US 3379490 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 23, 1968 G. SCHWARTZMAN NARROW LINE APPLICATOR Filed NOV. 1, 1965 IN VEN TOR. 6/ 5527 .f'a/werznm/ United States Patent 3,379,490 NARROW LINE APPLECATOR Gilbert Schwnrtzman. 24) Wilmot Circle, Scarsdale, N.Y. 10583 Filed Nov. 1, 1965, Ser. No. 505,791 1 Claim. (Cl. 401-214) ABSTRACT 6F THE DISCLOSURE opening.
This invention relates to an applicator for applying small amounts of viscous and non-viscous fluids to limited surface areas in narrow lines, dots or dashes.
An object of this invention resides in the provision of means for facilitating the application of fluid or the like to surfaces regardless of the contour thereof.
Another object of this invention resides in the provision of novel valve means which are selectively actuated and which are adapted to selectively control the flow of fluid from the applicator in varying amounts onto surfaces notwithstanding the contours thereof, so that fluid such as glue, adhesives, or the like may be conveniently placed upon any surface and in various crevices, corners, or upon uneven surfaces where access is difficult.
In the past applicators have been produced which have been provided with various types of applicator ends which serve to actuate mechanical valves. However, the prior art valve members normally are designed so as to allow for the dispensing of a viscous fluid, such as glue and the like, only in a single width, which cannot be varied at the will of the user.
It is therefore :a further object of this invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art applicators by providing for a better control of the fluid emanating from the applicator so as to assure that the fluid being applied may be spread along an entire surface at the precise thickness and in the exact amount required by the user.
Still another object of the invention resides in the provision of an applicator with the valve formed of a material which will not be readily chemically or mechanically affected by the fluid which is dispenses, which valve will not scratch or mar the surface over which it is passing, and which will provide for a smooth flow of the fluid from the applicator.
Still further objects, features and advantages of this invention reside in the provision of an applicator which is inexpensive to manufacture, simple to use, and which is capable of metering fluid of various viscosities in an effective manner so that the applicator may be adapted for all types of application work, for applying glue, liquid polish, medications, cosmetics, oils, ink and the like, which applicator may be placed within any size dispenser, as is desired.
These, together with the various ancillary objects and features of the invention, which will become apparent as the following description proceeds, are attained by this applicator, preferred embodiments of which have been illustrated in the accompanying drawing, by way of example only, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an exploded sectional view of the elements of an illustrative embodiment of the applicator of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional detail view illustrating the assembled applicator of the invention, and further illustrating the valve member in a closed position;
FIG. 3 is a partial sectional detail view illustrating the valve member and dispensing means;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view, similar to that of FIG. 2, but illustrating the applicator in use with the valve member open;
FIG. 5 is a partial sectional detail view, similar to that of FIG. 3, but illustrating the applicator in use with the valve open;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a modified form of applicator structure, wherein the valve member is of a non-rotating type;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of the applicator illustrated in FIG. 6 taken along the plane of line 7-7;
FIG. 8 is a plan view of the applicator taken along the plane of line 88 in FIG. 6; and,
FIG. 9 is an enlarged detail view of the valve member employed in this embodiment.
With continuing reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein like reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, reference numeral 10 is used to generally designate the applicator comprising the present invention. This applicator includes a container 12, wherein the retaining ring 14 is positioned. The retaining ring 14 includes a body designed to fit into the neck of the container 12 and further includes a peripheral flange 16 provided with a tapering upwardly extending neck portion 18 terminating in an inwardly swaged lip 20 of enlarged cross-sectional dimensions, which lip 20 is designed with an arcuate convex inner surface so as to retain the ball 22 therein, and to prevent the valve from being dislocated from the applicator head. The ball 22 is part of a valve assembly.
The ball 22 is carried by a cylindrical carrier 24 having a hemispherical indentation 26 provided in the upper surface thereof. Directly below and integral with the carrier 24 is a tapering shoulder 26 having integral spring means 28 formed in helical coils integrally therewith. The valve assembly 30 further includes a base of enlarged dimensions and having a bore therethrough. The base is integral with the helical spring means 28. The base 30 is held in place within the retaining ring 14 by a downwardly tapering and inwardly swaged lower end 32, as is best seen in FIGS. 2 and 4. The swaged end 32 thus retains the valve member 22 within the retaining ring 14 below the inwardly swaged upper lip 20 in a continually stressed condition under compression so that the ball 22 is continually urged into and partially through the opening 34, thereby pressing in a tight sealing manner against the inwardly extending lip 20 for the purpose of closing the opening 34 and preventing flow of fluid from the container 12 into the space between the upwardly extending neck 18 and the inwardly extending upper swaged lip 20 of the retaining ring 14.
A dome-shaped cap is provided having screw threads 42 therein, which are adapted to engage the screw threads 44 on the neck of the container 12. The cap is formed having a hollow center portion 46 of a size such as to permit the upwardly extending neck 18 and the valve member 22 to fit within the hollow center portion 46 without abutting the walls or the top thereof.
Referring specifically to FIG. 2 of the drawing, there is seen the assembled applicator with the ball 22 in the closed position abutting the inwardly extending swaged upper lip 20 of the applicator body in order to 'form the seal and prevent the passage of fluid through the valve body.
The base 30 is formed with a central opening therein so as to allow the passage of fluid from the applicator body 12 through the open central portion of the helical spring permitting fluid to reach the opening 34 when the ball 22 is pressed inwardly.
Referring now to FIG. 4, there is seen the applicator of this embodiment wherein the ball 22 is depressed against a surface, thereby placing additional compression on the helical spring 28 and allowing fluid to pass through the opening 34 to the surface by passing between the rotating spherical valve 22 and inwardly sw aged upper lip 20. In this position viscous fluid passes around the edges of the rotating spherical valve 22 and is dispensed onto the surface by the rotating action of the ball 22 dispensing the viscous fluid in an even manner. The amount of fluid which will be dispensed may be regulated by the user, depending upon the amount of pressure applied by the com tainer upon the spherical valve member, In the event that slight pressure is used, the opening 34, between the ball 22 and the inwardly swaged upper lip 20, will be small and with a correspondingly greater pressure exerted upon the container 12, the ball 22 will exert a greater depres sion force upon the helical spring 28, causing the opening 34 to become larger thereby permitting the flow of a greater amount of fluid onto the surface.
The ball 22 is free to rotate within the carrier and thus is self cleaning. In use, it has been found that the ball 22 is best formed of a nylon, or other synthetic plastic material, which is impervious to the fluid to be used within the applicator, for the reason that the plastic or nylon ball 22 is not likely to scratch the surface upon which viscous fluid is being dispensed by the applicator, and at the same time such a ball constructed of nylon or plastic is relatively free of surface tension and is thereby unlikely to build up a residue of the fluid being dispensed thereby.
Referring now specifically to FIGS. through 9, there is seen a second embodiment of the present invention wherein reference numeral 110 generally designates the applicator.
It is to be understood that the applicator in this embodiment may be used in any type of applicator body without reservation as to size and shape as may be the valve body illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 5.
The applicator comprises a container, not illustrated, wherein a retaining ring 114 is positioned. The retaining ring 114 has a body designed to fit within the neck of the container, and includes a flange 116, which is adapted to fit and to abut the upper rim of the neck so as to form a uniform surface, as shown generally in FIG. 6.
The applicator herein is formed with an upwardly extending tapering neck portion 118 having an inwardly swaged thickened arcuated upper lip 120. The valve assembly generally designated as 122, includes an elongated tapering conical portion 124 terminating in a hemispherical rotating tip 126. The conical portion 124 is formed integrally with and as a part of an enlarged base section. Due to its enlarged cross-section, the body 124 is prevented by the inwardly extending swaged upper lip 120 from passing through the opening 128 thereby maintaining the body portion 124 within the neck portion 118. The base conical portion 124, is formed integrally with a helical spring 132 having an enlarged base section, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 4, not shown herein, which is also to be swaged Within the lower edge of the retaining ring 114 to maintain the same in its operative position.
In operation, the user merely inverts the applicator and places the hemispherical tip 126 against the surface to which the viscous fluid is to be applied. As pressure is exerted upon the tip 126, the tip is driven against the compression force of the helical spring 132, thereby bringing the conical portion 124 away from the lip and allowing fluid to pass between the tip 126 and the lip 120 and through the opening 128. As greater pressure is applied to the hemispherical tip 126 by pressure on the applicator body, more fluid will be able to pass through the opening 128 as the tip 126 is depressed. Due to the tapering configuration of the portion 124, more fluid is allowed to pass between the tapering body 124 and the in wardly swaged upper lip 120 the further the tip is depressed. When the pressure is released, the helical spring 132 drives the conical portion 124 upwardly against the inwardly sw'aged lips 120 so that the lip 120 abuts the conical portion 124 and prevent the flow of fluid through the opening 128, which opening is thereby closed.
A latitude of modification, substitution and change is intended in the foregoing disclosure, and in some instances, some features of the invention will be employed without a corresponding use of other features. Accordingly, it is appropriate that the appended claim be construed broadly and in a manner consistent with the spirit and scope of the invention herein.
1. An applicator comprising a retaining ring including a hollow cylindrical body having an upwardly tapering neck terminating in an inwardly extending upper lip, said lip being of an enlarged cross sectional dimension and having an inner arcuate convex surface, said neck having an arcuate circular opening therein, said lip surrounding said opening with said arcuate convex surface forming a valve seat, a valve assembly for engaging said valve seat, said valve assembly further including helical spring means and having an enlarged base, said body having a downwardly tapering portion engaging said base retaining said valve assembly in said body, said base having a central bore therethrough, said valve assembly further including a valve carrier integral with said helical spring means, said carrier being upwardly tapered and terminates in a cylindrical portion provided with a substantially hemispherical indentation, said valve assembly further including a ball of synthetic plastic material having an upper hemispherical portion partially extending through said opening, said spring means normally urging said ball partially through said opening and against said valve seat, said body having an outwardly extending peripheral flange integrally formed therewith at the lowermost portion of said neck, a container having an open neck, said body being disposed in said open neck to limit entrance of said body into said container so that said tapering neck extends outwardly of said container.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,228,540 1/1941 Strum 15--572 X 2,805,794 9/1957 Amon 22250l X 2,937,391 5/1960 Phillipps 401-213 3,135,988 6/1964 Schwartzman 15-58l X 3,168,776 2/1965 Schwartzman 15581 X 3,192,553 7/1965 Schwartzman 15581 X 3,203,026 8/1965 Schwartzman 15-581 X FOREIGN PATENTS 208,434 6/1957 Australia. 975,191 10/ 1950 France.
CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.
EDWARD L. ROBERTS, Examiner.