US 340646 A
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J. D. WESTGATE. APPARATUS FOR MEASURING LIQUIDS AND DISGHARGING THE SAME 6 8 8 1 .l 2 v. p A d e t n Du t Jnvewr fig? I UNITED "STATES PATENT OFFICE,
JOSEPH D. TW ESTGATE, OF \VORCESTER, M ASS, ASSIGNOR, BY DIRECT AND MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, OF THREE-FOURTHS TO FRANK 'N. EDDY, ALFRED ELOOCK, AND WILLIAM E. HADYVEN, ALL OF SAME PLACE.
APPARATUS FOR MEASURING LIQUIDS AND DISCHARGING THE SAME INTO BOTTLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 340,646, dated April 27, 1886, Application filed April 20, 1885. Serial No. 16'2,185[ (No model.)
To all whom/it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH D. VVESTGATE, of Worcester, county of \Vorcester',and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improve-- ment in Apparatus for Measuring Liquids and Discharging the Same into Bottles, of which the following description, in connection with the In accordance with my invention I haveprovided the bottom of a measure with a tube,
' one part of which forms a'valve-seat, and
in the said tube I have placed a hollow slid-.
ing' valve adapted to drop into thesaid seat. The lower end ofthe hollow sliding valve is provided with a nozzle to enter the mouth of a bottle or other vessel, said nozzle being. provided with collar or flange to rest upon the top of the'bottleneck, the nozzle being provided with grooves or vent-passages, which permit the escape of air contained in thebottle or other vessel to be filled from the measure as the liquid from the measure enters the bottle. through the said valve.
The particular features in which my inventionconsists will be hereinafter more-specific ally pointed'out in the claims at the end of this specification. V
Figure 1 shows in elevation a measuring and bottle. filling apparatus embodying my im- 5 .proveme'nts, the measure being shown in position to fill a bottle, the valve being open; Fig. 2, a vertical section of a portion of the apparatns, showing the valve closed; Fig. 3, a detail to be referred to.
The measure or receptacle a, provided with a handle, I), has secured to its bottom or lower part atube, c, the said tube being provided with the annular inclined flange c, to form a seat for the valve d. This valve d, frustoconical in shape, is provided with a hollow stem, 0, of sufiicient diameter to fit but yet slide freely in the tube 0, and is provided with -'openings 0' (see Fig. 1) in the sides thereof for the admission of liquid when the valveis open.
This stem 0 is also open at its end for the-dis 5o 'which may project over and bear upon .the
mouth of a bottle while filling the same.
The nozzle in has an opening, in, through it forthe passage of the liquid as it passes down through the stem e. The stem e is provided just above the screw-threaded portion. with a series of holes, n, so that should any liquid remain or settle in the recess formed between the screw-threaded portion of the sleeve and the end of the tube 0, as'when the valve is 7 closed, the same will be allowed to, pass out.
' The nozzle m is provided with one or more vertical grooves or vent openings, o, extending upward to the flange m, which is provided with 'one or more holes, 0', corresponding with the said grooves,to permit the air contained in the bottle to escape as the liquid enters.
The operation of the apparatus is as follows: Normally,the valve being closed bygravity,the
vessel or receptacle a is filled, the nozzle m of '80 the valve is made to enter the mouth of a bottle or other can or vessel to be filled,and the flange m, bearing upon the top of the bottle, will by the weight above it force thesleeve or cup'g and valve connected'therewith upward to the position shown in Fig. 1, thus opening the valve, permitting the liquid to enter the opening wl1icl1,passing down through the hollow stem e, is discharged from the opening m into the bottle. 1 Ast-heliquid enters the bottle the air therein is forced'out through the grooves o and holes 0 in the nozzle and-flange, as shown in Fig. 3.- Vheushfficient liquidh'as passed into.
.the bottle, the apparatus is simply removed,
when the valve drops upon the seatby gravity, stopping further flow ofithe liquids The receptacle or vessel a is provided with a base,portion,a ,of such depth that when the apflange or collar, grooves may be made at the under sidethereof at right angles to the grooves l. in the nozzlem and forming continuation thereof. It is also obvious that the small holes a in the valve-stem e'may be omitted, and the nozzle m and flange m may be secured directly to the valve-stem. V V
It will be readily seen that this apparatus is simple in construction and positive in operation, opening andclosing automatically.
A spring, I, may be interposed between the flange m" and theunder side of the measure, to normally hold the valve closed and to make the valve work positively rather than by gravityalone, as were the spring omitted.
. I claim- 1. A liquid-holding receptacle or measure having a tube fitted to its base, and having a frusto-conical valve-seat formed therein, and an extended base portion, a, combined with a sliding valve placed-within the said tube, and having a nozzlc,m, terminating at a point above the plane upon which the receptacle rests, the said valve opening inward when placed in the .neck of a bottle, and automatically closing when removed therefrom, substantially as described.
2. A liquid-holdin g receptacle having a tube fitted to its base, a frusto-conical valve-seat formed therein, and an extended base portion,
(1., having an opening, a, combined with a hollow sliding valve, comprising the valve d, stem frusto-conical nozzle m, and a flange, on, all substantially as described.
3. A liquid-holding receptacle having a tube fitted to its base and a valve-seat formed therein, combined wit-ha hollow sliding va1ve,comprising the valve d, stem 6, nozzle m, having grooves or vent-openings o, flange m, having vent-openings 0',and sleeve 9, all substantially as described.
4. A liquid-holding receptacle having atube fitted to its base and a valveseat formed therein, combined with a hollow sliding valve, comprising the valve (2, stem 6, having holes n,nozzle m,hav'ing grooves or vent-openings o,fl angem having vent-openings o, sleeve 9, and a base portion attached to the receptacle,- protecting the valve from contact with the floor or bench, all substantially as described.
5. Aliquid-holding receptacle having a tube fitted to its base, a valve-seat formed therein, and an extended base portion,'a,combined with a hollow sliding valve terminating at a point above a plane upon which the receptacle rests,
and comprising the valve (1, stem e, frustoconical valve-seat m, and flange m, and with a spring, 1, to operate substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Josnrir n. TWESTGATE.
"W. H. SIGSTON, JOHN F. 0. PREINKERT.