Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3384080 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1968
Filing dateOct 16, 1964
Priority dateOct 16, 1964
Also published asDE1491848A1
Publication numberUS 3384080 A, US 3384080A, US-A-3384080, US3384080 A, US3384080A
InventorsMuller Wolf F
Original AssigneeUs Catheter & Instr Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Portable spring powered infusion device having escapement means controlling speed ofinfusion
US 3384080 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 21, 1968 w. F. MULLER 3,384,080



PORTABLE SPRING POWERED INFUSION DEVICE HAVING ESCAPEMENT MEANS CONTROLLING SPEED OF INFUSION Filed Oct. 16, 1964 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 ENToR NEY United States Patent PORTABLE SPRING POWERED INFUSION DEVICE HAVING ESCAPEMENT MEANS CONTROLLING SPEED OF INFUSION Wolf F. Muller, New York, N.Y., assignor, by mesne assignments, to United States Catheter & Instrument Corporation, Glens Falls, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 16, 1964, Ser. No. 404,425 4 Claims. (Cl. 128-214) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A portable infusion device for constantly injecting therapeutic fluids into the human body at low but positive pressures, which has a roller pump squeezing tubing containing medicaments for injection into the body. The pump is powered by a spring motor, the speed of which is controlled by a watch escapement unit connected by gearing to the spring motor.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in portable infusion devices and more particularly seeks to provide a low pressure, positive force portable infusion device adapted especially for ambulatory intravascular drug therapy over an extended period of time, e.g. arterial infusion of antimetabolite drugs for regional chemical therapy of cancer.

A huge undertaking of cancer research is currently in progress to develop anticancer drugs for use in the management of neoplastic disease in man and an in creasing number of compounds are becoming available for clinical use by the physician. Despite the prodigious efforts of these pre-clinical and clinical programs, progress has been slow and no chemical agents have been developed that are capable of inducing a general curative eifect on disseminated forms of cancer. Nevertheless, over the past several years definite advances have been made in the introduction of new chemical compounds and special techniques and procedures of their administration for the chemical control of advanced cancer.

Methods of regional cancer chemotherapy have been developed to enhance the antitumor effect of compounds currently in use which, when given systemically, have been shown to have little practical value in the management of certain localized, yet uncontrolled, forms of cancer. A catheter is inserted into the accessible blood supply of the neoplasm and an antimetabolite is administered by continuous infusion for 1 week to 4 months or longer. For the most part, antimetabolites have been investigated by this method of administration, alone, and at times, combined with the appropriate metabolite administered systemically. The largest clinical experience has been with the antifolic compound, Methotrexate, and its antidote, citrovorum factor, as well as with the fluorinated pyrimidines, FU and FUDR. In general, when the disease has been limited to the area of infusion, the results have been good in terms of objective tumor regression and sustained clinical benefit. Antidote of the anti metabolite may be administered systemically to counteract distant toxic actions on bone marrow and intestine.

It is also apparent that these newer local techniques will become significant both in the research study of endocrine system function and in the therapy of endocrine disease. The ability to infuse a vascular bed bearing a target organ over a period of days gives one the ability to control the internal enviornment of that organ. Known concentrations of durgs can be introduced directly into vascular channels leading to the gland and chronic intermittent sampling of the venous drainage is possible.

It is desirable to prolong current forms of regional cancer infusion therapy by the use of mechanism per mitting, on ambulatory, outpatients basis, parenteral ad ministration of fluid containing antimetabolite drugs Such a mechanism would also prove valuable in the ani mal laboratory since it would permit the continuou: parenteral infusion of drugs into unrestrained large ani mals, such as dogs.

In developing a mechanism for vascular infusion 0 other medical purposes, the output must be accurate, a low pressure and volume but at suflicient positive pres sure to prevent backflow on the high systolic point 0 the blood pressure. For ambulatory, out-patient use, thr mechanism must be light, simple, durable, dependablr and entirely selfcontained including the driving mecha nism.

To maintain sterile conditions and maintain acceptabl surgical techniques, the unit must be operable on a mini mum of instructions to patients, not subject to break down, and readily transferrable'to new patients withou danger of contamination. There must be high torque slow revolution but overdrive to fill the unit in the be ginning, and only uncostly disposable members that con tacts the medicament.

As disclosed hereinafter, the instant infusion devic meets all these demands and requirements. A small por table unit attachable to a catheter contains a replenish able drug supply, positive pump driving means at lot pressure and volume, easily and accurately measure output, and manual means for replenishing the powe means.

With these features in View, the nature of which wil be more apparent, the invention will be more fully under stood by reference to the drawings, the accompanyin detailed description, and the appended claims.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the empty case from the medicament side;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the empty case from the driving side;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the medicament side of th infusion device with all parts in position except the cover FIG. 4 is a plan view from the opposed driving side FIG. 5 is a section taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 3

FIG. 6 is a perspective exploded view of the drivin mechanism of FIG. 5

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the tubing part1 mounted in the arcuate track segment;

FIG. 8 is a plan view with a plate removed of th watch braking mechanism;

FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the winding key;

FIG. 10 and 10a are side and plan views respectivel of the priming key;

FIG. 11 is a diagrammatic longitudinal section of th reservoir; and

FIG. 12 illustrates the filling of the reservoir.

As illustrated, this pump is designed primarily fo precisely injecting small volumes of parenteral fluid dur ing ambulatory intravascular therapy but obviously wit' or without modification may be used for many othe purposes, including precise feeding during space flight: precise feeding for animal experiments, etc.

A rectangular cast aluminum case 50 has an irregu lar partition 49 dividing a medicament chamber 39 cov ered by an inner cover not shown from a driving cham ber 55 covered by an outer cover not shown, the cas having dimensions of about 5" x 2.25" x 1325" an weighing about 340 gnarns when completed as describe hereinafter. The drug reservoir 53 is located in medic: ment chamber 39 and the clock escapement mechanisr 54 is in driving chamber 55, whereas the drive mecha nism is rotatably mounted in aperture 16 and is thu iositioned in both chambers. The covers are, of course, eadily removable by screws or otherwise.

The drive mechanism includes a mains rin g 17 mounted ind secured within cylinder 18 and secured at the other :nd to the winding hub 19 which is integral with base atchet plate 41 and spindle 61. The base ratchet plate nay be wound counterclockwise against the mainsp-ring ll'lCl is held from rotating clockwise by pawl 56 held in :osition by spring 57. Accordingly, the mainspring drives he cylinder 18 and associated gear 42. The gear 42 :arries an enlarged hub 43 rotatably mounted on spinlle 61 and a small ratchet 44. Rotatably mounted on hub i3 is a rotor including a smooth plate 46 spaced from rear 42 by a cylindrical wall 45 to enclose ratchet 44 ind to carry a pawl 59 so that plate 45 can move only n the direction of gear 42. The rotor also includes four :pindles 47 carried by plate 46 which terminate at their )pposecl ends in a priming gear 48. Rotatably mounted etween plate 46 and gear 48 on spindles 47 and exending beyond the periphery thereof, are four nylon -ollers 22 which are spaced about /32" from segment 23 for about 180 of plate 46 and gear 48 circle.

This segment 23 holds a short segment of silastic tubmg 24 which passes from the plastic drug reservoir 53 Jy the pump rollers to deliver fluid to the catheter atached to a subject. It may be provided at one end vith a hypodermic needle connector for puncture of a 'ubber diaphragm of the silastic drug reservoir, e.g. of ml. volume, and at the other end with a conventional nale Luer-lok or other connector for a catheter or other member. The tubing is fabricated with a solid ridge 26 rlon its outer side with a bore 27 for passage of the lrug. This solid ridge is clamped firmly into the semi- :ircular metal track segment 23 to prevent slippage of he tubing as the rotor revolves. The track is fabricated )f two semi-circular segments of metal which are screwed .ogether and held in accurate alignment by studs 29, single screw 31, and crown 62 on aperture 16. Loosening )f the holding screws permits slight separation of the ;wo semi-circular segments and introduction of the solid ridge of the silastic tubing into the track.

The tubing 24 is provided with a grommet 32 that is iecured to a notch in the casing Wall to prevent any :xternal force from pulling the tube out of position. Starting slightly proximal to the grommet and extending :o the peripheral end, the tubing is much thicker so that t will not reflect pulsations of the vascular system. At .he proximal end of ridge 26 is located an enlarged bead 53 which is used to longitudinally position the tubing 24 relative to the track segment 23. The track-retaining screw 31 0f the housing may be loosened sufificiently to pernit introduction of the tubing 24 and metal track 23. The semi-circular metal track must pass beneath the upper flange of the retaining posts 29 at either end of the groove in the easing into which the semi-circular track fits. it should be possible to completely advance the track retaining screw so that the semi-circular metal track gasses beneath each flange, thereby insuring that the pump will function by occlusive compression of the tubing by ;he pump rotors.

The rotor unit can rotate only counterclockwise under force of the mainspring or by positive force applied to :he priming gear 48 as shown hereinafter. The rotor unit s driven ordinarily by the mainspring through gear 4-2, :he speed of which is controlled by the clock escapement nechanism. Gear 42 drives first spur gear 64 which drives tecond spur gear 66 which drives third spur gear 67. [he third spur gear drives the escapement wheel con- .rolled by the escapement arm 36 and the balance wheel 54. This is a conventional clock escapement with two novements of the arm permitted per second. This is ranslated through appropriate gear reduction so that the 'otor makes a complete 360 revolution every hour which neans that the volume of fluid pumped per hour is four vimes the internal bore volume of 90 of the tubing. The

tubing is carefully calibrated to give, for example, 0.05 cc. per or 0.2 cc. per hour or 4.8 cc. per day.

It will be obvious that the amount of drug to be pumped can be varied by changing speed of the watch mechanism, changing bore of the tubing or changing concentration of material in the bag, the latter being generally the most convenient.

The proximal end of tube 24 may be provided with a knurled and threaded penetrating needle 25 which is particularly adapted for a leak-proof connection with reservoir 53. Various types of reservoirs could be used but that shown herein has been found preferable. This bag has molded within the outlet end a metal disc 68 with an internally threaded aperture 69 within an outwardly extending hub '71 and channel 72. Into this channel and also bulging outwardly is an integral part of the bag plastic to form a sealing hub 73 whereby the needle flange 7 is threaded down to provide a leak-proof secondary seal, there being a primary seal inside the bag where the needle point penetrates the internal plastic layer of the bag. The inlet or filling end of the bag includes a metallic collar 76 with partly circular and partly straight flange '77, a threaded aperture '73, a sealing hub 79 extending beyond the collar 76 and a plastic screw cap 81 which threads down to make a positive seal with hub 79.

It is desirable that the bag 53 be filled completely so that no air can be introduced into the system. This is done by holding the bag with holder 82 and introducing the medicament to the bottom with a syringe 83 as shown in FIG. 12. When the bag has been com pletely filled, the screw cap is threaded into aperture 78 before the bag is touched manualiy. If the bag is touched before closing, some squeezing will occur which diminishes the bag volume and subsequently draws air into the bag.

These filled bags may be provided to the patient as disposable units to be discarded after a single use or they may be returned for refilling. in either event, there should be no leakage into the housing or contamination thereof.

Once needle 25 has been properly inserted in bag 53, it is necessary to fill the line through tubing 24 and an attached catheter or it may be necessary to flush the line with saline. Since the rotor unit rotates once per hour, this is not practical. However, priming key 37 is placed in aperture 34 of plate 36 to connect with priming gear 48 whereupon the rotor may be advanced at will for priming or flushing purposes.

The winding key 38 or stem threads into winding hub 19 to tighten the mainspring 17 to force gear 42 counterclockwise against the speed control of the clock escapement mechanism. Both the priming and winding keys are detachable. The mainspring is generally calculated to run twelve hours it completely Wound. In any event, the patient can hear the ticking of the clock mechanism and will then know when the unit must be rewound.

The pump tubing (with attached metal track and adapters) and the disposable plastic drug reservoirs are the only parts of the device which need to be sterilized. Generally the tubing and reservoir will both be discarded when changing pumps from one patient to another so that the metal segment 23 is the only part that requires sterilization.

A harness is available so that the device can be strapped to the front of the chest. The winding hub 19 is directed outward so that the winding stem can be inserted without removal of the device from the harness case.


1. A small-volume, positive-pressure, self-contained infusion device intended to be carried on the human body and adapted for constantly and slowly infusing desired liquids into the vascular system comprising a housing, an arcuate inflexible member secured inside said housing, an arcuate segment of flexible tubing mounted on the in ner surface of said arcuate inflexible member and adapted to be attached to a liquid reservoir and a catheter at the opposite ends thereof, a rotor mounted with its periphery parallel to and spaced from said arcuate inflexible memher, a plurality of rollers mounted on the periphery of said rotor and extending outward to a point adjacent said inflexible member, a tooth gear operably engaged with said rotor, a convolute mainspring operably engaged to drive said gear, means to wind said spring, and a watch escapement unit driven by said gear to control the speed thereof.

42. The device of claim 1 additionally comprising said reservoir positioned within said housing.

3. The device of claim 1 wherein said rotor includes a ratchet mechanism permitting rotation of one portion manually in order to prime or flush said tube.

4. The device of claim 1 additionally comprising a primary crank for manual rotation of said rotor and a winding crank to wind said mainspring.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Harris 222--7 Moulinier 103-14 Gilmore 222-9 Tomlinson 12821 Grau 128-214. Cherkin 128-21 Hahn 103-15 Wiley 222-7 France.

DALTON L. TRULUCK, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2188507 *Aug 18, 1938Jan 30, 1940Harris Charles AFluid dispensing device
US2483924 *Jun 10, 1946Oct 4, 1949Jean Moulinier EdmondPump
US2668637 *Nov 23, 1949Feb 9, 1954West Disinfecting CoFlexible, nonelastic container of viscous material with rotary compress discharge pump
US2703084 *Jul 17, 1953Mar 1, 1955Fay M TomlinsonLiquid dispenser
US2761445 *May 3, 1952Sep 4, 1956Baxter Don IncApparatus for regulating fluid flow
US3048171 *Nov 3, 1958Aug 7, 1962Bio Physical Res IncIntravenous injection device
US3137242 *Jan 22, 1962Jun 16, 1964William Hahn GeorgeInfusion pump
US3165238 *Feb 19, 1962Jan 12, 1965Heuer Timer CorpIntermittent actuating device for dispensers
FR1001908A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3511238 *Apr 14, 1967May 12, 1970Bio Medical Systems IncSystem for transferring human fluids without clotting thereof
US3595232 *Aug 19, 1968Jul 27, 1971Leibinsohn SaulNongravitational infusion assembly
US3675653 *Aug 15, 1969Jul 11, 1972Air ShieldsWound drainage equipment
US3736930 *Apr 14, 1970Jun 5, 1973Ivac CorpParenteral administration fluid flow control system
US3749285 *Sep 13, 1971Jul 31, 1973Haemonetics CorpProgrammed liquid delivery system
US3816033 *Nov 21, 1972Jun 11, 1974Greiner Scient CorpMulti-channel pump
US3832998 *Jan 30, 1973Sep 3, 1974D GreggIntravenous feeding apparatus
US3886938 *Oct 23, 1973Jun 3, 1975Scala AnthonyPower operated fluid infusion device
US4135647 *Sep 21, 1977Jan 23, 1979The Continental Group, Inc.Motor driven dispensing unit for containers
US4224882 *Feb 21, 1978Sep 30, 1980Cruse John WApparatus for sowing seeds in suspension
US4290346 *Apr 30, 1979Sep 22, 1981Abbott LaboratoriesIntravenous pump chamber
US4350268 *Apr 14, 1980Sep 21, 1982Go-Jo Industries, Inc.Manually operated dispensing pump
US4365728 *Mar 7, 1979Dec 28, 1982Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki KaishaLiquid discharge apparatus
US4382753 *Sep 10, 1980May 10, 1983Avi, Inc.Nonpulsating IV pump and disposable pump chamber
US4391600 *Sep 15, 1980Jul 5, 1983Avi, Inc.Nonpulsating IV pump and disposable pump chamber
US4410322 *Sep 10, 1980Oct 18, 1983Avi, Inc.Nonpulsating TV pump and disposable pump chamber
US4413751 *Jul 19, 1978Nov 8, 1983Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki KaishaMethod for dispensing a preselected amount of liquid
US4416595 *Mar 13, 1981Nov 22, 1983Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Miniature rotary infusion pump with slide latch and detachable power source
US4504200 *Dec 17, 1979Mar 12, 1985Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Miniature infusion pump
US4513885 *Sep 29, 1982Apr 30, 1985Cole-Parmer Instrument CompanyDispenser having a flexible fluid container and a rotor compressible fluid discharge tube
US4525164 *Apr 24, 1981Jun 25, 1985Biotek, Inc.Wearable medication infusion system with arcuated reservoir
US4540351 *Apr 11, 1983Sep 10, 1985Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Pressure pump having jaws and end-slots
US4601707 *May 22, 1981Jul 22, 1986Albisser Anthony MInsulin infusion device
US4713051 *May 21, 1985Dec 15, 1987Coopervision, Inc.Cassette for surgical irrigation and aspiration and sterile package therefor
US4737140 *May 22, 1987Apr 12, 1988Mcneilab, Inc.Irradiation chamber for photoactivation patient treatment system
US4842432 *Jun 7, 1988Jun 27, 1989Wagner Spray Tech CorporationPower painting unit
US4857048 *Mar 21, 1988Aug 15, 1989Hewlett-Packard CompanyIV pump and disposable flow chamber with flow control
US4921150 *Aug 26, 1988May 1, 1990Pandel Instruments, Inc.Automatic dispensing apparatus having low power consumption
US4921487 *Sep 21, 1988May 1, 1990Compagnie Financiere Saint. NicolasExternal device for injecting medicine
US5046648 *Jan 2, 1990Sep 10, 1991Herbstzuber Remedios EHygienic dispenser
US5154704 *Oct 31, 1990Oct 13, 1992Kent Archibald GIV clamp with tube clip
US5320503 *Sep 23, 1993Jun 14, 1994Patient Solutions Inc.Infusion device with disposable elements
US5372486 *May 10, 1993Dec 13, 1994Allweiler AgPeristaltic pump
US5584667 *Jun 6, 1995Dec 17, 1996Davis; David L.Method of providing uniform flow from an infusion device
US5803712 *Feb 14, 1995Sep 8, 1998Patient Solutions, Inc.Method of measuring an occlusion in an infusion device with disposable elements
US5911716 *Jan 24, 1992Jun 15, 1999I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US6146109 *Jun 29, 1998Nov 14, 2000Alaris Medical Systems, Inc.Infusion device with disposable elements
US6251098Jun 23, 1997Jun 26, 2001I-Flow, Corp.Fluid container for use with platen pump
US6312227Mar 30, 1993Nov 6, 2001I-Flow Corp.Infusion device with disposable elements
US6358239Dec 9, 1997Mar 19, 2002I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US6742992Nov 7, 2002Jun 1, 2004I-Flow CorporationInfusion device with disposable elements
US6871759Sep 30, 2003Mar 29, 2005I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US6948638 *Dec 16, 2003Sep 27, 2005Kuei-Tang ChouLiquid rationing device
US7083068Mar 24, 2005Aug 1, 2006I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US7337922Jun 26, 2001Mar 4, 2008I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US8876766 *Nov 30, 2010Nov 4, 2014Shl Group AbMedicament delivery device
US9200628 *Dec 23, 2010Dec 1, 2015Ulrich Gmbh & Co. KgPeristaltic pump with adjusting ring
US20040108333 *Sep 30, 2003Jun 10, 2004Rake Kenneth W.Platen pump
US20050013698 *May 26, 2004Jan 20, 2005Davis David LyleInfusion device with disposable elements
US20050127104 *Dec 16, 2003Jun 16, 2005Tu Ming T.Liquid rationing device
US20050211725 *Mar 24, 2005Sep 29, 2005Rake Kenneth WPlaten pump
US20080015506 *Jul 6, 2007Jan 17, 2008Davis David LInfusion device with disposable elements
US20080215029 *Mar 3, 2008Sep 4, 2008I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US20090082727 *Jun 27, 2005Mar 26, 2009Novo Nordisk A/SCredit Card Sized Injection Device
US20130045122 *Dec 23, 2010Feb 21, 2013Ulrich Gmbh & Co. KgPeristaltic pump
US20130096495 *Nov 30, 2010Apr 18, 2013Shl Group AbMedicament Delivery Device
CN103100124A *Jan 25, 2013May 15, 2013东莞市众隆电机电器制造有限公司Medical fluid pump device
EP0197179A1 *Apr 11, 1985Oct 15, 1986Becton, Dickinson and CompanyDisposable reservoir cassette
EP0246158A1May 14, 1987Nov 19, 1987Buffet, JacquesExternal device for medical injection
WO1982003556A1 *Apr 22, 1982Oct 28, 1982Inc BiotekWearable medication infusion system with arcuate reservoir
WO1986006964A1 *Apr 22, 1986Dec 4, 1986Coopervision, Inc.Cassette for surgical irrigation and aspiration
U.S. Classification604/153, 417/477.1, 222/638, 222/214, 604/134, 417/328, 185/38
International ClassificationF04B43/12, A61M5/168, A61M5/162, A61M5/14, A61M5/172, A61M5/142
Cooperative ClassificationF04B43/1253, A61M5/162, A61M5/142, A61M5/172
European ClassificationA61M5/162, F04B43/12G, A61M5/142, A61M5/172