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Publication numberUS3393498 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 23, 1968
Filing dateDec 15, 1965
Priority dateDec 15, 1965
Publication numberUS 3393498 A, US 3393498A, US-A-3393498, US3393498 A, US3393498A
InventorsSchoen Donald W
Original AssigneeDonaldson Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Filter retaining mechanism
US 3393498 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 23, 1968 o. w. SCHOEN FILTER RETAINING MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 15, 1965 INVENTOR. DONALD WSCHQEN Arron/vars July 23. 1968 p. w. SCHOEN 3,393,498

FILTER RETAINING MECHAN I SM Filed Dec. 15, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 3 INVENTOR.

DONALD W SCHOE/v ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,393,498 FILTER RETAINING MECHANISM Donald W. Schoen, St. Paul, Minn., assignor to Donaldson Company, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn. Filed Dec. 15, 1965, Ser. No. 514,077 4 Claims. (Cl. 55493) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A housing having an opening therethrough and a fiuid permeable filter element mounted in overlying relationship thereto by a pair of parallel pressure arms at ether side of the opening and attached to the housing by a plurality of linking members so that pressure arms move toward and away from the opening while remaining in substantially the same orientation. A handle attached to said pressure arms by means of cam-acting members so that movement of the handle into a first position releases the filter element while movement of the handle into a second position locks said filter element in overlying relationship to the opening in the housing.

This invention pertains to a retaining mechanism for gas filters and the like and more specifically to a retaining mechanism which forces the edges of a filter substantially uniformly against a housing or the like to prevent leakage of gas therebetween.

In prior art retaining mechanism, gas filters and the like are held by a plurality of individually operated clamps, bolts, etc. Thus, a great amount of time and work is expended in replacing filters and the plurality of loose, individual devices are subject to loss, incorrect positioning, jamming, etc., during replacement. In addition these prior devices apply pressure at a plurality of points and allows warping of the filter therebetween, which in turn allows leakage of unfiltered gas, etc.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved retaining mechanism for gas filters and the like.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide retaining mechanism which produces a substantially even retaining force along the length of the filter to prevent the leakage of gas therearound.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a retaining mechanism which is quickly and easily operated to replace the filters retained thereby.

These and other objects of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the accompanying specification, claims, and drawings.

Referring to the drawings, wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the figures:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of the retaining 'mechanism mounted in the unlocked position;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view as seen from the line 22 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view as seen from the line 33 in FIG. 2, some parts broken away and some parts shown in section;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view as seen from the line 44 in FIG. 2, some parts broken away and some parts shown in section; and

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view as seen from the line 55 in FIG. 1.

In the figures the numeral generally designates base means or a housing within which a filter 11 is to be fixedly mounted. The housing 10 is illustrated as a box-like structure with an upper open end 12, left and right sides 21 and 22, a front side 13 having an opening 14 therein for the passage of gas therethrough, and a rear open side 17. The opening 14 has a channel 15 extending completely therearound on the inner surface of the housing 10. The channel 15 is adapted to receive therein a resilient means 16 which is fixedly attached to and surrounds the outlet of the filter 11. It should be understood that the shape of the housing 10 in the present embodiment is simply for illustrative purposes and the size and shape thereof will be dictated by the size and use of the filter 11.

A filter retaining mechanism generally designated 20 is fixedly attached to the inner surfaces of opposed sides 21 and 22 of housing 10. The retaining mechanism includes a pair of elongated pressure bars 25 and 26 each rotatably attached by three cam-acting members 27 to elongated metal strips 28 and 29 respectively. The strips 28 and 29 are fixedly attached to the inner surfaces of the sides 21 and 22 respectively of the housing 10 by some means such as welding or the like and are positioned so they lie in a plane parallel to a plane containing the side 13 of the housing 10. The cam-acting members 27 are somewhat elliptical shaped lengths each having one end pivotally attached to a pressure bar 25 or 26 and the other end pivotally attached to a strip 28 or 29 respectively. The cam-acting members 27 are connected so that the pressure bars 25 and 26 are parallel with the strips 28 and 29 at all times but move a substantial horizontal distance as the cam-acting members 27 pivot about both ends thereof.

The pressure bars 25 and 26 have a substantially rectangular shaped cross-section with two channels 30 and 31 therein. The channels 30 and 31 extend the length of the pressure bars 25 and 26 and are positioned approximately perpendicular to each other. The pressure bars 25 and 26 are mounted so that the channels 30 open rearwardly away from the front side 13 of the housing 10 and have one end of each of the cam-acting members 27 inserted therein for pivotal movement with respect to the pressure bars 25 and 26. The other channels 31 in pressure bars 25 and 26 open inwardly away from the inner surface of the sides 21 and 22 respectively and are adapted to receive a pair of flanges 32 of the filter 11 therein. The flanges 32 are fixedly attached to either side of the filter 11 and extend the entire height thereof. The channels 31 are sufficiently wide to allow the flanges 32 on filter 11 to be easily inserted therein but does not allow substantial horizontal movement of the flanges 32 after they are inserted.

A pair of somewhat triangular-shaped cam-acting members 35 and 36 are positioned adjacent the upper ends of the strips 28 and 29 respectively. One corner of the triangular-shaped member 36 is pivotally attached adjacent the upper end of the strip 29 and a second corner is inserted in the channel 30 of the pressure bar 26 and pivotally attached therein. The triangular-shaped member 36 is mounted so that a third corner projects upwardly and has an elongated bar 38 pivotally attached thereto. In a like manner the triangular-shaped member 35 is attached between the strip 28 and the pressure bar 25 with an elongated bar 37 pivotally attached to the upwardly projecting corner.

A handle 40, which is a fiat strip of material having a small portion at either end thereof bent at approximately to the longitudinal axis thereof, is slightly shorter than the distance between the sides 21 and 22 of housing 10. A pair of connecting members 41 and 42 each have one end fixedly attached to opposite ends of the handle 40 with the other ends pivotally attached to a pair of mounting pads 44 and 45 respectively. Pads 44 and 45 are fixedly attached to the inner surface of the sides 21 and 22 approximately level with the upper end of strips 28 and 29 respectively but spaced equally therefrom toward the rear side 17. The handle 40 pivots about the pads 44 and 45 on the connecting members 41 and 42 in a relatively wide are from a position adjacent the rear=most edge of the top 12 of housing to a position slightly above the strips 28 and 29.

The .free ends of the elongated bars 37 and 38 are pivotally attached to the connecting members 41 and 42 respectively in the mid-section thereof so that the bars 37 and 38 are substantially horizontal and movement of the handle 40 causes the triangular-shaped members 35 and 36 to rotate in a cam-like fashion about the connections on the strips 28 and 29. Thus, as the handle 41) is pivoted clockwise in FIG. 1 to its rearmost position the triangular-shaped members 35 and 36 both rotate in a clockwise direction and the pressure bars and 26 move rearwardly. As the handle 40 is pivoted in a counterclockwise direction or toward its forward'position immediately over the strips 28 and 29 the triangularshaped members and 36 rotate in a counterclockwise direction and the pressure bars 25 and 26 move toward the side 13. The linkage in the entire mechanism is adjusted so that the triangular-shaped members 35 and 36 operating in a cam-like fashion are slightly over-center when the handle 40 is in its most forward position. This movement of the triangular-shaped members 35 and 36 to an over-center position locks the handle 40' in the forward position.

A pair of somewhat L-shaped members and 51 each have one end pivotally connected in the lower end of the slots 30 in the pressure bars 25 and 26 respectively. The angle or corner of each of the L-shaped members 50 and 51 is pivotally attached to the lower end of the strips 28 and 29 respectively and the remaining or free ends of the L-shaped members 50 and 51 have a small block 52 and 53 respectively pivotally attached thereto. The blocks 52 and 53 each have a hole therethrough which is positioned approximately horizontally. A pair of mounting pads 55 and 56 are fixedly attached to the inner surface of the sides 21 and 22 adjacent the lower end of the strips 28 and 29 but on the side opposite the pressure bars 25 and 26. A pair of locking members 57 and 58, which are substantially rectangular-shaped pieces of metal, are bent so that one end thereof lies in a plane substantially parallel with the plane of the other end but spaced therefrom. The locking members 57 and 58 have one end pivotally attached to the mounting pads 55 and 56 respectively so the free ends extend outwardly from the inner surfaces of the sides 21 and 22 and downwardly from the mounting pads 55 and 56. A pair of elongated blocks 59 and 60- have one end pivotally attached adjacent the lower or free end of the locking members 57 and 58 respectively. The other end of each of the blocks 59 and 60 is machined to a cylindrical or rod-like configuration 61 and 62. The free ends of the rod-like portions 61 and 62 extend through the holes in the blocks 52 and 53 and cotter pins 66 are engaged therethrough so they cannot be drawn through the holes. Compression springs 63 and 64 are concentrically mounted on the rod-like portions 61 and 62 and provide a bias which maintain the locking members 57 and 58 as far from the strips 28 and 29 as the rod-like portions 61 and 62 will allow. The compression springs 63 and 64 on the rod-like portions 61 and 62 provide for tolerance variations between the various components and insure a positive lock, as will be described presently.

The filter 11 has a small metal projection 65 fixedly attached to either side thereof adjacent the bottom surface. The projections 65 on the filter 11 are positioned so that they slide past the locking members 57 and 58 when the handle 40 is in the open position, illustrated in FIG. 1, but the lower edges of the locking members 57 and 58 butt against the upper edges of the projection 65 on either side of the filter 11 when the handle 40 is moved forward to the locked position. When the handle 40 moves forward to the locked position the pressure bars 25 and 26 move forward and cause the L-shaped members 50 and 51 to rotate counterclockwise to the position shown in dotted lines in FIG. 2. The rotation 4 of the L-shaped members 50 and 51 causes the blocks 59 and 60 to rotate the locking members 57 and 58 counterclockwise or rearwardly to the dotted position illustrated in FIG. 2. The upper edges of the projection 65 are angled slightly downwardly toward the front end there-of so that they wedge beneath the locking members 57 and 58 when the filter 11 is moved forward by the movement of the pressure bars 25 and 26 and the locking members 57 and 58 rotate rearwardly. Thus, the filter 11 is held firmly down against the bottom of the housing 10 as well as against the side 13 and any move ment of the filter 11 is substantially prevented. It is not necessary for the locking members 57 and 58 to be exactly aligned over the projections 65 to lock the filter 11 firmly in place. Because of the configuration of the various components and the pivotal movement of the locking members 57 and 58, the filter 11 will be locked firmly in place even when only the rear most edges of the locking members 57 and 58 overlie the projections 65.

Thus, I have disclosed a retaining mechanism for filters and the like which provides an even force along the entire length of the filter to prevent the leakage of gas therearound and maintains the filter substantially immovable within the housing. Also, the filter is correctly positioned automatically with a single operation rather than tightening a plurality of loose parts and the like.

While I have shown and described a specific embodiment of this invention, further modifications and improvements will occur to those skilled in the art.

What is claimed is:

1. Filter retaining mechanism for mounting a filter element having a generally flat side with a fluid permeable opening through said side and having flanges extending outwardly generally transverse to the direction of fluid flow through. said fluid permeable opening, said mechanism comprising:

(a) base means defining an opening to be overlayed with said filter element so that the fluid permeable opening therethrough is in communication with the opening through said base means to allow a fluid flow therethrough;

(b) a plurality of elongated pressure 'bars each having a channel therein for receiving the flanges of said filter element therein;

(0) means mounting said pressure bars adjacent the sides of the opening through said base means with each bar substantially parallel to a side thereof and further mounting said pressure bars for limited movement in a direction generally parallel with the direction of fluid flow through the fluid penmeable opening in said filter element;

(d) a handle;

(e) means pivotally mounting said handle on said base means for movement between a first and a second position; and

(f) connecting means mechanically linking said handle to said pressure bars for moving said pressure bars generally toward the opening through said base means into a filter element locking position when said handle is moved into said first position and moving said pressure bars generally away from the opening through said base means into a filter element releasing position when said handle is moved into said second position.

2. Filter retaining mechanism substantially as set forth in claim 1 having in addition pivotal means operatively attached to said pressure bars for pivotal movement into engagement with an outwardly projecting member attached to the filter when said handle is moved to the first position to prevent movement of the filter in a direction parallel with the longitudinal axis of the pressure bars.

3. Filter retaining mechanism for mounting a filter element having a generally flat side with a fluid permeable opening through said flat side, said mechanism commoving said pressure bars generally away from the prising: opening through said base means into a filter ele- (a) base means defining an opening to be overlayed ment releasing position when said handle is moved with said filter element so that the fluid permeable into said second position. opening therethrough is in communication with the 5 4. Filter retaining means as set forth in claim 3 whereopening through said base means to allow a fluid in the connecting means includes at least one plate having flow therethrough; three spaced apart points thereon one of which is pivotal- (b) a plurality of elongated pressure bars; 1y attached to a pressure bar, another of which is pivotally (c) a plurality of linking members each pivotally atattached to the base means and the third of which is tached to one of said pressure bars at a first point 10 pivotally attached to the handle thereby providing moveon said member and each pivotally attached to said ment of said pressure bar toward and away from the base means at a second point on said member spaced opening through said base means as said handle is moved from said first point thereby mounting said pressure between the first and second positions. bars adjacent the sides of the opening through said base means and further mounting said pressure bars References Cited for limited movement in a direction generally parallel with the direction of fluid flow through the fluid UNITED STTES PATENTS permeable opening in said filter element; 1,325,961 12/1919 Smlth 160380 (d) d 2,966,959 1/1961 Neumann 55509 (e) means pivotally mounting said handle on said base 3,274,919 9/1966 Wegman means for ll0vemfint between a first and a second FOREIGN PATENTS an 140,699 4/1951 Australia.

(i) connecting means mechanically linking said handle to said pressure bars for moving said pressure bars i generally toward the opening through said base HARRY THORNTON Pnma'y Exammer means into a filter element locking position when B. NOZICK, Assistant Examiner. said handle is moved into said first position and

Patent Citations
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US1325961 *Oct 15, 1919Dec 23, 1919 Xwindow o or door screen
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US3274919 *Feb 26, 1965Sep 27, 1966Westinghouse Electric CorpRoom air conditioner
AU140699B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3593503 *May 27, 1969Jul 20, 1971Mine Safety Appliances CoSide-loading filtering apparatus
US3630008 *Oct 23, 1969Dec 28, 1971American Air Filter CoFilter cell sealing and retaining arrangement
US4002443 *Mar 31, 1975Jan 11, 1977Massey-Ferguson Inc.Air filter clamping mechanism for cab
US4066425 *Aug 30, 1976Jan 3, 1978Nett Louis AKitchen hood
US4124361 *May 11, 1977Nov 7, 1978American Air Filter Company, Inc.Sealing device for filter cells
US4140047 *Apr 7, 1978Feb 20, 1979Sperry Rand CorporationMobile cab with air filter
US4141704 *Jan 5, 1978Feb 27, 1979Aktiebolaget Svenska FlaktfabrikenDevice for clamping a cassette filter in a filter housing
US4217122 *Nov 1, 1978Aug 12, 1980American Air Filter Company, Inc.Filter retaining latch
US4266956 *Dec 26, 1979May 12, 1981American Air Filter Company, Inc.Filter clamping device
US4439219 *Jun 18, 1982Mar 27, 1984Lambrecht Leonard SFilter assembly having filter retainer apparatus
US4521234 *Jul 19, 1983Jun 4, 1985Flanders Filters,Inc.Removable clamping assembly
US4632681 *Apr 25, 1985Dec 30, 1986Wheelabrator Corporation Of Canada, Ltd.Locking apparatus for filter elements
US4822386 *Nov 27, 1987Apr 18, 1989United Technologies CorporationFilter replacement mechanism
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US5401285 *Sep 17, 1993Mar 28, 1995Donaldson Company, Inc.Air cleaner having scavenger arrangement for precleaner and filter thereof
US5447544 *Nov 17, 1993Sep 5, 1995Air Engineers, Inc.Air filtering apparatus
US5575826 *Mar 28, 1995Nov 19, 1996Donaldson Company, Inc.Air cleaner
US5683479 *Oct 22, 1996Nov 4, 1997Donaldson Company, Inc.Air cleaner having scavenger arrangement
US5961696 *Oct 25, 1993Oct 5, 1999Airotech, Inc.Method of and apparatus for installing filter cartridges in a dust collector
US7763105 *Dec 24, 2007Jul 27, 2010Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Adjustable air filter for computer and assembly using the same
US7789926 *May 29, 2007Sep 7, 2010Mann + Hummel GmbhImproved arrangement of elements; fluid to be filtered flows axially between its axial end faces; has at least one continuous sealing collar on its outer circumference which can be pressed against a sealing flange on the housing; saves space and is easy to service
US8317890Aug 27, 2009Nov 27, 2012Donaldson Company, Inc.Filter assembly; components therefor; and, methods
US8444748Apr 26, 2007May 21, 2013Donaldson Company, Inc.Multistage air cleaner including pulse cleaning system
US8673041 *Feb 16, 2011Mar 18, 2014Camfil Farr, Inc.Filter holding frame with adjustable clamping mechanism and slot for pre-filter
US8721757Nov 26, 2012May 13, 2014Donaldson Company, Inc.Filter assembly; components therefor; and, methods
US20120204523 *Feb 16, 2011Aug 16, 2012Woolard Keith GFilter holding frame with adjustable clamping mechanism and slot for pre-filter
Classifications
U.S. Classification55/493, 55/501
International ClassificationB01D46/10
Cooperative ClassificationB01D46/10
European ClassificationB01D46/10