|Publication number||US3373436 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1968|
|Filing date||May 3, 1965|
|Priority date||May 6, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3373436 A, US 3373436A, US-A-3373436, US3373436 A, US3373436A|
|Original Assignee||Philips Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (6), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
` Much 12,1968 MAUPHVN' 3,3??436` f INK JET RECORDER Filed lay 3, 1965 v 2 Sheets-Sheet l v INVENTOR* Michel. AUPHAN AGENT United States Patent O ice 3,373,436 INK JET RECORDER Michel Auphan, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, assignor to North American Philips Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 3, 1965, Ser. No. 452,547 Claims priority, application France, May 6, 1964, 973,558 9 Claims. (Cl. 346-75) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A recording apparatus for recording information on a surface employs electrically conductive Huid directed from a pair of nozzles closely arranged to one another and electrically insulated. The nozzles are positioned such that their axes intersect at a point between the nozzles and the recording surface and from this point travel as a single stream towards the recording surface. A potential diiference is applied between the two nozzles and a gradient appears along the length of the stream from nozzle to nozzle. Movement of the single stream is controlled by means of a modulating signal applied as an electrostatic eld to one of the streams.
The invention relates to apparatus for recording electrical signals and more particularly for visual recording of signals of high frequencies.
The conventional recording method using paper strips may be divided into two categories. The choice of the category depends upon the frequency of the signals to be recorded.
In a known device recording is obtained by applying ink to the paper, for example with the aid of a stylus or a jet of ink from a nozzle. The stylus or nozzle is then mechanically displaced in accordance with the variations of the signal to be recorded. Such mechanically controlled devices have a comparatively great inertia, so that recording is restricted to signals of a maximum frequency of about 100 c./s. with the stylus-controlled devices and a maximum of about 600 c./s. in the devices having a displaceable ink jet nozzle.
For signals of higher frequency, for example more than 1000 c./s. use is made of the second method, wherein signals are recorded on special paper of the photographic type which is rendered sensitive in accordance with the signals recorded. Such devices are expensive in operation owing to the price of the special paper. There are furthermore known devices having a liquid jet, which is formed by electrically charged particles directed towards a record carrier, which is displaced in a plane at right angles to the jet, the particles of the jet being deected in an electric field in order to produce visual traces on the carrier. Stich devices, which allow theoretically the recording of signals of high frequencies, are in practice very vulnerable. The greatest problem is formed by the electric charge of the jet and the use of very high electric voltages required (of the order of a few thousands of volts), so that voluminous output ampliiiers are required.
The object of this invention is to obviate the aforesaid disadvantages and to provide a recording apparatus in which a conducting liquid jet is directed towards a recording surface and deflected so that a visual recording of signals of high frequencies is possible, while the record carrier to be employed is not too expensive.
According to the invention a recording apparatus comprises means for producing an electrically good conducting fluid stream or liquid jet directed towards a recording surface. A decction ield deflects the jet in accordance with the electric signals fed thereto. The apparatus com- Patented Mar. 12, 1968 prises at least one pair of nozzles which are closely arranged and electrically insulated from each other, each supplying a liquid jet directed towards the recording surface. The position of the nozzles are such that their axes intersect each other at a point lying between the nozzles and the recording surface, so that the jets emanating from the nozzles meet at a given distance in front of the recording surface and from this meeting point travel as a single jet towards the recording surface. The apparatus further includes means for applying a potential dilference between the liquid in one nozzle and that in the other nozzles of said pair, whereby in operation an electric current is caused to liow down one jet and via the meeting point up the other jet. Means are provided for producing at least one deflection held acting upon at least one of the two jets between the nozzle wherefrom it issues and its meeting point with the other jet.
In an advantageous embodiment of the invention there are provided means f-or producing two deflection fields, each acting upon one of the jets, the deiiections of the two jets having the same direction.
In a further embodiment of the invention the potential difference between the two nozzles is variable in accordance with the electric signals to be recorded, while the deection iields are stationary.
The apparatus according to the invention alternatively may be such that the potential difference between the two nozzles is constant, Whereas the dellection field or elds is or are variable in accordance with the electric signals to be recorded.
With the embodiments referred to above, the recording surface is movable in a direction at right angles to the direction of the coinciding jets, so that the signals are recorded as a function of time.
In a further embodiment each jet is subjected to the effect of two orthogonal variable magnetic fields, one in the plane of the two jets and one in a plane at right angles thereto.
In the latter embodiment the jet can be deflected in two orthogonal directions, in which case the two deflections may be a function of time and of a signal to be recorded or both a function of two signals to be recorded each varying with time. In the latter case the recording surface may be stationary, so that the apparatus is operative like an oscillograph, the advantage being that a lasting oscillograrn is obtained.
The invention will be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which FIG. 1 shows the basic diagram for explaining the operation of the device according to the invention.
FIG. 2 shows a device according to the invention cornprising a movable recording surface.
FIG. 3 shows a second embodiment of the invention having a stationary recording surface.
Two nozzles 1 and 2, to which a fluid or liquid conveying the electric current is ted, are arranged closely to each other in a mutually oblique position and produce two liquid jets 3 and 4 of small diameter (a few tenths of a mm.) directed towards a recording surface 6, which is sensitive to said liquid. The two jets 3 and 4 meet at a point A lying at a small distance from the two nozzles in front of the surface 6. Beyond said Ipoint A they form a single jet 5, which is directed towards the surface 6. The relative disposition of the nozzles is chosen so that the two jets coincide at a small distance from their point of starting. Beyond a given distance a jet will break up into small drops, so that the jet can no longer convey electric current, the meeting point of the jets 3 and 4 must therefore lie within said distance, where each of the two jets is still continuous.
In this way there is available a conducting liquid jet 3 between the nozzle 1, the meeting point A and the nozzle 2, while the jet reaches the surface 6 in the form of droplets. Between the liquid in the nozzles 1 and 2 is applied an electrical potential difference, so that the two jets 3 and 4 are traversed by electric current in opposite directions.
The two jets 3 and 4 are subjected each to a preferably magnetic deection field H1 and H2 respectively, which may be at right angles to the plane going through the jets 3 and 4 and have opposite directions. Each of the jets 3 and 4 is thus subjected to a deflecting force at right angles to the field and jet directions. Since the directions of the two fields H1 and H2 are opposite, the jets 3 and 4 are deflected in the same direction and the deflection of the jet 5 is proportional to the sum of the deflections of said jets.
If the forces exerted on lthe jets 3 and 4 are variable as a function of the signal to be recordedfor example due to the potential difference between the nozzles 1 and 2 or the strengths of the deflection fields H1 and H2 being dependent upon the signal to be recordedthe variations of the signal are recorded as a function of time on the record carrier 6, if the latter performs a translatory movement in a plane at right angles to the jets.
FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of an apparatus based on the principle exposed above.
The nozzles 1 and 2 which are accurately identical in order to obtain a satisfactory equality between the jets 3 and 4, receive a liquid under pressure from two supply ducts 7 and 8 respectively, which are electrically insulated from each other. By 2the interposition of a device 9 interrupting or substantially interrupting the electric current through the liquid in one of the ducts, said ducts are coupled with a common pressurized container 15. The device 9 may be formed for example by a kind of overflow or a narrow capillary tube, in which case it is advantageous to include an identical capillary tube in the other duct.
The liquid may be formed by any conductive substance, preferably a substance which is liquid at room temperature, for example mercury or gallium.
The two jets 3 and 4, which meet at point A, traverse a magnetic yoke 1t), which is arranged so that two magnetic fields H1 and H2 are produced in opposite direc tions at right angles to the plane going through the jets.
The velocity of the liquid jets 3 and 4 is subject to a lower limit determined by the length of the regions where the deflection fields H1 and H2 act upon said jets. The time required by the liquid particles to traverse the magnetic field must be shorter than .the period of the signal to be recorded, since the same particle must not be affected in two opposite directions -by two successive signals, which might produce a zero deflection resultant, The single jet 5 is directed towards the recording surface 6, which performs in known manner a translatory movement at right angles to the plane going through the jets 3 and 4.
When mercury is used, this recording surface may be formed by porous paper into which the line mercury droplets are injected, so that they become visible in the form of a black trace. The paper may be preliminarily treated with a sulphide. In this case the sulphur may he caused to combine with the mercury by a subsequent thermal treatment at the melting temperature of sulphur, so that a black trace of mercury sulphide is produced.
The paper, preferably impregnated with sulphide, travels from a roller 11 through drawing rollers 12 over a trough 13, used for collecting the excess quantity of jet liquid.
The trough 13 communicates Ithrough a duct 14 with a pump which may be connected with the pressurized container 15, from where the ducts 7 and 8 are fed, so that the liquid can circulate. In order to ensure that only pure liquid is employed and in order to avoid obturation of the nozzles, which have only very small apertures, the
ducts may be provided with lters (not shown) for eX- ample near the container 15.
The signal to be recorded may in the form of potential difference varying with time be applied between the two ducts 7 and 8, i.e. between the two jets 3 and 4. In this case the magnetic deflection fields may exhibit a constant magnitude. This provides a deflection of the jet 5 proportional to any variation of the signal, so that the jet 5 draws the waveform of the signal to be recorded on the paper 6. Since the jet 5 reaches the paper in the form of droplets, a signal of high frequency will give a record in the form of a dotted trace, 4whereas at lower frequencies the dots are so close to one another that the track appears as an uninterrupted line.
In the embodiment described above the signal to be recorded is applied to the jets in the form of a variable potential difference, but it will be obvious that the signal to be recorded may also be applied to energizing coils producing the deliection fields H1 and H2, so that these fields H1 and H2 vary with the signals to be recorded, whereas the electric current through the coinciding jets 3 and 4 is kept constant.
In the foregoing a deflection of the jet in only one directi-on is considered. FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of a deflection method in which the jets are deflected in two orthogonal directions OX and Oy by two signals, one of the signals being for example a time-base signal. The two signals are preferably dependent upon time, so that the apparatus operates like an oscillogr-aph. Then a. visible and vlastin-g track in the yform of an oscillogram is obtained. In this case the potential difference between the two jets 3 and 4 and hence the electric current through said jets are preferably kept constant. On the other hand, it is well possible to have both the deflection fields vary sinusoidaly with time, while the signal to be recorded is caused to modulate the electric current through the two jets 3 and 4. `In that case the signal is recorded 4in the form of a deviation from the track, which would be recorded by the jet y5 when a constant electric current is sent through the jets. The m-agnetic fields operate together as time base, and one may, for example -give a circular track.
The magnetic deflection fields are generated by an electromagnet 16 of a special type, since it has six poles. For the sake of clarity in FIG. 3 only the magnet poles are shown. The poles I and I of this circuit are interconnected at the center of the system, whereas the poles II, III, II and II'I are separated `from each other. The jet 3 passes in between the .poles II, III and I-I and the jet 5 passes in between the poles II', III' and I-I. A magnetic energization of the -pole II relative to pole III and of the pole II' relative to III produces a deliection in the direction Y, Vwhereas a magnetic energization of the pole I-I relative to II-j-III an-d II+III' :produces a deflection in the direction X. To this end the pole pieces are connected on the outer side by a system of magnetic cores with at least two separate coils, which are traversed lby suitable currents in order to obtain the desired effect.
The two jets 3 and 4, which carry a constant current, are subjected to variable magnetic fields due to the variable voltages to be recorded.
Numerous variants of the embodiments described above are possible within the scope of the invention. Use may be made of a magnetic circuit producing two deflection elds in the plane going through the jets. Thus a deflection is Iproduced in a perpendicular plane, whilst the translatory movement of the recording surface is then performed in the plane going throu-gh the jets. It is also possible to reduce the quantity of liquid supplied by the nozzles so that the liquid is absorbed by the paper, in which case the liquid circulating device may be omitted.
What is claimed is:
1. A recording device comprising means for directing a jet of electrically conductive fluid towards a recording surface, said means including at least one pair of elec aerienne trically separated and adjacently arranged nozzles each adapted to have issued therefrom a iiuid jet generally directed towards said recording surface, the nozzles of said pair being mutually positioned such that their respective axes intersect at a point in the space between said nozzles and said recording surface, said jets issuin-g from said nozzles meeting at a point in front of said recording surface to 'form a single jet and from said meeting point traveling towards said `recording surface, means for applying an electrical potential between each of said pair of nozzles, and means for generating a magnetic deflection field so as to deect at least one of said jets, thereby giving said jet a movement controllable in accordance with the relative strength variation between said iield and said electric potential.
2. A recording device `as claimed in claim 1 wherein said means for generating a magnetic deflection tield includes means for generating a magnetic deflection iield for each of the intersecting jets issu-ing -from said pair of nozzles, said deflection elds being adapted to detiect both jets simultaneously in the `same di-rection.
3. A recording device as claimed in claim 1 wherein said deflection iield is perpendicular to and crosses said jet.
4. A recording device as'claimed in claim 1 wherein said means for generating a magnetic detection iie'ld includes means for generating a deflection field for each of the intersecting jets issuing yfrom said pair of nozzles, said deflection fields being adapted to deect each of said jets in opposite directions along parallel planes.
'5. Recording device as claimed in claim 1 wherein the said jet duid is mercury and the said recording surface is a porous vfoil material impregnated with a sulphite.
6. Recording device `as claimed in claim 1 wherein the electric vol-tage applied between the jet liquids in the pair of nozzles is varied in accordance with electrical signals to be recorded.
7. Recording device as claimed in claim 1 wherein the deflection field acting ulpon said jets issuing from said pair of nozzles is varied in accordance with electric signals to be recorded.
8. Recording device as claimed in claim 1 wherein said deection field comprises two perpendicular variable magnetic fields, one in the :plane of the jets and one perpendicular thereto, the parallel extending Lfields cooperating each with .a different one of the said jets being oppositely sensed.
9. Recording device as claimed in claim 1 further including means for moving the recording surface in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the intersecting jets.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,882,043 l0/l932 Schroter 178--88 3,278,940 10/1966 Ascali 346-75 RICHARD B. WILKINSON, Primary Examiner.
J. W. HARTARY, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1882043 *||Sep 12, 1929||Oct 11, 1932||Telefunken Gmbh||Signal recording|
|US3278940 *||Sep 23, 1963||Oct 11, 1966||Paillard Sa||Electrostatic emitter for writing with ink jet|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4104645 *||Oct 12, 1976||Aug 1, 1978||Xerox Corporation||Coincidence ink jet|
|US4199769 *||Dec 4, 1978||Apr 22, 1980||Xerox Corporation||Coincidence gate ink jet with increased operating pressure window|
|US4199770 *||Dec 4, 1978||Apr 22, 1980||Xerox Corporation||Coincidence gate ink jet with increased operating pressure window|
|US4201995 *||Dec 4, 1978||May 6, 1980||Xerox Corporation||Coincidence gate ink jet with increased operating pressure window|
|US4468679 *||May 11, 1982||Aug 28, 1984||Nippon Electric Co., Ltd.||On-demand type ink-jet printer|
|US5598200 *||Jan 26, 1995||Jan 28, 1997||Gore; David W.||Method and apparatus for producing a discrete droplet of high temperature liquid|
|U.S. Classification||347/82, 347/95|
|International Classification||G01R13/04, G01D15/18, G01R13/08|
|Cooperative Classification||G01R13/08, G01D15/18, G01R13/04|
|European Classification||G01R13/08, G01R13/04, G01D15/18|