.44

N onylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol 0.39 Water to make 100 ml.

Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.

EXAMPLE II Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.

Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.34 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90

Sodium keryl benzene sulphonate (40% active) 1.11

Polyoxyethyleue octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol 0.39

Water to make 100 ml.

Solution B ml. hexylene glycol.

EXAMPLE III Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.

Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78 Sodium sulphate 0.58 Sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.38 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne- 4,7-diol 0.34 Water to make 100 ml.

Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.

EXAMPLE IV Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.

Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.68 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.96 Tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 0.71 Sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.47 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne- 4,7-diol 0.42 Water to make 100 ml.

Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.

The improved detergent efliciency of the improved compositions used in Examples I to IV is illustrated by the following cleaning tests, using the same procedures heretofore in connection with cleaners of the prior art:

4 Cleaner (Examples I to IV): Residue Mineral oil, 3 minute cycle 0 Calcium Soap-Grease, 3 minute cycle 0 Asphalt, 7 minute cycle 0 The surfactants used in the above examples are known commercially as follows:

Nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol is Igepal CO- 880, manufactured by Autara Chemicals, General Aniline and Film Corp.

Sodium keryl benzene sulphonate is Naconnol NR, by the National Aniline Division, Allied Chemical and Dye Corp.

Polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol is Triton X. 100, by Rohm & Haas Co.

30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne-4,7-diol is Surfynol 485, by Air Reduction Chemical and Carbide Co.

It has also been found that certain anionic-nonionic surfactant combinations are to be preferred, because they enhance the removal of asphalt and other bituminous soils. The anionic-nonionic surfactant combinations employed in Examples I to IV provide optimum detergency of such soils. Investigation reveals that the anionic nonionic combinations sodium dodecyl sulphate-nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol, sodium oleate-polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol and sodium keryl benzene sulphonate-nonylphenyl decacontaethylene glycol ether possess considerably less surface activity (penetrability, peptization and wetting as judged by asphalt detergency) than the surfactant combinations of Examples I to IV.

It has also been found that specificity exists in the glycol used. Hexylene glycol, for example, provides optimum detergency when used in as small proportions as in Examples I to IV; namely, 3.75 parts hexylene glycol to parts alkaline detergent solution by volume. However, 10 parts dipropylene glycol to 100 parts of the alkaline solution of Example I by volume is necessary for optimum detergency; and if hexanetriol is used, 10 parts by volume of the latter to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution results in a cleaner that cannot deterge calcium soap-grease.

For optimum detergency, the ratio of hexylene glycol to aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 3.75 to 10 parts hexylene glycol to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution by volume. The concentration of the aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 7.5%, weight to volume, as given in Examples I to IV; this concentration may be varied from 6.5 to 8.0%, Weight to volume. The ratio of dipropylene glycol to aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 10 to 15 parts dipropylene glycol to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution by volume.

The ingredients comprising the alkaline detergent solution may vary as follows in grams per 100 ml. of solution:

Range-grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24-2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18-2.68 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78-0.96 Sodium Sulphate up to 0.71 Tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid up to 0.71 Anionic surfactant (100% active) 0.38-0.47 Nonionic surfactant (100% active) 0.34-0.42

It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the compositions of this invention are not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative examples, and that changes may be made in the types and amounts of alkaline salts, neutral builders, chelating agents, anionicnonionic surfactant mixtures and glycols.

6 What is claimed is: 4. A cleaning composition consisting of the following 1. A cleaning composition consisting of the following ingredients: ingredients: Grams ram (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24 (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24- 2.76 5 (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18 (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18- 2.68 (c) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78 (0) primary sodium phosphate monohy- (d) sodium sulphate 0.58 drate 78-96 (e) sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.38 (d) sodium sulphate up to .71 (f) 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of de- (e) tetrasodium salt of ethylenediamine- 10 cyne-4,7-dio1 0.34

tetraacetic acid up [0 .7 (g) Water to make 100 ml. (f) sodium oleate, 100% active .38- .47 (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 m1.) =ml 3.75 (g) nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethangl having 30 mglcs of ethylene xide 5. A cleaning composition consisting Of the following per mole of nonyl phenol .34 .42 ingredients: (h) Water to make 100 ml. Grams (i) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) m1 3.75-10.0 sodiuim metialsilicate pgntahygrate 2.76 triso ium p osphate odeca ydrate 2.68 ingeihegtlgamng composition consisting of the following p y Sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.96

Grams (d) tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetra- (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydra-te 2.59 acellc and (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.51 (e) sodlum Y Sulphate (c) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 mole Tall) ethylene OXlde addllfl of (d) sodium sulphate 0.67 cyne-4,7-dio1 0.42 (e) sodium oleate 0.44 (g) Water to make 100 ml. (f) nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol hav- (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 3.75

ing moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl P 61101 039 References Cited (g) water to make 100 m1. (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 3.75 30 UNITED SiATES PATENTS 3. A cleaning composition consisting of the following 2,062,866 12/1936 (3016mm 2 2-135 XR ingredients: 2,733,215 1/1956 Rufi 252-137 Grams 2,741,599 4/1956 McDonald et a1. 252l37 XR sodium meiasilicate pentahydrate 3,001,945 9/1961 Drew et al. 252-438 XR trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 3,210,287 10/1965 Kelly et al 252-139 (0) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 24 9 9 5 Rankin 52 XR (d) sodium keryl benzene sulphonate being 3,216,945 11/1955 Mankowitz XR active a- 1.11 (e) polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 40 LEON ROSDOL Primary Examiner moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol 0. 9 S. D. SCHNEIDER, J. T. FEDIGAN, (f) Water to make ml. Assistant Examiners.

(g) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 5

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Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification510/245, 510/255, 510/421, 510/424, 510/254
International ClassificationC11D1/72, C11D3/02, C23G1/14, C11D3/20, C11D17/00
Cooperative ClassificationC11D3/2044, C11D3/08, C11D1/83, C11D1/72, C11D1/22, C11D3/06, C23G1/14, C11D17/0008
European ClassificationC11D3/06, C11D1/83, C11D3/08, C23G1/14, C11D3/20B2A, C11D1/72, C11D17/00B