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Publication numberUS3385601 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 28, 1968
Filing dateMay 19, 1965
Priority dateMay 19, 1965
Publication numberUS 3385601 A, US 3385601A, US-A-3385601, US3385601 A, US3385601A
InventorsBlack William R
Original AssigneeOuters Lab Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Billy club with hand guard and personnel immobilizing agent
US 3385601 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 28, 1968 w. R. BLACK 3,385,601

BILLY CLUB WITH HAND GUARD AND PERSONNEL IMMOBILIZING AGENT Filed May 19, 1965 M44141; 2 Bmcx Am, WW

Irma/vars United States Patent 3,385,501 BILLY CLUB WITH HAND GUARD AND PER- SONNEL IMMOBILIZING AGENT William R. Black, La Crosse, Wis., assignor to Outers Laboratories, Inc., Onalaska, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Filed May 19, 1965, Ser. No. 456,928 9 Claims. (Cl. 273-84) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Disclosed herein is a billy club comprising an elongated club portion, an elongated handle portion extending from one end of the club portion in the same general direction, and a guard which is generally located co-eX- tensive with said handle portion and which includes a hand protecting part having a triangular cross section in a plane generally transverse to said handle portion and parts connecting said hand protecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto. The club may contain a personnel immobilizing agent which can be selectively ejected through an end of the club.

This invention relates to clubs, and more particularly, to billy clubs.

An important object of the present invention is to provide a billy club which is sufficiently small to be useful in confined quarters, such as in the interior of a car, which is arranged to permit the user thereof to simultaneously write with a pen, and which has a hand guard or shield for protecting the users hand, for preventing a blow or cut on the hand from disarming the user, and for atfording the user sufiicient leverage to prevent the hilly club from being wrestled from the users grasp.

In the disclosed construction, the billy club includes a club portion, a handle portion, and a shield or hand guard of generally greater width than the handle portion and connected to the handle portion to provide a gap between the shield and the handle portion to receive the hand of the user.

Another object is to provide a billy club which can be effectively used for jabbing and punching as well as for clubbing.

Another object is to provide a billy club which is lightweight and compact enough to be carried anywhere on the user, to be used in either hand and at any angle, and to be held in a ready position in the users hand and still afford use of that hand for doing other things.

Another object is to provide a hilly club which has no sharp edges or corners which can cut or seriously injure a person struck with the club.

Another object is to provide a billy club which is also adapted to be used as a gas or pepper gun and which can fire multiple shots.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of a billy club, with parts broken away and in section, showing various of the features of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is an end view of the billy club shown in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken along line 44 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken along line 6-6 of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the hilly club shown in FIGURE 1.

Referring now to FIGURE 1, the billy club 10 generally comprises an elongated club portion 12 having a generally blunt end 20 shown at the left in FIG. 1, an elongated handle portion 14 which extends from the other end of the club portion in the same general direction and has a length approximately the same as that of the club portion, and a hand guard or shield 16. The club portion 12 is of circular cross section, as shown in FIGURE 3, and includes a generally cylindrical surface 18 which is well adapted for striking heavy blows and a partially spherical, blunted end 20 which is well adapted for jabbing and poking.

The handle portion 14 can be knurled to facilitate gripping and has a cross sectional configuration that can best be described by referring to FIGURE 4. Half of the cross section is semicircular as designated by the numeral 24 and is of the same radius as the circular cross section of the club portion 12. The other half of the cross section is generally semi-elliptical as designated by the numeral 25 and is of reduced radius relative to the circular cross section of the club portion 12. The half of the handle portion 14 having the semi-circular cross section 24 defines a semi-cylindrical surface 26 which, in conjunction with the cylindrical surface 18 of the club portion 12, forms a generally continuous smooth surface. The half of the handle portion 1 4 having the semi-elliptical cross section defines a slightly flattened surface 27, which surface facilitates gripping of the handle portion 14. The flattened surface 27 is smoothly blended into the cylindrical surface 18 at the point of transition therebetween. At its other end, and adjacent to the handle portion 14, the club 10 includes a partially spherical end 28.

Protection of the users hand is afforded by the guard or shield 16 which includes a hand-protecting or covering part 30 generally coextensive with the handle portion 14 and connecting parts 32 which join the hand-protecting part 30 to the handle portion 14 and the handprotecting part 30. The opening 33 is of sufficient dimension to receive the hand of the user.

The hand-protecting part 30 is of triangular cross section, as shown in FIGURE 6, and is provided with a flat surface 34 which is located in opposed relation to the flattened surface 27 and which is wider than the handle portion 14. The outer surfaces 36 of the hand-protecting part 30 are acutely angularly related to the flat surface 34 and merge with one another along a shallow, rounded ridge or crown 38. The edge portions 39 defined by the intersection of the respective outer surfaces 36 with the fiat surface 34 are rounded as by suitable radii to avoid sharp edges.

The connecting parts 32 joining the hand-protecting part 30 to the handle portion 14 are oppositely acutely angularly related to the handle portion 14. Each of the connecting parts 32 has a varying triangular cross section which decreases in size toward the handle portion 14, as shown in FIGURE 2. Adjacent .to the hand-protecting part 30, each connecting part 32 has a width approximating the width of the hand-protecting part 30. The width of each connecting part 32 progressively decreases to a width at the joinder of the respective parts 32 to the handle portion 14 equal to the width of the handle portion. The fiat surfaces 40 of each part 32, in conjunction with the flat surface 34 of the hand-protecting part 30, form a single continuous U-shaped surface to provide a large bearing area for the users hand. The outer surfaces 42 of each connecting part 32 form a shallow, rounded ridge or crown 44, which surfaces 42 and crown 44 are smoothly blended at one end with the surfaces 3 6 and the corresponding crown 38 and, at the other end, with the handle portion 14 as by large radii, thereby eliminating sharp corners. Elimination of sharp corners or edges on the hilly club prevents serious cutting and injury to a person struck therewith. The triangular cross sectional construction of the shield 16 atfords structural rigidity even when light-weight materials are used to manufacture the billy club.

The club portion 12 can be suitably employed to strike or jab with, and the shield :16, as well as protecting the hand, is useful for striking blows, or for thwarting blows or attacks.

The billy club 10 can be adapted for use as a gas or pepper gun, as shown in FIGURE 1. The club portion 12 is removably connected, as by complementary threads or other suitable means, to the handle portion 14. The club portion .12 includes a central bore 60 and means in the form of a movable trigger 62 having a cam member 64 disposed in an enlarged portion 65 of the central bore 60. The handle portion 14 includes a cavity 66 of sufficient dimensions to house a suitable pressurized tube 68 having a contents of a personnel immobilizing agent, such as gas or pepper. The tube 68 includes a standard valve 69 and a nozzle arrangement 70' whereby movement of the nozzle to one side opens the valve 69 and allows the pressurized contents of the tube 68 to escape through the nozzle 70.

With the club portion 12 threadedly connected to the handle portion 14, movement of the trigger 62 toward the handle portion 14 causes the cam member 64 to move the nozzle 70 to one side (as shown in broken lines in FIGURE 7) and thereby open the valve 69. The pressurized contents of the tube 68 will escape through the nozzle 70 and from the club 10 through the central bore 60. Accordingly, a multiple number of shots is available providing that the contents of the tube 68 are not completely expelled by the previous shots.

This invention is not limited to the particular trigger, tube, nozzle and valve arrangement described above, but contemplates any kind of pressurized tube that can be actuated by any suitable trigger means operable by the user of the club to selectively afford one or more shots of varying duration.

The billy clubs 10 can also be easily adapted for use as a flashlight (not shown) by inserting batteries in the cavity 66 and a bulb in the end of club portion 12. Suitable connections can be provided to the battery, trigger, and bulb for affording actuation by means of the trigger.

Various of the features of the present invention are set forth in the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A billy club comprising an elongated, blunt-ended club portion, an elongated handle portion extending from one end of said club portion in the same general direction and having a length approximately the same as the length of said club portion, and a guard extending approximately for the length of said handle portion and including a hand-protecting part, and means connecting said handprotecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto.

2. A billy club comprising an elongated, blunt-ended club portion, an elongated handle portion, and a guard which is generally coextensive with said handle portion and which includes a hand-protecting part having a triangular cross section in a plane generally transverse to said handle portion, and parts connecting said handprotecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto.

3. A billy club in accordance with claim 2, wherein said hand-protecting part includes a surface in opposed relation to said handle portion and having a width greater than the maximum width of said handle portion in a plane parallel to said surface.

4. A billy club in accordance with claim 2, wherein said connecting parts are oppositely angularly related to said hand-protecting part and have varying triangular cross sections of progressively decreasing size toward said handle portion.

5. A billy club comprising a club portion having a generally circular cross section and a partially spherical end, a handle portion having a slightly flattened surface to facilitate grasping thereof, a partially spherical end adjacent said handle portion, and a guard including a hand-protecting part of triangular cross section, said handprote'cting part including a flat surface having a width greater than the maximum width of said handle portion in a plane parallel to said surface, and parts connecting said hand-protecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto with said flat surface disposed in opposed relation to said flattened surface of said handle portion, said parts being oppositely angularly related to said handprotecting part and having varying triangular cross sections of progressively decreasing size toward said handle portion.

"6. A billy club comprising a club portion having a central bore, a handle portion removably connected to said club portion, extending from one end of said club portion in the same general direction, and including a cavity, a pressurized tube of personnel immobilizing agent disposed in said cavity and having means for selectively releasing said agent from said tube through said central bore, and a guard connected to said handle portion for shielding the hand of a user.

7. A billy club comprising a club portion having a central bore and trigger means, a handle portion removably threadedly connected to said club portion, extending from one end of said club portion in the same general direction, and including a cavity, a pressurized tube of a personnel immobilizing agent disposed in said cavity and having a valve and nozzle means located proximate to, and adapted to be actuated by, said trigger means for selectively delivering spurts of the agent from said tube through said central 'bore, and a guard connected to said handle portion for shielding the hand of a user.

8. A billy club in accordance with claim 7, wherein said guard includes a hand-protecting part generally coextensive with said handle portion and having a triangular cross section, and parts connecting said handprotecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto, said parts having varying triangular cross sections of decreasing size toward said handle portion.

9. A billy club adapted to be used as a gas or pep'per gun, said club comprising a club portion having a central bore and trigger means, a handle portion removably threadedly connected to said club portion and including a cavity adapted to receive a pressurized tube of personnel immobilizing agent, and a guard including a handpr-otecting part generally co-extensive with said handle portion and having a triangular cross section, and parts connecting said hand protecting part to said handle portion in spaced relation thereto, said parts each having a varying triangular cross section of progressively decreasing size toward said handle portion.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,179,611 4/ 1916 Cilley 27'3--84 1,994,295 3/1935 Williams 42-'l X 2,195,690 4/ 1940 Bohler 42-1 2,756,737 7/195'6 Resch 124--1'1 3,025,845 3/ 1962 Cardia et al. 124 l1 3,241,541 3/1966 Coffey '124-27 RICHARD C. PI NKHA M, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1179611 *Apr 13, 1914Apr 18, 1916Earl O CilleyPoliceman's club.
US1994295 *Mar 8, 1934Mar 12, 1935Chemical Protective Arms CorpGas and noxious powder gun
US2195690 *May 16, 1939Apr 2, 1940Bohler Jesse MCombination club and firearm
US2756737 *May 21, 1953Jul 31, 1956Resch Jr Joseph BCoiled streamer and projecting means therefor
US3025845 *Sep 8, 1960Mar 20, 1962Antonio A CardiaSpear gun
US3241541 *Apr 18, 1962Mar 22, 1966Coffey Sr Francis TMarbles gun
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3593926 *Oct 2, 1969Jul 20, 1971Us ArmyApparatus for disseminating lachrymatory material
US4016666 *May 6, 1976Apr 12, 1977Finn Charles AClipboard incorporating weapon
US4034982 *Apr 2, 1976Jul 12, 1977Roswitha Eva RupprechtHand held defensive weapon
US4283051 *Feb 11, 1980Aug 11, 1981Perez Sergio JPolice night stick
US4463879 *Mar 8, 1982Aug 7, 1984Voignes Gregory C DesAttack repellent holder
US4778181 *Jun 3, 1987Oct 18, 1988Arney James LHand tool for truck drivers and policemen
US4884809 *Dec 30, 1985Dec 5, 1989Larry RowanInteractive transector device
US5118108 *Jan 3, 1991Jun 2, 1992Wilmoth Iii Clark LPolice baton with hand guard and trapping tip
US5188362 *Jun 17, 1991Feb 23, 1993Hideyuki AshiharaPolice baton with crosshandle and handguard
US5192074 *Jan 13, 1992Mar 9, 1993Hideyuki AshiharaGuard baton with rotating crosshandle
US5318492 *Feb 5, 1993Jun 7, 1994Quinn Joan MJogging weight with repellent chemical
US5447308 *Mar 23, 1994Sep 5, 1995Girard; Edward W.Defensive police baton
US5829643 *Jun 12, 1997Nov 3, 1998Isabella; RosemarySelf-defense device
US5842601 *Oct 28, 1997Dec 1, 1998Pierpoint; James W.Combination night stick and irritant dispenser
US5842602 *Mar 26, 1998Dec 1, 1998Pierpoint; James W.Irritant dispenser and method
US6199726May 11, 1999Mar 13, 2001Vermillion CorporationChemical irritant dispenser
US6463688Jun 15, 2000Oct 15, 2002Less Lethal, Inc.Bean bag baton
US7644839Feb 8, 2005Jan 12, 2010Mcnulty Jr James FHousing for chemical irritant dispenser
US7744471 *Jul 23, 2003Jun 29, 2010Armanent Systems And Procedures, Inc.Tactical defense device having baton and spray dispensing capabilities
US8231474Apr 30, 2010Jul 31, 2012Aegis Industries, Inc.Multi-stimulus personal defense device
WO2000068633A1 *Apr 17, 2000Nov 16, 2000Walter Wilcox Cardwell IiiChemical irritant dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification463/47.4, 42/1.16
International ClassificationF41H9/10, F41H9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41H9/10
European ClassificationF41H9/10