US 3385305 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1968 v F. D. BUZZELLI 3,385,305
DETACHABLE COIFFURE Filed Jan. 11, 1966 F|G.4 I FIG?) 32 36 FIG? INVENTOR FRA UZZELLI BY 1R4 ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,385,305 DETACHABLE CGIFFURE Frank D. Buzzelli, 28803 W. Nine Mile Road, Farmington, Mich. 48024 Filed Jan. 11, 1966, Ser. No. 519,873 8 Claims. (Cl. 132-105) ABSTRAT OF THE DISCLOSURE A detachable coiffure to be worn on a womans hair in cludes a pad adapted to be attached to the hair as by a comb and plurality of wiglets which can be easily attached to and detached from the pad.
The present invention relates to wigs and in particular to a detachable coiffure comprising a plurality of wiglets which are readily rearranged.
In the past few years, wigs have become more fashionable with women. Conventional wigs provide many advantages including the creation of an effect of a greater abundance of hair than the wearer normally carries, the ready availability of a fashionable coiffure and the savings of many hours in styling and setting ones natural hair.
Normally, a woman acquiring a wig will choose one from a dealer formed of either natural or artificial hair of the desired color and length, then the wig is taken to a hair specialist who will style and set the hair to conform with the owners wishes. If the woman later decides to change the style in order to conform with the changing fashions, then the wig can be returned for restyling by the hair specialist with a considerable savings in time by the wearer. She then has available a coiffure that will permanently hold its set as contrasted to the characteristic of natural hair to fairly rapidly assume its original shape under everyday living conditions.
Wigs presently on the market are fairly expensive for the average woman. For this reason, she can usually afford no more than a single wig. Although this provides her with the aforementioned advantages, it limits her at any one time to a single hair style. The wig can be taken to the hair specialist who can reshape the wig, but this is an expensive process in that the restyling requires a substantial amount of time by the stylist.
The present invention overcomes the above problem and in addition provides some special advantages by providing a detachable coilfure in the form of a detachable pad that is secured to the crown of the womans head and a plurality of wiglets that may be quickly and easily attached to or released from the pad. The upper face of the pad is formed with a material comprising a plurality of small, extending resilient hooks. The wiglet comprises a relatively smaller flat pad, having a first face to which the roots of the wiglet hair is secured, and a second face formed with a plurality of threadlike filaments forming a multitude of loops. The loop face of the wiglet pad is easily attached to the larger pad by a mere pressing force which engages the wiglet loops to the hooking means on the larger pad. A tugging force on the wiglet quickly releases the wiglet loops from the resilient hooks on the larger pad. Preferably the area of the larger pad can be divided by the area of the smaller wiglet pad to form an integral number thus insuring that the larger pad can be completely covered with the wiglets.
It is therefore apparent that by having a plurality of wiglets of various lengths that a hair specialist can quickly reshape the coiffure into any pleasing style. A further special advantage of the coiffure representing the present invention is that it makes available to the owner of the coiffure, a hair wardrobe in the form of a variety of hair styles that can be quickly shaped in the home. She can 3,3%5,35 Patented May 28, 1968 easily change or rearrange her coiffure in a few minutes thereby reducing the trips to the hair specialist which have to be made with conventional wigs.
The pad which is normally secured to the head of the wearer to secure the wiglets may be made in a variety of shapes depending on the abundance and the shape of the coiffure desired. In one embodiment, the pad comprises a relatively flat and flexible member. An alternate embodiment which assists in creating an impression of a greater abundance of hair comprises conically shaped pad having a base which is secured to the crown of the head. It is apparent that the wiglets when attached to the conical pad will create an elevated effect, giving the impression of a copious growth of hair.
Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a coiffure for women that can be easily attached or detached to the head.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a detachable coiffure for women that can be easily and quickly reshaped by providing a plurality of wiglets with means for quickly engaging and disengaging to a flexible shaped base member that is attached to the head of the wearer.
Still further objects and advantages will be apparent to one skilled in the art to which the invention pertains from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view showing a coiffure illustrating a preferred embodiment of the present invention attached to a womans head;
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view showing the larger pad secured to the womans head prior to engaging the wiglets in the arrangement shown in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged view of a preferred embodiment of the base member and a wiglet prior to engagement with the large pad;
FIGURE 4 is an alternate conical embodiment of the large pad;
FIGURE 5 is a detailed view of the preferred engaging hook means Secured to a small pad of a wiglet as seen from line 55 of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 6 is a detailed view of the preferred engaging hook means secured to the large pad as seen from line 6-6 of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged view showing a base hook engaged to a loop forming an eye; and
FIGURE 8 shows a preferred means for attaching the base to the womans head.
Now referring to FIGURE 1, a detachable coiffure 10 illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention is shown fixed to the crown of a womans head generally indicated at 12.
As can best be seen in FIGURES 2 and 3, the coiffure It) comprises a generally flat, flexible large pad 14 fastened to the crown of a womans head by suitable means such as combs, hair pins, clips or the like. The large pad 14 has a hooking means 16 disposed on its outer side. A preferred wiglet 18 having a looping eye means 20 is attached to the base 14 by pressing engagement which causes the eye means 20 to engage the large pad hooks 16. It is to be understood that normally a plurality of wiglets will be engaged to a single pad 14 in any desirable arrangement.
The preferred large pad 14 comprises a perforated flexible material 20 formed in a circular shape and having a peripheral edge 22 comprised of a suitable chosen material enclosing the circumferential edge of the perforated material 20 and attached thereto. The perforated material 20 allows air to circulate through the coiffure 10 thereby aiding in drying or evaporating any hair setting solutions that may be applied. Although the large pad 14 is preferably circular in shape, it may be formed in any desirable shape and a size chosen to suit the particular 3 size of head and the general overall size of the desired coiffure 10.
In order to accommodate a raised type of coiffure (not shown) an alternative embodiment of a large pad 24 is shown in FIGURE 4. The pad 24- is comprised of a perforated material 26 formed in a conical shape and having a lined circumferential edge 28. A suitably shaped wire element (not shown) may be provided to assist the perforated material 26 to retain its conical shape. Hook means 30 are attached to the conical pad 24 to which are attached wiglets 13 thereby creating the effect of an abundance of hair.
Now referring to FIGURE 3 and FIGURE 6, the pad 14 is preferably provided with the hook means 16 which ccmprises a well known material known as Velcron hooks. Velcron is a material having a plurality of elongated resilient U-shaped elements 32 projecting from and attached to a piece of fabric 34. One leg 36 of each of the U-shaped elements 32 is severed, as can be seen in FIGURE 7, so that a hook 38 is formed with the projecting end of each leg 36 normally abutting the end of the hook 36. The fabric 34 is normally cut into strips and sewn to the base 14. In the preferred embodiment, the hook means are formed in strips and attached to the base 14 to form a cross-shaped pattern 40 with elongated peripheral strips 42 attached to substantially join the legs of the cross shaped pattern 40. It can therefore be seen that the resulting pattern resembles four triangles with a common intersection and each triangle with two sides common to adjacent triangles.
Now referring to FIGURE 3 and FIGURE 5, the preferred wiglet 18 comprises a bundle of hair 44 fixed to a piece of perforated fabric or small pad 46 formed in a triangular shape. A wire 48 is secured around the periphery of the fabric 46 in order to provide a stifiening effect. The area of the pad 14 divided by the area of the fabric 46 is preferably an integral number. Secured to the periphery of the fabric 46 and over wire 48 is a triangularly shaped material 50 having a plurality of hairlike filaments 52 formed in a multitude of loops. The hair-like filaments 52 as described are available as the mating element of the Velcron hook 36. As can best be seen in FIGURE 7, by urging a loop shaped filament 52 against a U-shaped element 32, the hook 38 will receive and retain the filament 52. However, due to the resiliency of the hook 38, the filament 36 can be released by a tugging force. Therefore by pressing the filaments 52 against the hooks 30, the wiglet 18 can be readily engaged to the pad 14. Disengagement for the purpose of rearrangement can be accomplished by a tug on the wiglet 18 away from the pad 14.
In the preferred embodiment, four wiglets 18 having a triangular base may be arranged over the four triangles of the cross-shaped pattern 41 thereby utilizing a minimum quantity of materials to form an attractively shaped coifiure 10.
FIGURE 8 illustrates a preferred means for securing the pad 14 to the head 12 of the wearer comprising a small comb member 54 secured to the edge 22 of the pad 14 by thread 56. The comb 54 will assist in locating and anchoring the pad 14 in the desired location.
It can therefore be seen that I have described an improved coifiure for women that may be easily attached or detached from the head of the wearer 12 by comb means 54. The coitfure 10 may be quickly adapted to any desirable shape by rearranging a plurality of wiglets 18 releasably attached to the pad 14 secured to the crown of the head 12. The improved detachable coitfure described herein allows every woman to have a flexible and easily forma'ole hair wardrobe comprised of a relatively few components.
Although I have described but two embodiments of my invention, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art to which the invention pertains that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. A detachable coiffure to be worn on a womans hair and having a plurality of wiglets which may be quickly and easily rearranged to reshape said coifiure, comprising:
(a) a first pad member adapted to be detachably disposed on the womans hair;
(b) a plurality of wiglets each comprising a quantity of hair fixed to a second smaller pad; and
(0) means for releasably attaching said wiglet pads to said first pad so that the wiglets may be easily arranged to form the coitfure.
2. A detachable coiffure as defined in claim 1, wherein:
(a) said first pad member having a first inner side worn adjacent to a womans hair; and a second outer side having a relatively large area;
(b) said wiglet pads having a first side attached to the roots of the hair, and a second side having a relatively small area; and
(c) said first pad large area being divisible by said second pad small area to result in an integral number so that the integral number of said wiglet pads cover said first pad.
3. A detachable coitfure as defined in claim 2, wherein said releasable attaching means to secure said wiglets to said first pad member comprises:
(a) a plurality of resilient projecting hook elements fixed to the outer side of said first pad member;
(b) a plurality of hair-like filaments forming a multitude of loops and fixed to the second side of said wiglet pad; and
(c) said resilient hooks adapted to engage said loops by a pressing force applied on said wiglets and to disengage said loops by a tugging force applied to said wiglets.
4. A detachable coiffure as defined in claim 3, wherein said first pad comprises a flexible fabric formed in a circular shape.
5. A detachable coifiure as defined in claim 3, wherein said first pad member is formed in a substantially triangular shape.
6. A detachable coiffure as defined in claim 4, wherein said resilient hooks are disposed on the outer side of said first pad member to form a pattern resembling four adjacent triangles with a common intersection; and said loops are disposed on said wiglet pad in a triangular pattern adapted so that four wiglet pads may be engaged to said first pad covering same.
7. A detachable coiffure as defined in claim 6, wherein said first pad member is formed of a perforated fabric adapted so that air may circulate through said coilfure.
8. A detachable coiffure as defined in claim 7, including comb means fixed to the inner side of said first pad and adapted so that said first pad may be detachably secured to a womans hair.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,133,196 3/1915 Teugler 13253 1,665,380 4/1928 Rufiio 13253 2,717,437 9/1955 De Mestral. 3,295,536 1/1967 Shaw et a1. 132-53 FOREIGN PATENTS 362,668 6/ 1962 Switzerland.
LOUIS G. MANCENE, Primary Examiner.
I. W. MITCHELL, Assistant Examiner.