|Publication number||US3390893 A|
|Publication date||Jul 2, 1968|
|Filing date||Jul 18, 1966|
|Priority date||Jul 20, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3390893 A, US 3390893A, US-A-3390893, US3390893 A, US3390893A|
|Inventors||Finlay Maclaren Owen|
|Original Assignee||Finlay Maclaren Owen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (51), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 2, 1968 ac 3,390,893
STRUCTURES FOR FOLDING BABY-CARRIAGES, CHAIRS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 18. 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet l July 2, 1968 o. F. M LAREN 3,390,893
STRUCTURES FOR FOLDING BABY-CARRIAGES, CHAIRS, AND THE LIKE Filed Jul 18, 1966 4 Shets-Sheet July 2. 1968 I o. F. MacLAREN 3,390,893
STRUCTURES FOR FOLDING BABY-CARRIAGES, CHAIRS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 18, 1966 2 x, 1 FIGS I I I 5 70 9A 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 July 2. 1968 FwC R -N 3,390,893
STRUCTURES FOR FOLDING BABY-CARRIAGES, CHAIRS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 18, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 United States Patent 3,390,893 STRUCTURES FOR FOLDING BABY-CARRIAGES, CHAIRS, AND THE LIKE Owen Finlay Maclaren, Arnold House, Barby, near Rugby, England Filed July 18, 1966, Ser. No. 566,148 Claims priority, application Great Britain, July 20, 1965, 30,787/65; Aug. 10, 1965, 34,181/65 15 Claims. (Cl. 28039) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A baby carriage or the like having two frames which are interpivotally connected by means of a two-axes pivot joint, and which are held in their unfolded position at a fixed angle with respect to each other by rigid brace members pivotally connected to the frames.
This invent-ion relates to structures for folding babycarriages, folding chairs, and the like. There are many (folding structures of this kind, and most of them fold flat; that is to say their extended and basically 3-dimensional envelope, is foldable into a basically 2-dimensional envelope disregarding the obviously necessary structural volume when folded. The present invention is concerned with structures which may be colloquially described as stick folding as compared to flat folding. That is to say that when folded they occupy a relatively very small cross-sectional bundled-up area roughly corresponding to a stick-like formation in the sense that a folded umbrella is a stick-like formation. The cross-sectional area of the envelope of the structure when folded, is not much larger than that of the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the component members in their most compact relationship, and occupies the minimum transverse dimensions.
The invention is primarily directed to the structure of a baby-carriage which is stick folding and which when folded, can indeed be handled, stowed, or packed, somewhat in the manner of a walking stick or shooting stick and is of light enough construction to make this feasible. The invention may, however, be applied, as a structure, to a folding chair, an invalid chair, a shopping-carrier, or any such article, where a three-dimensional structure is required to be folded into a stick-like formation, and especially when the intended structure must be strong and capable of adapting itself to uneven standing, trundling on wheels, and yet light and economic to make.
According to the invention, a structure for the purpose indicated comprises two X-like frames of intersecting interpivoted rigid elements, which frames are articularly interconnected at two cor-responding corners thereof so that when extended these frames lie substantially in planes at an angle one to the other and when collapsed their elements lie near-parallel as a bundle or stick-like formation, brace elements to complete a triangulate formation when extended of which two sides are representative of the two planes of the frames, and the third side corresponds to the brace elements, and collapsible toggle-bar means connected articularly to the two frames and such that when extended such toggle-bar means keeps the frames extended.
According further to the invention, the structure comprises when extended, a bottom X-like frame in approximately horizontal plane, of interpivoted members; a back X-like frame, in a plane very roughly at rightangles to that of the bottom frame and also of interpivoted members, the two adjacent corners of these frames being pivotally interconnected; and brace ele- 3,390,893 Patented July 2, 1968 ice ' versely and hold them in the extended condition. The
toggle strut means to interconnect the X-frames transments, or, as preferred, may take the form of a separate element.
Such a structure is collapsible into a situation wherein all the members and elements lie nearly parallel, thus forming in what has been termed a stick-like folded condition, by reason of the two X-like frames collapsing, each controlled by the other, and the brace elements folding about their pivoted interconnection so that the outer ends of the X-frames come together.
Further, means preferably in the form of a deadcentre toggle link are provided, folding together with the foregoing, and such that when extended the link in compression locks the structure extended.
The brace members are preferably extended to form handles.
Wheels may be providedand of course for a baby or invalid carriage are provided; these are located at each corner of the bottom X-frame and one pair may be borne at the lower and slightly extended ends of the brace elements and the other pair on the lower ends of the back X-frame.
Also included in the invention is a structure in which one pair of wheels is borne at the lower ends of struts attached at their upper ends to the brace elements and at points near their lower ends to the back X-frame.
In the case of a carriage or a chair, there is provided a pliable fabric seat, and this is basically a length of fabric attached to the brace elements and folding as they fold. The brace elements also afford lateral support for the occupant and may be protected or upholstered. A foot rest preferably takes the form of a strip of pliable fabric, or a strap extending between the bottom ends of the brace elements or the forward corners of the bottom X-frame; acting as atension member it may serve to brace the front end of the structure against any tendency to splay.
The structure is preferably held extended by a toggle element which comprises two bars centrally interpivoted with a dead centre stop, and pivoted at each end near the bottom corners of the back X-frame; in that situation it is conveniently operable by one foot. However, such a toggle element may be near the upper end of the structure-for example, pivoted near the upper corners of the back X-frame, in which case it is conveniently hand-operated.
Whilst the structure as a whole can easily be carried like a shooting-stick, one pair of wheels remain operable at the bottom end when folded and so the folded structure may be trundled on those wheels. It then becomes practicable to provide a shopping bag or basket, the greater part of the weight being wheel-borne, when the apparatus is not in use as a carriage.
A baby carriage or stroller will now be described as an example of the invention, along witha similar carriage with minor structural alterations. These are illustrated by the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of one form of the structure extended;
FIGURE 2 is a side-elevation illustrating the geometry ofthe structure extended, and in dotted line, partially folded;
FIGURE 3 is an elevation of the structure in its folded state, and represents what is herein called stick folding; and
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a second form of the structure extended.
The bottom X-frame is two tubes 1, 2, pivoted at their intersection at 3. The tubes 1, 2, can be considered to be diagonals of a rectangle of which the four corners are the effective ends of the tubes. The so-called front corners are at 1A, 2A and rear corners at 1B, 2B. The back X- frame is two tubes 4, 5, pivoted at their intersection at 6. Its upper corners are at 4A, A and bottom corners at 4B, 5B. As seen in FIGURE 2, the tubes 1 and 2 as an X-frame, nearly lie in one plane when the structure is extended and this plane is substantially horizontal. They are slightly bowed so that the corners lie in one plane. The tubes 4 and 5, likewise as an X-frame, occupy a plane which is inclined by a fairly small angle, from the vertical and comprise the back frame. Near the corners 4B, 5B, the ends of parts 1, 2, 4 and 5 are conjoined articulately, and it is convenient to think of the two X-frames as a lazy tongs linkage in two planes. It follows that if either X-frame is collapsed about its intersection 3 or 6, the other must likewise collapse. When collapsed the members 1, 2, or 4, 5, lie nearly parallel; since both frames collapse together, the four tubes can be arranged to come mutually near-parallel (see FIGURE 3) and this is fairly representative of what is called stick folding.
From near the corners 1A, 2A respectively to the corners 5A, 4A, and extending upwards (as at 7A, 8A) there are brace elements. Each of these comprises a tube 7, 8, which is knuckle-jointed at 7B, 8B, and articulated near the corners at 4A and 5A to the back X-frame. The lower extent of these brace elements, are lengths of tube 7C, 8C. The knuckle joints between 7, 8 and 7C, 8C are such that when extended these respectively are aligned with 7, 8, or just over a dead-centre, and are positively stopped in that condition: in that condition the braces are therefore capable of acting as compression members. At the upper extremities of 7A, 8A, the tubes are bent and having appropriate grips, form handles 7D, 8D. These may be of D-section as shown, so that they can nest together and form an easily handled single grip when the structure is folded as in FIGURE 3.
Between the corners at 4B, 58, there is a toggle bar or strut; this is two rigid parts such as tubes or bars, namely 9A, 9B, and a knuckle-joint 10 which, like the braces, is arranged to lock just at or over a dead-centre. The toggle bar obviously controls the lateral dimension of the structure when extended. It will be noted that it acts as a strut between corners 4B, 5B and it can easily be operated (for erection) by the foot of the user bearing down, or released by the foot hooking it upwards.
In this example, the childs seat consists of an area of pliable fabric 11 such as woven plastic. It is hung at its upper edge 11A, on a cord or cable attached to tubes 7, 8, preferably in a marked catenary curve to minimise tension. A safety strap 110 is provided. At its lower (front) corners, the seat 11 is attached to the front ends of two bars 12A, 12B which are pivoted at or near the corners 1B, 2B and pivoted to the brace tubes 70, 8C. The seat fabric may also be attached to 12A, 123 along about half their lengths, whereby a bucket-like seat is formed.
A foot-rest is shown at 11B. This is a band or strap, again preferably of woven plastic, and it is attached to the parts 1, 2 near and forward of the corners 1A, 2A, and it can not only act as a foot rest but as a tension member to resist splaying apart of the corners 1A, 2A.
The bottom ends of parts 7C, 8C, extend somewhat below the corners 1A, 2A, and on stub-axles, bear front wheels 13, 14. Extensions of the tubes 4, 5, likewise bear rear wheels 15, 16. The pair of wheels 13, 14 are so spaced that when the structure is folded (FIGURE 3) the wheels come just outside the stick-folded bundle of structure; and in the folded condition it will be noted that the wheels 15, 16, now canted (see FIGURE 3) are still able to be used if the stick-folded structure is to be trundled on the ground.
In addition to the seat part 11, a shopping bag or basket may easily be hung from the parts 7A, 8A for use either when the structure is extended or collapsed, so the carriage can conveniently be used simply as a shopping-carrier in its stick form, or have a shoppingbag as an accessory when a child is being trundled.
To fold the structure from the condition of FIGURE 1 to that of FIGURE 3 (as is seen by the dotted lines in FIGURE 2) the user breaks the toggle 9A, 9B, upwards and urges the handles 7D, 8D together. This collapses the X-frames and this action is accompanied by breaking of the braces (about pivots 7B, 83) so that corners 1A, 2A, rise towards the upward, folded, position.
Continued folding, beyond the condition dotted in FIG- URE 2, although possible in theory by continuing to bring the handles 7D, 8D together, is in fact not practicable, so the user assists folding by directly raising the forward end of the structure (or pressing down the handles towards the ground) until the folded condition of FIG- URE 3 is reached.
Spring stirrup-clips (not shown) may be provided, at locations such as 17, to hold the structure together when folded, these clipping on to 7 and 8.
Referring now to FIGURE 4, reference numerals corresponding to those in FIGURE 1 are used where applicable and corresponding parts of the description are not repeated.
Double Wheels generally indicated at 20, 21, 22 and 23 are used instead of the single wheels used in the first embodiment. The front double wheels 20 and 21 are mounted as before on the lower extent 7C, 8C of the brace elements 7 and 8, but the rear double wheels 22 and 23 are mounted not on the back X-frame tubes 4 and 5 but are mounted on separate wheel carrying struts 40 and 41 pivotally connected to the brace elements 7 and 8 a short distance above the knuckle joints 7B, 8B. The strut tubes 40 and 41 are also mounted pivotally at the corners 4B and SE to the two X-frames.
All the double wheels are provided with a rubber suspension. To this end each of the wheels are mounted on plates 42 pivoted at 43 to the appropriate wheel carrying tubes 7C, 8C, 40 and 41 the plates of each pair of wheels being joined so as to pivot together as a single unit. A rubber block 44 is attached between each of the pairs of plates 42 and when the structure is loaded, the block 44 will bear resiliently against its wheel carrying tube thus providing a springy suspension.
A brake is provided for one pair of rear wheels and comprises a bar 46 hinged to the tube 40 and connected to a pair of rubber brake pads 47 by a cam arrangement indicated at 48. Downward movement of a rubber knob 49 on the bar 46 applies the pads 47 to the wheels 24, the pads 47 being spring urged away from the wheels 24 by a spring 53.
Also provided is a clip arrangement consisting of a clip 50 and strut 51 for retaining the structure in its folded position.
It will be understood that the modifications shown in FIGURE 4 will provide a more sturdy structure capable of carrying a greater load, the double Wheels giving greater stability and the rubber suspension providing a smoother ride.
In a further modification of the invention (shown by dotted lines in FIG. 1) which may be applied to either of the previously described forms of structure, the toggle bar comprised by the parts 9A, 9B is moved from its position interattaching the corners 4B, 5B of the rear X-frame to a position interattaching the corners 4A and 5A where it is more accessible for hand operation.
1. A collapsible support assembly comprising a bottom cross frame of interpivoted rigid members, a back cross frame of interpivoted rigid members, a two-axes pivot joint interpivotally attaching one of each of the bottom frame members to one of each of the back frame members at each of two corners of said cross frames,
said axes being oriented to permit the members of each cross frame to pivot with respect to each other and to permit said cross frames to pivot with respect to each other, two foldable brace members pivotally attached to the bottom cross frame near the other two corners of the bottom cross frame, respectively, and to the back cross frame near the other two corners of the back cross frame, respectively, first releasable means to hold the members of at least one of the cross frames in an extended position when the assembly is unfolded, and second releasable means to hold said brace members in an extended position when the assembly is unfolded.
2. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein four wheel sets are provided, one at each corner of the bottom cross frame.
3. An assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein two of the wheel sets are mounted on slightly extended ends of the brace members.
4. An assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein each wheel set is a single wheel.
5. An assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein each wheel set is formed of two identical wheels mounted for rotation about the same axis.
6. An assembly as claimed in claim 2, wherein the wheels are provided with a resilient rubber block.
7. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first releasable means comprises a toggle bar.
8. An assembly as claimed in claim 7, wherein said toggle bar interconnects both cross frames at the points where the two cross frames are joined.
9. An assembly as claimed in claim 7, wherein said toggle bar interconnects the members of the back cross frame at the top thereof.
10. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said second releasable means comprises a pair of strut members, each pivotally connected to one of said brace members and to a cross frame.
11. An assembly as claimed in claim 10, further com- 5 prising a length of fabric attached to said brace members and to said strut members to form a seat.
12. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein each of said brace members comprises a pair of tubes connected together for relative angular movement.
13. An assembly as claimed in claim 2, further comprising a pair of strut members pivotally interconnecting said brace members to the rear corners of the bottom cross frame, two of said wheel sets being mounted on downwardly extending portions of said strut members.
14. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein each of the brace members has a handle at one end thereof.
15. An assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein, in side elevation, said brace members and said cross frames form a substantially right triangle, the hypotenuse of which 20 is formed by the brace members.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 25 2,690,792 10/1954 Moss 155140 2,722,972 11/ 1955 Altruda 155140 3,024,035 3/1962 Tapiouaara 28047.4
30 FOREIGN PATENTS 555,815 7/1923 France.
BENJAMIN HERSH, Primary Examiner.
J. SIEGEL, Assistant Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||280/39, 297/45, 280/644|
|International Classification||B62B9/00, B62B7/00, B62B7/08, B62B9/20, B62B7/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B62B7/064, B62B2205/24, B62B2205/06, B62B9/206, B62B7/083, B62B2205/02, B62B7/004|