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Publication numberUS3385462 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 28, 1968
Filing dateDec 7, 1966
Priority dateDec 17, 1965
Also published asDE1511605A1
Publication numberUS 3385462 A, US 3385462A, US-A-3385462, US3385462 A, US3385462A
InventorsAlgrain Andre, Fabry Gerard, Deldime Leon
Original AssigneeGlaverbel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet packing arrangement
US 3385462 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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United States Patent O 3,385,462 SHEET PACKING ARRANGEMENT Lon Deldime, Brussels, Andr Algrain, Uccle, and Grard Fabry, Jumet, Belgium, assignors to Glaverbel S.A., Brussels, Belgium Filed Dec. 7, 1966, Ser. No. 599,838 Claims priority, applicatiorl) (Iglxembourg, Dec. 17, 1965,

6 Claims. (l. 214-105) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Fragile sheets, such as glas-s, which are flat or curved are held safely together in a stack. Adjacent sheets are separated lby a number of resilient spacers.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field f the invention 2. Description of the prior art It is known to interpose loose materials such as straw, wool liber and sawdust between sheets of glass when they are packed for transportation, or to interpose sheets of relatively soft material :such Ias paper or corrugated cardboard, but these methods ldo not prevent surface damage to the sheets which may in some cases make them useless, particularly if they are of very high quality glass or have been specially surface treated.

The aforesaid conventional packing methods are particularly unsatisfactory for packing flat sheets of different sizes, since the interposed packing material is liable to be penetrated by edges of the smaller sheets, and for packing curved sheets, for instance panoramic windshields, which may differ in profile, however slightly, and thus cannot be clamped together under uniform overall pressure without imposing stresses on the sheets.

A similar problem concerning stresses is encountered when packing double or multiple glazing units comprising two or more gla-ss sheets marginally secured together in spaced relationship, and this problem arises whether or not there is a frame which extends outwardly from the exposed sheet surface. In assembling such unit-s, stresses are imposed which sometime result in a slight curvature of the sheets in their marginal zones which make the sheets more liable to break if they are subjected to excessive local pressures when packaged. In some cases, similar problems arise when packing article-s comprising a single framed glass sheet.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION With this in mind, it is a main object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art.

Another object is to provide a packing arrangement for fragile sheets, such as glass, which protects them from damage even when they are not dat.

These objects and others ancillary thereto are in accordance with preferred embodiments of the invention wherein stacked or packaged sheets or stacked or packaged 3,385,462 Patented May 28, 1968 articles comprising one or more marginally held sheets, are kept 4in mutually spaced relationship by local spacing members each of which adheres to at least one of the articles or sheets between which it is located.

The expression sheet where used herein includes a sheet laminate, e.g., a sheet of Triplex glass.

Preferably the s-pacing members are resilient; for example -they may be made of rubber or polyurethane foam. If the spacer members are resilient they allow the sheets or articles `to expand freely under the inuence of heat or other atmospheric conditions. Each member preferably adheres to both sheets or articles between which it is located. If the invention is employed in the stacking or packaging of articles comprising .a frame which stands proud of the exposed surfaces of the framed sheet or sheets, the spacer members are nevertheless preferably located between the sheets of adjacent articles.

Any method of `adhesion permitting the spacing mem- :bers -to -be easily removed from the sheets or articles without damaging them is permissible. The spacer members m-ay bear a -coating or coatings of a pressure-sensitive adhesive. Such members can be made very cheaply so that they are discardable. However, an important preferred feature of the invention resides in the use of spacer members shaped with concave faces .to function as suckers so that -they can adhere to at surfaces by air pressure alone and leave no mark when they are removed.

The invention may be employed in the stacking of sheets in a vertical or leaning position on the door of a work-room or transportation vehicle or on sti-llages or pallets, as well as in the packing of sheets in packing cases. Due to their adherence to the sheets or articles the spacing members cannot .become displaced during movement of the stack or package during transportation. Ventilating air can pass between the sheets and thus prevent the occurrence of irridescence such yas sometimes occurs due to the penetration of moisture between the sheets in conventional packages.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon consideration of the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:l

FIGURE 1 is a front view of two -double glazings held apart by local spacer members bearing adhesive coatings.

IFIGURE 2 is a partial sectional view of the double glazings taken substantially along the plane defined by reference line 2 2 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional view of another stack according to the invention.

FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale, of one of t-he spacer members used in the stack shown in lFIGURE 3.

FIGURE 5 is a cross-sectional view through two panoramic windshields held in spaced relationship by means of spacer members in the form of suction members.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIGURES l and 2 show two double glazings 2 separated by spacing members 3 which adhere to each of the faces with which they are in Contact. The number of spacing members used depends on the nature of the surfaces of the glass sheets and the loading weight. In general it has been `found that it is suitable to use spacing members with -square contact faces (asy 20 mm. square) and to locate such members :at intervals of about 50 cm. and at a few centimeters from the peripheries of the glazings.

The spacing members may, e.g., be pads of polyurethane having coatings of pressure-sensitive adhesive on the opposite faces which contact the glass sheets. Adhesives based on polyisobutylene and/ or polyvinylbutyral are suitable.

FIGURE 2 shows, in an exaggerated manner, at places 4, the deformations which may be found at the edges of double glazing units. Such deformations set up local pressures which may break the sheets if the glazings are not held apart.

The spacing members may be used in a similar manner for packing glazings of different length and breadth dimensions. In that case the spacing members prevent the edges of the smaller glazings from contacting and spoiling adjacent surfaces of larger sheets.

FIGURE 3 shows three sheets 5, 6, and 10 held in spaced relation by spacing members 7 each having a head portion 8 formed as a suction member, and a stern portion 9. The FIGURE shows the head portions of the suction members in unflattened condition. In the course of packing or stacking the sheets the head portions are caused to adhere to sheets and 6 by suction. The sheet 10 is located (without adhesion) between the stem portions of the spacing members attached to the neighboring sheets. A stack of `any required number of sheets may be built up in this manner. One of the spacing members is shown in section and on a larger scale in FIGURE 4.

FIGURE 5 shows two panoramic windshields 11, 12 held in spaced relationship for transportation, by spacing members 13, both end portions 14, 15 of which are in the form of suction members. The windshields 11, 12 have the same general curvature, but in such articles the curvatures may not always be precisely the same. When spacing members are used in accordance with the invention, such differences in curvature will not involve risk of breakage when the sheets are stacked or packaged.

It will be understood that the above description of the present invention is susceptible to various modifications, changes, and adaptations, and the same are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a pack of relatively fragile sheets or articles comprising one or more marginally held sheets, the improvement comprising local spacing members adhering to at least one of the sheets or articles, at the margins thereof, and disposed between adjacent sheets or articles for maintaining them in mutually spaced relationship, each said local spacing member being associated with only one surface of any given sheet or article.

2. A pack as defined in claim 1 wherein said spacing members are resilient.

3. A pack as defined in claim 2 wherein said spacing members have adhesive coatings to cause them to adhere to the sheets.

4. A pack as deiined in claim 2 wherein said spacing members include suction members to cause them to adhere to the sheets.

5. A pack as deiined in claim 2 wherein the sheets or articles are of glass.

6. A method of forming a pack of sheets or articles comprising one or more marginally held sheets comprising the steps of: adhering local spacing members to the marginal regions of the large surface of at least one sheet or article, each such local spacing member being associated with only one surface of any given sheet or article; and stacking the at least one sheet or article with additional sheets or articles with their large surfaces adjacent to each other and separated from each other by said spacing members.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,062,948 12/1936 Swank et al. 21410.5X 2,476,145 7/ 1949 Gwyn et al. 206-62 2,973,089 2/ 1961 Brichard et al. 206--62 JOSEPH R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner. THERON E. CONDON, Examiner.

I. M. CASKIE, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2062948 *Oct 23, 1933Dec 1, 1936Swank Albert MMethod and means for separating and retarding relative movement of refractory, vitrified, and like products during transportation
US2476145 *Aug 12, 1944Jul 12, 1949Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoProtection of surfaces
US2973089 *May 8, 1957Feb 28, 1961Union Des Verreries MecaniquesProcess for the protection of glass against iridescence and package for carrying this process into effect
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4061228 *Dec 20, 1976Dec 6, 1977Fluoroware, Inc.Shipping container for substrates
US4069359 *Jun 14, 1976Jan 17, 1978The Goodyear Tire & Rubber CompanyMeans and method of separating lengths of flattened flexible polymeric tube
US4805774 *Aug 27, 1987Feb 21, 1989Salisbury John WSupport log for shipping sheet material
US4834824 *Jan 20, 1988May 30, 1989Preform Sealants, Inc.Method of making a foamed-in-place gasket
US4899880 *Feb 28, 1989Feb 13, 1990Carter Associates, Inc.Foam packaging separator
US5101976 *Dec 4, 1989Apr 7, 1992Salisbury John WShipping log for components
US5320225 *Apr 23, 1993Jun 14, 1994Hrc ProductsApparatus and method for securely carrying a substrate
US5352313 *Jan 28, 1993Oct 4, 1994Tiedeck Michael TSealant and window carrier structures
US5644898 *Jul 11, 1995Jul 8, 1997Fanuc Robotics North America, Inc.Glass packaging system and method
US6220437 *Aug 24, 1998Apr 24, 2001Gemtron CorporationStack of spaced sheets
US6488804Mar 5, 2001Dec 3, 2002Gemtron CorporationMethod of manufacturing a stack of spaced lites
US6652945Mar 5, 2001Nov 25, 2003Gemtron CorporationMethod of manufacturing a stack of spaced lites
US6752271Jul 26, 2002Jun 22, 2004Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Windshield packaging system using synergistic clamp jaw components
US6773777Mar 5, 2001Aug 10, 2004Gemtron CorporationMethod of manufacturing a stack of spaced lites
US6789674Jul 26, 2002Sep 14, 2004Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Windshield packaging system using pressure-regulated clamps
US6886692Jul 26, 2002May 3, 2005Alfred E. Mann Institute For Biomedical Engineering At The University Of Southern CaliforniaWindshield packaging system using corrugated box with horizontally-running flutes
US7080735 *Apr 14, 2005Jul 25, 2006Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Windshield packaging system using pressure-regulated clamps with synergistic clamp jaw components
US7533771Apr 12, 2006May 19, 2009Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Windshield packaging system using pressure-regulated clamps with synergistic clamp jaw components
US7665280 *Sep 2, 2008Feb 23, 2010American Corrugated Products, Inc.Automobile part shipping system and method
US8132275 *Apr 15, 2005Mar 13, 2012Aqua Glass CorporationTub enclosure with hinges between walls
US8474618 *Apr 30, 2007Jul 2, 2013Menasha CorporationSingle glass sheet package with suction cups
US8484771Feb 6, 2012Jul 16, 2013Masco Bath CorporationTub enclosure
US20140190857 *Feb 22, 2013Jul 10, 2014Gudeng Precision Industrial Co., Ltd.Limit member having protection cover
EP0164631A2 *May 25, 1985Dec 18, 1985Kartonnagefabriek Besin b.v.Intermediate strip to be fixed to the external face of a pile of glass sheets
EP0997408A2Aug 10, 1999May 3, 2000Gemtron CorporationA method of manufacturing a stack of spaced lites
WO1999024330A1 *Nov 5, 1998May 20, 1999Willi MennickenSpacer
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/447, 206/593, 206/448, 206/454, 206/585
International ClassificationB65D57/00, B65D85/48, B65G49/05, B65G49/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65G2249/045, B65D85/48, B65D57/00, B65G49/069
European ClassificationB65D57/00, B65G49/06H2