US 3389517 A
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June 25, 1968 J. B. DUNNINGTON 3,389,517
INSTALLATION METHOD FOR PARTITIONS Filed June 0, 1965 INVENTOR. JON B. DUNN/Nam United States Patent 3,389,517 INSTALLATION METHOD FOR PARTITIONS Jon B. Dunnington, Mercer Island, Wash., assignor to Weyerhaeuser Company, Tacoma, Wash., a corporation of Washington Filed June 30, 1965, Ser. No. 468,511 3 Claims. (Cl. 52-238) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLGSURE A method of installing movable partitions utilizing cohesive tapes to hold the top and bottom of the partitions against the ceiling and floor. The weight of the partition against the bottom tape and the pressure of the upper edge of the partition against the top tape insure that the cohesive properties of the tape will be adequate to resist dislocating forces applied against the partition. When a change of position of the partitions is desired, they can be disassembled and removed without damage to the floor or ceiling.
The present invention relates to building structures and more particularly to a method of installing walls and partitions which permits ease of installation and removal with liitle or no floor and ceiling damage.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a method of installation for partitions of the types which either span from floor to ceiling or from floor to partial heights. With the ever increasing need for office and other space-dividers there has been presented a pressing need for a removable partition system which is portable, easily and quickly installed and easily and quickly changed in location without damaging the floors and ceiling to which the partitions are secured.
It has been common practice in the past to install partitions by using metal runners for the floors and ceilings to which the bottom and top respectively of the wall or partition are secured. These runners are attached to the floor or ceiling by means of screws or bolts and thereby cause some destruction of the floors or ceilings where the bolts or screws are placed. A typical installation of this type is disclosed in the US. patent to Tomlinson No. 2,54Q,305.
in summary, this invention relates to the use of certain tacky tapes, which contact the floor and ceiling in the areas Where the partitions are desired, providing suflicient means for holding the partition walls in place and at the same time permitting the walls to be relocated quickly and easily without destruction to the floors and ceilings.
The invention has further reference to certain features of accomplishment which will become apparent as the description proceeds, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIGURES 1a to 1c are fragmentary perspective views of the sequence of installation of a partition in accordance with the method of the instant invention.
FIGURES 2a and 2b are fragmentary perspective views of the sequence of installation of securing the top portion of a partition to the ceiling surface.
Continuing with a more detailed description of the drawings, reference is primarily made to FIGURES la to la inclusive in which numeral 2 denotes a floor surface upon which the partition .10 is to be installed. An installation line 3 may be used to denote the desired position of the partition 10 and to guide the location of a tape 5. The tape 5 is applied to the surface 2 by unrolling the tape reel 7. As is shown in the FIGURE 1b, the next step in the process is to place a floor runner 8 onto the tape 5. As shown in FIGURE 10 the third step of the process is 3,339,517 Patented June 25, 1968 to place the partition leveling devices 9 upon the floor runner 8 to provide support for the partition 10.
The weight of the partition 10 is sufficient to co-act with the cohesive properties of the tape 5 to resist dislocating forces which may be applied to the side of the partition 10. This method may be practice-d to install partial height partitions or to install full floor to ceiling spanning partitions.
When the partition 10 is a full height partition, spanning the distance between the floor surface 2 and the ceiling surface 12 as shown in FIGURE 2a, a similar method for securing the top portion of the partition 10 to the ceiling surface 12 can be practiced. The tape 5 is applied to the ceiling surface 12 at the desired location as is shown in FIGURE 2a. The top portion of the partition 10 is moved into contact With the tape 5 as is shown in FIG- URE 2b.
When it is desired to relocate or to completely disassemble the partition which has been installed according to the above described methods, it is a simple matter of reversing the order of installation and then removing the tape from the floor or ceiling surfaces without damage to these surfaces.
Many alternate methods for installing the partitions suggest themselves once the concept of the use of the tape is known. For example, it is possible to apply the tape to the floor runner prior to installation, and then simply place the runner with the tape onto the floor surface in the desired location. Likewise the tape can be applied to the top portion of the partition and then the partition and tape located so that the tape contacts the ceiling surface. Since the tape can be made of a cohesive material which sticks to itself, it is possible to place the tape onto the floor surface, to place another piece of tape onto the bottom of the runner, and then to place the two pieces of tape in contact with each other.
A suitable tape for this installation method is a tacky butyl, or any of its equivalents having cohesive properties. The use of butyl in liquid form is considered an equivalent to butyl in tape form as herein described.
Having now described my invention and in what manner the same may be used, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is: i
1. A method of installing partitions, which includes panel units mounted on base runners, which comprises:
(a) securing a tape means, having a tacky surface on at least one side, to the bottom surface of a base runner so that a tacky surface of said tape is exposed,
(b) laying said base runner on a floor surface with said exposed tacky surface of said tape contacting said floor surface; and
(c) imposing the Weight of said panel units onto said base runner, and further,
((1) applying a tape means, having a tacky surface on both sides, to a ceiling surface with one tacky surface contacting said ceiling surface, and
(e) pressing the top surface of said panel units against the other tacky surface of said tape on said ceiling.
2. A removable partition system for dividing the floor space in a room comprising in combination:
floor tape means having cohesive properties contacting the floor of said room to locate said partition and to resist dislocating forces which may be applied to said partition system;
floor runner means laid along and in cohesive contact with said tape means;
partition leveling devices placed along the upper surface of said floor runner means;
partition means supported by said leveling devices; and
ceiling tape means having cohesive properties contacting the ceiling of said room with one surface and the top of said partition with its other surface.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1931 Adams et al. 52204 2/1936 Carpenter 248--205 Tomlinson 52242 Downing 161-406 Graif 52242 Oliver 52746 Gartrell 52283 Moore 52288 Hiller 52122 FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Primary Examiner.