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Publication numberUS3369096 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1968
Filing dateNov 22, 1966
Priority dateJan 5, 1966
Also published asDE1541547B1
Publication numberUS 3369096 A, US 3369096A, US-A-3369096, US3369096 A, US3369096A
InventorsYvon Gattaz
Original AssigneeRadiall Sa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency
US 3369096 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Y. GATTAZ Feb. 13, 1968 COAXIAL-CIRCUIT CHANGE-OVER SWITCH FOR HIGH FREQUENCY Filed NOV. 22, 1966 United States Patent 6 3,369,096 COAXIAL-CIRCUIT CHANGE-OVER SWITCH FOR HIGH FREQUENCY Yvon Gattaz, Paris, France, assignor to Radial], Paris, France, a joint-stock company of France Filed Nov. 22, 1966, Ser No. 596,264 Claims priority, application France, Jan. 5, 1966,

9 Claims. (Cl. 200-153) The present invention relates to a coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, with rotary control, of the type comprising a coaxial input and a plurality of coaxial outputs uniformly divided over the periphery of the body of the switch.

Change-over switches of this kind are known which effect coaxial switching at high frequency, and in which the rotation of a control shaft permits the input of the switch to be coupled at will to a selected output.

Now, the problems, both electrical and mechanical, due to the requirements of a change-over switch for a highfrequency circuit are such as to render defective and frequently difficult the practical constructions of such apparatus at the present time. There may be cited, in particular:

The necessity of providing coaxial lines in the interior' of the switch, which have no coaxial discontinuity capable, by modification of the line impedance, of generating reflections of the high-frequency wave and in consequence resulting in losses, that is to say attenuation for the highfrequency transmission;

The necessity of having a highly efficient screening ef feet in the actual interior of the switch, in order to ensure adequate de-coupling between the output utilized and the other outputs which are not connected to the input, or a minimum rejection attenuation;

The necessity for the change-over switch to have minimum wear of the moving contacts caused by their relative movements, for breaking and/ or establishing the line concerned of the change-over switch.

Present-day change-over switches in particular, which generally comprise a movable intermediate line for switching between the input and the various outputs, are subject to not-negligible friction during their operation, resulting in rapid wear of the contacts and also necessitating the application, for operating the switch, of a greater rotation couple in order to overcome the said friction. In addition, the quality of the electrical contact is itself often defective and may introduce troublesome disturbances in the transmission of a high-frequency wave or signal.

The present invention has for its object to provide a coaxial circuit change-over switch for high frequency which does not have any of the foregoing disadvantages, and the construction of which is simple and the operation reliable.

To this end, the coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency and with rotary control according to the invention, is essentially characterized by the fact that it comprises a conical core rigidly fixed to the control shaft and fitted in the body of the switch, an intermediate coaxial line passing through the conical core and intended to effect the electrical connection between the input connector and the switched output, means for ensuring a ressure contact between the central conductor of the intermediate coaxial line and the respective central conductors of the coaxial input and the switched output, and means for ensuring the various positions of coaxial switching, whereby the rotation of the control shaft causes simultaneously a displacement along its axis of the conical core and in consequence a frictionless break of the contact between the central conductor of the previously-connected output and the central conductor of the intermediate line.

According to other characteristic features of the present invention:

The intermediate coaxial line is essentially constituted by an insulating cylinder rigidly fixed to the conical core, and in the axis of which a central conductor is free to slide, the extremity of the said conductor corresponding to each of the outputs of the change-over switch having an elliptical surface coupled with an accurate fitting to a similar surface on the extremity of the central conductor of the'switched output;

The body of the change-over switch is constituted by a cylindrical conducting mass coaxial with the control shaft and provided along its axis with a hollow internal cone in which is fitted coaxially the conical core containing the intermediate line, a restoring spring arranged in the body of the switch and along the common axis maintaining, for each switching position, the conical core in the interior of its housing;

The extremity of the intermediate line which effects in a constant and continuous manner the coupling to the input of the change-over switch, is connected to this latter, on the one hand through the intermediary of a central contact belonging to the central conductor of the input and applying a pressure on the corresponding surface of the central conductor of the intermediate line by means of a spring, and on the other hand by means of an elastic earth contact which continuously effects the connection between all the earthing points of the system;

The means for angular positioning of the conical core with respect to the body of the switch and in consequence the means for ensuring the various switching positions, are constituted essentially by a positioning ring, coaxial with the conical core and fixed rigidly to this latter, and by as many balls as there are coaxial outputs of the switch, each of the balls being arranged in a circular slot formed on the corresponding surface of the positioning ring.

Other advantages and characteristic features of the present invention will be brought out below in the description which follows, of one advantageous form of construction, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a partial front View of a preferred form of construction of a change-over switch according to the invention, comprising six coaxial outputs distributed at 60 along the periphery of the switch;

FIG. 2 is a view in cross-section taken along the lines aa, b-b, cc of the change-over switch according to the invention, as shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view in partial cross section along the line d -d of FIG. 2, of the angular positioning device for the conical core provided in the change-over switch according to the invention. 7

Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, the coaxial-circuit change-over switch shown comprises a body 1, on the periphery of which are arranged a number of coaxial outputs 2, uniformly distributed. The change-over switch of FIGS. 1 and 2 has six outputs (2a to 2 located at 60 around the longitudinal axis of symmetry XX of the switch, it being understood that it may also comprise twelve outputs at 30 or three outputs at or any other possible combination.

The input 3 of the switch is rigidly fixed to a casing 4 which is in turn fixed on the body 1 by means of a threaded portion 5. The body 1 further comprises in its The conical core 6 is traversed by the intermediate coaxial line indicated in a general manner by the reference 1 in FIG. 2. This line is itself constituted by an insulating or dielectric cylindrical portion 11 fixed to the conical core 6 and which extends, in particular during a connection made for example with the coaxial output 2a of the switch, the similar cylindrical portion 12a containing an insulator which surrounds the portion 13a of thecentral conductor of the output 2a. The intermediate coaxial line I, further comprises a central conductor 14 which can slide in'the insulating part 11 of the line.

In FIG. 2, the conical core 6 has an angularposition with respect to the body 1 such that it effects a continuous electrical connection between the coaxial input 3 and the output 2a. To this end, one of the extremities 15 of the central conductor 14 of the intermediate line I is terminated by a skewed elliptical surface which is adjusted with an appropriate mechanical pressure, as will be seen later, against a similar skewed elliptical surface 16a of the central conductor 13a of the coaxial output 2a. Similarly, the insulating portions 14 and 12a respectively to the intermediate line I and of the coaxial output 2a, come into contact through The intermediary of a skewed elliptical surface 17 of the surface of the conical core 6.

The extremity 18 opposite to 15 of the central conductor-14 of the intermediate line emerges into a recessed portion 19 of the core 6 and is formed by a small conducting cone 20, the apex of which is located on the axis XX of rotation and of symmetry, so that, during the rotation of thecontrol shaft 7 and in consequence of the conical core 6, the surface of the end'cone 20 of the central conductor '14 remains constantly in contact with an adequate mechanical pressure on the central conductor 21 of the coaxial input 3. This is obtained through the intermediary of the output extremity of the central conductor 21, which is constituted by a hollow metal cylinder 22 elastically enclosing the portion 23 of the central conductor 21 of the coaxial input 3. On the other hand, a spring 24 is housed inside the contact cylinder 22, 'the bottom of which is thus pushed with a suitable pressure against the surface of thecontact cone 20 of the central conductor 14 of the intermediate line. This same spring 24 ensures a sufficient contact pressure on the other extremity 15 of the central conductor 14 of the intermediate line I There has furthermore been constituted an elastic earth contact formed by a hollow metal cylinder 25 which, through the intermediary of a circular contact 26, ensures a constant coupling between the earth points of the system. The contact 26 rubs on the inner surface of a positioning ring 27 belonging to the angular positioning device provided on the change-over switch according to the invention, and which will now be described.

In addition to thepositioning ring 27, fixed to the conical core 6 by means of a number of clamping screws 28, the angular positioning device also comprises three bearing balls 29, uniformly distributed at 120 in housing 31 of the body 1 of the change-over switch. Each of the balls 29 passes also into a slot 30 formed in the surface facing the body 1 of the positioning ring 27, as has been clearly shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The play of the balls in the slots is adjusted to a minimum by means of adjustable abutments 32 arranged in'the body 1 of the switch.

Finally, each of the coaxial output connectors and the coaxial input connector are formed respectively, in a manner known per se, by a central conductor 33a 21, a peripheral conductor 34a for the output 2a and 35 for the input, these peripheral conductors being connected to the earth of the system.

Similarly, the various portions 23, 36 and 37 of the central conductor 21 of the input and the corresponding insulating portions 38 which surround them are fixed by a means which does not cause any discontinuity in the impedance of the coaxial line, for example by a keeper pin 39 of high frequency resin. This is also the case for the portions 36a, 37a, 13a of the central conductor of the input and the corresponding insulating portions 38a, 12a, which surround them.

There will now be described the operation of the change-over switch according to the invention, with particular reference to FIG. 2.

Starting from a pre-determined angular position of the conical core 6 ensuring for example a connection between the coaxial input l and one of the coaxial outputs 2a, as soon as the control shaft 7 of the switch is rotated, this shaft passing into the body 1 through the intermediary of an elastic joint 39, the balls 29 become disengaged from the corresponding slots, which causes a forward movement in the direction F of the positioning ring 27 and in consequence a corresponding axial displacement of the conical core 6 with respect to the body 1 of the change-over switch.

The insulating portion 41 of the intermediate line I then comes into abutment by its extremity 40 against the extremity 18 of the central conductor of the same intermediate line 1 and thus causes the interruption of the contact at the extremities (1516a), the possible backward movement of the central conductor 14 being less than the axial displacement of the conical core 6. This breaking of the contact thus takes place without any harmful friction between the surfaces in contact, thus avoiding rapid wear of these latter.

Similarly, when the input 3 is connected to one of the outputs 2a, the conical core 6 forms an electric screen for the other outputs 2b 2 which are not switched, thus preventing any phenomenon of re-injection into these latter.

It will of course be understood that the present invention has been described and shown purely by way of explanation and not in any limitative sense and that any alternative form may be given to it, without thereby debody of the switch, said change-over switch comprising:

.a conical core rigidly fixed to said central control shaft and being fitted into the interior of the said switch body;

an intermediate coaxial line passing through said conical core, the two extremities of said line coming into contact respectively with the corresponding extremities of said coaxial input and of the switched output;

means for ensuring pressure contact between the extremity of the central conductor of the coaxial input in the interior of the switch and one of the extremities of the central conductor of said intermediate line, and between the inner extremity of the central conductor of the output switched and the other extremity of the central conductor of the intermediate line;

means for ensuring the passage from one switching position to another position by rotation of said control shaft of the switch so that the said rotation causes simultaneously a displacement of said conical core along its axis, thus causing a-break without friction of the contact between said central conductor of the output previously switched-over to the input a and the central conductor of said intermediate line. 2. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, as claimed in claim 1, in which the body of said switch is constituted by a cylindrical conducting mass coaxial with said control shaft and comprising in its interior a hollow cone having its axis coincident with the axis of rotation of said control shaft to which it is fixed.

3. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, of the type comprising a central control shaft for the rotational control of the switching positions between a coaxial input and a plurality of coaxial outputs uniformly distributed along the periphery of the main body of the switch, said switch comprising:

a conical core rigidly fixed to said central control shaft and being fitted in the interior of said switch body;

an intermediate coaxial line passing through said conical core and the two extremities of which come into contact respectively with the corresponding extremities of said coaxial input and of the switched output;

means for ensuring a pressure contact between the extremity of the central conductor of said coaxial input in the interior of said switch and one of the extremities of the central conductor of said intermediate line and between the inner extremity ofthe central conductor of the switched output and the other extremity of the central conductor of the intermediate line;

means for ensuring the passage from a switching position to another position by rotation of said control shaft of the change-over switch in such manner that said rotation causes simultaneously a displacement of said conical core along its axis which in consequence results in a break without friction of the contact between said central conductor of the output previously switched to the input and the central conductor of said intermediate line;

an elastic restoring means arranged in said switch body and applying a force along the axis of said conical core so as to maintain this latter inside its housing for each switching position. 4. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, of the type comprising a central control shaft for the rotational control of the switching positions between a coaxial input and a plurality of coaxial outputs uniformly distributed along the periphery of the main body of the switch, said change-over switch comprising:

a conical core rigidly fixed to said central control shaft and being fitted into the interior of said switch body;

an intermediate coaxial line constituted by an insulating cylinder rigidly fixed to and arranged inside said conical core, the central conductor of said intermediate line being arranged inside and along the axis of said insulating cylinder, in which it can slide freely, the two extremities of said central conductor coming respectively into contact with the corresponding extremities of the central conductor of said coaxial input on the one hand and of the central conductor of the switched output on the other;

means for ensuring a pressure contact between the extremity of the central conductor of the coaxial input in the interior of the switch and one of the extremities of the central conductor of said intermediate line and between the inner extremity of the central conductor of the switched output and the other extremity of the central conductor of the intermediate line;

means for ensuring the passage from one switching position to another position by rotation of said control shaft of the switch, so that said rotation causes simultaneously a displacement of said conical core along its axis, thereby resulting in a break without friction of the contact between said central conductor of the output previously switched to the input 6 and the central conductor of said intermediate line; elastic restoring means arranged in said switch body and adapted to apply a force along the axis of said conical core in such manner as to maintain this latter in the interior of its housing for each switching position.

5. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch as claimed in claim 4, in which the extremities of the central conductor of each switched output and of the central conductor of said intermediate line intended to come into contact with each other are provided with similar elliptical surfaces fitted with precision.

6. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch as claimed in claim 4, in which said elastic means for returning said conical core to the interior of its housing is constituted by a spring arranged round the control shaft in a recess of the switch body between two abutments.

7. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, of the type comprising a central control shaft for the rotational control of the switching positions between a coaxial input and a plurality of coaxial outputs uniformly distributed along the periphery of the main body of said switch, said change-over switch comprising:

a conical core rigidly fixed to said central control shaft and being fitted into the interior of said switch body; an intermediate coaxial line constituted by an insulating cylinder rigidly fixed to and arranged inside the interior of said conical core, the central conductor of said intermediate line being arranged in the inside and along the axis of said insulating cylinder in which it can slide freely, one extremity of the central conductor of said intermediate line being formed by a small conducting cone, the apex of which is located on the axis of rotation and symmetry so as to obtain continuous contact with the corresponding extremity of the central conductor of the switch input, which comprises a spring compressing said extremity with sufiicient pressure against the above extremity of the central conductor of said intermediate line;

means for ensuring the passage from one switching position to another position by rotation of said control shaft of the change-over switch, in such manner that said rotation causes simultaneously a displacement along its axis of said conical core, thereby resulting in a break without friction of the contact between said central conductor of the output previously switched to the input and the central conductor of said intermediate line;

elastic restoring means arranged in said switch body and adapted to apply a force along the axis of said conical core so as to maintain this latter in the interior of its housing for each switching position.

8. A coaxial-circuit change-over switch for high frequency, as claimed in claim 7, in which said switch comprises an elastic earth contact so as to obtain constantly an electrical connection between all the earth points of said switch.

9. A coaxial-circuit changeover switch for high frequency, of the type comprising a central control shaft for the rotational control of the switching positions between a .coaxial input and a plurality of coaxial outputs uniformly distributed along the periphery of the main body of the switch, said change-over switch comprising:

a conical core rigidly fixed to said central control shaft and being fitted to the interior of said switch body; an intermediate coaxial line passing through said conical core, and of which the two extremities come into contact respectively with the corresponding extremities of said coaxial input and of the switched output; means for ensuring a pressure contact between the extremity of the central conductor of the coaxial input in the interior of said switch and one of the extremities of the central conductor of said intermediate line, and between the inner extremity of the central conductor of the switched output and the other ex- References Cited tremity of the central conductor of the intermediate UNITED STATES PATENTS output; I r means for ensuring the various switching positions, 10/1944 Goddard 20O 153'18 XR said means being essentially constituted by a posi- 5 g ioning ring coaxial w1 sai comca core and rig 3,141,943 7/1964 Lanctot 2O0 153 18 idly fixed to this latter, and by as many balls as there are coaxial outputs of the switch, each of said balls being arranged in a circular slot formed on the cor- ROBERT SCHAEFER lma'y Examiner responding surface of said positioning ring. 10 H. BURKS, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2360219 *Jul 18, 1942Oct 10, 1944Rca CorpUltra high frequency switch
US2473565 *Oct 9, 1946Jun 21, 1949Bird Electronic CorpSwitch
US2475647 *Jun 13, 1945Jul 12, 1949Spriggs James OUltra high frequency switch
US3141943 *Jul 17, 1961Jul 21, 1964Don Lan Electronics IncCo-axial switch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3495060 *Nov 13, 1968Feb 10, 1970Contex IncCoaxial switch assembly
US4496806 *Sep 6, 1983Jan 29, 1985Omron Tateisi Electronics Co.Electric contact switching device
US4652841 *May 4, 1984Mar 24, 1987Hughes Aircraft CompanySquarax switch
US4692628 *Oct 30, 1985Sep 8, 1987Kurt SauerweinPipeline switch
US7457593 *Jun 18, 2004Nov 25, 2008Rhode & Schwarz Gmbh & Co. KgAttenuator system
USRE34642 *Jun 23, 1992Jun 21, 1994Omron Tateisi Electronics Co.Electric contact switching device
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/504, 335/5
International ClassificationH01P1/12, H01P1/10
Cooperative ClassificationH01P1/125
European ClassificationH01P1/12C