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Publication numberUS3394572 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1968
Filing dateApr 19, 1966
Priority dateApr 19, 1966
Publication numberUS 3394572 A, US 3394572A, US-A-3394572, US3394572 A, US3394572A
InventorsDon T Van Allman
Original AssigneeOlin Mathieson Chemeical Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for forming a curled edge on a tubular article
US 3394572 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I July 30, 1968 D. T. METHOD AND APPARAT ON A VAN -ALLMAN 3,394,572 US FOR FORMING A CURLED EDGE TUBULAR ARTICLE Filed April 19. 1966 INVENTOR. 00M 7. VANALLMAIV C. w im.)

A TTORNEY United States Patent 0 3,394,572 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING A CURLED EDGE ON A TUBULAR ARTICLE Don T. Van Allman, Alton, Ill., assignor to Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation, a corporation of Virginia Filed Apr. 19, 1966, Ser. No. 543,668 3 Claims. (Cl. 72-168) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The production of a cylindrical article having a neck portion of reduced diameter terminating in a curled end portion, the method comprising the steps of providing a shell of uniform diameter, reducing successive portions of said shell, and concurrently with said reducing step, curling the periphery of said shell at one end thereof.

This invention relates in general to the manufacture of cylindrical articles and more particularly to a method of, and apparatus for, producing a cylindrical article having a neck portion of substantially reduced diameter terminating in a curled end portion.

In a great number of applications, such as a container for solids or liquids, it is advantageous to provide a cylindrical article tape-ring in diameter toward one end and terminating in an end portion which is of a curled configuration. Conventional production of such an article includes the separate steps of forming a cylinder of uniform diameter, reducing the diameter of the cylinder as required, and thereafter forming the end portion of the cylinder into the desired curled configuration.

According to the instant invention, a method and apparatus are provided for performing substantially concurrently the steps reducing the cylinder diameter and curling the end portion thereof. The resultant cost savings in time, labor, and tools will be readily evident to those skilled in the art.

In brief, the method of the instant invention comprises providing a cylindrical shell of substantially uniform diameter, reducing successive portions of the cylindrical shell to provide a shell tapering in diameter toward one end, and substantially concurrently with the reducing step, curling the periphery of said shell at one end thereof. The method is most advantageously performed employing a die structure comprising a first die portion having a cylindrical recess tapering in diameter toward one end of the recess and adapted to reduce selected portions of the shell to provide a shell tapering in diameter toward one end, and a second die portion contiguous with such end of the recess and comprising an annular groove adapted to receive and curl the terminal end of the shell upon full insertion of the shell into the die structure. Preferably, the curling operation is performed to curl the end of the shell inwardly, to provide articles where such a relationship is required.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for, producing a cylindrical article having a neck portion of substantially reduced diameter terminating in a curled end portion.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for, producing such an article at a minimum cost and in a minimum number of separate operations.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for, producing such an article including substantially concurrently performing a reducing step and a curling step.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art as a detailed description of a particular embodiment proceeds with reference to the drawings which form a part hereof, and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional view of a cylindrical article produced according to the instant invention;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of an appropriate die structure according to the instant invention; and,

FIGURES 3-5 are fragmentary cross-sectional views illustrating three steps during the production of the article of FIGURE 1.

Referring now to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, there is illustrated an exemplary metallic article 10 which may be produced according to the instant invention. The article 10, which may serve for example as a liquid heater when provided with the appropriate electrical mechanisms, is cylindrical in configuration and may be of uniform diameter along a portion of its length, such as illustrated at 11. Another portion of the article 10, such as that shown at 12, is desirably of a reduced diameter tapering toward the upper end thereof. The end portion of the article 10 is of a curled configuration as shown at 13, the curled configuration being advantageous for mating with an appropriate cover member.

Considering now the manner in which the article 10 may be produced, those skilled in the art will appreciate that apparatus is presently available for (A) forming a cylindrical shell of substantially uniform diameter, (B) reducing, or choking, one end of the shell, and (C) thereafter curling an end portion of the shell. Instead of performing these steps separately, a die structure such as that illustrated at 20' in FIGURE 2 may be employed to perform these last two steps substantially concurrently. A portion 21 of the die structure 20 is similar to a conventional choking die and includes a recess 22 tapering in diameter toward one end thereof. A cylindrical shell of substantially uniform diameter and produced in any desired manner may be appropriately treated and forced into the recess 22 of die structure 20 by any conventional means, such as a press having a ram adapted to engage one end of the shell. Of course, desired lubricants may be employed as desired, and it is preferable that the ram have no portions within the shell which would impede the choking operation. Contiguous with the lower end of recess 22 is a second die portion 23 having an annular groove 24, the outer edge of the groove 24 being coincident with the lower end of recess 22. The die portion 23 is appropriately secured within a matching recess 25 of the die portion 21, and may be removably secured so that the die portions 21 and 23 are separable. In this fashion, the die portion 21 may be used for a choking operation where no curling operation is desired.

The manner in which the die structure 20 functions to form the article illustrated at 10 in FIGURE 1 will be evident from a consideration of FIGURES 3-5. In these fragmentary views, a portion of die structure 20 immediately adjacent the groove 24 is illustrated. Considering first FIGURE 3, it will be evident that as a cylindrical shell 5 is forced into the recess 22, the diameter thereof is reduced to match that of the recess 22. As the edge of the shell S approaches the bottom of recess 22 it enters the groove 24 of die portion 23, and being inwardly unrestrained, is forced to bend into the configuration of the groove 24. Further motion of the shell S downwardly causes curling of successive portions of the shell S as they enter the groove 24. The curled portion of shell S illustrated in FIGURE 4, upon leaving the recess 24, continues in an are around to a position closely adjacent an inner surface of the shell S, as is illustrated in FIGURE 5.

It will be appreciated that the amount of curl provided in the finished article is determined by the degree to which the shell S is forced into the die structure 20. In an applica tion such as the exemplary liquid heater noted above, it

is desirable that the curled edge be such that no liquid is trapped therein, and accordingly the degree to which the shell S is forced into the die structure may be appropriately adjusted. It will be further appreciated that while the curling of the edge is transpiring, portions of the shell S are being reduced in diameter, and it is in this sense that the expression substantially concurrently is employed.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the illustrations described and shown herein which are deemed to be merely illustrative of the best modes of carrying out the invention, and which are susceptible of modifications of form, size, arrangement of parts and detail of operation, but rather is intended to encompass all such modifications which are within the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of producing a cylindrical article having a neck portion of substantially reduced diameter terminaing in a curled end portion, the method comprising the steps of:

(A) providing a cylindrical shell of substantially uniform diameter;

(B) reducing successive portions of said cylindrical shell to provide a shell tapering in diameter toward one end; and

(C) substantially concurrently with said reducing step, curling the periphery of said shell at said one end in a smooth curve to a position closely adjacent an inner surface of said shell.

2. A die structure for producing a cylindrical article having a neck portion of substantially reduced diameter terminating in a curled end portion, the die structure comprising:

(A) a first die portion having a cylindrical recess tapering in diameter toward one end of said recess, said recess adapted to reduce selected portions of a shell of substantially uniform diameter to provide a shell tapering in diameter toward one end; and

(B) a second die portion contiguous with said one end of said recess and com rising an annular groove arcuate in cross section, the outer edge of said groove being coincident with said one end of said recess, and adapted to receive and curl the terminal end of said shell upon full insertion of said shell into said die structure.

3. A die structure according to claim 2 wherein said first and second die portions are separable.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,532,844 12/1950 Hulbert et a1. 72--352 3,170,236 2/1965 Massingill 72-353 CHARLES W. LANHAM, Primary Examiner.

L. A. LARSON, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2532844 *Jan 8, 1947Dec 5, 1950Jr Edwin F HulbertBeading machine
US3170236 *Sep 28, 1959Feb 23, 1965Metal Flo CorpMethod of making a casing
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3965849 *Mar 17, 1975Jun 29, 1976Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoiled edge guide for rod-tube signal device and method
US4827754 *Jul 28, 1988May 9, 1989Kabushiki Kaisha Watanabe KogyoSqueezing and chamfering device for tube end
US5487352 *Sep 21, 1994Jan 30, 1996John R. WilliamsTemperature indicator for cooked meats
US5778509 *May 2, 1995Jul 14, 1998Oea, Inc.Method for manufacturing hybrid inflator having toroidal-like stored gas housing
US6000262 *Aug 12, 1998Dec 14, 1999William C. DriesApparatus and method for producing open-topped cylindrical containers from closed-topped cylindrical containers
US6851165 *Sep 24, 2002Feb 8, 2005Siemens Vdo Automotive, Inc.Apparatus for retaining a poppet seal
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/168, 72/715, 72/352, 72/370.13
International ClassificationB21D19/12
Cooperative ClassificationB21D19/12, Y10S72/715
European ClassificationB21D19/12