US 3372929 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 12, 1968 J. MOLIS BILLIARD CUE STROKE GUIDING STEM Filed Sept. 15, 1965 INVENTOR.
47'7'0e/v5y5 United States Patent Ofiice 3,372,929 BILLIARD CUE STROKE GUIDING STEM John Molis, Box 3915, Baytown, Tex. 77520 Filed Sept. 13, 1965, Ser. No. 486,933 6 Claims. (Cl. 273-23) This invention relates to billiard cues, and more particularly to an improved billiard cue stem construction including means for supporting and guiding the associated billiard cue.
A main object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved billiard cue stem construction which includes means for supporting and guiding the associated billiard cue when executing a thrust with the cue, the guiding means involving relatively simple parts, being readily available for use, as required, and being toldable to a substantially non-interfering position when not in use so that it does not, in any way, interfere with the use of the associated billiard cue.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved guiding means for a billiard cue which is relatively compact in size, which is inexpensive to fabricate, which provides steady and comfortable support for a billiard cue, and which does not in any way, obstruct the view from the top of its associated cue stem in the line of direction to the billiard ball toward which the billiard cue is directed, the improved construction eliminating the necessity for the player to loop his finger around the cue stem.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved stroke-guide means for a billiard cue, the guide means being very easy to install, being normally retracted to a non-interfering, non-operating position, and being easily extended for use, the support means providing a steady and reliable support for the associated billiard cue, providing means for securely and comfortably holding same, and also providing means for accurately pivoting and aiming the associated billiard cue without the necessity of the player looping his finger around the cue stem, as has been heretofore required for accuracy in guiding a conventional billiard cue.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and claims, and from the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of a billard cue provided with improved guiding and support means according to the present invention.
FIGURE 2 is a bottom plan view of the billiard cue of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view taken substantially on the line 33 of FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 4 is an end elevational view of the billiard cue, taken substantially on the line 44 of FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical crosssectional view, generally similar to FIGURE 3, but showing the support and guiding means of the billiard cue in operative position and illustrating the manner in which the users hand is engaged with the lower portion of the supporting and guiding means.
FIGURE 6 is a transverse vertical cross-sectional view taken substantially on the line 6-6 of FIGURE 5.
Referring to the drawing, 11 generally designates a billiard cue provided with the improved supporting and guiding means of the present invention. The billiard cue 11 comprises an elongated tubular stem member 12 of suitable tempered alloy, such as tempered steel, having a high degree of rigidity. The cue 11 is provided with an enlarged handle portion 13 and with the intermediate tapered mid-section 14, the handle portion 13 being provided with the rubber butt member 15 and the stem portion being provided with a cue tip 23 of suitable relatively soft yieldable material, such as leather, or the like.
3,372,929 Patented Mar. 12, 1968 As shown in FIGURE 3, the mid-section 14 has molded therein an axially-extending metal core 31 which is threadedly-engaged in the end of the tubular stem member 12, the mid-section 14 being suitably recessed at 32 to receive the end of the stem member 12, the recess 32 being of substantial length so that a substantial portion of the stem member 12 is housed in the reduced end portion of the tapered mid-section 14, as shown in FIGURE 3.
The stem member 12 is formed with a longitudinal slot 34 which extends for the major portion of the length of the stem member, and slidably-positioned inside the stem member is an elongated shuttle or plunger member 35 of plastic material, or the like, to which is pivotally-connected at 36 an outwardly-extending support leg 37 which passes through the slot 34, as is clearly shown in FIGURES 3 and 5.
The support leg 37 comprises a straight bar-like inner portion 3 8 and an annularly-concaved post element 39 which is integral with the bar-like inner portion 38 and which is angled relative to said bar-liike inner portion, as is clearly shown in FIGURES 3 and 5, the axis of the post element 39 extending at an angle of approximately to the axis of the bar-like inner portion 38. Formed integrally with and extending perpendicular to the outer end of the post element 39 is a generally U-shaped, relatively fiat base member 40, the base member being connected to the post element 39* substantially at the center of the bight portion of said base member with the legs of the base member being spaced apart sufficiently to, at
times, receive the stem member 12 clampingly therebetween, for example, as shown in FIGURES 3 and 4, whereby the support leg 37 may be releasably-held in a retracted, inoperative position closely adjacent to the stem member 12. The side arms of the base 40 are sufficiently resilient to allow the base member 40 to be readily disengaged from the stem member when it is desired to place the support leg 37 in its operating position.
As is clearly shown in FIGURES 3 and 5, the plunger member 35 is formed with an outwardly-flaring slot 42, with the transverse pivot pin 36 substantially centered in the slot, whereby to allow a wide range of angular move ment of the bar-like portion 38, for example, from the inoperative position of FIGURE 3 to the operating position of FIGURE 5.
As shown in FIGURES 3, 5 and 6, the support leg 37 may be integrally-molded from plastic material, or the like, and is provided with an integral, relatively wide flange portion 44 which projects laterally from opposite sides of the joint between the top end of the post element 39 and the lower end of the bar-like portion 38. This facilitates holding the support leg when the leg is in use, as illustrated in FIGURE 5. Thus, with the support leg 37 in operating position, as illustrated, the base 40 is supported on the billiard table and the users hand is engaged with the support leg with the post element 39 received between the thumb and forefinger of the hand so that the support leg may be easily held in a stationary position on the billiard table while the billiard cue is manipulated. The billiard cue may be readily rotated around the axis defined by the pivot pin 36, and may also be moved longitudinally along its own axis, because of the sliding connection provided by the plunger 35 with the tubular stern member 12. It will be further apparent that the users hand in no way engages around the stem portion 12 of the billiard cue so that there is no interference with visibility along the line of direction of movement of the billiard cue, as viewed from above by the player.
The cue may also be supported entirely by merely holding the post element 39 in the users hand, for example, between the thumb and the forefinger, without resting on the table. When the cue is thus manually-supported, the
post element 3? serves as a pivot shaft allowing rotation of the cue around the axis of the post element since the post element readily turns in the users hand as the user changes the direction of the cue. This provides extra flexibility in the use of the cue.
Since the slot 34 is of a length which extends for the major portion of the stem member 12, the plunger 35 is movable through the major portion of the interior of the stem member, allowing a wide range of longitudinal movement of the billiard cue while it is being supported on the leg 37 in the manner above-described.
The rod-like plunger member 35 is of substantial length so that it provides an accurate guiding action, with pivot ing of the billiard cue relative to the leg 37 limited substantially to rotation around the axis of the pivot pin 36.
The tubular stern member 12 is provided at the end portion thereof which is received in the recess 32 with diametrically-opposed assembly holes 46 through which the pivot pin 36 is inserted during the assembly of the billiard cue, the apertured inner end of the bar-like element 38 being held between the apertures 46 while the pin 36 is inserted, whereby to pivotally-connect leg 37 to the plunger member 35. After final assembly, the holes 46 are, of course, covered by the reduced end portion of mid-section 14 of the billiard cue.
While a specific embodiment of an improved support and guiding means for a billiard cue has been disclosed in the foregoing description, it will be understood that various modifications within the spirit of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art. Therefore, it is intended that no limitations be placed on the invention except as defined by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a billiard cue, an elongated tubular stem member provided at one end with an enlarged handle portion and at its other end with a relatively soft deformable cue tip,
4- said stem member being formed with a longitudinal slot, a slide element mounted in said stem member, and a support leg pivotally-connected to said slide element and extending through said slot.
2. The billiard one of claim 1, wherein said slide element comprises an elongated rod-like plunger slidablyfitting inside the stem member, said support leg being pivotally-connected to the intermediate portion of said plunger member.
3. The billiard cue of claim 2, wherein said support leg comprises a straight bar-like inner portion and an annularly-concave post element rigid with and angled relative to said bar-like inner portion.
4. The billiard one of claim 3, and a relatively flat base rigidly-connected to and extending substantially perpendicular to said post element.
5. The billiard cue of claim 4, and wherein said base i; generally U-shaped and is connected to said post element substantially at the center of its bight portion, the legs of the base being spaced apart sufilciently to at times receive the stern member therebetween.
6. The billiard cue of claim 5, and wherein said plunger member is of plastic material and is provided with a recess receiving the end of the bar-like inner portion of the support leg.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,092,189 4/1914 Varian 273-23 1,368,875 2/1921 Adams 273-69 FOREIGN PATENTS 528,583 8/1921 France.
RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.
T. ZACK, Assistant Examiner.