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Publication numberUS3377903 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1968
Filing dateNov 10, 1965
Priority dateNov 10, 1964
Also published asDE1475052B1
Publication numberUS 3377903 A, US 3377903A, US-A-3377903, US3377903 A, US3377903A
InventorsEverardus Korte Wilhelmus
Original AssigneeEverardus Korte Wilhelmus
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of fastening an article by means of a bolt to be shot into said article, and means for carrying out said method
US 3377903 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3,377,903 TO BE SHOT ID METHOD W. E. KORTE G AN ARTICLE BY MEANS OF A BOLT INTO SAID ARTICLE, AND MEANS FOR CARRYING OUT SA April 16, 1968 METHOD OF FASTENIN Filed Nov. 10, 1965 iill INVENTOR 7 J 5 A WilheZmwFremm u: [072-6 Patented Apr. 16, 1968 3,377,903 METHOD OF FASTENING AN ARTICLE BY MEANS 6F A BOLT TO BE SHOT INTO SAID ARTICLE, AND MEANS FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD Wilhelmus Everardus Korte, Meerstraat 3, Naarden, Netherlands Filed Nov. 10, 1965, Eer. No. 507,186 Claims priority, application Netherlands, Nov. 10, 1954, 64-13373 Claims. (Cl. 85-10) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLGSURE A method and means for attaching sheetlike material to a support by explosively driving a bolt having a screwthreaded end through the material and through a fastening member into the support and at the same time forming internal screw-threading in the fastening member and threadably engaged with the screw-threaded end of the bolt.

This invention relates to a method of fastening an article, such as a plate, to a carrying member, in which a bolt is shot through the article into the carrying member, and the article is locked against the carrying member by fixing a nut or similar, bored fastening device on to the rear end of the bolt. The invention also relates to means for carrying out this method.

As defined in the above terms, both the method and the means are known to the art, and much used for fixing wall, roofs, thin steel or aluminium sheets to steel structures, concrete skeletons, or other support structures. It is an object of the present invention to shorten the time required in carrying out the method, and at the same time to obtain a good attachment. It is a particular object of the invention to render such attachment moreover detachable.

In the method according to the present invention, the fastening device, which consists of material admitting of some deformation, is placed in front of the rear end of the bolt with its bore into-axial relationship to the latter, the diameter of said rear end being in excess of the diameter of said bore, the arrangement being such that, as the bolt is fired, this rear end is also shot fast into the fastening device. When the bolt is fired by means of a conventional gun the fastening element may be placed against the article to be secured at the muzzle of the gun; the fastening device may also be placed about the tip of the bolt and used as a means for guiding the leading end of the bolt in the barrel of the gun. The fastening device is preferably made of a polyamide, such as nylon, or of a synthetic resin having similar properties, and preferably has a flange having a pre-arranged central perforation zone, and a sleeve, formed integrally with said flange and extending oppositely to the direction of perforation. The sleeve may be provided with ribs on the inside, and an annular external groove may be formed in the transition zone between the flange and the sleeve, so that a cap may be placed over the ready connection, to protect the assembly against weather influences, and secured in said annular groove by a shouldered end portion.

The attachment end or rear end of the bolt is preferably provided with screw thread. When this rear end is shot into the fastening device there is formed a counter profile of the threaded bolt end in the material of fastening device, so that the fastening device can again be loosened, if so desired after cutting off the flange portion thereof, if it is desired for a wall or the like to be made accessible again, for example for making changes in a building or a separation, or for making an opening, or otherwise.

The invention will be further described, with reference to the accompanying drawings, illustrating by way of example means for carrying out the method. In said drawings,

FIG. 1 illustrates, in cross-section, a ready attachment;'

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the fastening device used in the attachment shown in FIG. 1;

" FIG. 3 is a plan view of the device shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 shows the attachment shown in FIG. 1, provided with a protective cap;

FIG. 5 illustrates a phase whilst the bolt is fired;

FIG. 6 illustrates a phase in a slightly different manner of firing the bolt.

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates a bolt comprising a shank 2, a threaded rear end 3, and a tapering front end 4, there being a conical transition portion 5 between the shank 2, provided with a roughening 6, and the threaded end 3.

Referring particularly to FIG. 1, around the parts 3 and 5 of the bolt is a fastening device 7, consisting of a polyamide, such as nylon, which is illustrated by itself in FIGS. 2 and 3. The fastening device 7 comprises a flange 8, having a central zone 9, adapted to be perforated by the tip 4 of the bolt, and a sleeve 10 formed integrally with said flange. The upper end of the sleeve is internally provided with axially extending ribs 11 projecting radially inwardly. During the perforation, the material of the central zone 9 is stretched by the shank 2, 4, 5, and the material of the sleeve 16 is extended to take up the threaded end 3 of the bolt 1, the ribs 11 being forced into the threading. In the condition before the bolt is fired, the flange 8 has a conical undersurface. The conical space defined by this surface and the surface of the article to be fastened, for example, a sheet 12 is partly filled up by the displaced material of the portion 9 and for the rest the flange is forced into surface-to-surface contact with the article 12 by the pressure of the fluted transitional portion 5 and the threaded end 3, so that the whole space between the sheet 12, the fastening device 7 and the bolt 1 is filled, and a firm, stressed attachment is obtained. It is also possible that the material of the central portion 9 displaced by the bolt is forced into the interspace in a thin layer. For the sake of simplicity, this has not been shown in the drawings, which have been kept more or less diagrammatic. The carrying member 13 may be a sheet of concrete or a carrying member of any other material admitting a bolt to be driven into it by shooting.

To facilitate any removal of the fastening device 7, the sleeve 10 is of hexagonal outer shape, as shown in FIG. 3.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, the fastening device 7 has been placed in the muzzle of the barrel 15 of a shooting gun aginst the surface of a sheet 12 to be fastened, the central portion 9 extending as a pilot into a hole previously made in the sheet 12, and the bolt being in contact with the leading end of the ram or piston, the latter being shown in an intermediate position as it is fired. The bolt is guided in a manner known per se by means of a guide ring 14, which breaks oif as it is resisted by the member 7. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the flange 8 of the device 7 itself is used as a guide ring for the leading end of the bolt 1, so that the separate guide ring 14 is not used. Depending on the method used, the barrel of the shooting apparatus is different, as shown, for example, in FIGS. 5 and 6'. In FIG. 5, the sleeve 10 of the fastening device is housed with more or less radial play in a recess in the front end of the barrel 15; in FIG. 6 the bore of the barrel 16 is ofsubstantially'uniform diameter, and the leading end of the piston 17 is provided with a chamber 18, in which the threaded end 3 of the bolt is accommodated before the latter is fired. As the threaded end 3 is driven into the sleeve 10, the chamber slides around the sleeve to enclose the same. The chamber it) should naturally have a suitable diameter relative to the original external diameter of the sleeve 1.0. As illustrated, the back portion 19 of the chamber is of reduced diameter for centering the trailing end 3 of the bolt, and the front or leading end of the chamber has a diameter just sufficient to admit some radial expension of the sleeve when the bolt is forced into it. Particularly good results are obtained when the chamber 18, and possibily the sleeve 16 as well, are made conical.

FIG. 4- illustrates how the attachment can be protected from weather influence by the superposition of a cap 2% having an inwardly extending collar 21 fitting an external annular groove 22 of the element '7.

The length of the shank 2 of the bolt 1 is selected in accordance with the thickness of the article to be fastened, which, instead of, or in addition to, the sheet 12, may for instance be a thick layer of insulating material.

It will be evident that modifications and variations of the embodiment described can readily be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in and by the following claims.

I claim:

1. Means for fastening a plate-like article to a carrying member by means of a fastener and a bolt comprising in combination with the plate-like article and support a fastener of deformable material having a sleeve-like body with an open end and a flanged end opposed to said article and including a protuberance engaged in the article aperture, said bolt having an impaling end presented toward the body protuberance and an enlarged externally threaded end extending away from said impaling end, a barrel element having boring therein in which to receive the fastener, and a plunger element forcibly movable in the barrel element to shoot the impaling end of the bolt through the sleeve and into the support and the threaded end of the bolt into the interior of the sleeve-like body of the fastener, one of said elements including boring therein dimensioned to receive and exteriorly embrace and confine said sleeve-like body of the fastener as the bolt end is being shot through the sleeve whereby to cause the threaded part of the bolt to deform the interior of the sleeve-like body during said bolt shooting into internal threading mating with the external threading of the bolt.

2. Means as defined in claim 1 wherein the boring dimensioned to receive the sleeve-like body of the fastener is provided in an end of the barrel element engaged with the plate-like article.

3. Means as defined in claim 1 wherein the boring dimensioned to receive the sleeve-like body of the fastener is provided in an end portion of the plunger element engageable with the threaded end of the bolt.

4. Means as defined in claim 1 wherein the sleeve-like body of the fastener is provided adjacent its open end with interiorly projecting protuberances which facilitate the deformation of the interior of the sleeve-like body into said bolt mating threading.

5. Means as defined in claim 1 wherein the exterior of the sleeve-like body of the fastener is non-circular to receive a manipulating wrench thereon.

6. Means as defined in claim 1 wherein the exterior of the sleeve-like body of the fastener is provided with a groove adjacent the flanged end and in which is removably receivable a retaining portion of an overcap formed for extending over the open end of the sleeve-like body and the threaded end of the bolt therein.

7. A disconnectable connection between a solid support and an initially unthreaded sheet-like article, comprising a bored fastening member composed of deformable and reboundable elastic material, a bolt having a screw threaded rear end and an impaling front end, said screw threaded rear end being of a diameter greater than that of said initially unthreaded bore, said bolt having its impaling end driven through the bore of said fastening member and through said article fixedly into said support and its screw threaded rear end thus substantially non-rotatably forced into the bore of the fastening member and deforming said bore to provide therein an internal screw-threaded counter-profile whereby the fastening member can be unthreaded as desired to remove the fastened article from the support.

8. The method of fastening an article such as a sheet to a solid support, comprising placing a fastening member against one face of said article and the opposite face of the article against said support, said fastening member being provided with a bore and consisting of a material subject to elastic deformation, placing a bolt having a piercing front end and a screw-threaded rear end c0- axial with said bore in said fastening member, the outer diameter of said threaded rear end being in excess of the inner diameter of said bore, and substantially non-rotatably driving said bolt to force its piercing front end through said fastening member and said article into said support and said threaded rear end into the bore of said fastening member to form in said bore an internal screwthread counter profile mating with the threading of the bolt whereby the fastening member can be unthreaded as desired to remove the fastened article from the support.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein the fastener employed is formed of a polyarnide or similar deformable material.

10. The method according to claim 8, in which the fastening member during the penetration of the threaded rear end is enclosed and confined against outer dimension expansion by a surrounding wall in radial juxta-position to the thread of said threaded rear-end.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,759,917 5/1930 Ross -55 1,984,117 12/1934 Davis. 2,666,252 1/1954 Temple. 2,675,607 4/1954 Catlin. 2,887,925 5/ 1959 Kopf. 2,954,717 10/ 1960 Henning et a1.

FOREIGN PATENTS 184,524 1/1956 Austria. 993,021 5/1965 Great Britain.

CARL W. TOMLIN, Primary Examiner.

EDWARD C. ALLEN, Examiner.

R. S. BRITTS, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1759917 *Jun 25, 1927May 27, 1930Oscar A RossSeal
US1984117 *Jan 2, 1932Dec 11, 1934Davis Lewis KImpact device
US2666252 *Apr 20, 1949Jan 19, 1954Temple Velocity Equipment IncMethod for fastening sheet material to supports
US2675607 *Jun 14, 1952Apr 20, 1954Remington Arms Co IncMethod of fastening outlet boxes
US2887925 *Jun 21, 1954May 26, 1959Olin MathiesonDeformable collar fastener for powder-actuated tools
US2954717 *Feb 17, 1954Oct 4, 1960Olin MathiesonThreaded plug and explosively driven stud therefor
AT184524B * Title not available
GB993021A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3490329 *Oct 20, 1967Jan 20, 1970Hilti AgBolt for explosive actuated bolt setter
US3491648 *Oct 25, 1968Jan 27, 1970Hilti AgAnchoring element construction
US3491933 *Feb 13, 1967Jan 27, 1970Hilti AgAnchoring element guide construction and driving device therefor
US3505919 *Apr 5, 1968Apr 14, 1970Hilti AgAnchoring device having a knurled anchoring surface
US3516323 *Sep 23, 1968Jun 23, 1970Olin MathiesonFastener and guiding attachment therefor
US3599827 *Nov 25, 1968Aug 17, 1971Trelleborgs Gummifabriks AbMethods of providing walls with wear-resistant linings
US3902238 *Nov 12, 1974Sep 2, 1975Aai CorpImpact stapling method
US3955462 *Apr 17, 1973May 11, 1976Oswald Willy ThorsmanFastener with deformable portion for guiding pins or the like
US4802802 *Mar 7, 1988Feb 7, 1989Hilti AktiengesellschaftAttachment unit including nail and sleeve
US4915561 *Dec 19, 1988Apr 10, 1990Hilti AktiengesellschaftFastening element assembly with a deformable sleeve
US5286153 *Nov 23, 1992Feb 15, 1994Hilti AktiengesellschaftCorrosion-resistant nail for driving into hard materials
US5292216 *Mar 12, 1993Mar 8, 1994Illinois Tool Works Inc.Fastener assembly for a power actuated tool
US6789302 *Oct 14, 2003Sep 14, 2004John PretaSelf-threading fastener for connecting an article to a surface upon movement of the article towards the fastener
US7004704 *Sep 30, 2004Feb 28, 2006Illinois Tool Works Inc.Flute positioner
US7093338 *Oct 31, 2003Aug 22, 2006Powers Fasteners, Inc.Method and apparatus for fixing assembly having resilient tool connection
US7182565 *Oct 7, 2004Feb 27, 2007Illinois Tool Works Inc.Flute holder
US7794190Mar 16, 2006Sep 14, 2010Societe De Prospection Et D'inventions Techniques SpitAssembly formed by a base plate and a fastening plug
US8449237 *Jan 29, 2010May 28, 2013Black & Decker Inc.Knurled pin fastener and method of forming a knurled pin fastener
US8926250 *Oct 28, 2011Jan 6, 2015Hilti AktiengesellschaftFastening device
US20110188971 *Jan 29, 2010Aug 4, 2011Powers Fasteners, Inc.Knurled pin fastener and method of forming a knurled pin fastener
US20120114446 *Oct 28, 2011May 10, 2012Hilti AktiengesellschaftFastening device
US20120298716 *May 23, 2011Nov 29, 2012Ricardo SeguraFastener collation having a collation of frangible fastener alignment caps
DE2808158A1 *Feb 25, 1978Aug 30, 1979Bettermann Elektro OhgNagel fuer pulverkraftbetaetigte setzgeraete
WO2006097830A1 *Mar 16, 2006Sep 21, 2006Prospection & InventionsAssembly formed by a base plate and fastening plug
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/441, 29/432, 102/526
International ClassificationF16B19/14, B25C1/18, F16B19/00, B25C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16B19/14, B25C1/18
European ClassificationB25C1/18, F16B19/14