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Publication numberUS3382872 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1968
Filing dateJun 7, 1965
Priority dateJun 7, 1965
Publication numberUS 3382872 A, US 3382872A, US-A-3382872, US3382872 A, US3382872A
InventorsRubin Melvin L
Original AssigneeMelvin L. Rubin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Venous catheter and needle
US 3382872 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 14, 1968 M. RUBIN 3,382,872

VENOUS CATHETER AND NEEDLE Filed June 7, 1965 INVENTOR Me/w'n Lawrence Rub/n BY wwj- M ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,382,872 VENOUS CATHETER AND NEEDLE Melvin L. Rubin, Baltimore, Md. (Fort Howard Veterans Hospital, Fort Howard, Md. 21052) Filed June 7, 1965, Ser. No. 461,740 Claims. (Cl. 128--214.4)-

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A hypodermic needle is constructed from a hollow needle which can contain a catheter tube, with the needle being longitudinally splittable into two sections each having a handle for gripping to longitudinally split the needle enabling it to be removed from an implanted catheter tube. A plastic sac is provided enveloping the catheter tube to maintain it sterile and having one end cemented to the handles of the needle sections, with the sac being longitudinally splittable along lines extending from the junction of the needle sections so as to split when the needle is split.

This invention relates generally to surgical instruments, and more particularly it pertains to an interavenous catheter and needle. A

Catheters have been standard equipment in medicine for many years as are the needles used for puncturing the vein and introducing the catheter.

It is an object of this invention to provide a puncturing and catheter introducing needle which may be withdrawn over and completely removed from about the catheter so as to avoid subsequent damage to same and to provide a more comfortable and safe vein tap to the patient.

Another object of this invention is to provide a tubular hypodermic needle which is easily made from sheet metal and includes integral handle means.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a split needle type of catheter which is maintained completely sterile to the moment of use.

Other objects and attendant advantages of this invention will become more readily apparent and understood from the accompanying specification and drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a view of a catheter arrangement incorporating features of this invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged detail view of the catheter of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a cross section of the needle taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a detail perspective view of a second embodiment of the needle;

FIG. 5 is a cross section taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 6 illustrates the method of application of the improved catheter of the invention.

Referring now to the details of the drawings, reference numeral 10 indicates generally an intravenous catheter arrangement incorporating features of this inevntion.

The catheter arrangement 10 is a self-contained sterile assembly including a hollow needle 12 of hypodermic type having a clear passage 14 extending therethrough. This needle 12 is made up from metal tubing which has been split longitudinally so as to form two U-shaped halves 16 and 18 or the halves may be made from rolled sheet metal in separate operations.

The halves 16 and 18 in either case are identical and have flanged or rolled-back portions 20 defining small handles. The halves 16 and 18 may optionally be joined together at their edges to form the tubular needle 12 by gluing with an epoxy, soft soldering, or they may be de- 3,382,872 Patented May 14, 1968 fined by a pair of opposed longitudinally frangible lines extending from one end to the other where the fabrication is from tubular stock.

In either case a sharpened point 22 is made on the end of the needle 12 remote from the handles 20 whereby the flesh of a patient may be punctured and the needle 12 introduced into a blood vessel.

An elongated flexible catheter tube 24 is loosely positioned in the hollow needle 12 and extends externally for several inches from the handles 20. The remote end of the catheter 24 is provided with a Luer-type standard adapter 26 for intravenous tubing and a temporary rubber stopper 28 inserted therein. The catheter 24 is positioned in the needle 12 and maintained sterile by means of a temporary pliable plastic sac 30 extending thereover and cemented to the handles 20 at one end and to the adapter 26 at the other. A removable temporary rubber cover 32 similarly protects the needle 12.

A pair of diametrically opposed tear strips 34 are arranged along the length of the plastic sac 30 each extending from the junction lines of the needle halves.

The novel catheter 10 is prepared for use by first removing the stopper 28 and connecting the usual intravenous bottle hOse at the adapter 26. Next the rubber cover 32 is removed and the needle inserted in a blood vessel.

The needle 12 is then withdrawn from the skin leaving the catheter in the vessel. Then, as shown in the drawings, the needle is grasped by the handles 20 and pulled apart to separate the halves 16 and 18 along their junctions and continued tension splits the plastic sac 30 along its tear strips 34 all the way to the adapter 26. The needle halves 16 and 18 together with the sac 30 are removed and discarded. The catheter 24, free of the needle 12 and sac 30, may now be taped to the patients skin.

In some sizes of needles it may be of advantage for greater strength to form or secure a clasp 36 on one half 38 of a modified needle 40 embracing the other half 18 as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. This will assure greater temporary adherence to the other half 18 especially during much handling and shipping.

A catheter 10 made and used according to the teachings herein is safe and comfortable to the patient.

There is no danger that the catheter will be cut by movement of the patient because the needle is entirely removed. Because the Luer-type end is exposed from the sac 30, the rubber stopper can be removed and the assembly rinsed out with fiuid if a puncture attempt is first unsuccessful, without any breakdown in sterility. Furthermore because the remote end of the catheter 24 is accessible (from without the sac 30) at the stopper 28, it is easy to thread it into a vein through the bore of the needle 12 using the stopper as a handle.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. A needle structure having a longitudinal passage therethrough, tube means positioned along said passage, said needle structure being longitudinally splittable into two sections for defining an opening the length of said needle structure for withdrawal from said tube means by way of said opening, handle means secured to each of said sections for gripping to obtain the longitudinal splitting of said needle structure, sac means enveloping said tube means rearwardly of said needle structure for keeping said tube means sterile, said sac means being cemented to each said handlemeans and being longitudinally splittable along a pair of lines extending from the junction of said two sections of said needle structure so as to be structure consists of a pair of longitudinal portions glued split when said needle structure is split. together.

2. The needle structure of claim 1 wherein said handle References Cited means consists of rolled over portions of said two sections.

3. The needle structure of claim 1 as a hypodermic 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS needle. 3,297,030 1/1967 Czorny et a1. l28214.4

4. The needle structure of claim 1 wherein said needle 3,314,427 4/1967 St ff d 128 214 4 structure is frangible along a pair of oppositely spaced 3,330,273 7/1967 s i i 128 214 4 longitudinal lines.

5. The needle structure of claim 1 wherein said needle 10 DALTON L. TRULUCK, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3297030 *Mar 13, 1964Jan 10, 1967Sorenson Res CorpCatheter placement unit with removable cannulated needle
US3314427 *Sep 28, 1964Apr 18, 1967Baxter Don IncIntravenous catheter apparatus
US3330278 *Jun 22, 1964Jul 11, 1967Santomieri Louis SHypodermic needle for a cannula placement unit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3459184 *Nov 4, 1966Aug 5, 1969Voys Inc LeIntravenous catheter placement unit
US3584625 *May 22, 1969Jun 15, 1971Illinois Tool WorksDetachable guide needle
US3596658 *May 22, 1969Aug 3, 1971Illinois Tool WorksDetachable guide needle
US3603311 *Feb 19, 1970Sep 7, 1971Illinois Tool WorksSliding wedge-type removable guide needle
US3656479 *Feb 19, 1970Apr 18, 1972Huggins James ADetachable guide needle
US3677243 *Sep 24, 1971Jul 18, 1972Extracorporeal Med SpecSeparable surgical needle
US3677244 *Aug 4, 1969Jul 18, 1972Extracorporeal Med SpecRemovable catheter needle
US3685513 *May 12, 1970Aug 22, 1972Baxter Laboratories IncIndwelling catheter with breakaway needle and lanyard advancing means
US3766915 *Dec 21, 1971Oct 23, 1973Illinois Tool WorksPlastic needle holder
US4306562 *Jul 31, 1980Dec 22, 1981Cook, Inc.Tear apart cannula
US4411654 *Apr 30, 1981Oct 25, 1983Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Peelable catheter with securing ring and suture sleeve
US4412832 *Apr 30, 1981Nov 1, 1983Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Peelable catheter introduction device
US4449973 *Jun 26, 1982May 22, 1984Luther Medical Products, Inc.Small gauge, pre-split cannula and process for manufacture
US4581019 *Apr 22, 1982Apr 8, 1986Curelaru JohanDevice for introducing a catheter-cannula into a blood vessel
US4702735 *Dec 20, 1985Oct 27, 1987Drs Infusion Systems, Inc.Assembly of breakaway needle and catheter
US4743265 *Apr 23, 1986May 10, 1988Dij Catheter CorpArticulated catheter placement device
US4983168 *Jan 5, 1989Jan 8, 1991Catheter Technology CorporationMedical layered peel away sheath and methods
US5250033 *Oct 28, 1992Oct 5, 1993Interventional Thermodynamics, Inc.Peel-away introducer sheath having proximal fitting
US5320602 *May 14, 1993Jun 14, 1994Wilson-Cook Medical, Inc.Peel-away endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography catheter and a method for using the same
US5409469 *Nov 4, 1993Apr 25, 1995Medtronic, Inc.Introducer system having kink resistant splittable sheath
US5630830 *Apr 10, 1996May 20, 1997Medtronic, Inc.Device and method for mounting stents on delivery systems
US6071287 *Dec 23, 1998Jun 6, 2000Medtronic, Inc.Introducer for single operator stent delivery system
US6273874Aug 18, 1999Aug 14, 2001Becton, Dickinson And CompanyProtected peelable U-wing introducer
USRE31855 *Nov 22, 1982Mar 26, 1985Cook, Inc.Tear apart cannula
DE3347150A1 *Dec 27, 1983Jul 4, 1985Beiersdorf AgBladder puncturing set
WO1982003775A1 *Apr 23, 1982Nov 11, 1982Baxter Travenol LabPeelable catheter with heat shrink ring and suture sleeve
WO1982003778A1 *Apr 26, 1982Nov 11, 1982Baxter Travenol LabPeelable catheter introduction device
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/161
International ClassificationA61M25/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61M25/065
European ClassificationA61M25/06E