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Publication numberUS3406684 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 22, 1968
Filing dateSep 20, 1965
Priority dateSep 28, 1964
Publication numberUS 3406684 A, US 3406684A, US-A-3406684, US3406684 A, US3406684A
InventorsJiromaru Tsujino
Original AssigneeYuryo Kikakuhin Kenkyusho Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Jet type, medical injection instrument
US 3406684 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 22, 1968 .JlROMARU TSUJINO 3,405,684

I JET TYPE, MEDICAL INJECTION INSTRUMENT Filed Sept. 20. 1965 INVENTOR United States Patent 3,406,684 JET TYPE, MEDICAL INJECTION INSTRUMENT Jiromaru Tsujino, Suginami-ku, Tokyo-to, Japan, assignor 'to Kabushiki Kaisha Yuryo Kikakuhin Kenkyusho,

Tokyo-to, Japan, a joint-stock company of Japan Filed Sept. 20, 1965, Ser. No. 488,398 Claims priority, application Japan, Sept. 28, 1964, 39/ 54,501 Claims. (Cl. 128-173) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A jet type, medical injection instrument which comprises a barrel having at its forward end an injection fluid pumping cylinder provided with an injection head and an injection fluid charging means, an injection fluid plunger rod disposed in said barrel, means for adjustably controlling the position of said rod to adjust the quantity of the injection fluid corresponding to a required dosage, a driving spring means disposed in said barrel and actuating said rod, a reservoir filled with a pressurized medium, and a device for supplying said pressurized medium into said barrel to maintain said driving spring means in the compressed state in the case of charging the injection fluid and to actuate said spring means in the case of injection operation.

This invention relates to medical injection instruments and more particularly to high-speed, multidose injection instruments of the so-called jet type.

More specifically, the present invention concerns a new and improved jet injection instrument by which vaccine or other injection fluid can be injected by a jet of the injection fluid directly into a bodily part such as under the skin of a subject into whom the injection fluid is to be injected without the use of an injection needle.

An object of the present invention is to provide a jet type injection instrument by which medical injections can be accomplished in a painless and sanitary manner by a simple operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide an injection instrument which has a. device for regulating the dosage of injection whereby injection fluid of the optimum dosage can be administered to each individual.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an injection instrument in which all operational parts necessary for injection of the medicament fluid are built in or assembled integrally in the injection instrument, which thereby is rendered portable and highly convenient in handling and can be used in a simple manner in place of the conventional injection syringe with hypodermic needle.

A further object of the invention is to provide an injection instrument of relatively simple and light construction which can be operated repeatedly and rapidly for successive doses of injection fluid by simple manipulations.

According to the present invention, briefly stated, there is provided a jet type, medical injection instrument comprising essentialy pumping means for expelling injection fluid of accurately metered dosage through a small orifice, driving means to actuate the pumping means, and a hydraulic system to control the driving means.

The nature, principle, and details of the invention will be more clearly apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which like parts are designated by like reference numerals, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the embodiment of the injection instrument according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along a plane indicated by line H-II in FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view, partly in schematic form, showing another embodiment of the invention.

Referring to FIG. 1, the embodiment of the injection instrument according to the invention shown therein has an injection barrel 1, on one lateral side of which there is provided integrally therewith a hydraulic fluid reservoir 2, and at the forward end of which there is provided an injection fluid charging and pumping cylinder 3 having a nozzle head 4 and disposed coaxially with the barrel 1. By pressing the forward end of the nozzle head 4 against the skin of a subject and operating the instrument in the manner described hereinafter, a metered dose of injection fluid can be jet injected through a nozzle passage 5 in the nozzle head 4 and thence under the skin of the subject.

The nozzle passage 5 communicates at its rear end with an injection fluid chamber 6 in the nozzle head 4 and its forward end with a small diameter orifice 8 bored in an orifice insert 7 made of a hard material which will resist deformation and wear. In the operation of the instrument, the injection fluid under high pressure is ejected instantaneously through the orifice 8 and introduced under pressure under the skin of the subject.

Injection fluid is charged into the injection fluid chamber 6 through an inlet fitting 9 including a non-return valve provided on the side wall of the nozzle head 4. By fitting the end of a container such as an ampule containing the injection fluid into this inlet fitting 9, a suitable dose of the injection fluid can be supplied into the chamber 6.

Within the injection fluid charging and pumping cylinder 3 and the forward half portion of the injection barrel 1, there is provided an injection fluid plunger rod 10 having at its forward end a piston 11 slidable in the cylinder 3 and at its rear end a piston 12 slidable in the barrel 1, and further having a flange 14 fixed thereto at an intermediate point between the pistons 11 and .12. The rear surface of this flange 14 normally is pressed in contact with an adjusting member 13 by the force of a coil spring 15 fitted in compressed state around the rod 10 between the rear surface of the adjusting member 13 and the forward surface of the piston 12. The adjusting member 13 is provided at its periphery with screw threads engaging with corresponding threads on the bore of a fluid dosage adjusting ring 16.

By rotating the adjusting ring 16, the plunger rod 10 is caused to move rearwardly, whereby injection fluid is drawn into the injection fluid chamber 6 through the inlet fitting 9. Moreover, the dose of the injection fluid can be regulated to the required quantity by selecting the rotational position to which the fluid dosage adjusting ring 16 is brought.

The injection barrel 1 is provided within its rear half portion with a pressure applying rod 17 having at its forward end a stepped piston 18, against the rear surface of which powerful coil spring 19 is fitted. This mechanism thus constitutes a driving source for imparting injection action to the injection fluid as will be described hereinafter.

The aforementioned hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 is prefilled with hydraulic fluid through an inlet fitting 20. Within this reservoir 2 at its one end, there are provided a piston 22 and a coil spring 21 exerting a force on the piston 22, whereby the fluid within the reservoir is constantly under pressure, and relief action is afforded cor- 3 responding to variation in the volume of the fluid within the reservoir.

Communicating pipes or conduits 23 and 24 are provided to introduce hydraulic fluid within the reservoir 2 into the injection barrel 1 and respectively have at their intermediate points a valve 23a for charging of the injection fluid and a valve 24a for injection. One communicating pipe (23) is so connected as to fill the space within the injection barrel 1 between the rear surface of the piston 12 and the forward surface 18a of the piston 18, said space constituting a forward hydraulic chamber 25. The other communicating pipe 24- is connected to a rear hydraulic chamber 26 formed between the stepped part 18b of the piston 18 and the inner wall'of the injection barrel 1.

Therefore, when the pressure applying rod 17 is moved rearwardly by manual or some other suitable 'means (not shown), the coil spring 19 is compressed as the piston is retracted rearwardly, and, at the same time, hydraulic fluid within the hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 is drawn through the 'valve 240: and through the piston stepped part 18!) into the rear hydraulic fluid chamber 26. This hydraulic fluid" so drawn is prevented from flowing back'because the' valve 24a is anon-return or check valve, whereby the piston 18 is held in a cocked state in its retracted piston.

The injection instrument of the above described construction according to the invention is operated in the following manner to jet inject an injection fluid under the skin of a subject.

First, the fluid dosage adjusting ring 16 is rotationally adjusted to set the volume of the injection fluid chamber 6 at the required dosage of the injection fluid, and the required dose of the fluid is charged into the chamber 6. The pressure applying rod 17 is retracted in the aforementioned manner to place and hold the piston in the cocked state.

The operator then presses the nozzle head 4 of the injection barrel 1 against the skin surface of the subject and then depresses a button 24b to open the valve 24a, whereupon the hydraulic fluid within the rear hydraulic fluid chamber 26 holding the piston 18 in the retracted position returns into the hydraulic fluid reservoir 2. Consequently, the piston 18 is thrust forward by the elastic strain energy stored in the coil spring 19 thereby to cause the injection fluid plunger rod 10, through the hydraulic fluid sealed in within the forward hydraulic chamber 25, to plunge forward, whereby the injection fluid of the metered dosage within the chamber 6 is injected at high velocity and under high pressure through the orifice 8 under the skin of the subject. Thus, the injection opera tion is accomplished in an instantaneous manner.

Then, when the injection operation is to be repeated, a button 23b for opening the valve 23a (non-return valve) for injection fluid charging is depressed to open the valve 231:, whereupon a portion of the hydraulic fluid within the forward hydraulic fluid chamber 25 is permitted to return to the hydraulic fluid reservoir 2. Consequently, the coil spring 15 causes the injection fluid plunger rod 10 to move rearwardly, whereby a new dose of injection liquid is drawn into the injection fluid chamber 6.

In another embodiment of the invention as shown in FIG. 3, the injection barrel 1 is provided with a hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 connected through communication paths or conduits and 31 to different parts of the barrel 1 as will be described hereinafter. The paths 30 and 31 respectively have a non-return (check) valve 32 to operate at the time of injection and a non-return valve 33 to operate at the time of injection fluid recharging. While the above named parts, which constitute the hydraulic fluid supply and control system, are shown schematically for the sake of simplicity of illustration, this system may be of any suitable form such as that illustrated in FIG. 1.

The construction and operation of the forward part of the instant injection instrument is essentially the same as that of the above described first embodiment of the 4 invention, and description thereof will, therefore, be omitted.

The injection fluid plunger rod 10a differs from the plunger rod 10 shown in FIG. 1 in that it is fixed at its rear end directly to a piston 29, on the rear side of which a powerful coil spring 19 for driving is disposed coaxially to act thereupon, the piston 29 and coil spring 19 being disposed and operating within a cylinder in the injection barrel 1. Rearward adjustment of the adjusting member 13 results in the coil spring 15 forcing the'plunger rod 10a rearwardly, whereby this rearward movement is transmitted through the piston 29 and spring 19 to compress a relatively weak coil spring 28 disposed at'the rear part of the injection 'barrel 1 as will be described hereinafter. r

The coil spring 19, as in the afo'redescribed example of the invention, constitutes a driving power source 'for injection operation when it is compressed. For compress- 7 ing this spring" 19, there is providedwithin the rearpart of the injection barrel 1 a ram member 34, between which and the spring 19 there areint-er'poseda spring seat-"35' and the aforementioned weak spring 28. Thespring con-' stant of this spring 28' is'so'selected that the spring 28 can be easily compressed by the force of the spring 15.

One (30) of the aforementioned communication paths I spring 19, hydraulic fluid within hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 simultaneously opens the non-return valve 33 and is drawn into the rear hydraulic chamber 36a. Since this pressurized hydraulic fluid so drawn in is prevented from flowing backward by the non-returnvalve 33, the ram member 34 will not retract rearwardly even if it is released, whereby the driving spring 19 can be maintained in a compressed or cocked state. The injection instrument of the above described construction is operated in' the following manner. First, the injection fluid chamber 6 is charged with the required dose of injection fluid by rotating the adjusting ring 16 exactly as described hereinbefore with respect to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. i v I The ram member 34 is then pushed forward, whereupon it first compresses the weak spring 28 until it contacts the spring seat 35 and then causes the spring seat 3-5 to compress the driving spring 19. At the same time, hydraulic fluid is drawn through the communication path 31, past the non-return valve 33, into rear hydraulic chamber 36a as described hereinbefore to place the driving spring 19 in the compressed and cocked state.

The operator then presses the nozzle head 4 of the injection barrel 1 against thesurface of the skin of the subject and opens thenon-return valve 32 by manual or some other means, whereupon the hydraulic fluid in the forward hydraulic chamber 29grreturns, to the hydraulic fluid reservoir, and the elastic strain energy stored in the driving spring 19 is released to thrust the piston 29 and plunger rod 10 forward. Consequently, the injection fluid within the chamber 6 is injected through the orifice 5 at high velocity and pressure under the skin of the subject, whereby injection is accomplished instantaneously.

Then, when the injection procedure is to be repeated, the non-return valve 33 for injection fluid charging is opened by manual or some other means (not shown), whereupon the hydraulic fluid in the rear hydraulic 'chamber 36a is permitted to return to the reservoir 2. Consequently, the spring 15 causes the plunger rod 10 together with the driving spring 19 to retract rearwardly as it compresses the weak spring 28, whereby a new dose of injection fluid determined by the adjusting member 13 is drawn into the injection fluid chamber 6.

Thus, an important and advantageous feature of the injection instrument of the present invention is that injection can be accomplished merely by opening the hydraulic system valve for injection and that recharging of the injection fluid chamber 6 with a new dose of the injection fluid can be accomplished merely by opening the valve for charging. Accordingly, the present invention provides an injection instrument of simple injection procedure whereby injection can be carried out painlessly and sanitarily without the necessity of hypodermically plunging a needle into the subject as in the case of a conventional injection instrument.

Another important feature of the injection instrument of the invention is that, since the dosage of the injection fluid can be readily adjusted for each individual subject, the injection instrument can be used widely and generally in the same manner as a conventional injection instrument.

Furthermore, as described above, the hydraulic fluid reservoir is provided integrally with the injection barrel in the injection instrument of the instant invention, and the hydraulic fluid is utilized in an ingenious manner whereby the hydraulic fluid sent into the injection barrel, on one hand, makes possible the recharging of injection fluid for repeated injection when this hydraulic fluid is caused to flow back into the reservoir and, on the other hand, causes the coil spring 19 installed within the injection barrel as a driving source for injection to be cocked, that is, held in its compressed state, thereby affording jet injection of the injection fluid at any desired time.

It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only preferred embodiments of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the examples of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A jet type medical injection instrument which comprises a barrel having at its forward end an injection fluid pumping cylinder provided with an injection head and an injection fluid charging means including an inlet fitting for attachment thereto of containing means having therein an injection fluid, an injection fluid stepped plunger rod disposed in said barrel, stepped means in the barrel cooperating with the stepped plunger rod for adjustably controlling the position of said rod to adjust the quantity of the injection fluid corresponding to a required dosage,

spring holding means towards the rear of said barrel, a driving spring means, a driving piston driven by said spring means defining forward and rear chambers said spring means and piston being disposed in said barrel and actuating said rod, a reservoir adjacent to said barrel filled with a pressurized fluid medium, and valve means and flow conduits for supplying said pressurized fluid medium into said barrel rear chamber to maintain said driving spring means in the compressed state in the case of charging the injection fluid and to actuate said spring means and return the fluid medium to the reservoir via said other chamber in the case of injection operation.

2. A jet type, medical injection instrument comprising, in combination as an integral assembly, a stepped barrel with a rear end at least partially closed for holding a spring having at its forward end an injection fluid pumping cylinder provided at its forward extremity with an injection orifice and at its side with injection fluid charging means, including an inlet fitting for attachment thereto of containing means having therein an injection fluid, an injection fluid stepped plunger rod disposed axially within the barrel and having at its forward end a forward piston operating in the injection fluid pumping cylinder and at its rear end a rear piston operating in the barrel, stepped means in the barrel cooperating with the stepped plunger rod for adjustably controlling rearward movement of the plunger rod, a stepped hydraulic piston disposed axially Within the barrel and having a small piston part and a large piston part, a forward hydraulic chamber being formable between the small piston part and plunger rod, and a rear hydraulic chamber being formable between the large piston part and a stepped wall of the barrel, a driving coil spring disposed for compression against said barrel rear end to act on the rear surface of the stepped hydraulic piston, a hydraulic fluid reservoir mounted on the barrel and filled with pressurized hydraulic fluid, a first conduit with a valve for injection-fluid charging operation connected between the reservoir and the rear hydraulic chamber, for applying hydraulic fluid into said chamber to maintain said coil spring in a compressed state, a second conduit with a valve for injection operation connected between the reservoir and the forward hydraulic chamber, and means to operate said valves of the first and second conduits so as to compress said coil spring while charging injection fluid and returning the hydraulic fluid to the reservoir during the injection operation.

3. A jet type, medical injection instrument comprising, in combination as an integral assembly, a stepped barrel with retaining means towards the rear thereof for holding a spring having at its forward end an injection fluid pumping cylinder provided at its forward extremity with an injection orifice and at its side with injection fluid charging means, including an inlet fitting for attachment thereto of containing means having therein an injection fluid, an injection fluid stepped plunger rod disposed axially within the barrel and having at its forward end a forward piston operatin g in the injection fluid pumping cylinder and at its rear end a hydraulic piston operating in the barrel, stepped means in the barrel cooperating with the stepped plunger rod for adjustably controlling rearward movement of the plunger rod, a driving coil spring held at its rear end by said retaining means and in contact at its forward end with the rear surface of the hydraulic piston, a ram member for compressing the driving coil spring disposed behind the driving coil and having a piston operating in the barrel, a forward hydraulic chamber being formable between the hydraulic piston and a stepped wall of the barrel, and a rear hydraulic chamber being formable between the rear surface of the piston of the ram member and the rear wall of the barrel, a hydraulic fluid reservoir mounted on the barrel and filled with pressurized hydraulic fluid, a first conduit witha valve for injection fluid charging operation connected between the reservoir and the rear hydraulic chamber for applying hydraulic fluid into said chamber to maintain said coil spring in the compressed state, a second conduit with a valve for injection operation connected between the reservoir and the forward hydraulic chamber, and means to operate said valves of the first and second conduits so as to compress said coil spring while charging injection fluid and returning the hydraulic fluid to the reservoir during the injection operation.

4. A jet-type medical injection instrument comprising in combination as an integral assembly:

(a) a barrel 1 with its forward end open and its rear end closed;

(b) a hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 provided integrally with said barrel on one lateral side thereof and filled with pressurized hydraulic fluid;

(c) an injection fluid charging and pumping cylinder 3 provided at the forward end of and coaxially with said barrel, said cylinder having at its forward extremity an injection orifice 8 and at its lateral side an injection fluid charging means 9;

(d) an injection fluid plunger rod 10 disposed axially within said barrel and having at its forward end a forward piston 11 operating in the injection fluid charging and pumping cylinder and at its rear end a rear piston 12 operating in the barrel and further at its intermediate point between said pistons a fixed flange 14;

(e) a fluid dosage adjusting means 16 coaxially and rotatably disposed at a forward part of the barrel and being threaded on the inner periphery with which an adjusting member 13 having corresponding screw threads at its periphery is engaged, said fixed flange being press-contacted with said adjusting member by a spring force to adjustably control reciprocal movement of said plunger rod;

(f) a pressure applying rod 17 provided in the rear half of said barrel and having at its forward end a stepped piston consisting of a small piston part anda large piston part disposed axially within the barrel, the rear half of said barrel having small bore and large bore respectively to permit said small piston part and said large piston part to slide therein to form a forward hydraulic chamber 25 between the small piston part and the rear piston 12, and a rear hydraulic chamber 26 between the large piston part and a stepped wall of said barrel;

(g) a driving spring 19 in contact at its forward end with the rear surface of said stepped piston to exert a driving power for injection operation;

(h) a first conduit 24 with a valve 24a for injection operation and for holding said stepped piston at a desired position, said conduit being connected between said reservoir and said rear hydraulic chamber;

(i) a second conduit 23 with a valve 23a for injection fluid charging and pumping operation connected between said reservoir and said forward hydraulic chamber; and

(j) means to operate said valves of the first and second conduits.

5. A jet-type medical injection instrument comprising in combination as an integral assembly:

(a) a barrel 1 having a small bore in the forward portion thereof, a large bore in the intermediate portion thereof, and a small bore in the rear portion thereof to form stepped barrels therewith;

(b) a hydraulic fluid reservoir 2 connected to different parts of said barrel through conduits;

(c) an injection fluid changing and pumping cylinder 3 provided at the forward end of and coaxially with said barrel, said cylinder having at its forward extremity an injection orifice 8 and at its lateral side an injection fluid charging means 9;

(d) an injection fluid plunger rod 10a disposed axially within the forward portion of said barrel and having at its forward end a forward piston operating in the injection fluid charging and pumping cylinder, and at its rear end a rear piston29 of large diameter to operate in the large bore of the intermediate portion of said barrel to form a forward hydraulic chamber 29a between the rear piston part and a stepped wall of the barrel, and further at its intenmediatepoint between said pistons and 'a fixed flange 14;

(e) a fluid dosageadjustingmeans 16 coaxially and rotatably disposed at the forward portionof the barrel and being threaded on the inner periphery'with which an adjusting member 13 having corresponding screw threads at its periphery is engaged, said fixed flange being press-contacted with said adjusting member by a spring forcelto adjustably control reciprocal movement of said plunger rod; 7

(f) a driving spring '19 in contact at its forward end with the rear surface of said rear piston of large-diameter to exert a driving power for injection operation;

(g) a ram member 34disposed at the rear part of said driving spring and having at its forward end a piston 36 operating in the intermediate portion of largebore of said barrel, said ram member being for compressing the driving spring and said piston having a coaxial recess for receiving one end of a small spring 28 and forming a rear hydraulic chamber 36a between the forward piston part and a rear stepped wall of the barrel;

(h) a' spring seat 35 to receive the rear end of said driving spring, said seat having a recess coaxial to said barrel to receive another end of said small spring;

(i) a first conduit 30 with'a valve 32- for injection operation and for holding said'piston at a desired position, said conduit being connected between said-reservoir and said forward hydraulic chamber 29a;

(j) a second conduit 31 with a valve 33 for injection fluid charging and pumping operation connected between said reservoir' and said rear hydraulic charmher; and s v i (k) means to operate said valves of the first and second conduits. r t

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,687,724- 8/1954 Ziherletal 128-173 3,057,349 10/1962 Ismach V 128-173 RICHARD GAUDET, Primary Examiner. M. F. MAJESTIC, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2687724 *Mar 2, 1950Aug 31, 1954Geoffrey W WalkerInoculant injector instrument
US3057349 *Dec 14, 1959Oct 9, 1962Aaron IsmachMulti-dose jet injection device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3515130 *Sep 18, 1967Jun 2, 1970Yuryo Kikakuhin Kenkyusho KkJet-injection hypodermic device
US4004575 *Mar 27, 1975Jan 25, 1977Walter Sarstedt Kunststoff-SpritzgusswerkApparatus for loading blood extracting devices
US4564360 *Sep 28, 1983Jan 14, 1986Fisons PlcAdjustable dose injection pistol
US5009637 *Nov 16, 1988Apr 23, 1991Sy-Quest International LimitedApparatus for hypodermic injection of liquids
US5024656 *Aug 30, 1988Jun 18, 1991Injet Medical Products, Inc.Gas-pressure-regulated needleless injection system
US5599302 *Jan 9, 1995Feb 4, 1997Medi-Ject CorporationMedical injection system and method, gas spring thereof and launching device using gas spring
US5643211 *Feb 29, 1996Jul 1, 1997Medi-Ject CorporationNozzle assembly having a frangible plunger
US5697917 *Feb 29, 1996Dec 16, 1997Medi-Ject CorporationNozzle assembly with adjustable plunger travel gap
US5722953 *Feb 29, 1996Mar 3, 1998Medi-Ject CorporationNozzle assembly for injection device
US5800388 *Feb 29, 1996Sep 1, 1998Medi-Ject CorporationPlunger/ram assembly adapted for a fluid injector
US5846233 *Jan 9, 1997Dec 8, 1998Medi-Ject CorporationCoupling device for medical injection system
US5865795 *Feb 29, 1996Feb 2, 1999Medi-Ject CorporationSafety mechanism for injection devices
US5875976 *Dec 24, 1996Mar 2, 1999Medi-Ject CorporationLocking mechanism for nozzle assembly
US5891085 *Jan 9, 1997Apr 6, 1999Medi-Ject CorporationNozzle assembly with lost motion connection for medical injector assembly
US5919159 *Jan 9, 1997Jul 6, 1999Medi-Ject CorporationMedical injection system and method, gas spring thereof and launching device using gas spring
US5921967 *Dec 24, 1996Jul 13, 1999Medi-Ject CorporationPlunger for nozzle assembly
US6123684 *Jul 26, 1999Sep 26, 2000Medi-Ject CorporationLoading mechanism for medical injector assembly
US7695449 *Oct 27, 2006Apr 13, 2010Xinming WangAutomatic syringe
WO1992010226A1 *Dec 6, 1991Jun 25, 1992Sy Quest Int LtdJet injector for mass inoculation
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/70
International ClassificationA61M5/30
Cooperative ClassificationA61M5/30
European ClassificationA61M5/30