US 3403411 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Get. 1, 1968 w. STEINEMANN ETAI- 3,
MANUALLY OPERABLE DEVICE FOR REBEDDING A PATIENT Filed Feb. 5, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS N/ 1. L Y 5r; A/sMAA/A/ Amman: Aar- BY X a m ATTORNEYS Oct. 1, 1968 w. STEINEMANN ET AL 3,403,411
MANUALLY OPERABLE DEVICE FOR REBEDDING A PATIENT Filed Feb. 3, 19s? 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 mysmons WILLY 57E/A/EMAA/N AuvzsAs A51- BY gq qm ATTORNEYS United States Patent 01 dice 3,403,41 l Patented Oct. 1, 1968 MANUALLY OPERABLE DEVICE FOR REBEDDING A PATIENT Willy Steinemann, Weidweg 9, and Andreas Abt, Rlreinstrasse 55, both of Liestal, Switzerland Filed Feb. 3, 1967, Ser. No. 613,875 7 Claims. (Cl. -81) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A manually operable sick-nursing device having a service side and a patient side. This device is adapted to facilitate the raising of a patient from his bed or the repositioning of a patient while he is in his bed. The device includes a berth that is displaceably mounted on top of a frame. The berth is pivotally connected to the carriage frame at a point laterally displaced from the center of the berth towards the patients side of the device. The other side of the berth is movable and free-swinging.
Background of the invention The rebedding device of the present invention is distinguished by the fact that on a cantilever of a stand are disposed a support pivoted to said cantilever to be angularly movable in a vertical plane, and a berth pivoted to said support to be angularly movable relatively thereto. In use, the device is positioned substantially parallel to alongside of the patients bed, and the berth is tilted upwardly to engage the patients back from below, and then downwardly to lift the patient bodily from his bed on to the berth.
Brief description of drawings One form of our invention is shown by way of example in the drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is a sideview of the rebedding device in a position of readiness before a patients bed,
FIG. 2 is a similar view of the device alongside and partly above the patients bed, the berth having been tilted upwardly to laterally engage the patient,
FIG. 3 is a similar view as FIG. 2, the berth having been swung downwardly to lift the patient from his bed,
FIG 4 is a bottom view of the berth removed from the rebedding device,
FIG. 5 is a sideview of the berth,
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the carrier frame of a stretcher, and
FIG. 7 is a sideview of the berth assembled with the carrier frame to form a stretcher.
Description of specific embodiment The rebedding device shown comprises a low carriage 1 made of steel tubes. On one side of carriage 1 are disposed a pair of uprights or columns 2 of which the upper end portions have been bent-off at right angles and towards the other carriage longitudinal side to form horizontal cantilever members 3. The free ends of the latter are interconnected by a longitudinal tubular member 4 that serves as pivot bearing for a pan, dish or berth 5. In the end portions of member 4 are engaged the end portions 6' of an elongated bearing yoke 6 that is parallel to the longitudinal axis of berth 5 and is rotatably mounted in blocks 7 fixed to the underside of berth 5 close to a longitudinal side of the latter. As bearing yoke 6 is pivoted to tubular member 4, that longitudinal side of berth 5 which is pivoted to yoke 6 is adaptable to the height of the patients bed 8, as may be taken from FIG. 2. The two legs of yoke 6 are spreadable owing to the resiliency of the yoke, so that the yoke end portions 6' are readily withdrawable from the ends of the pivot-bearing tube 4, and the berth 5 thus is removable from the rebedding device. Bearing yoke 6 with its legs 6 may be arranged to also be completely removable from berth 5.
For rebedding a patients bed 8, the procedure is as follows. The rebedding device with berth 5 first is wheeled up alongside bed 8. The patient 9 then is brought into a lateral position so that his face is turned away from the rebedding device. Berth 5 then is raised on the side facing the nurse so that the longitudinal side of the berth facing the patient is lowered on to the bed 8 and lightly engages the patients body from below, as shown in FIG. 2. The patient then with his back is rolled up to the berth and the latter, together with the patient, is tilted back to its horizontal position. In this position, berth 5 is locked by a detent means (not shown) and the rebedding device is wheeled away from the bed. After the bed 8 has been rebedded, the rebedding device with the patient is wheeled up to the bed again, the berth on its side facing the nurse is raised and the patient is slowly lowered again on his bed. This operation may be easily carried out by a single nurse without trouble.
Berth 5 together with yoke 6 is readily removable from the rebedding device by spreading the ends 6' of yoke 6 out of engagement with tubular member 4. Berth 5 is readily combinable with a low supporting frame as shown in FIG. 6 for the purpose of forming a stretcher, as shown in FIG. 7. This low frame is of the same length as the rebedding device and only differs therefrom in that it does not comprise any casters and that its uprights 2 are so short that the cantilevers 3 with tubular member 4 are spaced only a little distance from carriage 1. When erecting the stretcher, berth 5 is laid on the supporting frame, whereupon the ends 6' of yoke 6 are engaged in the protruding end portions of tubular member 4 by letting the yoke legs snap back into position. A patient carried on this stretcher may be directly transferred from the stretcher into a bed.
What we claim is:
1. A rebedding device having a service side and a patient side comprising:
(a) a carriage frame,
(b) a berth displaceably mounted on the top of the frame,
(0) means pivotally connecting said berth substantially at the ends thereof to the carriage frame at a location laterally displaced from the center of the berth towards the patients side, and
(d) said berth being movably free-swinging with respect to the frame at the service side of the device.
2. A device as defined in claim 1 wherein the carriage frame includes a cantilever supporting means, two cantilevers mounted on the supporting means, and bearing means located at the ends of said, cantilevers,
said connecting means being movably attached to said bearing means.
3. A device as defined in claim 2 wherein said connecting means includes displaceable yoke members pivotally attached at one end to said cantilever ends and pivotally attached at the other end to said connecting location of the berth.
4. A device as defined in claim 2 wherein said cantilevers comprise a tubular bearing member and said berth has a pan-shaped cross-section.
5. A device as defined in claim 2 wherein said carriage frame includes a horizontal tube running in the longitudinal direction of said berth and supporting said berth, and
said frame includes bearing means located at the ends of said horizontal tube.
6. A device as defined in claim 3 wherein said yoke member is a bearing stirrup including a long portion located at the underside of the said berth 0n the patients side of the device, and a bent-oif portion at each end of said long portion,
said bent-otf portion of said yoke having an end engaged in said bearing member at the cantilever ends.
7. A device as defined in claim 3 wherein said frame is a low standing support and said device thereby constitutes a stretcher.
References Cited 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,542,963 2/1951 Knox et a1. 5-86 3,099,020 7/1963 Garfield et a1. 5-81 3,304,116 2/1967 Stryker 581 X 10 CASMIR A. NUNBERG, Primary Examiner.