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Publication numberUS3375192 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 26, 1968
Filing dateSep 10, 1965
Priority dateSep 25, 1964
Publication numberUS 3375192 A, US 3375192A, US-A-3375192, US3375192 A, US3375192A
InventorsRowlinson Hugh Charles
Original AssigneeCanadian Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for cleaning oil and gas wells employing carbon disulfide-pentane mixtures
US 3375192 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 26, 1968 c. ow mso 3,375,192

METHOD FOR CLEANlNG OIL AND GAS WELLS EMPLOYING CARBON DISULFIDE-PENTANE MIXTURES Filed Sept. 10, 1965 g a I! E E 2 5 z s m i m g u. U E. 8 m 0 0 i z z m 8 U I! o o a m n g In. 0


AGENT United States atent Ofiice 3,375,192 METHOD FOR CLEANING OIL AND GAS WELLS EMPLOYIN G C ARB N DISULFIDE-PENTANE MIXTURES Hugh Charles Rowlinson, St-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, assignor to Canadian Industries Limited, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, a corporation of Canada Filed Sept. 10, 1965, Ser. No. 486,497 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Sept. 25, 1964, 39,139/64 2 Claims. (Cl. 252-855) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The use of a mixture of 92% to 84% by volume of carbon disulfide and 8% to 16% by volume of pentane for cleaning oil and gas wells, particularly for removal of Wax and sulfur deposits therein. The addition of 8% to 16% by volume of pentane to the carbon disulfide raises the ignition temperature of the carbon disulfide and thereby reduces the fire hazard of the same.

This invention relates to a composition adapted for the cleaning of oil wells and the like.

Oil wells and gas wells, after a certain period of pro-- duction, are known to show a decrease of flow owing to the formation of deposits of wax and/or sulphur. It is known to remove this material with carbon disulphide but it has been found that there is a considerable fire hazard when this solvent is used. In view of this hazard and of the large amount of carbon disulphide required for this operation, there has been reluctance to use this solvent.

It is an object of this invention to provide a dewaxing and desulphurizing solvent of lower flammability. A further object of this invention is to provide a dewaxing and desulphurizing solvent in which the diluent does not substantially decrease the solvent power of the composition.

remain within the well until the wax and sulphur has been dissolved. The solvent is then removed from the well.

In measuring the flammability of carbon disulphide and carbon disulphide mixtures, the ignition temperature at which the vapour mixed with air will ignite on a hot surface is used as a standard. A method suitable for this determination is procedure A'ST M 13 287-55. This measurement is to be distinguished from the flash point which is the temperature at which ignition occurs with an open flame.

-It has been found that mixtures of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane possess much lower flammability characteristics than mixtures of carbon disulphide with hydrocarbons of higher boiling point and, surprisingly, mixtures of carbon disulphide and chlorinated hydrocarbons. For example, the mixture of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing 8% by volume of the pentane has a much higher ignition temperature than compositions of carbon disulphide and similar proportions of naphtha, or chlorinated hydrocarbons. This is true although naphtha contains components of higher boiling point than petroleum pentane. It is not known why this composition of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane has this unexpected increase in ignition temperature, par ticularly in comparison with analogous mixtures of carbon disulphide and chlorinated hydrocarbons.

This invention is additionally illustrated by the following examples, but it is to be understood that its scope is not to be limited to the embodiments shown therein.

Example 1 A series of solutions was made up containing carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing 4%, 8%, 12% and 16% by volume of petroleum pentane. The ignition temperature of these mixtures and of carbon disulphide were determined using the procedure described by Scott, Jones and Scott, Analytical Chemistry, 20(3),

40 1948, 238. These results are shown in Table I.

TABLE I Increasing Tempera- Decreasing Tempera- Mixture ture, C. ture, 0. Result,

No Ignition Ignition No Ignition Ignition CS 108 118 112 121 115 CSr96/pentane 4.. 135 138 142 140 139 CSr92/pentane 8-. 268 270 280 292 277 CSr88/pentane 12.-- 310 315 324 327 317 CSr84/pentaue 16 353 355 358 361 357 Additional objects will appear hereinafter.

The cleaning composition of this invention comprises a mixture of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing from 8% to 16% by volume of the pentane. It has been found that carbon disulphide-pentane mixtures in this range have an ignition temperature between 280 and 360 C., in comparison to the 120 C. ignition temperature of carbon disulphide. These compositions possess satisfactory solvent power for the waxes and sulphur found in oil and gas wells.

By petroleum pentane is meant the commercial product containing approximately 90% of n-pentane. This is the saturated C hydrocarbon cut in petroleum refining. Pure n-pent-ane is, of course, equally effective as an ingredient of this composition. The boiling range of said petroleum pentane lies within the range 34.5 -38 C.

The cleaning composition of this invention is prepared by mixing the carbon disulphide with the petroleum pentane using normal mixing procedures.

The novel composition of this invention is employed by pumping it down the oil or gas well and allowing it to Ignition Temperature, C.

Mixture. percent by Volume Minimum Tempera- Maxirnuru Temperature For Ignition ture For Ignition C S; 110 126 CSr88/naphtha-12 212 258 CSr84/naphtha-16 245 257 CSz/naphtha-20 280 290 A comparison of the ignition temperature of these two types of mixtures are shown in the drawing. The values plotted are averages. It can be seen that there is a range of carbon disulphide/petroleum pentane mixtures which have an unexpected increase in ignition temperature.

Example 2 A series of compositions was made up containing car-' bon disulphide and carbon tetrachloride in various proportions. The ignition temperatures of these compositions and of carbon disulphide were measured using the procedure employed in Example 1. The results are shown in Table III.

It can be seen that the addition of carbon tetrachloride to carbon disulphide has surprisingly little effect in changing the ignition temperature. Following the initial rise the ignition temperature is roughly constant for compositions containing from 5% to 40% by volume carbon tetrachloride.

Example 3 A series of compositions comprising binary mixtures of carbon disulphide with methylene chloride, trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene was made up in various proportions, The ignition temperatures of these compositions were measured using the procedure employed in Example 1. The results are shown in Table IV.

TABLE IV Percent Carbon I Percent Ignition Disulpnide, by Additive Additive, Temp,

volume I by volume C.

60 Methylene chloride 40 200 60.... 'Irichloroethylene 40 235 80.... Perchloroethylene 20 186 50..-. do 197 30 ..(l0 218 It can be seen that the addition of methylene chloride, trichloroethylene or perchloroethylene was not eifective in increasing the ignition temperatures of mixtures with carbon disulphide.

What I claim is: V

1. A composition for cleaning oil or gas wells consisting essentially of from 92% to 84% by volume of carbon disulphide and from 8% to 16% by volume of pentane selected from the group consisting of petroleum pentane and n-pentane. V V

2. A method for cleaning an oil or gas well which comprises introducing the composition defined by claim 1 into the well, leaving the compositionin the well for a period of time sufiicient for the solution of Wax and sulphur therein, and removing the composition from the well.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,358,665 9/1944 Shapiro s 252-855 ,805,200 9/1957 Lee et a1. 2528.55 3,279,541 10/1966 Knox et a1 2528.55 X

LEON D. ROSDOL, Primary Examiner.

H. B. GUYNN, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2358665 *Mar 30, 1942Sep 19, 1944Socony Vacuum Oil Co IncMethod of removing wax deposits from oil-well tubing
US2805200 *Mar 11, 1954Sep 3, 1957Diamond Alkali CoMethod of inhibiting waxy deposits in oil wells and compositions therefor
US3279541 *Aug 20, 1965Oct 18, 1966Halliburton CoMethod for removing paraffinic and asphaltic residues from wells
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3531160 *Sep 18, 1968Sep 29, 1970Phillips Petroleum CoProduction of sour gas-sulfur wells employing a sulfur solvent
US3724552 *Nov 1, 1971Apr 3, 1973Mobil Oil CorpWell treating method to remove paraffin deposition
US3724553 *Nov 18, 1971Apr 3, 1973Mobil Oil CorpParaffin well treatment method
US3729053 *Jan 5, 1972Apr 24, 1973Amoco Prod CoMethod for increasing permeability of oil-bearing formations
US3835927 *Jun 22, 1972Sep 17, 1974Petrolite CorpProcess of removing sulfur from fluids
US4728447 *Dec 3, 1985Mar 1, 1988Societe Nationale Elf AquitaineProcess and product for dissolving sulfur
US5053149 *Mar 30, 1990Oct 1, 1991Atochem North America, Inc.Method for dewaxing oil and gas pipelines or wells
US5340593 *Mar 15, 1993Aug 23, 1994Union Oil Company Of CaliforniaStabilized solid thiocarbonate
US20110132617 *Jul 14, 2009Jun 9, 2011Shell Oil CompanySystems and methods for producing oil and/or gas
U.S. Classification507/203, 507/931, 166/304, 507/277, 252/364, 507/932, 510/188, 510/492
International ClassificationC09K8/524, C09K8/52
Cooperative ClassificationC09K8/52, Y10S507/932, C09K8/524, Y10S507/931
European ClassificationC09K8/52, C09K8/524