Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3402716 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 24, 1968
Filing dateJan 30, 1964
Priority dateJan 30, 1964
Publication numberUS 3402716 A, US 3402716A, US-A-3402716, US3402716 A, US3402716A
InventorsBaxter Thomas R
Original AssigneeSurgical Devices
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adhesive strip suture
US 3402716 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 24, 1968 T. R. BAXTER 3,402,716

ADHESIVE STRIP SUTURE Filed Jan. 30, 1964 I 7/ my A ,NVENTOR- THOMAS R..EAXTER J21? @MQ;

United States Patent Oifice 3,402,716 Patented Sept. 24, 1968 3,402,716 ADHESIVE STRIP SUTURE Thomas R. Baxter, Mount Vernon, Ohio, assignor to Surgical Devices, Mount Vernon, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Jan. 30, 1964, Ser. No. 341,338 Claims. (Cl. 128-335) The present invention relates to means for securing opposite side edges of a body wound or incision together. Means used for such a purpose are commonly called sutures.

The type of suture with which we are concerned comprises a backing strip that is coated with an adhesive which sticks the backing strip securely to the surface of the body on opposite sides of a wound or incision. It is necessary to protect the adhesive from exposure to bacteria and dirt to keep the adhesive sterile and also prevent the adhesive from becoming coated with foreign objects which prevents the adhesive from sticking to the body. A protective strip is therefore used to cover the adhesive and prevent either of the above mentioned harmful results from occurring.

There have been produced heretofore bandages having a backing strip projecting on opposite sides of a gauze pad. The portions of the backing strip which are positioned on opposite sides of the gauge pad are coated with an adhesive, and in one arrangement a single protective strip covers the entire backing strip with the ends of the protective strip being conterminous with the ends of the adhesive. With such an arrangement, it is necessary to insert a fingernail or other object between the adhesive and protective strip in order to separate the protective strip from the adhesive layer. This is difficult, time consuming, and impossible for a surgeon wearing rubber gloves.

In another arrangement the adhesive coated portions on opposite sides of the gauze pad have been covered with separate protective strips which overlap in the region of the gauze pad. With such a structure it is necessary to first expose a portion of the adhesive adjacent the center of the backing strip. If the portion which is first exposed is then stuck to the body before the remainder of the adhesive covering that portion of the backing strip is removed, the portion of the backing strip from which the protective strip is being removed is stretched in a direction away from the wound. This cannot be used to accomplish the purposes of the present invention, as will later become clear. If the protective strip is totally removed from one side portion of the backing strip, the backing strip may buckle so that portions of the adhesive stick together and the portion that is stuck together is thereafter difiicult to straighten.

An object of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved suture comprising: a backing strip having a transversely extending weakened area spaced from one end of the backing strip, adhesive covering the portion of said backing strip adjacent and spaced to the opposite end from the weakened area and with the portion spaced toward said end from said weakened area being free of adhesive, and a protective strip covering said adhesive, whereby the uncoated portion of the backing strip can be easily detached from the portion containing the adhesive after the portion of the backing strip coated with adhesive is stuck to the body.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a new and improve suture of the above described type wherein the protective strip is a relatively stiff material which remains substantially planar when the backing strip is peeled back away from the protective strip to permit easy separation of the protective strip from the backing strip.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved suture of the above described type wherein the ends of the relatively stiff protective strip are substantially conterminous with the opposite edges of the adhesive to permit the end of the backing strips to be easily grasped.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a suture of the generally above described type having a protective strip which can be doubled back under itself after an end of the adhesive coated backing strip has been stuck to the body, and in which the backing strip is made from a resilient material having elastic memory and which is progressively stretched as the protective strip is pulled back off of the backing strip.

Further objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates from the following description of the preferred embodiment described with reference to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification, and in which:

FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a suture of the present invention showing the backing strip being peeled back by the thumb and fingers of a single hand of a user;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the suture shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of the suture shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 44 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the suture being applied to a body surface to hold opposite sides of an incision together.

The suture 10 shown in the drawing generally comprises a backing strip 12 having at least one laterally extending weakened area 14 adjacent one end of the backing strip 12. The preferred embodiment shown has weakened areas 14 and 16 adjacent the opposite ends of the backing strip 12, and the weakened condition of these areas is produced by at least one perforation extending through the backing strip, and preferably two or more perforations to form a row of the same.

According to the invention the backing strip 12 has an adhesive coating 18 on the portion 20 of its undersurface that lies between the weakened areas 14 and 16. In some instances the adhesive coating 18 need only cover areas of the portion 20 adjacent the weakened areas 14 and 16 so that its center portion is uncoated, but in the preferred embodiment, the adhesive coating 18 extends continuously between the weakened areas 14 and 16. The portions 22 and 24 lying outwardly of the weakened areas 14 and 16, respectively, do not have an adhesive thereon.

The adhesive layer 18 is sterilized and is covered by a protective strip 26 which keeps the adhesive layer 18 sterile and free of dirt and foreign material which would decrease its adhesiveness. In some instances, the protective strip 26 may overlap one or more of the uncoated portions 22 and 24, but in the preferred embodiment, the ends of the protective strip 26 are generally conterminous with the ends of the adhesive layer 18.

According to further aspects of the invention, the protective strip 26 is made from a semi-rigid material that is sufiiciently rigid that the protective strip 26 remains substantially planar when the suture is supported inwardly of a projecting end portion 22 or 24 and the backing strip 12 is peeled back over the protective strip 26. Thereafter the exposed adhesive can be pressed against the body 28 on one side of an incision 30, as shown in FIG. 5, and the protective strip 26 pulled across the incision 30 over the surface of the body. The backing strip 12 is not only folded down upon the surface of the body 28 during this operation, but the backing strip 12 is pulled taut during the same operation. The backing strip 12 is preferably of resilient elastomeric material having an elastic memory so that it is stretched to some extent as the protective strip 26 is pulled over the surface of the body 28. Once the backing strip has been stretched across the incision 30 and adhered to the surface of the body on opposite sides of the incision 30, the resilient nature of the elastomeric material draws and holds the opposite side surfaces of the incision 30 into tight engagement. The suture being now properly placed, the uncoated ends 22 and 24 of the strip 12 may be torn away at the weakened lines 14 and 16 leaving only the coated portion thereof in place over the wound or incision. The backing strip may be made of any suitable elastic material, such as a thermoplastic resin. Polyolefins, such as a mixture of polyethylene and polypropylene, have been found to be an excellent material. The adhesive must be one which adheres strongly to the backing strip 12 and should preferably be one which can be sterilized by autoclaving. Numerous suitable adhesives can be obtained commercially for this purpose. The protective strip 26 should be relatively stiff and be capable of being removed from the adhesive layer 18 without removing the adhesive layer 18 from the backing strip 12. A silicone-treated paper that is relatively stiff compared to the backing strip 12 has been found to give excellent results.

While the invention has been described in considerable detail, it is not desired to be limited to the particular embodiment shown and described, and it is intended to cover hereby all novel adaptations, modifications, and arrangements thereof which come within the practice of those skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

What I claim is:

1. A suture comprising: an elongated flexible backing strip having a pair of transversely extending weakened areas respective ones of which are spaced inwardly from respective ends of said backing strip, a layer of adhesive covering the portions of said backing strip adjacent and spaced toward each other from said weakened areas, the portions of said backing strip positioned toward the ends of said backing strip from said weakened areas being uncoated, and a relatively stiff protective strip extending between said weakened areas and covering said adhesive with the ends of said protective strip being generally conterminous with the outer edges of said layer of adhesive, said relatively stiff protective strip being sufficiently stiff to remain substantially planar when said suture is supported inwardly of one of said weakened areas and said elastic backing strip is peeled back away from the protective strip to achieve separation of said adhesive and said protective strip.

2. A suture comprising: an elongated flexible backing strip having a pair of transverse rows of perforations respective ones of which are spaced inwardly from respective ends of said backing strip, a layer of adhesive cover ing the portions of said backing strip adjacent and spaced toward each other from said rows of perforations with the outer edges of said adhesive being generally conterminous with said perforations, the portions of said backing strip positioned toward the ends of said backing strip from said rows of perforations being uncoated, and a relatively stiff protective strip extending between said rows of perforations and covering said adhesive with the ends of said protective strip being generally conterminous with the ends of said layer of adhesive, said relatively stiffprotective strip being sufficiently stiff to remain substantially planar when said suture is supported inwardly of a row of perforations and said elastic backing strip is peeled back away from the protective strip to achieve separation of said adhesive and said protective strip.

3. A suture comprising: an elongated flexible backing strip having a transverselyextendingweakened area adjacent one end of said backing strip, a layer 'ofadhesive covering the portionof said backing strip adjacentto and spaced toward the opposite end of said backing strip from said weakened "area, the portion of said backing strip spaced toward said one end of said backing strip from said weakened area being uncoated with adhesive, and a relatively stiff protective'st-rip covering said adhesive with the outer edge of said protective strip being generally conterminous with the outer edge of said layer of adhesive, said relatively stiff protective strip being sufficiently stiff to remain substantially planar when said suture is supported inwardly of said weakened area and-said one end of said backing strip is peeled back away from the protective strip to achieve separation of said adhesive and said protective strip.

4. A suture comprising: an elongated flexible generally planar backing strip having a transversely extending weakened area adjacent one end of said backing strip, a layer of adhesive covering the portion of said backin strip adjacent to and spaced toward the opposite end of-sai'd backing strip from said weakened area with the outer edge of said layer of adhesive being generally conterminous with said weakened area, theportion of said backing strip spaced toward said one end of said backing 'strip' from said weakened area being uncoated with adre'sive, and a protective strip covering said adhesive, and whereby said uncoated end portion of said suture can be easily detached by breaking said backing strip at said weakened area after said adhesive coated backing strip has been secured to the body.

5. A suture comprising: an elongated flexible generally planar backing strip, a layer of adhesive on said backing strip, said adhesive being spaced from at least one'end of said backing strip to leave a portion at said one'end which is uncoated with adhesive, and a relatively stiff protective strip covering said adhesive with the outer end of said protective strip positioned inwardly of said'bne end of said backing strip, said relatively stiff protective strip being sufficiently stiff to remain substantially planar when said suture is supported inwardly of said uncoated end of said backing strip and said one end of said backing strip is peeled back away from the protective strip 'to achieve separation of said adhesive and said protective strip. I

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS I ,7 114,750 5/1871 Battersby 1 8-335 679,993 8/1901 Ross et al 128--155, 1,555,960 10/1925 Fuller 128-1 55 3,185,394 5/1965 Farrell 128 27,} X

FOREIGN PATENTS 831,401 3/1960" Grea t Brit ain.

DALTON L. TRULUCK, Printary Exa lfaea

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US114750 *May 16, 1871 Improvement in sticking or adhesive plasters
US679993 *May 11, 1901Aug 6, 1901John G RossAdjustable adhesive supporting plaster or bandage.
US1555960 *Nov 10, 1924Oct 6, 1925Clarence W FullerSanitary protector
US3185394 *May 24, 1963May 25, 1965Farrell JohnAttachment for garments
GB831401A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3856026 *Jan 16, 1974Dec 24, 1974Gaydos DApplication of flock to the body for cosmetic purposes
US4134401 *May 24, 1977Jan 16, 1979Galician Kenneth MEye-patching method and device
US4141363 *Nov 20, 1975Feb 27, 1979James Jesse LInterlocking suture
US4780168 *Jan 6, 1987Oct 25, 1988Genetic Laboratories, Inc.Wound closure strips
US4807613 *Dec 22, 1986Feb 28, 1989Koehnke Raechelle KBandage and shield
US4950282 *Jan 11, 1989Aug 21, 1990Genetic Laboratories, Inc.Wound closure strips
US4976726 *Apr 27, 1989Dec 11, 1990Haverstock Charles BSkin closure devices
US5066299 *Jun 29, 1990Nov 19, 1991Bellingham Medical, Inc.Quick use suture package
US5153040 *Jul 19, 1989Oct 6, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.Wound dressing
US5234462 *Aug 29, 1991Aug 10, 1993Tufts UniversityMethod and kit for accelerating the closing of open skin wounds
US5344450 *Apr 23, 1993Sep 6, 1994Flanders Nancy LRepair kit for externally worn silicone breast prosthesis
US5649960 *Feb 3, 1995Jul 22, 1997Pavletic; Michael M.Apparatus and method for accelerating the stretching of skin
US5947998 *Sep 30, 1997Sep 7, 1999Technical Alternatives, Ltd.Wound closure strips and packages thereof
US7018622 *Oct 24, 2002Mar 28, 2006The Procter & Gamble CompanyStructures and compositions increasing the stability of peroxide actives
US7361185Jul 9, 2002Apr 22, 2008Canica Design, Inc.Clinical and surgical system and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US7429265May 9, 2001Sep 30, 2008Canica Design Inc.System and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US7683234Aug 3, 2007Mar 23, 2010The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityDevices and bandages for the treatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids and methods and kits therefor
US7686829Nov 4, 2004Mar 30, 2010Wound Care Technologies, Inc.Wound closure product
US8063263Nov 22, 2011The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityMethods for the treatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids
US8168850Jan 22, 2009May 1, 2012The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityMethods for the treatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids
US8183428Jan 22, 2009May 22, 2012The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityTreatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids
US8389791Mar 5, 2013The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversityTreatment devices and methods with extending elements
US8395011Dec 8, 2011Mar 12, 2013Neodyne Biosciences, Inc.Segmented skin treatment systems and methods
US8518077Aug 25, 2008Aug 27, 2013Canica Design Inc.System and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US8592640Aug 11, 2010Nov 26, 2013Neodyne Biosciences, Inc.Devices and methods for dressing applicators
US8663275Feb 29, 2008Mar 4, 2014Canica Design Inc.Clinical and surgical system and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US8674164Apr 18, 2011Mar 18, 2014Neodyne Bioscience, Inc.Segmented skin treatment systems and methods
US8864796Mar 30, 2010Oct 21, 2014Wound Care Technologies, Inc.Wound closure product
US9248048Jan 6, 2012Feb 2, 2016Neodyne Biosciences, Inc.Wound or skin treatment devices and methods
US9248049Apr 18, 2011Feb 2, 2016The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversitySkin treatment devices and methods with pre-stressed configurations
US9248051Mar 7, 2013Feb 2, 2016The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior UniversitySkin treatment devices and methods with pre-stressed configurations
US20030059381 *Oct 24, 2002Mar 27, 2003Goodhart Lesle MarieStructures and compositions increasing the stability of peroxide actives
US20030092969 *Jul 9, 2002May 15, 2003O'malley Michael T.Clinical and surgical system and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US20030163160 *May 9, 2001Aug 28, 2003O'malley Michael TSystem and method for moving and stretching plastic tissue
US20060064125 *Sep 8, 2005Mar 23, 2006James HendersonButton anchor system for moving tissue
US20060095076 *Nov 4, 2004May 4, 2006Elliott Daniel MWound closure product
US20080033334 *Aug 3, 2007Feb 7, 2008Gurtner Geoffrey CDevices and bandages for the treatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids and methods and kits therefor
US20080147115 *Feb 29, 2008Jun 19, 2008Canica Design, Inc.Clinical and Surgical System and Method for Moving and Stretching Plastic Tissue
US20080312685 *Aug 25, 2008Dec 18, 2008Canica Design Inc.System and Method for Moving and Stretching Plastic Tissue
US20090131845 *Jan 22, 2009May 21, 2009Gurtner Geoffrey CMethods for the treatment or prevention or scars and/or keloids
US20090131846 *Jan 22, 2009May 21, 2009Gurtner Geoffrey CTreatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids
US20090163844 *Jan 22, 2009Jun 25, 2009Gurtner Geoffrey CMethods for the treatment or prevention of scars and/or keloids
US20100185236 *Mar 30, 2010Jul 22, 2010Wound Care Technologies, LlcWound closure product
US20110137342 *Jun 9, 2011Canica Design Inc.Button Anchor System for Moving Tissue
WO1986007252A1 *Jun 9, 1986Dec 18, 1986Patricia MooreHaemostatic dressings
WO1999016361A1 *Sep 23, 1998Apr 8, 1999Technical Alternatives LtdWound closure strips and packages thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/215, 602/57
International ClassificationA61B17/03, A61B17/08, A61F13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2013/00451, A61B17/085
European ClassificationA61B17/08L