US 337744 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. R. CUMMINGS.
No. 337,744. Patented Mar. 9, 1886.
WITNESSES N PETERS. PMlo-Lilllognphor, Waihinginm u. c.
Uwrrn rates tries.
JOHN R. CUMMINGS, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 337,74, dated March 9, 1886. Application filed June 12, 1885. Serial No. 168,489. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern: I opposite side. Fig. 2 represents a type pro Be it known that I, JOHN R. CUMMINGS, a l vided with a recess in both sides. Fig. 3 is a citizen of the United States, residing at Chi- 1 vertical section of a portion of a column of cago, in the county of Cook and State of, matter, showing how the spaces and quads in 5 Illinois, have invented certain new and useterlock with the type.
ful Improvements in Types; and I do hereby i I am aware of the patent to J. A. Wildeclare the following to be al'ull, clear, and kinson, No. 9,525, dated January 4, 1853, in exartdescription ot' the invention, such as will which are shown tapering types, each of enable others skilled in the art to which it which has a rib on one side and a groove on IO appertains to make and use the same. the other to look into each other and into My invention relates to an improvement in COllQSl'JOlldlllg ribs and grooves on the intypes to be used in electrotyping. side face of cylinder heads of a printing In the manufacture of electro printing press. It is necessary in his arrangement of sheets it is necessary that the spaces and the types on the cylinder that he should pro- 15 quads in the form from which the mold is vide means for interlocking the whole form,
taken should be shoulder high, and that they and accordingly he provides each and every should be kept down and not allowed to letter, space, and quad with a rib and a re come above the level of the shoulder of the cess. Now, if either one of these parts type. As is well known, the wax, in being should beimproperly placedinthe form, danr 2o taken from the form, is liable to pull up the age would certainly result from locking up types, spaces, and quads. The types are the form. easily planed down; but great labor and care I am also aware of English patentto are required to push down every space and Crosse, No. 2,211 of 1855, in which are shown quad. If they are allowed to remain up above types provided with both a recess and a rib 2 the shoulder of the types, the shell will be on each side. As these types are reversito that extent shallower, and its under side blethat is to say, have a printing-face on uneven and lacking proper bearing-surface. each end-they are designed to interlock Should a large number of molds have to be when placed either end up; but shonldatype made from one form, the work of pushing be placed in the form wrong side forward,
0 down quads and spaces would not only be its rib would abut against the rib on the adexpensive, but would necessitate a waste of joining type, precisely as would be the case time on occasions when every moment would with the NVilkinson type. above alluded to.
be of great importance, especially when mak- I lay no claim to what is shown and deing a large number of pages from news-inatscribed in either of the above-mentioned pat- 35 ter. ents.
To overcome the difiticulty occasioned by My invention contemplates preventing the spaces and quads pulling up in the form, I spaces and quads from pulling up, and to acprovide them with a rib on one side and a complish this I place the rib on those parts recess in the opposite side, and provide the only, and by reason of the types being pro- 0 shank of the type with a like recess on both vided with a recess on both sides it is imsides, so that when the matter is in form the material as to safety in locking the form rib on the spaces and quads. takes into the whether or not the letters, spaces, or quads recess in the types, and the spaces and quads, be set with nicks turned, as frequently when the form is locked up, are thereby prehappens.
5 vented from pulling or working up. Having thus described my invention, what My invention is clearly illustrated in the I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters 5 accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 Patent, is represents a quad and also a space provided A font of types the bodies of'the letters with a rib on one side and a recess 0n the of which are formed with a recess in two opposite sides, and the quads and spaces of In testimony whereof I aflix my-signaturein which are'provided with a rib on one side presence of two witnesses. and a recess in the 0 osite side, the surfaces of those sides of the godies of the types and JOHN OUMMINGSf 5 of the quads and spaces being otherwise plane, Witnesses:
substantially as described, and for the pur- G. W. CUMMINGS,
pose stated. 4 GEORGE P. SMITH.