Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3368791 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1968
Filing dateJul 14, 1964
Priority dateJul 14, 1964
Publication numberUS 3368791 A, US 3368791A, US-A-3368791, US3368791 A, US3368791A
InventorsLeon Wells David
Original AssigneeMarotta Valve Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve with magnetic actuator
US 3368791 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. E13,v i968 D. l.. WELLS VALVE WITH MAGNETIC'ACTUATOR Filed July 14, 1964 O 8 8 S. o R m MM m 6 0 2 4 mm m /#8% e 3 vfmyxY m cw f W A 6 im v\ QI f; O/ OO M Q 16v. 3 DVD. 6 6 l O O Q 6 3 0000 l: II :m

O s 7 E 9 07% 2 2 1^./2 a 3) 9 I mNI/ 4 V\ rlu 6 l Ll i4 flO/v.\ n u 2 8 8 /4 M l m 4 a U u L? o M m w 2 3 4 2 O /f 2 11| w 5 United States Patent() 3,368,791 VALVE WITH MAGNETIC ACTUATOR David Leon Wells, Huntington Beach, Calif., assignor to Marotta Valve Corporation, Boonton, NJ., a corporation of New Jersey Filed July 14, 1964, Ser. No. 382,491 10 Claims. (Cl. 251-129) This invention relates to electro-magnetic valve actuators and to combinations of such actuators and valve assemblies.

, It is an object of the invention to provide an improved valve actuator having an armature that is attracted by a coil and that transmits its motion to a valve element, either to open or to close the valve.

The invention is more particularly concerned with valve assemblies in which the valve actuator has an armature that extends across an end face of an iron frame having a coil for producing a magnetic ux, and in which the slope of the forcevcurve changes very rapidly as the armature approaches the coil and magnetized frame. Such a force curve is ideal for obtaining a snap action of the valve element; and for moving a valve element against the force of a high-rate spring which produces snap action operation of the valve element in the opposite direction as the magnetism of the coil and frame decrease when the coil is de-energized.

The invention provides a valve actuator with an armature that obtains greater pull for starting the movement of a valve element when a gap between the armature and the coil and/ or magnetized frame is at a maximum at the beginning of a stroke, while retaining a rising force curve at the other end of the stroke.

The invention provides a raised or stepped portion of the armature which moves into a recess in the confronting composite face ofthe coil and frame to obtain a flatter force curve when the gap is large but without destroying the rise in force at the end of the stroke where such a rise is useful for compressing a spring that opposes the movement of the armature.

In addition to an increase in force for starting the operation of a valve element, the invention can also be used, where no additional force is required, to operate the actuator at lower voltage and current than was previously necessary.

Other objects, features and advantages of the inven* tion will appear or be pointed out as the description proceeds.

'In the drawing, forming a part hereof, in which like reference characters indicate corresponding parts in all the views:

FIGURE l is a sectional view of a valve assembly equipped with an electro-magnetic actuator made in accordance with this invention;

-f FIGURE 2 is a detail sectional view showing the armature and its connection to the sleeve by which the armature can be adjusted with respect to the connecting means through which it actuates a valve element; and

FIGURES 3 and 4 are sectional views taken on the lines 3-3and 4 4, respectively, of FIGURE 1.

The electro-magnetic actuator shown in FIGURE l includes a coil-of wire 10, the coil being of annular cross section. The coil is associated with a fixed iron frame 12 which includes a core 14 that fills the space within the annular coil 10, and a cover 16 which extends around the outside of the coil 10. In the construction illustrated the core 14 and the cover 16 are of one-piece construction,l

ICC

netized under the circumstances is to be considered a mcchanical equivalent.

The coil 10 has an end face 20; and the core 14 and cover 16 have end faces 22 and 24, respectively. In the preferred construction, the end faces 22 and 24 are annular surfaces in a common plane.

The end face 20 of the coil 10 is set back from the plane of the end faces 22 and 24 so that the composite end face of the combined coil 10 and frame 12 has an annular recess 26 over the end face of the coil 10.

An armature 30 extends across the end faces 20, 22 and 24; and this armature is connected to a sleeve 32 which threads on a shaft 34 by which the armature is connected with a valve element 36.

The front face of the armature 30 has a raised portion 38 corresponding to the recess 26 in the composite face of the coil 10 and frame 12 which confronts the armature. This raised portion 38 of the armature is shown with a cross section which tits into the recess 26 and the height of the raised portion 38, with respect to the remaining area of the front face of the armature, is shown substantially equal to the depth of the recess 26. This depth is the distance by which the core 14 and cover 16 extend beyond the end face 20 of the coil 10. The recess 26 may be of greater depth, if desired.

When the armature is at the left-hand end of its stroke, the plane of the annular front face of the raised portion 38 preferably coincides with the plane of the end faces 22 and 24 of the core 14 and cover 16, respectively. When the armature 30 is at the right-hand end of its stroke, the front face of the armature beyond the raised portion 38 is in contact, or substantial contact, with the end faces 22 and 24.

In actual practice, it is advantageous to avoid actual contact unless the armature of the faces 22 and 24 have non-magnetic material on them to prevent such contact and thus avoid having the force, which holds are armature against the frame 12, vary along a line that becomes asymptotic.

The force of attraction of the armature 30 toward the coil I0 and frame 12 varies somewhat with changes in the height of the raised portion 38 for any particular gap between the armature 30 and the coil 10 and frame 12. As compared with the armatures of the prior art, which did not have the raised portion 38, the force attracting the armat-ure to the coil and frame is much higher for any particular gap at the beginning of the stroke; that is, when the armature is at the left-handl end of its travel. As the armature approaches the coil 10 and frame 12, however, the difference between the force curve of a conventional armature and the stepped armature of this invention becomes less and While the raised portion 38 decreases the slope of the curve at the beginning of the stroke, it does not prevent the sharp rise which produces the desirable snap action obtained with conventional armatures for actuators of the type on which this invention is an improvement.

FIGURE 2 shows the way in which the armature 30 is connected with the shaft 34. The sleeve 32 has an end portion 42 of slightly reduced outside diameter leaving a shoulder `44 at a distance from the end of the sleeve substantially equal to the axial thickness of the armature 30, This -reduced-diameter portion 42 of the sleeve 32 tits into a center opening through the armature`30 with a press fit; and the shoulder 44 limits the extent to which the sleeve 32 can be inserted into the armature. Threads 46 on the inside of the sleeve 32 screw over corresponding threads on the shaft 34 so that the armature 30 and sleeve 32 can be adjusted axially along the shaft by rotating them.

When assembled in the intended manner, the shaft 34 extends beyond the end of the sleeve 32 a-nd there is a nut 48 screwed over the threads of the shaft 34 in position to prevent any accidental movement of the armature 30 axially on the sleeve 32. A lock washer 50 fits over the shaft 34 between the nut 48 and the armature 30. One end of the washer 50 is bent up at a tab 52 to prevent rotation of the nut 48 and the washer 5()y itself is prevented from rotating by a screw 56 extending through an offset portion of the washer 50 and threaded into the armature.

From this description of the connection of the armature 30 with the shaft 34 it will be apparent that the armature can be shifted axially with respect to the shaft 34 so as to change the position of the armature corresponding to any given position of the valve element 36 at the other end of the shaft 34.

The assembly shown in FIGURE 1 also includes a valve housing 60 having ports 62 and 64 with appropriate threads for connecting with tubing or piping with which the valve assembly is intended to be used. Within the valve housing 6() there is a valve chamber 66, and the valve element 36 is reciprocated in this valve chamber 66 and has a tapered surface l68 which contacts with a circular seat 70 to close the valve and prevent flow of fluid between the ports 62 and 64.

The valve element 36 has end portions 72 and 74 which fit into appropriate cylindrical surfaces of the valve housing to provide a pressure-balanced valve. There are sealing means 76 around the counter-balancing end portions 72 and 74 and these sealing means prevent escape of fluid from the valve chamber 66.

At the right-hand end of the housing 60, as viewed in FIGURE 1, there is a spring 80 which urges the valve element 36 into closed position, that is, into contact with the seat 70. The spring 80 is preferably a high-rate spring so as to obtain snap-action closing of the valve, and the spring 80 extends into a recess 82 in the end of the valve element 36. In order to adjust the compression of the spring 80, a plug 84 threads through an end fitting 86 and fits into the end coil of the spring 80. The fitting 86 is connected to the valve housing 60 by threads 88 and this fitting clamps the sealing means 76 against a shoulder formed by a counterbore in the end of the valve housing.

Power is supplied to the coil by wires which connect With the coil through an electrical socket 90 attached to one side of the valve housing 60. There is an outer cover 92 which extends over the iron frame 12 and beyond the iron frame to provide a protecting housing for the armature 30 and its connected parts. A light spring 94 is compressed between the end of the outer cover 92 and the armature 30. This light spring 94, which acts against the force of the much stronger spring 90, is for the purpose of preventing vibration of the armature. The outer cover 92 ts over an end portion of the valve housing 60 and is connected to it by fastening means such as screws 98.

The preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, but changes and modifications can be made and some features can be used in different combinations without departing from the invention as defined in the claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An electro-magnetic actuator for a valve including a coil, a fixed iron frame adjacent to the coil and which is magnetized by electric current flowing in the coil, said frame including a cover of annular section surrounding the outside of the coil and an axial core surrounded by the coil, an armature extending across an end face of the coil and the frame, the end faces of the coil and the frame being in different planes so that they present a composite face confronting the armature but with the coil part of the area of the confronting face recessed with respect to the rest of the face, the armature having a front face opposite said composite confronting face of the coil and frame with the surface of the armature raised where said confronting face is recessed and over an area that extends into the recess as the armature approaches the end faces of the coil and frame, the surface areas of the armature that confront the cover and the core being at substantially the same distances from the cover and the core whereby the armature is subject to maximum density of flux from both said cover and core, a guide bearing on which the armature reciprocates toward and from the coil and frame, and means for connecting the armature with an element that is to be actuated thereby.

2. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 1 characterized by the core having an opening that constitutes the guide bearing, and a shaft extending through the opening and constituting the means for connecting the armature with a valve element.

3. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 1 characterized by the raised surface of the armature being of annular cross section and fitting into the annular recess.

4. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 1 characterized by a valve housing to which the frame is connected, a valve chamber in the housing, a valve element in the chamber and to which the armature is operably connected by said means for connecting the armature with the valve element.

5. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 4 characterized by inlet and outlet ports for the valve chamber, a seat with which the valve element contacts to close communication between the inlet and outlet ports, the valve actuator being in position to move the valve element one way with respect to the seat, high rate spring means for moving the valve element the other way with respect to said seat, and means for adjusting the tension of the spring.

6. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 5 characterized by the armature being secured to a sleeve that slides in said guide bearing, and the connection between the valve element and the armature including a shaft with a threaded portion that threads into a sleeve, said threaded portion extending beyond the end of the sleeve and beyond the armature, a nut on the extending portion of the shaft for locking the sleeve in any adjusted position to which it may be shifted along the threads that connect it with the shaft to regulate the position of the armature corresponding to the closed position of the valve, and releasable means for preventing rotation of said nut.

7. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 5 characterized by the high-rate spring urging the valve element into closed position, the electro-magnetic valve actuator, when energized, moving the valve element into open position, the end face of the core and cover being in substantially the same plane as the area of the armature that confronts the end face of the coil when the valve element is closed against its seat, the armature being of a shape and size to cover the entire area of the combined end faces of the core, coil and cover.

8. The electro-magnetic valve actuator described in claim 7 characterized by the valve element having portions connected through and movable in bearings in the valve housing, and in position and of such size as to pressure-balance the valve element, sealing means around portions of the valve element for preventing escape of fluid under pressure from the valve chamber, a second housing over the cover and armature, and a light spring at the armature end of the shaft and compressed between the second cover and armature and acting against the force of the high-rate spring.

9. An electro-magnetic actuator for a valve including a coil, a fixed iron frame adjacent to the coil and which is magnetized by electric current fiowing in the coil, said frame including a cover of annular section surrounding the outside of the coil and an axial core surrounded by the coil, an armature extending across an end face of the coil and the frame, the end faces of the coil and the frame being in different planes so that they present a cornposite face confronting the armature but with part of the area of the confronting face recessed with respect to the rest of the face, the armature having a front face opposite said composite confronting face of the coil and frame with the surface of the armature raised where said confronting face is recessed and over an area that extends into the recess as the armature approaches the end faces of the coil and frame, the surface areas of the armature that confront the cover and the core being at substantially lthe same distances from the cover and the core whereby the armature is subject to maximum density of flux from both said cover and core, a guide bearing on which the armature reciprocates toward and from the coil and frame, and means for connecting the armature with an element that is to be actuated thereby, and characterized by means limiting the stroke of the armature to a distance substantially equal to the height of the raised portion of the armature with respect to the rest of the surface of the front face of the armature.

10. An electro-magnetic actuator for a valve including a coil, a fixed iron frame adjacent to the coil and which is magnetized by electric current flowing in the coil, said frame including a cover of annular section surrounding the outside of the coil and an axial core surrounded by the coil, an armature extending across an end face of the coil and the frame, the end faces of the coil and the frame being in different planes so that they present a composite face confronting the armature but With part of the area of the confronting face recessed with respect to the rest of the face, the armature having a front face opposite said composite confronting face of the coil and frame with the surface of the armature raised Where said confronting face is recessed and over an area that extends into the .recess as the armature approaches the end faces of the coil and frame, the surface areas of the armature that confront the cover and the core being at substantially the same distances from the cover and the core whereby the armature is subject to maximum density of flux from both said cover and core, a guide bearing on which the armature reciprocates toward and from the coil and frame, and means for connecting the armature with an element that is to be actuated thereby, and characterized by the raised surface of the armature being of annular cross section and fitting into the annular recess7 and further characterized by the end faces of the core and cover being in substantially the sarne plane, and means for limiting the stroke of the armature including an element that stops the movement of the armature away from the coil and frame at a position in which the raised surface of the armature is in substantially the same plane as the end faces of the core and cover.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,767,725 6/1930 Waters et al. 251-129 X 2,404,514 7/1946 McClure 251-129 X 2,934,090 4/1960 Kenann etal 251-129 X 3,168,242 2/1965 Diener 251-129 X FOREIGN PATENTS 559,478 6/1923 France.

M. CARY NELSON, Primary Examiner.

ROBERT C. MILLER, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1767725 *Feb 23, 1928Jun 24, 1930Magnetic Organ Action CompanyElectromagnet
US2404514 *Nov 18, 1944Jul 23, 1946Westinghouse Air Brake CoValve device
US2934090 *Nov 25, 1955Apr 26, 1960Marotta Valve CorpThree-way magnetic valve
US3168242 *Nov 5, 1962Feb 2, 1965Eldima A GElectromagnetically operated temperature regulating system
FR559478A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3472483 *Mar 13, 1967Oct 14, 1969Marotta Valve CorpValve for use in high-pressure environment
US4314585 *Aug 22, 1979Feb 9, 1982Hitachi, Ltd.Proportional type electromagnetic valve
US4344449 *May 16, 1980Aug 17, 1982The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergyFast-acting valve and uses thereof
US4394962 *Feb 23, 1981Jul 26, 1983Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Solenoid operated fuel injector and control valve
US4577661 *Mar 25, 1985Mar 25, 1986Ingersoll-Rand CompanyHigh speed-high flow spool valve
US4750514 *Dec 19, 1986Jun 14, 1988Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Fuel control solenoid valve assembly for use in fuel injection pump of internal combustion engine
US4905960 *Dec 8, 1988Mar 6, 1990Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Solenoid valve stroke adjustment locking mechanism and method of forming the same
US4988967 *Oct 14, 1988Jan 29, 1991Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & Mechanical Systems CorporationSolenoid operated hydraulic control valve
US5029516 *Sep 24, 1990Jul 9, 1991North American Philips CorporationPneumatically powered valve actuator
US5106053 *Nov 9, 1990Apr 21, 1992Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & Mechanical Systems CorporationSolenoid operated hydraulic control valve
US5110087 *Jun 21, 1991May 5, 1992Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & Mechanical Systems CorporationVariable force solenoid hydraulic control valve
US5251659 *Jul 22, 1991Oct 12, 1993Sturman Oded EHigh speed miniature solenoid
US5267721 *Jun 17, 1992Dec 7, 1993Ross Europa GmbhValve means, in particular for returning fuel vapor
US5417403 *Jan 14, 1994May 23, 1995Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Captured ring and threaded armature solenoid valve
US5460329 *Jun 6, 1994Oct 24, 1995Sturman; Oded E.High speed fuel injector
US5598871 *Sep 13, 1994Feb 4, 1997Sturman IndustriesStatic and dynamic pressure balance double flow three-way control valve
US5640987 *Apr 5, 1994Jun 24, 1997Sturman; Oded E.Digital two, three, and four way solenoid control valves
US5641148 *Jan 11, 1996Jun 24, 1997Sturman IndustriesSolenoid operated pressure balanced valve
US5657869 *Jun 5, 1995Aug 19, 1997Carroll, Iii; Leo P.Promotional packaging assembly for labels
US5720261 *Dec 1, 1994Feb 24, 1998Oded E. SturmanValve controller systems and methods and fuel injection systems utilizing the same
US5785298 *Apr 15, 1996Jul 28, 1998Teknocraft, Inc.Proportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly
US5954030 *Nov 30, 1995Sep 21, 1999Oded E. SturmanValve controller systems and methods and fuel injection systems utilizing the same
US6047947 *Dec 10, 1997Apr 11, 2000Teknocraft, Inc.Proportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly
US6085991 *May 14, 1998Jul 11, 2000Sturman; Oded E.Intensified fuel injector having a lateral drain passage
US6148778 *May 14, 1998Nov 21, 2000Sturman Industries, Inc.Air-fuel module adapted for an internal combustion engine
US6161770 *May 4, 1998Dec 19, 2000Sturman; Oded E.Hydraulically driven springless fuel injector
US6173685Mar 22, 2000Jan 16, 2001Oded E. SturmanAir-fuel module adapted for an internal combustion engine
US6224033 *Mar 28, 2000May 1, 2001Teknocraft, Inc.Proportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly
US6257499Jul 17, 2000Jul 10, 2001Oded E. SturmanHigh speed fuel injector
US6604726Jul 13, 2001Aug 12, 2003Teknocraft, Inc.Proportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly without non-magnetic alignment support element
US6715732May 1, 2001Apr 6, 2004Teknocraft, Inc.Proportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly
US6959732 *Feb 21, 2003Nov 1, 2005Caterpillar Inc.Hard coating on a stator for improving the durability of a solenoid actuator
US7028978Feb 25, 2002Apr 18, 2006Kumar Viraraghavan SProportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve having compact pressure-balancing armature-poppet assembly
US7862005 *Feb 5, 2008Jan 4, 2011Smc Kabushiki KaishaFlow amount control valve
US8083206Jul 8, 2008Dec 27, 2011Caterpillar Inc.Precision ground armature assembly for solenoid actuator and fuel injector using same
US8151824Apr 5, 2007Apr 10, 2012Mac Valves, Inc.Balanced solenoid valve
US8167000Jun 18, 2008May 1, 2012Mac Valves, Inc.Balanced solenoid valve
US20120186678 *Jun 10, 2010Jul 26, 2012Martin Pilzpressure control valve
EP0519507A1 *Jun 19, 1992Dec 23, 1992ROSS EUROPA GmbHValve arrangement, especially for recover fuel gases
WO1981003371A1 *May 14, 1981Nov 26, 1981Us EnergyFast-acting valve and uses thereof
WO1997039268A1 *Apr 15, 1997Oct 23, 1997Teknocraft IncProportional solenoid-controlled fluid valve assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/129.7, 251/129.18, 251/129.16
International ClassificationF16K31/06
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/0655
European ClassificationF16K31/06C6