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Publication numberUS3368441 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1968
Filing dateApr 8, 1966
Priority dateApr 8, 1966
Publication numberUS 3368441 A, US 3368441A, US-A-3368441, US3368441 A, US3368441A
InventorsPiazze Thomas E
Original AssigneeContinental Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for punching locating holes in lips of stacked plastic bags
US 3368441 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 13, 1968 v 1*. a. Pmz-za 4 APPARATUS FOR PUNCHING LOCATING HOLES- IN LIPS OF STACKED PLASTIC BAGS Original Filed June 19, 1962 as k ////llli ,Q /DCL{ '27 28 m THOMAS E. PmzzE '27 26 BYZ; R B n ATTORNEYS United States Patent Ofifice 3,368,441 Patented Feb. 13, 1968 3,368,441 APPARATUS FOR PUNCHING LOCATING HOLES IN LIPS OF STACKED PLASTIC BAGS Thomas E. Piazza, Mount Vernon, Ohio, assignor to Continental Can Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Application Apr. 16, 1964, Ser. No. 360,219, now Patent No. 3,274,869, dated Sept. 27, 1966, which is a division of application Ser. No. 203,567, June 19, 1962.

Divided and this application Apr. 8, 1966, Ser. No. 541,315

12 Claims. (Cl. 83588) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates in general to new and useful improvements in bag construction, and more particularly relates to a novel bag of the type which is dispensed from upstanding spindles and apparatus for forming the bag.

This application is a division of my application Ser. No. 360,219, filed Apr. 16, 1964, now Patent No. 3,274,- 869, which is a division of my application Ser. No. 203,- 567, filed June 19, 1962, now abandoned.

In order to greatly facilitate the packaging of items within a bag, a class of bag having an extended lip projecting beyond the mouth of the bag has been provided. These bags are disposed in stacked relation, and normally in the filling of the bag, air is directed into the mouths of the bags to effect the automatic opening thereof. The bags are normally retained in stacked aligned relation by the formation of suitable openings in the lips of the bags and the mounting of the bags on spindles which pass through the openings. However, removal of the bags from the spindles has posed a problem.

The problem of removing individual paper sheets from spindles was long solved by forming slits from the spindle receiving openings to the adjacent edge of the sheet. While such slits have proved a practical expedient with respect to paper sheets, the slits are not suitable in conjunction with plastic bags. The usual plastic bag material, such as polyethylene, Saran, pliofilm, cellophane, etc., is of an extremely thin gauge, and consequently very limp. Accordingly, the material on opposite sides of a slit does not offer suflicient resistance to the accidental removal of a bag or sheet from being pulled off of the associated spindles. Thus, bags, which are formed with slits extending from the spindle receiving openings to the adjacent edges thereof, may be accidentally stripped from the associated spindles during shipping and, when using the customers apparatus, if there is a slight sticking together of the bags, when the uppermost bag is removed from the stack, the next lower bag is pulled therewith. Further, since the bags are opened by directing air under pressure into the mouths thereof, at times the bags are pulled ofi of the spindles by the force of the opening air.

Due to the disadvantages set forth above, attempts were made to eliminate the slits and to place the openings in the lips ofthe bags a predetermined distance from the edges of the bags. It was easy to ascertain a proper distance for placing the openings with respect to the edges of the bag. However, another problem was encountered. Although paper may be readily stacked and a stack of paper placed against a stop in a punch press so that openings formed in the stack of paper will be the same distance from the edge of any one sheet, this is not true in the case of plastic film. It is virtually impossible to accurately stack plastic bags formed of a thin film. Accordingly, when the lips of a stack of plastic bags are pushed against a stop and a punch or punches forced through a stack of the lips, the openings formed within the lips are not all the same distance from the edge of the lip. For example, if it is desired that the periphery of an opening be disposed of an inch from the edge of a lip of a bag, when a plurality of plastic bags are stacked and the edges of the lips pushed against a stop of a punch, in the resulting punching operation, the distances of the openings from the edges will vary from the 7 inch desired down to as low as A inch. On the other hand, if the bags are stacked but not pushed against a stop, the punches being aligned with the uppermost bag only, then the spacing from the openings to the edges of the bags may vary between A inch to inch. It is quite apparent that this variation in width of material provides a like variation in the necessary pull to remove a bag. In order for a bag filling and dispensing operation to work smoothly, it is necessary that substantially the same pull be required to remove each and every bag. Therefore, the practices followed to date have not been satisfactory.

In accordance with this invention, it is proposed to eliminate the stacking problem found with respect to thin plastic film bags by in lieu of forming openings a predetermined distance from an edge of a lip of the bag, simultaneous With the forming of the openings, material is removed from the edges of the bag whereby the newly formed edge portions of the bag are accurately spaced from the openings in the lips of the bags.

Another object of this invention is to provide a novel apparatus for forming openings in lips of thin plastic film bags wherein each opening in each bag in a stack is at the same distance from an associated edge portion of the bag, the apparatus being adapted for receiving the arrangement of the bags in a stack in the normal manner, and then punching the necessary openings in the lips of the bags, with there being simultaneously formed on the lips of the bags new edges which are accurately spaced from the openings and wherein the spacing between an opening and an adjacent new edge remains constant in all bags formed, the new edges being either in the form of a continuous cutoff of the previous edge, or the notching of the original edge.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel punch for accurately spacing openings in bag lips from adjacent edge portions thereof, the punch including at least one opening punch adapted to punch the customary spindle receiving opening in the bag, and a second punch associated with each opening forming punch for removing a portion of the edge of the bag whereby the spacing of an opening formed in the bag from an adjacent edge portion of the bag is constant for all bags formed with the punch, and the distance corresponding to the spacing between the two punches thereof.

With the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claims and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view showing a stack of bags formed in accordance with this invention.

FIGURE 2 is a plan View of a punch for punching 3 and shaping lips of bags, as shown in FIGURE 1, a stack of bags to be punched being shown in phantom lines.

FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2, and shows further the specific details of construction of the punch, including the arrangement of two associated punch elements thereof, the bags to be punched being shown in phantom lines.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a lower portion of one of the punches and shows generally the details of mounting of a stack guide.

FIGURES 5, 6 and 7 are plan views on reduced scales showing Various bag modifications in accordance with this invention.

Referring now to the drawing in detail, it will be seen that there is illustrated in FIGURE 1 a typical stack of bags formed in accordance with this invention, the stack being generally referred to by the numeral 10. Each bag of the stack 16- is referred to by the numeral 11 and differs from the usual bag in that it is provided with a lip 12 which projects beyond the normal mouth 13 of the bag.

In the illustrated form of bag, the lip 12 of each bag is provided with a pair of spindle receiving openings 14. Spindles 15 project through the spindle receiving openings 14 so as to maintain the bags 11 in an aligned relation and to form the stack 10. The spindles 15 are carried by a bar or strip 16 which underlies the stack of lips 12, with the bar 16, the spindles 15 and the bags 11 all forming part of a package for shipment and use. It is to be noted that the spindles 15 project up through the lips 12. When the entire package, mentioned above, is to be utilized, it is mounted in an inverted position from that shown so that the mouths 13 of the bags 11 are disposed uppermost. The projecting portions of the spindles 15 pass through openings in a support plate (not shown) and suitable clamp means engage the bar 16 to hold the stack 10 in place. This use of the bags 11 is conventional.

In accordance with the invention, when the spindle receiving openings 14 are formed in the lips 12, portions of the adjacent edges of the lips are removed so that there remains between each opening 14 and an adjacent edge portion of the lip material which is of a predetermined and constant width. This material is indicated by the reference numeral 17. In the example of bag shown in FIGURE 1, the width of the material 17 is maintained by forming semicircular cutouts 18 in the adjacent edge portions of the lips 12. The arrangement shown in FIGURE 1 is, however, only one of many arrangements.

Reference is now made to FIGURE wherein it will be seen that there is illustrated a bag 19 having a lip 20 with spindle receiving openings 21 therein. While the openings 21 correspond to the openings 14, the adjacent edge 22 of the lip 20 is straight. This is accomplished by removing a strip 23, shown in dotted lines, from the lip 20 at the time of the forming of the openings 21. Thus, the spacing between the openings 21 and the adjacent edge 22 of the lip 20 of each bag 19 remains constant. It is to be understood, however, that depending upon the particular alignment of the bags 19 in the stack in which they are formed, varying amounts of material will be removed from the lips 23; that is, the widths of the removed strips 23 will vary.

Referring now to FIGURE 6, it is to be seen that there is illustrated another form of bag, generally referred to by the numeral 24. The bag 24 has a lip 25 in which spindle receiving openings 26 are formed. The bag 24 differs from the bag 11 only in that in lieu of the semicircular cutouts 18 formed in the bags 11, relatively deep U-shaped cutouts 27 are formed in the bag 24. However, the adjacent portions of the openings 26 and the cutouts 27 remain at a constant spacing with the material separating each opening 26 and its associated cutout 27 being indicated by the numeral 28, and being of a constant width.

Referring now to FIGURE 7 in particular, it will be seen that there is illustrated another form of bag construction wherein the bag is generally referred to by the numeral 29. The bag 29 has a lip 30 in which the usual spindle receiving openings 31 are formed. The edge of the lip 30 adjacent the openings 31 has been provided with cutouts 32 so that a predetermined width of material is maintained, as at 33, in all bags 29. The cutouts 32 are generally triangular or V-shaped in outline. Otherwise, the bag 29 corresponds to the bags 11 and 24.

At this time, it is pointed out that this invention is not limited to any particular shape of cutout in the edge of a bag lip, or any particular cross-section of spindle receiving opening. The spindle receiving openings, although limited to circular in the illustrations, may be diamondshaped, elongated, etc.

Referring now to FIGURES 2, 3 and 4 in particular, it will be seen that there is illustrated a die for forming the bag 11 in the manner shown in FIGURE 1. The die of FIGURES 2, 3 and 4 is generally referred to by the numeral 34 and includes a base plate 35 on which there are mounted in spaced parallel relation, as is shown in FIG- URE 2, a pair of identical die units 36. The die units 36 being identical, the details of only one of the die units will be described hereinafter.

Referring now to FIGURE 3 in particular, it will be seen that each die unit 36 includes a block 37 which rests upon the base plat-e 35 and which is removably secured thereto by means of a pair of fasteners 38. The heads of the fasteners 38 are countersunk within the base plate 35. The block 37 has an opening 39 and an opening 40 extending entirely therethrough in parallel relation. The lower end of the opening 40 is enlarged, as at 41, to provide for chip clearance.

A horizontal notch 42, as is best shown in FIGURE 4, is formed in the block 37 and extends rearwardly from the front of the block 37. The notch 42 extends across the openings 39 and 40, as is clearly shown in FIGURE 3. The notch 42 defines a lower seat 43 on which a stack of bags 11 to be punched is seated.

The block 37 carries an adjustable bag hold-down member and combination stripper 44. The hold-down member 44 is vertically adjustable and includes a vertical leg 45 and a horizontal leg 46, the two legs being connected together by a diagonal intermediate portion 47. The vertical leg 45 is provided with a vertical notch 48 which receives a fastener 49 threaded into the forward part of the block 37 above the notch 42. A washer 50 is carried by the fastener 49 and bridges the notch 48 so that the fastener 49 may be utilized in the clamping of the leg 45 against the block 37 in a vertically adjusted position.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 3 in particular wherein it will be seen that the horizontal leg 46 of the combination bag hold-down and stripper 44 is provided with openings 51 and 52 which are disposed intermediate the ends of the openings 39 and 40 and through which punch members 53 and 54 are intended to pass. The punch members 53 and 54 are vertically reciprocable in the openings 39 and 40, and cooperate with lower portions of the openings 39 and 40 immediately below the seat 43 to effect a punching operation on the stack of bags 11 positioned within the notch 42.

Each punch unit 36 includes a lower clamp block 55 which is provided with a large opening 56 and a smaller opening 57 therethrough. The punch member 46 has a reduced upper portion 58 which loosely passes through the opening 56. On the other hand, an upper portion of the punch member 54 is snugly received within the opening 57 due to the fact that the right portion of the clamp block 55 is split and a clamping fastener 60 extends therethrough.

An upper clamp block 61 rests upon the lower clamp block 55 and has an enlarged opening 62 therethrough in which an upper portion of the punch member 54 is freely positioned. The clamp block 61 also includes an opening 63 in which the reduced upper portion 58 of the punch 53 is snugly seated. The left half of the clamp block 61 is of a split construction and is provided with a clamping bolt 64 which effects the clamping of the punch extension 58.

It is to be noted that the clamp block 61 directly engages the clamp block 55. The clamp block 55 is substantially locked against movement relative to the clamp block 61 by means of a collar 65 which overlies the clamp block 61 and which is adjustably secured to the upper portion of the punch member 54 by means of a setscrew 66 which secures the collar 65 to the upper portion of the punch member 54 and which rests upon the upper surface of the clamp block 61.

The downward movement of the punch members 53 and 54 to the positions illustrated in FIGURE 3 is resisted by coil springs 67 which are seated in vertical bores 68 formed in upper portions of the block 37 and opening through the upper ends thereof. The springs 67 bear against the underside of the clamp block 55 and serve to effect the upward movement of the punch members 53 and 54, together with the clamp blocks 55 and 61 and the collar 65 as a unit.

It is to be noted that the punch members 53 and 54 are illustrated in their lowermost positions with the clamp block 55 engaging the upper end of the block 37. The springs 67 will return the punch members 53 and 54 upwardly from the positions illustrated in FIGURE 3. In order to limit the upward movement of the punch members 53 and 54, an upper rear portion of the block 37 is notched, as at 69. An upright 70 is seated in the notch 69 and is secured to the rear of the block 37 by means of a fastener 71. The upright 70 carries .a stop member 72, which is secured thereto by means of a fastener 73 and which is engageable with the upper surface of the clamp block 55 to limit the upward movement thereof.

It is to be noted that the base plate 35 is provided with an opening 74 therethrough. The opening 74 underlies the openings 39 and 41 of the two punch units 36 and the material removed during the punching operation is free to fall through the opening 74.

Operation In the use of the punch 34, the bags to be operated upon are stacked in the proper quantity for punching, after which a stack of the bags 11 is moved into the notches 42. After the bags 11 have been so positioned, means are brought to bear against the upper ends of the punch member extensions 58 to simultaneously urge the two punch members 53 downwardly. The punch members 53 carry the punch members 54 downwardly therewith so that two dual punching operations are carried out at the same time. The punch members 53 and 54 are moved downwardly until such time as the lower clamp member comes into engagement with the upper surface of the block 37. During this downward movement of the punch members 53 and 54, the bags 11 are engaged by the punch members 53 and 54. The punch members 54 form the necessary spindle receiving openings, such as the openings 14, while the pun-ch members 53 form the semicircular cutouts 18.

It will be readily apparent that since a multiple punching operation takes place with respect to each of the openings 14, it is not necessary that all of the bags to be punched-are perfectly aligned with each other in a stack. The use of the multiple punch members of the punch 34 assures that the same width material exists between each cutout and the associated edge of the bag.

When the extensions 58 are released, the coil springs 67 urge the punch members upwardly with the result that there is a stripping action as the punch members move upwardly. Once the punch members have risen above the stack 10, the finished stack of bags can be removed.

Immediately after the punching operation has been completed, the spindles 15 of the bar 16 are inserted through the openings 14 and serve to both hold the punched stack during shipment thereof and aid in the mounting of the stack of bags during the dispensing thereof.

In view of the fact that the width of material disposed between each spindle receiving opening and an edge of an associated lip is constant, it will be seen that sulficient and uniform control over the removal of the bags is obtained. The bags are sufiiciently and uniformly held in place on the spindles 14 to Withstand the necessary handling thereof but, at the same time, the resistance to removal of an individual bag is not too great. This, coupled with the fact that the bags are normally manually loaded and removed, makes it highly desirable that a moderate and uniform pulling force be utilized in tearing every bag from the spindles. The punch 34 and the use thereof assures this.

At this time, it is pointed out that the punch members 53 and 54 will have configurations in accordance with the material to be removed from the bags. In the bag of FIGURE 5, it will be necessary that the punch member 53 be in the form of a continuous punch member which extends between the two punch units 36 and is a part thereof. In other instances, only the cross-section of the punch member may be varied.

Although a preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described here, it is to be understood that minor modifications may be made within the spirit and scope of the invention, as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for use in forming locating openings in plastic bag lips of constant-tear distance from a lip free edge portion from bag-to-bag of an inaccurately disposed stack of bags, said apparatus comprising a support element, said support element having first and second bores, transverse bag lip receiving slot means formed in said element for receiving an inaccurately stacked set of bags, adjustably positionable means carried by said element for varying the size of said slot means, means disposed at least partially within one of said bores for removing at least a portion of each stacked lip including a terminal edge portion thereof to form another terminal edge portion, and means disposed at least partially within another of said bores for removing an aligned spaced bag lip portion of each stacked lip to form locating holes, said latter two means comprising piercing members spaced apart a predetermined distance by said bores, said distance being determined by a desired tear distance between locating holes and the other terminal edge portion.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein one of said piercing members has a larger cross-sectional area than the other of said piercing members.

3. Apparatus for forming an opening in the lip of a thin gauge sheet material, which opening is separated from the transverse lip defining edge portions of the sheet by material having a longitudinal extent of a predetermined distance, said apparatus comprising a support element, said support element having first and second bores, a transverse bag lip receiving slot formed in said element and intersecting said first and second bores, and a material piercing member disposed within each of said bores, said piercing members being maintained apart said predetermined distance by said first and second bores, wherein each piercing member has a clamp block attached thereto at its upper ends, said clamp blocks being in overlying contact with each other, a collar attached to the same piercing member as the lowermost of said clamp blocks and overlying the uppermost of said clamp blocks whereby a downward movement of either of said clamp blocks causes a simultaneous downward movement of said piercing members.

4. Apparatus for forming an opening in the lip of a thin gauge sheet material, which opening is separated from the transverse lip defining edge portions of the sheet by material having a longitudinal extent of a predetermined distance, said apparatus comprising a sup port element, said support element having first and second bores, a transverse bag lip receiving slot formed in said element and intersecting said first and second bores, and a material piercing member disposed within each of said bores, said piercing members being maintained apart said predetermined distance by said first and second bores, wherein each of said piercing members has a clamp block attached thereto at its upper end, said clamp blocks being in overlying contact with each other, spring means for urging said clamp blocks upwardly away from said transverse slot, means for limiting the upward movement of said clamp blocks, a collar attached to the same piercing member as the lowermost of said clamp blocks and overlying the uppermost of said clamp blocks whereby a downward movement of either of said clamp blocks causes a simultaneous downward movement of said piercing members.

5. Apparatus for forming an opening in the lip of a thin gauge sheet material, which opening is separated from the transverse lip defining edge portions of the sheet by material having a longitudinal extent of a predetermined distance, said apparatus comprising a support element, said support element having first and second bores, a transverse bag lip receiving slot formed in said element and intersecting said first and second bores, and a material piercing member disposed within each of said bores, said piercing members being maintained apart said predetermined distance by said first and second bores,

wherein each of said piercing members has a clamp block attached thereto at its upper end, said clamp blocks being in overlying contact with each other, spring means for urging said clamp blocks upwardly away from said transverse slot, means for limiting the upward movement of said clamp blocks, portions of said first bore which underlie said transverse slot being enlarged for receipt of cutout portions having the configuration of the piercing member associated with said first bore, a collar attached to the same piercing member as the lowermost of said clamp blocks and overlying the uppermost of said clamp blocks whereby a downward movement of either of said clamp blocks causes a simultaneous downward movement of said piercing members.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said piercing members are punch members.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein each of said punch members are of circular cross-section.

8. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said piercing members are punch members, at least one of said punch members having an end of V shaped configuration;

9. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein at least one of said piercing members is a punch member having an end of slot-forming configurations in cross-section.

10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein at least one of said-piercing members includes means for cutting a straight line.

11. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said piercing members comprise means for simultaneously forming both locating holes and said another lip terminal edge portion in the same bag lip portion, of each bag in a stack.

12. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said first and second bores are disposed along a line generally perpendicular to an opening edge of said slot means to place the locating openings of the bags along an axis perpendicular to an original bag lip terminal edge portion.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 117,593 8/1871 Barney 83-620 X 468,928 2/1892 Churchward 83-620 X 2,906,335 9/1959 Love 83618 X ANDREW R. JUHASZ, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US117593 *Aug 1, 1871 Improvement in hand-stamps
US468928 *Jun 30, 1891Feb 16, 1892The QJames churchward
US2906335 *Apr 20, 1955Sep 29, 1959Paul M LoveCredit card punching device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3677121 *Oct 13, 1970Jul 18, 1972North American RockwellPrinting plates in registry
US3739694 *Nov 25, 1970Jun 19, 1973Paramount Packaging CorpApparatus for making plastic bags
US3831504 *Jan 15, 1973Aug 27, 1974Oneida Packaging Prod IncSpike-mounting stacked-bags process and apparatus
US3848497 *Nov 7, 1973Nov 19, 1974Whitney Corp WPress for punching holes in tubular members
US4449434 *Apr 12, 1982May 22, 1984Johnson James RHole punching apparatus for thermoplastic film
US4513502 *Feb 28, 1983Apr 30, 1985Gacek John JBeverage lid cutter
US5035165 *May 29, 1990Jul 30, 1991Madsen Dale RQuick slip holder for bag machine
US5114394 *Sep 17, 1990May 19, 1992Madsen Dale RPunching attachment for bag making machine
US5146824 *Jan 29, 1992Sep 15, 1992Lajoie J AndreAuxiliary punching device for punching machine
US5160473 *May 17, 1991Nov 3, 1992Great Western Foam Products CorporationMethod of manufacturing foam packaging frame blank
US5307715 *Aug 31, 1992May 3, 1994Caterpillar Inc.Angle punching die arrangement
US5891007 *Mar 14, 1997Apr 6, 1999Christian BayMethod and apparatus for punch-cutting notches in the edge of the binding margin of folded sheet goods
US5967962 *Sep 2, 1997Oct 19, 1999Huang; Frank F. J.Apparatus and method for forming aperture cutouts for a pack of self-opening plastic bags
US5974929 *Mar 28, 1997Nov 2, 1999D.G.D Haifa Ltd.Combined letter opener and letter punch
US6158319 *Dec 20, 1994Dec 12, 2000Baxter International Inc.System to identify the status of bags that have been subjected to viral inactivation
US6938542Apr 9, 2004Sep 6, 2005Lee Cheng HoEmbossing tool
USRE38219 *May 12, 2000Aug 19, 2003Waltjun Industrial, Inc.Mold-pressing device
WO1996019327A1 *Aug 22, 1995Jun 27, 1996Baxter IntSystem to identify bags that have undergone a process
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/588, 83/683, 83/691, 493/372, 83/682, 83/620
International ClassificationB26F1/12, B26F1/02
Cooperative ClassificationB26F1/12
European ClassificationB26F1/12