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Publication numberUS3385429 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 28, 1968
Filing dateJan 20, 1966
Priority dateJan 20, 1966
Publication numberUS 3385429 A, US 3385429A, US-A-3385429, US3385429 A, US3385429A
InventorsWilliam C Becker, Ronald M Ayer
Original AssigneeReynolds Metals Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Package construction and parts therefor or the like
US 3385429 A
Images(5)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 8, 1968 w. c. BECKER ET AL 3,385,429

PACKAGE CONSTRUCTION AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. .20, 1966 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS WILLIAM C. BECKER RONALD M AYER THEIR ATTORNEYS May 28, 19 68 w. c. BECKER ET AL 3,385,429

PACKAGE CONSTRUCTION AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 20. 1966 5 Sheets-Sheet .z

INVENTORS WILLIAM C. BECKER RONALD M. AYER BY AAW THEIR ATTORNEYS May 28, 1968 w. c. BECKER ET AL 3,385,429

PACKAGE CONSTRUCTION AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE 5 Sheets-Sheet Filed Jan. 20, 1966 FIG.BO

INVENTORS WILLIAM C. BECKER RONALD M. AYER w, 254%,

BY ///m ,%M

THEIR ATTORNEYS May 28, 1968 w. c. BECKER ET AL 3,385,429

PACK AGE CONSTRUCTI ON AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 20, 1966 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS WILLIAM C. BECKER RONALD MAYER THEIR ATTORNEYS May 28, 1968 w. c. BECKER ET AL 3,

PACKAGE CONSTRUCTION AND PARTS THEREFOR OR THE LIKE Z-iled Jan. 20, 1966 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTORS WILLIAM C.BECKER RONALD M. AYER F'G. l6 THEIR ATTORNEYS UnitedStates Patent 3,385,429 PACKAGE CONSTRUCTION AND PARTS v THEREFOR OR THE LIKE William C. Becker, Henrico County, and Ronald M. Ayer, Chesterfield County, Va., assignors to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 20, 1?, Ser. No. 521,914 11 Claims. (Cl. 206-65) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This disclosure relates to a package construction having a plurality of product containing containers disposed on a tray-like member with the tray-like member having flaps carved therefrom and bent upwardly to separate the bottom ends of the containers from each other, the top of the containers having closure caps provided with outwardly directed flanges that abut adjacent flanges of adjacent containers to separate the containers at the top ends thereof. The arranged containers and tray-like members are subsequently disposed in a heat shrinkable tubular film-like member which when heat shrunk tightly compacts the product containers and tray member together to form a rigid package construction.

This invention relates to improved package constructions or the like as well as to improved spacer or tray means for such package constructions or the like.

Package constructions have been formed wherein a plurality of product means, such as cylindrical containers or the like are arranged in aligned rows and are carried by tray-like means. The product filled tray-like means is subsequently encased in a heat shrinkable tubular filmlike member whereby when the tubular member is subsequently heat shrunk around the product filled tray means, the heat shrunk tubular member tightly compacting the product means and tray means together to provide a rigid package construction not only for shipping and storing purposes, but also for merchandising purposes because of the attractive appearance of the completed package construction.

Such prior known package constructions are fully disclosed and claimed in the copending patent application, Ser. No. 366,424, filed May 11, 1964 and now abandoned, wherein further objects, uses and advantages of such package constructions are fully set forth.

Accordingly, it is a feature of this invention to provide an improved package construction of the aforementioned type wherein the tray means of this invention individually spaces the product means received therein so that even though the heat shrunk tubular member compacts the product means and tray means together to provide a rigid package construction, each product means is separated from adjacent product means to prevent damage to the individual product containers or the like, a feature particularly desirable when the product means includes glass or fragile containers.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved package construction having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved part for such a package construction or the like.

Other objects, uses and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view illustrating one embodiment of the improved package construction of this invention.

FIGURE 2 is a plan view of a blank of this invention for forming the tray means of the package construction of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view illustrating a tray means of this invention formed from the blank of FIG- URE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a top view of one of the product means utilized in the package construction of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 5 is a top view illustrating the tray means of FIGURE 3 being partially filled with product means.

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view taken on line 66 of FIGURE 5.

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view taken on line 7-7 of FIGURE 5.

FIGURE 8 is a perspective view illustrating a product filled tray means of this invention.

FIGURES 9-12 are respectively perspective views illustrating various steps in the method of forming the package construction of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 13 is a view similar to FIGURE 1 and illustrates another package construction of this invention.

FIGURE 14 is a view similar to FIGURE 1 and illustrates another package construction of this invention utilizing the tray means of FIGURE 16.

FIGURE 15 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 and illustrates another blank of this invention for forming another tray means.

FIGURE 16 is a perspective view illustrating the means formed from the blank of FIGURE 15.

While the various features of this invention are hereinafter described and illustrated as being particularly adaptable for packaging product filled glass containers or the like, it is to be understood that the various features of this invention can be utilized singly or in any combination thereof to provide package constructions for other devices as desired.

Therefore, this invention is not to be limited to only the embodiments illustrated in the drawings, because the drawings are merelyutilized to illustrate one of the wide variety of uses of this invention.

Referring now to FIGURE 1, one embodiment of the improved package construction of this invention is generally indicated 'by the reference numeral 20 and comprises a plurality of tray means 21 of this invention being filled with product means 22 and being disposed in stacked relation to be encased in and tightly compacted together by a heat shrunk tubular film-like member 23 having opposed ends 24 and 25 overlapping the opposed ends of the product filled tray means 21 and defining substantially circular openings 26 at the opposed ends of the package construction 20, the heat shrunk tubular member 23 being transparent as illustrated in FIGURE 1 for product identification purposes and other reasons as set forth in the aforementioned copending patent application.

While the heat shrunk tubular member 23 can comprise any suitable heat shrinkable material, the embodiment thereof illustrated in the drawings comprises polyvinylchloride formed in sheet form from one or more layers thereof in a manner hereinafter described and more fully disclosed in the aforementioned copending patent application.

The tray means 21 of this invention can comprise cardboard plastic or the like and the product means 22 can comprise glass containers having improved closures 27 of this invention at the upper ends thereof for a purpose hereinafter described.

As previously stated, the tray means 21 of this invention are each so constructed and arranged that the same individually spaces each product means 22 from the adjacent means 22 being received thereon to prevent breakage and the like even though the heat shrunk tubular member 23 tightly compacts the product means and tray means 21 together to form a rigid package construction 20.

The tray means 21 of this invention can each be formed from a blank 28 illustrated in FIGURE 2. The blank 28 in FIGURE 2 is formed from a fiat rectangular sheet of cardboard or the like and has a plurality of substantially triangular flap means 29 formed therein by die cuts 30, each fiap means 29 having the base thereof hingedly interconnected to the remaining flap portion 31 of the blank 28 by a score or fold line 32. As illustrated in FIGURE 2, the flap means 29 formed inboard of the peripheral edge 33 of the blank 28 are formed in groups of four by means of X-shaped die cuts 30 while the flap means 29 adjacent the peripheral edge 33 of the blank 28 are formed in pairs by single die cuts 30.

After the blank 28 has been cut and scored in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 2, the flap means 29 can be bent upwardly at right angles to the remaining fiat portion 31 thereof in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 3 to form the completed tray means 21 of this invention for the product spacing purpose reviously described.

As previously stated, each product means comprises a glass body 34 having the upper open end thereof closed by a metal screw cover member 27 or the like, the cover member 27 being fully illustrated in FIGURE 4 and having an outwardly directed annular flange 35 being fluted in the pattern illustrated in FIGURE 4 for easy finger gripping purposes for unscrewing the cover member from a particular container 22.

In addition, the annular flanges 35 of the cover members 27 of the containers 22 are utilized for spacing urposes in a manner now to be described.

As illustrated in FIGURES 58, the product filled containers 22 are adapted to be placed on a tray means 21 in such a manner that each body member 34 is dispensed between at least three upwardly directed flaps 29 so as to positively hold the particular body member 34 in spaced relation relative to adjacent body members 34 on the same tray means 21. In addition, the annular flanges 35 on the product means 22 are so constructed and arranged that the same hold the upper ends of the product means 22 in spaced relation in the manner fully illustrated in FIGURES 5 and 7 and act as bumper means therebetween.

However, it is to be understood that the closure means 27 for the container bodies 34 can be formed in any other desired configuration because the flap means 29 are sufiicient to provide the spacing feature for each tray means 21 without further spacing means at the upper ends of the product means 22.

In any event, it can be seen that each product filled tray means 21 has the individual product containers 22 held in spaced relation from adjacent containers 22 by the flap means 29 so that shocks and the like cannot be transmitted from one container body 34 to another container body 34 in a manner to cause damage thereof during shipping, storing and the like of the package constructions of this invention.

After the tray means 21 have been filled with the product means 22 in the manner previously described and have been disposed in stacked relation, a sheet of the aforementioned heat shrinkable material 36 is adapted to be wrapped around the product filled and stacked tray means 21 in the manner illustrated in FIGURES 9, 10 and 11 whereby the adjacent ends or edges 37 and 38 of the sheet 36 are adapted to be disposed in overlapping relation at the bottom of the lower tray means 21 and be heat sealed together by suitable heat sealing die means 39, FIGURE 11.

Subsequently, the opposed ends of the resulting tubular member 23 of FIGURE 11 are preshrunk into the condition illustrated in FIGURE 12 so as to partially overlap the opposed ends of the product filled and stacked tray means 21.

Thereafter, the partially completed package construction of FIGURE 12 is passed through a heating chamber or the like whereby the tubular member 23 is completely heat shrunk into the final condition illustrated in FIG- URE l to tightly compact the product means 22 and tray means 21 together to form a rigid package construction in the manner fully set forth in the aforementioned copending patent application.

However, it can be seen that the tray means 21 of this invention hold the product means 22 in spaced relation relative to each other because of the integral fiap means 29 so that any shock being transmitted to the completed package construction 20 will not cause an impacted container 22 to damage adjacent containers 22.

Thus, it can be seen that the package construction 20 of this invention has all of the advantages of the package constructions disclosed and claimed in the aforementioned copending patent application while having the added advantages of permitting the same to package fragile product means or the like in an economical manner by utilizing integral spacing means 29 of the tray means 21 of this invention.

While the package construction 20 of thhis invention has been previously described as having a plurality of product filled tray means 21 disposed in stacked relation, it is to be understood that the tray means 21 of this invention can be utilized separately.

For example, reference is now made to FIGURE 13 wherein another package construction of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 20A and parts thereof identical to the package construction 20 previously described are indicated by like reference numerals followed by the reference letter A.

As illustrated in FIGURE 13, the package construction 20A comprises a single tray means 21A filled with product means 22A, the product means 22A being identical to the product means 22 previously described or being taller as illustrated. In any event, the product filled tray means 21A is encased in the previously described heat shrunk tubular film-like member 23A to tightly compact the product means 22A and tray means 21A together to form a rigid package construction 20A having all of the advantages previously set forth and as further disclosed in the aforementioned copending patent application.

In particular, it can be seen that the flap means 29A of the tray means 21A space the product means 21A from each other in the manner previously described.

When the merchandiser receives the package constructions 20 or 20A, the merchandiser can dispose the package constructions 20 or 20A in stacked display condition or can remove the film-like members 23 or 23A in a simple manner and utilize the resulting product filled tray means 21 or 21A in the manner illustrated in FIG- URE 8 on merchandising counters whereby the flap means 29 or 29A still maintain the product means 22 or 22A in spaced relation to prevent damage thereof during merchandising of the product 22 or 22A.

Another package construction of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 20B in FIG- URE 14 and parts thereof similar to the package construction 20 are indicated by like reference numerals in FIGURES 14-16 followed by the reference letter B.

As illustrated in FIGURE 14, the package construction 20B includes a plurality of tray means 21B filled with product means 22B and being held in compacted stacked relation by the previously described heat shrunk tubular film-like member 23B.

However, the tray means 21B of this invention are each formed from a blank 40 illustrated in FIGURE 15 wherein the flap means 298 are formed in the manner previously described by the aforementioned die cuts 308 and hinge or fold lines 328. In addition a pair of side flaps 41 are formed outboard of the last rows of flaps 29B and are defined by transverse score or fold lines 42.

In this manner, the blank 40 is adapted to be erected into the tray means 213 illustrated in FIGURE 16 by folding the flaps 29B upwardly at right angles relative to the remaining flap portion 31B thereof and by folding the side flaps 41 upwardly at right angles relative to the remaining flap portion 31B whereby the flap means 41 cooperate with the flap means 29B to permit the product means 223 to be received therein in the manner previously described and be spaced from each other for the purpose previously described.

However, it can be seen that the side flap means 41 on the upper product filled tray means 218 of the resulting package construction 20B has its lower edges 43 exposed across the openings 26B in the heat shrunk tubular member 233.

In this manner, the handler of the package construction 20B can insert his hands in the opposed openings 26B of the package construction 29B and by lifting upwardly on the exposed edges 43 of the upper tray means 21B readily carry the package construction 2613 for easily handling thereof.

Thus, it can be seen that the tray means of this invention can be readily modified for various purposes while still maintaining the feature of spacing the product means received therein from adjacent product means in order to limit damage should the resulting package construction be subjected to impacts or the like.

In addition, the tray means 21, 21A and 21B previously described extend transversely across the resulting package constructions 20, 20A and 20B to fully reinforce the opposed ends of the heat shrunk tubular members 23, 23A and 2313, the side flaps 41 of the tray means 218 adding further reinforcement to the opposed ends of the heat shrunk tubular member 23B of the package construction 203.

Accordingly, it can be seen that not only does this invention provide an improved package construction having many unique and novel features, but also this invention provides improved parts for such a package construction or the like.

While the form of the invention now preferred has been disclosed as required by statute, other forms may be used, all coming within the scope of the claimed subject matter which follows.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, tray means having flap means extending upwardly therefrom, a plurality of product means each having a body portion provided with a bottom at the lower end thereof and a closure cap at the upper end thereof, said product means having the bottoms thereof disposed on said tray means and having the body portion thereof separated from each other at the lower ends thereof by said flap means, each closure cap being provided with outwardly directed flange means abutting adjacent flange means of adjacent product means to space the body portions of adjacent product means from each other at the upper ends thereof, and a heat shrunk tubular member disposed around said product means and said tray means to compact said product means and said tray means together to form a rigid package construction.

--2. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said flap means are each carved from said tray means.

3. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein each flap means is substantially triangular and has one edge thereof hingedly connected to said tray means.

4. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said tubular member has opposed opened ends overlapping the opposed ends of said product-filled tray means.

5. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said tray means comprises a plurality of trays each having said flap means and each having said product means disposed thereon, said product-filled trays being disposed in stacked relation.

6. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said tray means includes a single sheet of material having opposed ends, said opposed ends of said sheet being folded upwardly to provide side flaps extending along the opposed ends of said package construction.

7. A combination as set forth in claim 6 wherein said tubular member has opposed opened ends overlapping said opposed ends of said package construction whereby said side flaps reinforce said opposed ends of said tubular member.

8. A combination as set forth in claim 6 wherein said tray means comprises a plurality of said sheets each having said flap means and side flaps and each having said product means disposed thereon, said product-filled sheets being disposed in stacked relation.

9. A combination as set forth in claim 1 wherein said tray means comprises a plurality of trays each having said product means disposed thereon, said product means disposed thereon, said product-filled trays being disposed in stacked relation, said tubular member having opposed opened ends overlapping the opposed ends of said stacked and product-filled trays whereby one of said trays has opposed ends exposed at said opened ends of said tubular member to provide grasping means for lifting said combination.

iii. A combination as set forth in claim 9 wherein said one tray has side flaps providing said grasping means.

11. A combination as set forth in claim 9 wherein each of said trays has opposed transverse side flaps reinforcing said opposed ends of said tubular member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 428,765 5/1890 Wiest 22942 1,673,956 6/1928 Stewart 206- 2,042,446 5/1936 Ferguson 20665 2,533,738 12/1950 Moore 22942 2,849,151 8/1958 Heil 22097 2,989,175 6/1961 Jckel 20665 3,111,221 11/1963 Chapman et al. 22942 3,118,537 1/1964 Copping 22940 WILLIAM T. DIXSON, 1a., Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US428765 *Mar 21, 1890May 27, 1890 Peter c
US1673956 *Jun 15, 1927Jun 19, 1928Alexander B Stewart OrganizatiMerchandise package
US2042446 *Mar 7, 1932May 26, 1936J L Ferguson CompanyBottle packing method and means
US2533738 *Sep 5, 1945Dec 12, 1950Nat Biscuit CoDisplay package and tray
US2849151 *Jan 27, 1955Aug 26, 1958American Viscose CorpStacking container
US2989175 *Apr 2, 1958Jun 20, 1961Jekel Wilhelmus J APacking for bottles and similar, substantially cylindrical, containers
US3111221 *Nov 13, 1959Nov 19, 1963Reynolds Metals CoPlural container package and method of making the same
US3118537 *Feb 27, 1962Jan 21, 1964Atkron IncCarrier and package assembly
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3490582 *Dec 23, 1966Jan 20, 1970Reynolds Metals CoPackage construction for a plurality of articles
US3610412 *Oct 2, 1969Oct 5, 1971Phillips Petroleum CoSingle-service delivery packages
US3612301 *Jul 7, 1969Oct 12, 1971Peacock Bobbie DCushion pad insertable between heavy panels
US3650395 *Jan 22, 1970Mar 21, 1972Hobbs Reginald JohnShrink wrap package having the containers therein in contacting relation
US4155451 *May 9, 1978May 22, 1979Stone Container CorporationNon-skid paperboard tray
US4474293 *May 10, 1983Oct 2, 1984Westvaco CorporationMulti-product merchandising package
US4789063 *Feb 19, 1987Dec 6, 1988International Container Systems, Inc.Spacer tray for packaging containers
US4841711 *Jun 8, 1988Jun 27, 1989Illinois Tool Works Inc.Method of making a film encased package
US4896774 *May 11, 1987Jan 30, 1990International Container SystemsSpacer tray for packaging containers
US4919265 *Apr 12, 1989Apr 24, 1990Peter LemsFilm encased package
US5129211 *Dec 18, 1987Jul 14, 1992Andersson Claes GoeranMethod and an arrangement for the manufacture of a pack consisting of a banderole-like pack sleeve
US5330050 *Nov 12, 1993Jul 19, 1994Cornos CorporationPallet merchandising system for containers
US5547081 *Oct 25, 1993Aug 20, 1996Chiquita Brands, Inc.Unitized, stable stacking system with tier sheet stabilizer, and method
US6896129Mar 25, 2003May 24, 2005Illinois Tool Works Inc.Banded container package with opening feature
US6923314Nov 21, 2002Aug 2, 2005Illinois Tool Works Inc.Banded container package with opening feature
US7370761 *Sep 23, 2003May 13, 2008Delkor Systems, Inc.Innovative shipping package
US7458458Dec 23, 2004Dec 2, 2008Illinois Tool Works Inc.Sleeved container package with opening feature
US7661527 *Oct 27, 2006Feb 16, 2010Alain CerfTray for stacking containers
US7942263Oct 16, 2008May 17, 2011The C.W. Zumbiel Co.Beverage container package and dispenser
US8011865Apr 7, 2008Sep 6, 2011Standard Car Truck CompanyRailroad car coil restraint system
US8033768Oct 21, 2008Oct 11, 2011Standard Car Truck CompanyRailroad car coil restraint system
US8127925May 17, 2011Mar 6, 2012The C.W. Zumbiel CompanyContainer package and dispenser
US8277155Jul 29, 2011Oct 2, 2012Standard Car Truck CompanyRailroad car coil restraint system
US8308409Sep 8, 2011Nov 13, 2012Standard Car Truck CompanyRailroad car coil restraint system
US8727682Dec 1, 2011May 20, 2014Premark Packaging LlcShock absorption and restraint apparatus
EP2014573A2 *Feb 15, 2008Jan 14, 2009MeadWestvaco Packaging Systems LLCComposite packaging and blank therefor
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/139, 206/432, 206/821, 206/503
International ClassificationB65D71/00, B65D71/70, B65D71/10
Cooperative ClassificationB65D71/70, Y10S206/821, B65D71/10, B65D2571/00024
European ClassificationB65D71/70, B65D71/10