Cabinet for holding paper-files
US 338300 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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H. W. RBADE.
CABINET POR HLDING PAPER FILES.
No. 888,800. Patented Mar; 28, 1886.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY NV. READE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
CABINET FOR HOLDlNG PAPER-FILES.
SPECIFICATION forming part. of Letters Patent No. 338,300, dated March 23, 1886.
Application filed December 7, 1885. Serial No. 184,889. (No model.)
To aZZ whom, it may concern.'
Be it known that I, HENRY YV. READE, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and usefulV Improvements in Cabinets for Holding Paper- Files; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
The object of this invention is to provide an improved construction in ling cabinets or cases adapted to receive and hold a number of paper-holding files or iiling-receptacles; and it consists in the matters hereinafter described, and pointed out in the appended claims.
The main features of the device herein shown as embodying` my invention consist in a case or cabinet provided with a series of compartments for holding filing-receptacles, each of said compartments being provided with a sliding nie-support or file-holding frame adapted to receive a iling-receptacle, and provided with devices whereby tlie said receptacle may be detachably secured thereto, the frame being provided at its inner end with devices constructed to interlock with suitable engaging devices upon the cabinet in such manner that the frame when pulled out of its compartment in the cabinet may be allowed to hang in a vertical position, so as to permit the convenient inspection of the contents of the filing-receptacle attached thereto.
rIhe le herein shown in connection with the cabinet is of that class comprising an outer case and a series of pockets to receive the letters or papers, such as is shown, for instance, in a prior patent, No. 329,676, granted to me upon the 3d 'day of November, A. D. 1885. Other kinds of files or filing-receptacles may, however, be employed in connection with the ling-cabinet shown.
rIhe invention may be more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure I is a perspective view of a filing-cabinet constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section through one of the compartments of the cabinet shown in Fig. l, showing the sliding frame in place within the said compartment.
.moved from the cabinet.
Fig. 3 is a detail section through the devices connecting the sliding frame with the cabinet, showing the frame in its position when re- Fig. 4 is a view illustrating another form of the sliding frame or iile-holder. Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view illustrating the connecting device between the file-holder and cabinet, such as may be used in connection with the leholder shown in Fig. 4t.
In the said drawings, A is the case or cabi net, which is provided with a series of conipartments, A', separated at the front of the cabinet by horizontal bars or cross-pieces a. B is a file-holder or sliding frame adapted to enter one ofthe said compartments, and C is a paper-holder or iiling-receptacle adapted to fit within or upon the frame B, and detachablysecured to the latter.
In the particular i'orm of the device illustrated in Figs. I, 2, and 3, the drawer-B comprises a base, B, and a front piece or ledge, B2, attached to the outer margin of the base, and adapted to iit and fill the outer opening of the compartment when the drawer is inserted within the latter. The outer edge of the ledge B2 is desirably connected with the base by braces or brackets b, said braces and the ledge being preferably made of proper size and shape to closely iit the exterior of the -iiling-case C, which is conveniently held upon the drawer by pivoted plates or buttons b', attached to the upper surface of the drawer near its inner edge and engaging the inner edge of the receptacle. The bacli'wall of the particular filing-receptacle illustrated isloutwardly curved or conveXed in a familiar manhner to imitate the back of a book, and the' inner surface of the ledge B'2 is concaved to iit the shape of the receptacle. Vhen this construction is used, the engagement of the buttons b with the receptacle will hold the latter from movement away from the ledge, and
thereby prevent the outer or back portion of Y ISO the cabinet shown in the said Figs. 1, 2, and 3 comprise two hook-shaped metal ears, D, attached to the inner e`dge of the base B and provided with slots d d, the said slots being arranged to engage horizontal rods E E, secured at their forwardand rear ends, respectively, in the cross-piece ci and the rear wall, a', of the cabinet.
The ears D and the slots d dtherein are relatively so arranged with reference to the rods E E that while the frame B is being thrustinwardly and when said frame is in place within the compartment the rods will engage the upper or outerparts'of the slots, as clearly shown in Fig. 2, so as to sustain the inner end of the frame, and when the frame is pulled outwardly and its outer end allowed to drop toward the front of the cabinet the curved parts of the ears adjacent to their free ends will engage the top and the inner surface of the crosspiece a, so as to sustain the frame in a vertical position, as shown in Fig. l. The slots d are made of sufficient length to permit the necessary swinging or rotary movement of the frame to allow it to hang vertically, or nearly so. The engagement of the rods with the outer ends of the ears when the frame is in the positionlast described obviously prevents the disengagement of the hook from the crosspiece by au accidental bodily lifting or dis' placement ofthe frame.
The part d of the ear D, adjacent to'its point of attachment to the frame, is preferably bent outwardly, so as to stand vfree from the front surface of the cross-piece when the frame is drawn out and allowed to hang as shownA in Fig. 1, thereby preventing contact ot' the ear with the said front surfaces of the cross-piece, and rendering unnecessary the'disgurement of the front surface of said crosspiece by notching, as would otherwise be necessaryin order to allow the ear to rotate about the said cross-piecein movingthe frame in the manner described:
In carrying out my invention other forms of frame or sliding support adapted to suitably sustain the ling-case and provided with means engaging the cabinet so as to support it in a vertical position when drawn outwardly may be used in place of the frame shown-fas, for instance, a skeleton frame made of wire, as shown in Fig. 4 or otherwise, may be employed, instead of' the wooden frame above described. In` the employment of a skeleton frame the filing receptacle will usually be made to completely ll the front opening of the compartment, and the back of the receptacle will be visible when the latter is inserted in the cabinet.
In the particular construction of the frame illustrated in Fig. fi the said frame consists of wires bent and connected to form parallel pieces b2, united by horizontal cross-pieces b3 b4 at the outer end of the frame, and a third horizontal cross piece, b5, at the inner end thereof, the wires composing the parallel bars b2 being conveniently bent to form ears F, which may be made of a shape similar to the ears D, (shown in Figs. l, 2, 3,) and adapted to engage the rods E E, but which, as shown, are made of other shape to engage parts upon the cabinet arranged to interlock with said ears when the frame is drawn out, as will be hereinafter described.
As a means of fastening the receptacle to the frame shown in Fig. 4, the wire composing the frame is bent to form two prongs, If, adapted to engage the receptacle at the inner edge ofthe latter. Y Y
In the use of files such as is shown in Fig. l in connection with the frame shown in Fig. 4, the file may be conveniently secured to the frame by first engaging the prong b with the inner edge of the iile and then forcing or springing outwardly the cross-bar b4 while the back of the ile is being inserted in place, so that the said cross-bar will act with a spring-pressure against the back of the file to prevent displacement of the latter. "A handle, 57, for drawing the frame from the cabinet, is shown in the drawings as formed by bending the wire forming the cross-bar b4 in suitable form, as clearly shown in the said Fig. 4.
In Fig. 5 is shown a simple and convenient construction in the connecting device between the frame B and receptacle, which is adapted for use both in the form of frame shown in Fig. 4 and that shown in Figs. 2 and 3, as well as other forms of frame. In this case the ears F are constructed to project at right angles to the plane of the frame and engage and slide in grooves g, formed Yin horizontal bars Gr, which in this construction take the place of the rods E E, before described, as a means for supporting and guiding the inner edge of the frame. The said grooves g are extended into the cross-piece a, and in said cross-piece, at the outer ends of the grooves, are secured hooks H, adapted to engage and become interlocked with the said ears F when the frame reaches the outward limit of its movement, the crosspiece a being notched or cut awayin its outer IIO face, to allow the ears to swing'about the hooks when the frame assumes a vertical position, as clearly shown in full and dotted lines in Fig. 5. The said hooksHare desirably formed with inwardly-projecting horizontal parts 7L, adapted to engage the ears F shortly before the frame is drawn fully out, so as to prevent accidental disengagement of one or both of the ears from the hooks in case the frame is by accident lifted bodily while being handled.
In the construction last described the frame may obviously be entirely detached from the cabinet by lifting the rear part of said frame when the latter is partially drawn out, so as to disengage the ears F from the hooks and grooves. rIlhe horizontal parts la of the hooks, for the purpose of preventing such disengagement when the case is in place upon the frame, are made of such length that the ears may be freed therefrom before the rear edge of the case enters the front opening of the cabinet, inasmuch as otherwise the contact of the said case with the upper edge of the opening would prevent the rear end of the frame from being lifted to disengage the ears and hooks.
The filing-case herein shown as employed 'in connection with the supporting-frame comprises a main part or receptacle, C', provided with bottom, side, and back walls, a hinged cover, Cf", and a series of pockets for papers formed by index-sheets G3, and folding side pieces or gussets, C, which latter are attached to the bottom wall of the part C and the hinged cover G2 in such manner that when the cover is swung outwardly the several pockets will be opened for the convenient insertion of papers therein, said receptacle being similar to that shown in the prior Patent No. 329,676, hereinbefore referred to. The frame constructed as above set forth presents especial advantages when used in connection with the filing-case shown, for the reason that when the frame is removed from the cabinet and allowed to hang vertically the le is brought into such position that the cover C2 may be allowed to drop outwardly, and the several pockets will stand open and in a position convenient for the insertion of letters therein, as clearly shown in Fig. l. The said case also is adapted for con venient attachment to the frame by the engagement of the catches or buttons b b with the edge of the bottom wall of the part C of said receptacle. The employment of said frame will be found convenient also in connection with the common form of filing-re ceptacles in which the papers or letters are held upon the iile by devices engaging said papers or letters at one of their edges, or by being placed between index-sheets similarly held in the le, the papers in a file of this character, when the latter is attached to the frame, being conveniently opened or separated for inspection by throwing a portion thereof into a horizontal position, whereby the top paper of those that are thus separated will be placed horizontally and in a convenient position for examination or perusal.
It is to be understood that my invention is not limited to the particular features of construction herein shown, except as such features are made the subject of specific claims; but that my invention embraces, broadly, a sliding support or frame adapted for the attachment of and as a support for a filing-receptacle, and connected with a cabinet by means adapted to sustain the drawer adjacent to the opening of the cabinet when removed entirely therefrom. Y
I am aware that it has been proposed heretofore to employ, in connection with a filesupporting frame containing a series of compartments or cells, a series of filing-receptacles, each provided uponthe middle part of its wall, which is lowermost when the file is within its compartment, with a hook adapted to engage a cross-rod upon the frame as the file is drawn out, in such manner as tosustain the file upon the front of said frame, and a device embodying these features of construction is not, therefore, embraced in the appended claims, which cover a sliding support or frame adapted for sustaining a filing-receptacle made separate therefrom, as hereinbefore fully set forth.
It is to be understood also that the appended claims cover the devices and parts therein set forth when the said devices or parts are made` in such manner as to obtain either, any, or all of the advantages or perform either, any, or all of the functions obtained or performed by said devices or parts in the particular construction thereof herein illustrated.
I claim as my invention*- I. The combination, with a cabinet and a ling-receptacle, of a sliding frame adapted to receive and hold the filing-receptacle, mutually-interlocking parts upon the rear or inner end of the frame and the cabinet, constructed to sustain the frame in a vertical position when drawn out of the cabinet, and attaching devices upon the frame for securing the filing-receptacle thereto, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with a cabinet provided with a cross-piece, a, of a sliding frame adapted to receive and hold a filing-receptacle, rods E E upon the cabinet, secured at their forward ends in the said cross-bars, and slotted hook-shaped ears upon the frame, sliding upon the rods and adapted to engage the said cross-piece, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with a cabinet and a ling-receptacle, of a sliding frame provided with a front piece or ledge, B2, engaging the back edge of the filing-receptacle, attaching devices, as b b', for securing the rear or inner edge of the receptacle to the frame, and muwally-interlocking parts upon the cabinet and the rear edge of the frame, constructed to sustain the latter in a vertical position when drawn out of the cabinet, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HENRY W. READE.
C. CLARENCE POOLE, M. E. DAYTON.