US 3381307 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 7, 1968 D. K. SHINGLER GARMENTS Filed Jan. 4, 1965 INVENTOR. 00A/,4L DK 5mn United States Patent O 3,381,307 GARMENTS Donald K. Shingler, Shinglers Fabric Products, 83 Columbia, Seattle, Wash. 98104 Filed Jan. 4, 1965, Ser. No. 423,076 3 Claims. (Cl. 2-94) ABSTRACT oF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to garments comprising attention-attracting portions thereof which are capable of being optionally concealed or visibly exposed.
Because of the varied nature of their work, policemen,
firemen and others involved in law enforcement, street and highway and public utilities construction and maintenance, etc., nd that it is often desirable within a short period of time to be relatively inconspicuously dressed on the one hand and in the alternative brightly and distinctively clothed. Of course, there have been provided separate, brightly colored covers for coat-type clothing to meet this need. When such are not needed for their attentiongetting value, there is, however, no useful function for them, and they are simply excess baggage. It would be desirable if there could be provided a practical garment which would make it possible for the wearer to optionally have the advantage of the attention-getting optical properties of a concealable component of the garment which also has wind and rain resisting properties.
It is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide a coat comprising a drape-like component integral with the rest of the coat and having wind-resisting properties and high optical reflectivity, and so constructed as to exploit both of said properties at the option of the wearer.
lt is a further object of the invention to provide such a garment as above, in which the component having wind and rain resisting properties and high optical reflectivity is optionally containable interiorly of a yoke portion of the garment.
It is another object of the invention to provide such a garment as above, in which the yoke is permanently attached at its top to the remainder of the garment but which is open at the bottom.
It is a still further object of the invention to provide such a garment as above, in which the yoke is permanently attached at its top to the remainder of the garment and which is open at the bottom, but equipped with means of closure, which said means of closure are adapted to attach to cooperating means of closure attached to the part of the body of the garment approximately opposite and contiguous to the said drape-like component.
Still other objects of the invention will become apparent as a reading of this specification progresses.
A preferred form of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIG. 1 is a front elevation of the coat.
FIG. 2 is a section taken through the thickness of the coat along a line running from X to Y in FIG. l.
FIG. 3 is a back view of the coat.
Turning now to the drawing, 1 is a collar, 2 are sleeves, 3 is the body, 4 a yoke, 5 drape-like components, 6 outer surface of body 3 to which is attached a Velcro closure 3a, 7 is the inner surface of yoke 4 to which is attached matching Velcro closure, 8 is stitching holding Velcro closure 4a in place, 9 is stitching holding drape-like component S in place, 10 is topmost shoulder of yoke 4.
In the preferred form of the invention, there is provided a coat having a body which is designated for the purposes of this application as being all that portion of the coat exclusive of the sleeves, collar and yoke. The coat also has a yoke which is fastened by stitching to the body of the coat about horizontally at approximately the top of the coat outward from the collar to the sleeves. The yoke may be either in the front or the back of the coat or both. Where reference is made to an inverted pocket, there is meant such a pocket as is naturally formed by the draping of the yoke over the body of the coat with an opening at the bottom of the yoke, where the yoke is not attached to the body. At this point, i.e., horizontally across the width of and adjacent the opening of the inverted pocket, means of attachment (for example, juxtaposed button and buttonhole, zipper, or Velcro closure) designed and constructed to cooperate are respectively located and permanently axed to the yoke, e.g., by stitching as illustrated by reference numeral 8 in FIG. 2 of the drawing, and the body of the coat, so that then the inverted pocket may optionally be closed or opened. The drape-like component, to which reference is made herein, is preferably of or covered with Waterproof fabric or web and printed or otherwise colored or dyed with one or more brilliant color-s which contrast to the color or colors of the remainder of the coat, so as to easily attract attention. Recently developed pigments having high optical reflectivity make this component especially noticeable, especially those pigments which have a tendency to fluoresce. This drape-like component may be stitched or otherwise fastened to the coat in a number of ways and places, but is preferably stitched either to the yoke or to the body of the coat horizontally across the opening at the bottom, so as to be optionally folded up into, as illustrated by dotted lines in FIG. 2 of the drawing, or pulled down out of the inverted pocket. This drapelike component may or may not be constructed so as to provide additional protection by way of thermal insulation to that provided by the remainder of the coat. Thus, the drape-like component may be constructed of quilted, down-filled material or cellular synthetic insulating substance, and/ or with a coating or cover which is windproof or wind resistant.
The term brilliant as used herein connotes broadly the property of the drape-like component to attract visual attention, and generally this comprehends color and pattern which are optically attractive.
1. In a coat of a type having a body and attached collar and sleeves, the combination therewith of a yoke portion which extends downwardly from approximately the top of said body and transversely between said sleeves and which covers a substantial portion of said body and which is at its top closed and integral with the body of the coat and open and unattached at its bottom so as to form an inverted pocket having a horizontal opening, and a brilliant drape-like member which has the general shape of said pocket and which has one edge attached to the inside bottom portion of the yoke along a line running across said openingand which is so constructed that it may be contained hat within or optionally withdrawn from the inverted pocket.
2. A coat according to claim 1, wherein the yoke is equipped with means of attaching the yoke at its bottom to the body of the coat, so as to close the inverted pocket.
3. In a coat of the type'having a body and attached collar and sleeves, the combination therewith of a yoke portion which extends downwardly from approximately the top of said body and transversely between said sleeves and which covers a substantial portion of said body and which is at its top closed and integral with the body of the coat and open and unattached at its bottom so as to form an inverted pocket having a horizontal opening, and a brilliant, drape-like member which has the general shape of said pocket and which has one edge attached to the body of the coat inside said pocket along a line running i() horizontally across said opening and which is so con structed that it may optionally be contained flat within or withdrawn from the inverted pocket, said drape like member being relatively impenetrable by wind and rain.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,739,289 12/1929 Carter.
2,437,223 3/1948 Dutrow 2-94 2,647,261 8/1953 Rassner 2-246 3,047,875 8/1962 Patterson 2-1 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,373,791 8/1963 France.
RICHARD I. SCA-NLAN, JR., Primary Examiner.
PATRICK D. LAWSON, Examiner.
SAMUEL HAWKlNS, Assistant Examiner.