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Publication numberUS3383943 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1968
Filing dateJul 8, 1966
Priority dateJul 8, 1966
Publication numberUS 3383943 A, US 3383943A, US-A-3383943, US3383943 A, US3383943A
InventorsPiber Earl T
Original AssigneeCutler Hammer Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
All-speed lever lock
US 3383943 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 21, 1968 E. T. PIBER ALL-SPEED LEVER LOCK 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 8, 1966 y 1968 E. T. PIBER 3,383,943

ALL-SPEED LEVER LOCK Filed July 8, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,383,943 ALL-SPEED LEVER LOCK Earl T. Piber, Oconomowoc, Wis, assignor to Cutler- Hammer, ind, Milwaukee, Wis, a corporation of Delaware Filed July 8, 1966, Ser. No. 563,782 7 Ciaims. (Cl. 74-529) ABSCT 0F THE DISCLOSURE An all-speed lever lock for the index finger operated trigger of a speed control switch for a portable tool. A swingable handle operable by the thumb of the user rotates a cam which frictionally grips a surface on the trigger to lock the trigger in any depressed position. The cam-is automatically released by further depression of the trigger.

This invention relates to an all-speed lever lock for an electrical control device and more generally to a locking device for locking an actuator lever steplessly in any desired position.

While not limited thereto, the invention is especially applicable to an electric speed control device of a portable tool for locking the adjustable speed control lever in any desired, steplessly adjustable position from zero speed to full speed.

A general object of the invention is to provide an improved all speed lever lock, all speed lever lock being defined as means capable of locking a continuously adjustable speed control lever in any adjusted position thereof.

A more general object of the invention is to provide improved means for locking an actuator in any desired, continuously adjustable position of its total range of movement.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide a lever lock of the aforementioned type which is adapted for use with a conventional trigger operated speed control switch.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide improved means for locking a return spring biased actuator in any desired, steplessly adjustable position and incorporating locking means having increased gripping action in response to return spring force.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide improved locking means of the aforementioned increased gripping action type adapted for automatic release of the actuator in response to further depression of the actuator.

Another specific object of the invention is to provide improved means for looking a return spring biased control actuator of a handheld portable tool in any desired, steplessly adjustable position which is adapted to be mounted on the tool handle in a position accessible for operation by the thumb of the user.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention and the mannor of obtaining them will best be understood by reference to the following description of an exemplary embodiment of an all speed lever lock taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, where- FIGURE 1 is a mrspective view of a hand-held portable tool such as a power drill including an all speed lever lock constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged front elevational view of an electric speed control device such as a speed control trigger switch and showing in non-locking association therewith the all speed lever lock partly in solid lines and partly in dotted lines;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view like FIG. 2 but showing the all speed lever lock as being in locking association with the trigger switch;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 44 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is an exploded, isometric view of the trigger and all speed lever lock of FIGS. 2-4 in reduced scale.

Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a portable electric tool such as a power drill. This power drill is of the conventional type having a housing 2 including a motor and drive gear assembly enclosing portion 2a and a handle portion 2b in which is mounted a speed control switch hereinafter described. A chuck 4 extends from the forward end of housing portion 2a and is adapted for receiving and securely holding a drill bit, screw-driver or the like. An insulated electric conductor 6 extends from the lower end of handle portion 2b and is adapted with a plug as is well known for plugging the drill into an electric power outlet.

A power control or speed control switch actuator such as a trigger 8a of a speed control switch hereinafter described extends from the forward side of the handle portion immediately below motor housing portion 2a so that it can be manipulated by the index finger of the user as shown in FIG. 1.

An actuator ltla of an all speed lever lock hereinafter described extends from the left face of handle portion 2b near the trigger so that it can be manipulated by the thumb of the user as will readily be apparent from FIG. 1.

Referring now to FIGS. 2-4, there is shown in enlarged views the all speed lever lock of the invention and the trigger operated speed control switch with which it is adapted to be used. Only so much of the trigger operated speed control switch as is needed for an understanding of the all speed lever lock is illustrated and described herein. Reference may be had to Harry W. Brown copending application Ser. No. 545,808, filed May 11, 1965, now Patent No. 3,329,842, dated July 4, 1964, for a more detailed disclosure of the trigger operated speed control switch.

As shown in FIGS. 2-4, the trigger operated speed control switch is provided with a base 12 which houses the elements and circuit of a solid state speed control system. A trigger 14 is arranged for linear sliding movement along the top of the base. The trigger and base are molded of insulating material and the trigger is clamped to the top of the base by a metal frame 16. To bias the trigger normally into its off or open circuit position, an helical compression spring 18 is mounted between a groove in the trigger and an upstanding tab 16a on the frame.

As shown in FIG. 4, the switch frame is provided at a suitable location on its front wall with a round hole into which is riveted the reduced end portion of a bushing 15b, the enlarged portion of such bushing extending outwardly. In this manner, the hole in the enlarged portion of the bushing communicates with the interior of the switch frame through the hole in the reduced portion of the bushing, As will be apparent, this bushing may be like or the same as the bushing which accommodates the trigger lock pushbutton as shown in the aforementioned copending application. This bushing extends through a round hole in handle portion 2b of the drill and supports the all speed lever lock as shown in FIGS. 1 and 4.

As shown in FEGS. 25, a lever or trigger 14 of conventional configuration may be used and needs no modification for cooperation with the all speed lever lock of the invention. This trigger 14 has a grooved forward portion 14a shaped to fit and to be engaged by the index finger of the user. On top of the trigger, there are provided a pair of raised rectangular projections 14b which run in rectangular apertures in the top of the frame to guide the trigger movement and to serve as stops at each end of the trigger movement. The face of the trigger adjacent bushing 16b is provided with a stepped, shallow, fiat-bottomed depression having a shallow, relatively longer depression 140 at the right end and a deeper, relatively shorter depression 14d at the left end. These depressions are like or the same as the corresponding depressions shown in the aforementioned copending application and have an angular, under-cut shoulder therebetween. As will be apparent in the aforesaid copending application, depression 14d was originally provided to receive the locking end of a conventional locking pushbutton having a slightly flanged end which would engage the under-cut shoulder in its locking position to hold the trigger fully depressed. Depression 14c was originally provided to afford clearance for the flanged end of such locking button in its unlocked position. This stepped depression may be used without modification for cooperation With the all speed lever lock hereinafter described.

As shown in FIG. 5, the all speed lever lock consists of two parts including a molded handle portion 10a and a cast cam portion 10b. The handle portion has a cylindrical shank for receipt in bushing 16b and for rotation therein and a radial handle portion forming a crank whereby the shank can be turned. As shown in FIG. 4, this shank portion is provided with a square hole extending axially partway thereinto for receiving the shaft of cam portion 10b. Cam portion 1% consists of an eccentric cam having a shaft extending therefrom for rigidly securing the same to the handle portion when the all speed lever lock is assembled onto the portable tool. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the shaft is provided with a short cylindrical portion 10c immediately adjacent the cam which forms a journal for rotation within the reduced portion of bushing 16b. The remainder of this shaft has a relatively longer substantially square portion friction fitting into the square hole in the shank of the handle portion. This square portion of the shaft may be provided on opposite surfaces thereof, as shown in FIG. 4, with serrations 10c directed so as to permit insertion of the shaft in the hole but which bite into the shank if attempt is made to pull the shaft from the hole.

As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, depressions 14c and 14d extend from the upper surface of the trigger down the wall a predetermined distance ending in a narrow, flat, horizontal shoulder 14 It is this flat, horizontal shoulder which cooperates with cam portion 10b to provide locking of the lever or trigger 14 in any desired position.

FIG. 2 shows the trigger in its off position. In this position, spring 18 has restored trigger 14 all the way to the left wherein projections 14b have stopped against the left ends of the apertures in the frame. As shown in dotted lines in FIG. 2, handle portion 10a of the all speed lever lock has been swung from a downwardly depending position counterclockwise about degrees toward the right. In this position, the lower left-hand portion of cam 10b rests lightly on shoulder 14] so that the trigger is not restrained thereby from moving. In this position, it will be noted that the largest contour of the cam extends toward the right and upwardly. Now when the trigger is pulled back by the index finger to any speed position desired such as that shown in FIG. 3 for example, the operator can use his thumb to push on handle portion 10a so as to lock the trigger in such desired position.

The locking occurs as follows. Pushing on the handle portion of the all speed lever lock causes cam 10b to be rotated clockwise. In view of the contour with which the cam is provided as shown in FIG. 3, this rotation brings an increasingly larger portion of the cam down against shoulder 14 of the trigger. Shoulder 14 has a smooth surface Whereas cam 10b is a casting of metal such as zinc. Since the cam is a casting, the contoured edge thereof that frictionally engages shoulder 14 is not very smooth but instead has a natural roughness such as results from casting. In other words, the operative edge of the cam is not machined smooth but is left with a slight roughness afforded in casting it. This slight roughness is enough to provide a good frictional grip on the smooth surface of the trigger to lock the trigger in any position, the trigger being molded of nylon or the like.

As will be apparent, when the trigger is disengaged by the users index finger, spring 18 biases the trigger in the left-hand direction in FIG. 3. The friction between cam 10b and shoulder 14 tends to cause further clockwise rotation of the cam to grip the trigger more tightly to positively lock the same. This is due to the. fact that the tendency to clockwise rotation tends to cause a larger portion of the cam to be forced against the trigger thereby to grip the trigger between the cam and the top of the switch base.

The all speed lever lock may be released in either of two ways to allow spring 18 to return the trigger to its off position. The user may grasp handle 19a of the lever lock with his other hand and rotate it counterclockwise to disengage the trigger. Alternatively, the user may depress the trigger a small amount with his index finger and then relax the pressure on the trigger. Such small amount of depression automatically releases the lever lock by rotating cam 10b counterclockwise so that its frictional grip on shoulder 14 of the trigger is released. When finger pressure on the trigger is then relaxed, spring 18 restores the trigger to its off position. During such restoration, shoulder 14] slides under the cam freely since no locking force is being applied.

While the apparatus hereinbefore described is effectively adapted to fulfill the objects stated, it is to be understood that I do not intend to confine my invention to the particular preferred embodiment of all speed lever lock disclosed, inasmuch as it is susceptible of various modifications without departing from the scope of the appended claims. For example, it is apparent that the invention hereinbefore disclosed is not limited to use with a linearly movable lever such as trigger 14 and its linear locking shoulder 14 It may also be used to lock or latch a lever having rotary or other type of motion provided that the surface or shoulder equivalent to shoulder 14 remains at a substantially constant distance from the rotary axis of the cam when such lever is actuated.

I claim:

1. In an electrical device having a handle portion and a control device mounted in the handle portion and including an actuating lever extending from the handle portion for manipulation by a finger of the user, the improvement comprising:

means for locking said actuating lever in any adjusted position thereof comprising: a frictional gripping member mounted on the control device for gripping a surface of the actuating lever;

and a handle rigidly secured to said frictional gripping member and extending from the handle portion for manipulation by the thumb of the user.

2. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said frictional gripping member comprises:

an eccentric cam mounted on the control device for rotary motion so that a gradually larger portion thereof bears against the surface of the actuating lever when its handle is rotated.

3. The invention defined in claim 1, wherein said handle comprises:

a rotary portion journaled on the control device;

and a crank extending from said rotary portion which can be pushed by the thumb of the user to rotate said rotary portion.

4. In a portable electric tool having a handle portion and a continuously adjustable speed control device mounted therein including a spring-biased movable operating lever having a smooth shoulder surface formed in one side thereof and adapted to be actuated by the index finger of the user to control the speed of the tool;

an all speed lever lock comprising:

an eccentric cam journaled for rotary motion adjacent the shoulder surface of the operating lever and being rotatable to grip said shoulder surface and lock the operating lever in any adjusted position;

said eccentric cam having a shaft extending outwardly from the control device;

a mounting sleeve secured to the control device and having a reduced end portion in which said cam shaft is journaled;

and a handle journaled in the larger portion of said sleeve and rigidly secured to said cam shaft for rotating the latter.

5. The invention defined in claim 4, wherein said cam shaft comprises:

a cylindrical portion immediately adjacent said cam for rotation in the reduced end portion of said sleeve;

and a fiat sided portion extending into a complementary hole in said handle to prevent relative rotation therebetween.

6. The invention defined in claim 5, wherein said cam shaft further comprises:

serrations on said flat sided portion arranged in a direction permitting insertion thereof into the hole in the handle but which bite into the handle to prevent subsequent separation thereof.

7. The invention defined in claim 4, wherein said mounting sleeve comprises:

a metal tube with its reduced end portion extending through a hole in the control device and flared to secure it to the control device and to provide a bearing in which said cam shaft is rotatably supported.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,503,226 4/1950 Turner et al 200-157 2,744,176 5/1956 Kaman 200-157 2,942,087 6/1960 Meuer 200-157 3,194,084 7/1965 Filander 200-157 X 3,329,789 7/1967 Sahrbacker 200-169 X 3,329,842 7/1967 Brown 310- X FRED C. MATTERN, 1a., Primary Examiner.

J. S. CORNETTE, Assistant Examiner,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2503226 *Sep 13, 1947Apr 4, 1950Singer Mfg CoSwitch locking means for portable electric tools
US2744176 *Dec 15, 1954May 1, 1956Thor Power Tool CoSwitch actuating mechanism for electric tools
US2942087 *Mar 29, 1957Jun 21, 1960Cutler Hammer IncElectric switch
US3194084 *Jan 21, 1963Jul 13, 1965Black & Decker Mfg CoTrigger locking means for hand-portable power-operated device
US3329789 *Nov 5, 1965Jul 4, 1967Carling Electric IncMulti-position lock for trigger switch
US3329842 *May 11, 1965Jul 4, 1967Cutler Hammer IncSpeed controllers for portable devices
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3458793 *Sep 27, 1966Jul 29, 1969Ram Tool CorpPermanent magnet motor for hand tools and speed control systems therefor
US3847233 *Jun 29, 1973Nov 12, 1974Black & Decker Mfg CoTrigger mechanism for hand-operated power device providing automatic lock-off and manual lock-on operation
US3869591 *Jul 31, 1973Mar 4, 1975Cutler Hammer IncTrigger switch with latch and vernier speed adjusting shaft
US3971906 *Nov 1, 1974Jul 27, 1976Lucerne Products, Inc.Trigger-lock control
US4180716 *Nov 9, 1978Dec 25, 1979Fujisoku Electric Co., Ltd.Switch having lock-off and lock-on
US4998589 *Feb 26, 1990Mar 12, 1991Wiesendanger John AVariable speed drill control cam apparatus
US5414793 *Apr 27, 1993May 9, 1995Ryobi Motor Products Corp.Speed control mechanism for a power tool
US5428197 *Jun 1, 1993Jun 27, 1995Ryobi Motor Products Corp.Electric tool actuator switch
US5579902 *Jan 4, 1995Dec 3, 1996Kress-Elektrik Gmbh & Co. ElektromotorenfabrikManually operated trigger or switch lever for electric appliance
US5824982 *Jul 26, 1996Oct 20, 1998Kress-Elektrik Gmbh & Co. ElektromotorenfabrikManually operated trigger or switch lever for electric appliances
US6091035 *Aug 14, 1998Jul 18, 2000Black & Decker, Inc.Lockout mechanism for power tool
US6288350Jul 17, 2000Sep 11, 2001Black & Decker, Inc.Lockout mechanism for power tool
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US6861598Mar 4, 2003Mar 1, 2005Black & Decker Inc.Lockout mechanism for power tool
US7053325 *Jan 18, 2005May 30, 2006Ryobi Ltd.Electric power tool
US9308898 *Sep 2, 2014Apr 12, 2016GM Global Technology Operations LLCHand brake device for a vehicle
US9321112May 17, 2012Apr 26, 2016Black & Decker Inc.Power saw tool
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Classifications
U.S. Classification74/529, 173/170, 310/50, 200/522
International ClassificationH01H9/02, B23B45/00, H01H13/08, B23B45/02, H01H13/04, H01H9/06
Cooperative ClassificationH01H13/08, H01H9/061, B23B45/02
European ClassificationB23B45/02, H01H13/08