|Publication number||US3375192 A|
|Publication date||Mar 26, 1968|
|Filing date||Sep 10, 1965|
|Priority date||Sep 25, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3375192 A, US 3375192A, US-A-3375192, US3375192 A, US3375192A|
|Inventors||Rowlinson Hugh Charles|
|Original Assignee||Canadian Ind|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (9), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 26, 1968 c. ow mso 3,375,192
METHOD FOR CLEANlNG OIL AND GAS WELLS EMPLOYING CARBON DISULFIDE-PENTANE MIXTURES Filed Sept. 10, 1965 g a I! E E 2 5 z s m i m g u. U E. 8 m 0 0 i z z m 8 U I! o o a m n g In. 0
9 BUILLVUBdWEL NOLLINQ! INVENTOR H.C. ROWLINSON MN A l.
AGENT United States atent Ofiice 3,375,192 METHOD FOR CLEANING OIL AND GAS WELLS EMPLOYIN G C ARB N DISULFIDE-PENTANE MIXTURES Hugh Charles Rowlinson, St-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada, assignor to Canadian Industries Limited, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, a corporation of Canada Filed Sept. 10, 1965, Ser. No. 486,497 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Sept. 25, 1964, 39,139/64 2 Claims. (Cl. 252-855) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The use of a mixture of 92% to 84% by volume of carbon disulfide and 8% to 16% by volume of pentane for cleaning oil and gas wells, particularly for removal of Wax and sulfur deposits therein. The addition of 8% to 16% by volume of pentane to the carbon disulfide raises the ignition temperature of the carbon disulfide and thereby reduces the fire hazard of the same.
This invention relates to a composition adapted for the cleaning of oil wells and the like.
Oil wells and gas wells, after a certain period of pro-- duction, are known to show a decrease of flow owing to the formation of deposits of wax and/or sulphur. It is known to remove this material with carbon disulphide but it has been found that there is a considerable fire hazard when this solvent is used. In view of this hazard and of the large amount of carbon disulphide required for this operation, there has been reluctance to use this solvent.
It is an object of this invention to provide a dewaxing and desulphurizing solvent of lower flammability. A further object of this invention is to provide a dewaxing and desulphurizing solvent in which the diluent does not substantially decrease the solvent power of the composition.
remain within the well until the wax and sulphur has been dissolved. The solvent is then removed from the well.
In measuring the flammability of carbon disulphide and carbon disulphide mixtures, the ignition temperature at which the vapour mixed with air will ignite on a hot surface is used as a standard. A method suitable for this determination is procedure A'ST M 13 287-55. This measurement is to be distinguished from the flash point which is the temperature at which ignition occurs with an open flame.
-It has been found that mixtures of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane possess much lower flammability characteristics than mixtures of carbon disulphide with hydrocarbons of higher boiling point and, surprisingly, mixtures of carbon disulphide and chlorinated hydrocarbons. For example, the mixture of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing 8% by volume of the pentane has a much higher ignition temperature than compositions of carbon disulphide and similar proportions of naphtha, or chlorinated hydrocarbons. This is true although naphtha contains components of higher boiling point than petroleum pentane. It is not known why this composition of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane has this unexpected increase in ignition temperature, par ticularly in comparison with analogous mixtures of carbon disulphide and chlorinated hydrocarbons.
This invention is additionally illustrated by the following examples, but it is to be understood that its scope is not to be limited to the embodiments shown therein.
Example 1 A series of solutions was made up containing carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing 4%, 8%, 12% and 16% by volume of petroleum pentane. The ignition temperature of these mixtures and of carbon disulphide were determined using the procedure described by Scott, Jones and Scott, Analytical Chemistry, 20(3),
40 1948, 238. These results are shown in Table I.
TABLE I Increasing Tempera- Decreasing Tempera- Mixture ture, C. ture, 0. Result,
No Ignition Ignition No Ignition Ignition CS 108 118 112 121 115 CSr96/pentane 4.. 135 138 142 140 139 CSr92/pentane 8-. 268 270 280 292 277 CSr88/pentane 12.-- 310 315 324 327 317 CSr84/pentaue 16 353 355 358 361 357 Additional objects will appear hereinafter.
The cleaning composition of this invention comprises a mixture of carbon disulphide and petroleum pentane containing from 8% to 16% by volume of the pentane. It has been found that carbon disulphide-pentane mixtures in this range have an ignition temperature between 280 and 360 C., in comparison to the 120 C. ignition temperature of carbon disulphide. These compositions possess satisfactory solvent power for the waxes and sulphur found in oil and gas wells.
By petroleum pentane is meant the commercial product containing approximately 90% of n-pentane. This is the saturated C hydrocarbon cut in petroleum refining. Pure n-pent-ane is, of course, equally effective as an ingredient of this composition. The boiling range of said petroleum pentane lies within the range 34.5 -38 C.
The cleaning composition of this invention is prepared by mixing the carbon disulphide with the petroleum pentane using normal mixing procedures.
The novel composition of this invention is employed by pumping it down the oil or gas well and allowing it to Ignition Temperature, C.
Mixture. percent by Volume Minimum Tempera- Maxirnuru Temperature For Ignition ture For Ignition C S; 110 126 CSr88/naphtha-12 212 258 CSr84/naphtha-16 245 257 CSz/naphtha-20 280 290 A comparison of the ignition temperature of these two types of mixtures are shown in the drawing. The values plotted are averages. It can be seen that there is a range of carbon disulphide/petroleum pentane mixtures which have an unexpected increase in ignition temperature.
Example 2 A series of compositions was made up containing car-' bon disulphide and carbon tetrachloride in various proportions. The ignition temperatures of these compositions and of carbon disulphide were measured using the procedure employed in Example 1. The results are shown in Table III.
It can be seen that the addition of carbon tetrachloride to carbon disulphide has surprisingly little effect in changing the ignition temperature. Following the initial rise the ignition temperature is roughly constant for compositions containing from 5% to 40% by volume carbon tetrachloride.
Example 3 A series of compositions comprising binary mixtures of carbon disulphide with methylene chloride, trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene was made up in various proportions, The ignition temperatures of these compositions were measured using the procedure employed in Example 1. The results are shown in Table IV.
TABLE IV Percent Carbon I Percent Ignition Disulpnide, by Additive Additive, Temp,
volume I by volume C.
60 Methylene chloride 40 200 60.... 'Irichloroethylene 40 235 80.... Perchloroethylene 20 186 50..-. do 197 30 ..(l0 218 It can be seen that the addition of methylene chloride, trichloroethylene or perchloroethylene was not eifective in increasing the ignition temperatures of mixtures with carbon disulphide.
What I claim is: V
1. A composition for cleaning oil or gas wells consisting essentially of from 92% to 84% by volume of carbon disulphide and from 8% to 16% by volume of pentane selected from the group consisting of petroleum pentane and n-pentane. V V
2. A method for cleaning an oil or gas well which comprises introducing the composition defined by claim 1 into the well, leaving the compositionin the well for a period of time sufiicient for the solution of Wax and sulphur therein, and removing the composition from the well.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,358,665 9/1944 Shapiro s 252-855 ,805,200 9/1957 Lee et a1. 2528.55 3,279,541 10/1966 Knox et a1 2528.55 X
LEON D. ROSDOL, Primary Examiner.
H. B. GUYNN, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2358665 *||Mar 30, 1942||Sep 19, 1944||Socony Vacuum Oil Co Inc||Method of removing wax deposits from oil-well tubing|
|US2805200 *||Mar 11, 1954||Sep 3, 1957||Diamond Alkali Co||Method of inhibiting waxy deposits in oil wells and compositions therefor|
|US3279541 *||Aug 20, 1965||Oct 18, 1966||Halliburton Co||Method for removing paraffinic and asphaltic residues from wells|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3531160 *||Sep 18, 1968||Sep 29, 1970||Phillips Petroleum Co||Production of sour gas-sulfur wells employing a sulfur solvent|
|US3724552 *||Nov 1, 1971||Apr 3, 1973||Mobil Oil Corp||Well treating method to remove paraffin deposition|
|US3724553 *||Nov 18, 1971||Apr 3, 1973||Mobil Oil Corp||Paraffin well treatment method|
|US3729053 *||Jan 5, 1972||Apr 24, 1973||Amoco Prod Co||Method for increasing permeability of oil-bearing formations|
|US3835927 *||Jun 22, 1972||Sep 17, 1974||Petrolite Corp||Process of removing sulfur from fluids|
|US4728447 *||Dec 3, 1985||Mar 1, 1988||Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine||Process and product for dissolving sulfur|
|US5053149 *||Mar 30, 1990||Oct 1, 1991||Atochem North America, Inc.||Method for dewaxing oil and gas pipelines or wells|
|US5340593 *||Mar 15, 1993||Aug 23, 1994||Union Oil Company Of California||Stabilized solid thiocarbonate|
|US20110132617 *||Jul 14, 2009||Jun 9, 2011||Shell Oil Company||Systems and methods for producing oil and/or gas|
|U.S. Classification||507/203, 507/931, 166/304, 507/277, 252/364, 507/932, 510/188, 510/492|
|International Classification||C09K8/524, C09K8/52|
|Cooperative Classification||C09K8/52, Y10S507/932, C09K8/524, Y10S507/931|
|European Classification||C09K8/52, C09K8/524|