US 339638 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(ModeL) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
N0. 33 638. Patented Apl 13, 1886.
lNVENTElR N. FUtRS. Pmm-um n m. Wzshingtm By C.
(ModeL) 7 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
EXEROISING MACHINE. No. 339,638. Patented Apr. 13, 1886.
WITNESSES LhjVENTUR PATENT GEORGE GOLDIE, OF PRINCETON, NE'W JERSEY, ASSIGXOR- OE ONEHALE TO PHILIP ROSS, OF NEXV YORK, N. Y.
EXERCISING SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Application filed May 14, 1885.
T (0Z7 whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE GOLDIE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Princeton, in the county of Mercer and State of New Jersey, have invented new and useful Improvements in Exercising-Machines, of which the following is a specification.
My invention consists, essentially, of an inclined rail-frame capable of adjustment for varying the angle of inclination, a carriage capable of being worked up and down along the rails of the said frame, a sliding seat on the carriage capable of being worked up and down along ways or rails of the carriage, and
r 5 two systems of cords and pulleys for working the carriage in opposite directions by the hands and arms, with a foot-rest for working the seat by the feet and legs, all being contrived ina simple arrangement of devices, enabling the performance of a wide range of maneuvers embracing all the essential motions requisite for a complete system of exercise.
My invention also consists of a novel contrivance of swh el-pulleys for the upper system of workingcords, to facilitate the running of the cords in different directions, all as hereinafter fully described, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which.-
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the machine,
0 with the operator indicated in the first position of the rowing-exercise. Fig. 2 is a side 'elevation'with the operator represented in the backward part of the rowing-exercise. Fig. 3 is a plan View of the machine, with the op- 5 erator indicated as lying on his back. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of the machine. Fig. 5 is a transverse section of Fig. 4, on an enlarged scale. Fig. 6 is a sec tion of one of the several pulleys, also on an 0 enlarged scale.
The inclined rail-frame consists of the two parallel rail or frame timbers a, firmly coir nected together a suitable distance apart by suitable cross-bars, I), c, and rtwith two short 5 legs, e, jointed to it-say about a quarter of the length from one end-to support it in an inclined position, said legs being hinged to the timbers, respectively, at e, and stayed by a brace, f, jointed to the cross-bar c at g, and
adjnstably connected to the crossbar h of the legs by the pin i, ear-1ugs j, and a series of -MACHINE.
Patent NO. 339,638, dated April 13, 1886.
Serial No. 165,543. Model) holes, in, in the brace. The legs arealso connected to the frame-timbers by the jointed tension-stays Z, that take effect to re-enforce the stay f when adjusted for the greatest extension of the legs; but these may be employed or not, as preferred.
The carriage consists of the two parallel frame-timbers t of about two-thirds the length of the rail-frame, connected together about the same distance apart as said rail-frame by the wide board or plate at at the lower end and the cross-bar a atthe upper end. Near the lower end of this frame it has a foot-board,
0, set ncarl y perpendicular to it, for sustaining the thrusts of the feet of the operator, and this board is jointed to board on by hinges p,
or it may be other means, for folding down thereon for compactness when not in use. To support this folding foot-board substantially, I arrange a side board, g, at each end, with a cleat, s, for said board to rest on,'and I hinge these side supports to the rails i at it, also for folding down compactly. This frame fits on the side rails, a, between guide-flanges r, to slide up and down along said rails, and it has anti-friction rollers 10, to enable it to run easily thereon.
The sliding seat consists of the plate a", of about the same width as the carriage and half the length, or thereabout, with guide-flanges y overlapping the edges of the carriage-timbers, whereon it rests; also, with anti-friction rollers z, to run on the side rails of the carriage, and also with an extension, at, above the portion :0, forming the seat proper for the operator to lie on it in some of the exercises.
The lower end of the carriage is'provided with a system of cords and pulleys for working it along the rail-frame by pulling from below, consisting of a cord, b, and pulley c to each side, the cords having suitable handles, cl, and passing around the pulleys c, which are mounted on the lower end of the carriage, thence upward along the rail-frame around pulleys e", and thence back along the carriage and connected to it at f, near the lower end, making double-pulley contrivances when required; but the cords may be connected to the rail-frame at or about the position of the pulrco leys 0' when single pulleys may be sufficient.
The upper end of the carriage is provided 55 a joints of his legs to shift the seat on the car with a system of cords and pulleys for working it along the rail-frame by pulling from above, consisting of a cord, 9, and pulley Z to each side, the cords having suitable handles,i, and passing around the pulleys Z, which are mounted on the rail-frame at the upper end, thence down along the rail-frame to the upper end of the carriage, where they pass around pulleysj, mounted on it, and up again to the cross-bar 7c of the rail-frame, to which they are secured when it may be preferred to employ double pulleys for greater leverage; but the pulleys may be dispensed with, and the cords may be attached directly to the upper end of the carriage when single pulleys will serve.
The pulleys Z are mounted in swivel-blocks h, that are pivoted in the cross-bars k and m, and have axially -bored lower pivots, a, through which the cords run freely between said pulleys and the carriage, at the same time allowing the pulley-blocks to turn'on the pivots, whichever way the cords may be thrust between said pulleys, and the hands of the operator, according as he swings his hands laterally or overhead for different motions of practice.
A check-rope, 0, connects the upper end of the carriage with the upper cross-bar of the rail-frame, to serve for the stop to limit the downward movement of the carriage where it is to be arrested at the lower range of its movement; but any other approved form of stop may be employed.
Besides the rowing-exercise illustrated in Figs. 1. and 2, in which the operator pushes the seat up by his feet and legs and pulls the carriage up by the cords, and they return by gravity, it will be seen from these figures that the operator may work with one of the cords of each system, at the same time pulling downward with one hand and upward with the other, to exercise the rotatory muscles of the body.
In Fig. 3 it is made clear that the operator may work by either system or cords, or by one cord of both systems, while lying on'his back, and from that it will be seen that the same may be done while lying face downward on the sliding seat. In this latter position the swimming-exercise is obtained by working with the upper system of cords and thrusting the hands out laterally and downward'in the plane of the rail-frame, at the same time extending and contracting the riage. Various other forms of exercise may also be carried out wit-h this improved machine.
It is to be noted that besides the various useful purposes of the sliding carriage hereinbefore enumerated, the gravitating action of it maintains the stress of the cords on the reverse movements of the hands'of the operator, the same as the weights of other machines do, with the advantage of the variable inclination of the rail-frame for readily varying the resistance according to the strength of the operator.
The carriage may be used without the sliding seat with good effect for much of the exercise; but it is essential for the exercise of the muscles of the legs, and the machine is less complete without it.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of the inclined railframe, sliding carriage, and the system of cords b and pulleys 0, consisting of a separate cord and pulley at each side of the carriage for each hand, substantially as described.
2. The combination of the inclined railframe, sliding carriage, and the system of cords g and pulleys Z, substantially as described.
- 3. The combination of the inclined railframe, sliding carriage, and the system of cords and pulleys b c and 9 Z, consisting of separate cords and pulleys at each side of the carriage for each hand, substantially as described.
4; The combination of the inclined railframe, sliding carriage, sliding seat, and the system of cords I) and pulleys a, substantially as described.
5. The combination of the inclined railframe, sliding carriage, sliding seat, and the system of cords and pulleys b c and 9 Z, substanti all y as descri bed.
6. The combination of the inclined railframe having adjustable supporting-legs, the sliding carriage, and the system of cords b and pulleys 0, consisting of a separate cord and pulley at eachside of the carriage for each hand, substantially as described.
7. The combination of the inclined railframe having folding legs, sliding carriage having the folding foot-rest, and the system of cords b and pulleys c, substantially as described.
8. The combination of the swivel-pulleys Z with the inclined rail-frame, sliding carriage, and the system of cords g, the said pulleys being swiveled in the axis of the run of the cords between them and said carriage, and having a hollow pivot for the working of the cords th'erethrough, substantially as described.
9. The combination of the sliding seat 00, having a back extension, a, adapted for the operator to lie on, with the sliding carriage, inclined rail-frame, and cords and pulleys for working said carriage, substantially as described.
In witness whereof -I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
XV. J. MORGAN, S. H. MORGAN.