|Publication number||US3379474 A|
|Publication date||Apr 23, 1968|
|Filing date||Dec 19, 1966|
|Priority date||Dec 19, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3379474 A, US 3379474A, US-A-3379474, US3379474 A, US3379474A|
|Inventors||Jr George M Schwarz|
|Original Assignee||Gold Medal Folding Furniture C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (19), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 23, 1968 5. M. SCHWARZ, JR
COLLAPSIBLE CHAIR OF THE KNOCK-DOWN TYPE Filed Dec. 19, 1966 INVENTOEZ. 650295 M. fdh'wflezj e ATTOQNEY United States Patent Ofl ice 3,379,474 Patented Apr. 23 15268 ABSTRACT OF THE DTSCLOSURE A collapsible chair having two separable side units which are held in spaced apart relationship by removable cross braces and are held on the cross braces by a unity seat and back member of canvas or other flexible fabric.
Background of the invention This invention pertains to collapsible furniture of the knock-down type which utilizes two identical side frame members that are quickly detachable from one another and are held in spaced apart relationship with a unity flexible seat and back member located therebetween.
rior art chairs of this general type have been used heretofore with considerable success, but many of them have had definite shortcomings, for example some of these prior art devices required folding hinges, ropes or other devices to hold the parts in assembled relationship. These devices not only made it difficult to assemble and package the chair initially, but they also presented certain problems in the folding up or assembling of the chair. Not only did the hinges and other parts become loose and broken, but many of the devices resulted in pinched fingers on the part of the user.
The invention is in the nature of an improvement over the chair shown in the US. Patent 3,167,352 issued Jan. 26, 1965, to J. L. Johnson, which chair used a unity seat and back of flexible material but was not of the collapsible type; instead that chair used a unity armrest and backframe member rigidly fixed to side units.
Summary 0] the invention This invention relates to a collapsible chair of the knock-down type which has two identical side members, which members are rigidly held in spaced apart relationship by easily removable cross braces. The cross braces hold the side members at a. predetermined distance apart and a flexible seat by itself holds the side members tight ly toward one another in assembled relationship on the cross members. There is no need for additional parts such as ropes, hinges or the like to hold the chair in assembled relationship. The seat member is securely locked in position and it together with the back of the chair can be readily removed when it is desired to collapse the chair.
These and other objects and adavantages of the present invention will appear as this disclosure progresses.
Brief description of the drawings FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary cross sectioned view taken along line 6-6 in FIGURE 1, but on an enlarged scale;
FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary cross sectioned view taken along line 7-7 in FIGURE 1; and
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary cross sectioned view taken along line 3-8 in FIGURE 1.
Description of the preferred embodiment The chair provided by the present invention includes two side units S1 and S2 which are identical in construction and which extend generally upwardly from the floor or supporting surface and in an outwardly flaring direction. As each of these side units is identical, only one will be described. Each unit includes a front upwardly extending member 1, a rear upwardly extending member 2 which is somewhat longer than the front member and both of the members are rigidly held together by a lower sill 3 and a seat rail 4. The lower surface of the lower sill is inclined or beveled so as to set squarely on the floor or other supporting surface.
The seat rail 4 has a groove, or recess 5, extending along the major portion of its length and intermediate the height of the seat rail. The front member has a pair of tapered holes 7 and 8 and the rear member also has a pair of tapered holes 9 and 10.
Each side unit also includes an arm 11 formed of a flexible material and which is held by steel rings 13 which extend through the looped ends of the arms and through the front and rear members.
Thus the side units S1 and S2 are formed as a single unitary unit and can be packaged or stored readily because of their flat configuration.
The two side units are held in properly spaced relationship by means of the four braces 21, 22, 23 and 24 which have tapered ends that complement the shape of the respective holes in which they are mounted. Thus the braces hold the side units in properly spaced apart relationship, the side units being pushed snugly 0n the tapered ends of the cross braces. They are thus prevented from being inserted on the cross braces past a predetermined distance, due to the tapered nature of the connection.
The seat and back of the chair are formed as a single piece of flexible fabric 30, such as canvas, naugahyde or the like, and the seat portion 31 has a loop 32, 33 formed along either of its sides. These loops are formed by the doubling over and sewing of the material and are adapted to be inserted from the outside of the chair and inwardly through the slotted groove or recess 5 in the seat rails. It will be noted that the rear end of these loops are sewn shot so that when the locking strip 35 is inserted in the loop, they are prevented from being pushed or working their way rearwardly through the loop. With this slot and locking strip connection, the seat is locked in place and cannot shift forwardly or rearwardly. The seat portion is of sufllcient tauntness when assembled so as to hold the side units of the chair tightly on the tapered cross braces, that is, it holds the side units toward one another and there is no need for additional ropes or other braces to perform this function.
To assemble the chair, it is only necessary to insert the side loops of the seat portion inwardly through the slots or recesses 5 in the seat rails and then insert the locking strips in the loops which are then located beneath the seat portion and inwardly of the seat rails.
The back portion 40 of the combined seat and back flexible member 30 has a loop 41 formed at each side which is adapted to be slipped over the upper, free ends of the rear members. The top of the back portion 40 is also sewed shut so as to prevent the back from slipping down too far on the back members. Thus the back portion 40 acts to hold the top ends of the side units firmly together and thereby add rigidity to the assembled chair.
To disassemble the chair, it is only necessary to withdraw the locking strips 35 from the seat loops 31, 32, and then simply pull the loops outwardly through the slotted recesses 5 in the seat rails. The back portion 40 is then lifted from the free ends of the rear members 2 and the side units S1 and S2 can then simply be pulled outwardly and thus slipped off the cross braces.
Various modes of carrying out the invention are contemplated as being within the scope of the following claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invention:
1. A collapsible knock-down chair comprising: a pair of unitary side units each having a seat rail with a recess along a major portion of the length thereof, a plurality of cross braces detachably secured to and between said side units to hold said units in predetermined spaced apart relationship; a flexible sheet having a unitary seat portion and a back portion, said seat portion having a loop formed along each side thereof and removably inserted through the respective said side rail recess; locking means removably inserted in said loops to hold said seat portion captive in said rails and said side units from moving relatively apart from one another; and said back portion having means for support on said side members.
2. A chair as defined in claim 1 further characterized in that said cross braces have tapered ends and said side units have complementary tapered holes, whereby said cross braces are detachably connected to said side units by having their tapered ends snugly inserted in said tapered holes.
3. A collapsible knockdown chair comprising; a pair of side units each having an upstanding front member, an upstanding rear member which is higher than said front member and spaced rcarwardly therefrom and having a free upper end, a lower sill rigidly connected to and between the lower ends of said upstanding front and rear members, and a seat rail rigidly connected to and between said upstanding front and rear members and intermediate the height of said members, said rail having a recess along a major portion of the length thereof, a plurality of cross braces detachably secured to and between said side units to hold said units in predetermined spaced apart relationship; and a flexible sheet having a seat portion and a back portion, said seat portion having a loop formed along each side thereof and removably inserted through the respective said side rail recess from the outer side of said rail, a locking strip removably inserted in said loops in the inside of said rails to hold said seat portion captive in said rails, said back porton having a loop formed along each side thereof and inserted over said free ends of said upstanding rear members, whereby said flexible sheet prevents said side units from moving relatively apart from one another.
4. A chair as defined in claim 3 further characterized in that said cross braces have tapered ends and said side units have complementary tapered holes, whereby said cross braces are detachably connected to said side units by having their tapered ends snugly inserted in said tapered holes.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 874,203 12/1907 Jackson 297-445 X 3,104,132 9/ 1963 Entwistle 297-440 3,167,352 1/1965 Johnson 297445 3,222,108 12/1965 Poblos 297-441 CASMIR A. NUNBERG, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US874203 *||Dec 4, 1906||Dec 17, 1907||William Barnett Jackson||Chair.|
|US3104132 *||Mar 23, 1962||Sep 17, 1963||Entwistle Clive||Demountable furniture|
|US3167352 *||Jan 27, 1964||Jan 26, 1965||Charlton Company Inc||Chair with a unitary suspended seat and backrest|
|US3222108 *||Feb 18, 1964||Dec 7, 1965||Pablos Vicente Sanchez||Chair construction with flexible seat and back|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3511536 *||Aug 28, 1968||May 12, 1970||Tenryu Industries||Bench|
|US3521928 *||Jun 27, 1968||Jul 28, 1970||Keith F Nissen||Sling settee|
|US3578385 *||Mar 4, 1970||May 11, 1971||Karen R Stiglitz||Demountable sofa or chair construction|
|US3643997 *||Jun 4, 1970||Feb 22, 1972||Harter Corp||Seating unit and web therefor|
|US3680916 *||Apr 13, 1970||Aug 1, 1972||Harter Corp||Lounge seating unit and web therefor|
|US3907362 *||Jun 22, 1973||Sep 23, 1975||Zerlaut H Walter||Knock down chair assembly|
|US4146269 *||Feb 15, 1978||Mar 27, 1979||Beckley Charles R||Knockdown furniture structure|
|US4302048 *||Dec 17, 1979||Nov 24, 1981||Yount Velma Ann M||Occasional chair|
|US4529246 *||Mar 30, 1981||Jul 16, 1985||Leib Roger K||Patient chair|
|US4588227 *||Jun 28, 1984||May 13, 1986||General Aluminum Products, Inc.||Furniture assembly|
|US4784435 *||Dec 3, 1986||Nov 15, 1988||Leib Roger K||Patient chair|
|US4858996 *||Jun 9, 1987||Aug 22, 1989||Leif Blodee||Modular seating|
|US4946224 *||Mar 21, 1988||Aug 7, 1990||Leib Roger K||Combination wood-metal chair|
|US5071191 *||Apr 16, 1990||Dec 10, 1991||Leib Roger K||Combination wood-metal chair|
|US5318348 *||Nov 19, 1991||Jun 7, 1994||Winston Furniture Company, Inc.||Cushioned sling chair|
|US6830293 *||Jun 29, 2001||Dec 14, 2004||Telescope Casual Furniture, Inc.||Seat pad for outdoor furniture|
|US8770348 *||Oct 21, 2011||Jul 8, 2014||Charles G. Springs||Universal adjustable sling type seat|
|US20130098710 *||Oct 21, 2011||Apr 25, 2013||Charles G. Springs||Universal adjustable sling type seat|
|USD788482 *||Nov 20, 2015||Jun 6, 2017||Raemax Pty Ltd||Chair|
|U.S. Classification||297/440.11, 297/447.4|
|International Classification||A47C4/32, A47C4/03|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C4/03, A47C4/02, A47C4/32|
|European Classification||A47C4/02, A47C4/32, A47C4/03|