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Publication numberUS3407084 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 22, 1968
Filing dateOct 1, 1964
Priority dateOct 1, 1964
Publication numberUS 3407084 A, US 3407084A, US-A-3407084, US3407084 A, US3407084A
InventorsVincent E Heywood
Original AssigneeUs Envelope Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coating method and apparatus
US 3407084 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 22, 1968 v. E. HEYWOOD 3,407,084

COATING METHOD AND APPARATUS Filed Oct. 1, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent I 3,407,084 1 COATING METHOD AND APPARATUS Vincent E. Heywood, Worcester, Mass., assignor to United States Envelope Company, Springfield, Mass., a corporation of Maine i Filed Oct- 1, 1964, Ser. No. 400,780

7 Claims. (Cl. 117-44) ABSTRACT OF THE-DISCLOSURE In'the application of adhesive or'other coating material by roller to "the advancing marginal edges of a plurality of shingled blanks, as in anenvelope making'machine, the tendency of the blanks to adhere to and follow the surface of the applicator roll is overcome by howing 'the blanks to 'add' stiffne'ss thereto'as' they pass the applicator roll. The applicator roll'is a deformable, resilient roll backed up by a rigid longitudinally curved backing roll which deforms the applicator roll into a conforming shape along the line of contact between'the rolls, the blanks also assuming this shape as they pass between the rolls.

This invention relates in general to a method and apparatus -for coating blanks of sheet material, and more specifically, this invention relates to a method and apparatus for applyinga coating materialsuch as an adhesive or gum to the exposed" leading marginalareas of advancing shingled-blanks such as paper envelope blanks.

In the application of strips of adhesive to envelope blanks, it is common practice to orient the blanks in shingled or fanned-out relation, thereby exposing on one side the marginal areas of the trailing portionof the blanks, and on the other side, the marginal areas of the leading portion of the blanks. The exposed marginal area is commonly the width of the desired strip'of gumto. be applied to each blank. A continuous area to be gummed consisting of the summation of'the individual, marginal areas is exposed, and the gum may conveniently be ap plied thereto in a continuous application by a roll.

Gum is most commonly applied'by a roll applicator to the side of the shingled blanks exposing the trailing mar- Patented Oct. 22, 1968 blanks by using one or more stripping members to prevent the leading marginal areas from following-the applicator roll. Stripping members are objectionable, however, because objectionable separations must be made in the gum coating to allow the stripping members to contact the blanks. If no separations in the gum coating are provided, a messy and irregular coating will result.

Accordingly it is an object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for rolling a coating, such as gum or adhesive, onto the leading edges of the shingled blanks, and preventing the marginal areas from following the applicator roll without the abovementioned disadvantages of the stripping members.

Various other objects and advantages will appear from the following description of one embodiment of the invention, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out hereinafter in connection with'the appended-claims.

In the drawings: e

FIGURE 1 is a plan view showing a shingled succession of envelopes being fed through a gumming mechanism:

FIGURE 2 is an elevation view of that which is shown in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged section view taken along line 3-3 of FIGURE 1.

l FIGURE 4 is a section view taken along line 44 of FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 5 is a plan View taken substantially along line 5-5 of FIGURE 4, illustrating graphically the area ginal areas. In this manner, the marginal'afeas which come into contact with 'the applicator I roll are immediately carried free from the'applicator roll by the advancement of the blanks breaking contact between the applicator roll and the blanks immediately'as the blanks pass from between the rolls. In the manufacture of simple envelopes having only one sealing flap to begumrned, it can normally be arranged to apply the gum to the trailing edges of the blanks. In the manufacture of so-' called ftwoway envelopes, the envelope striictrire is more complex, and there can be two'flaps which are required to have a gum coating, thereby necessitating the"application of a gum coating to bothend s, or opposite marginal areas of the blanks". In the' manufacturefof such envelopes, it is often desirable to apply a gum coating to leading marareas.

In the application urine coating tothese leading marginal areas, difficulty has'been experienced inseparating this leading'ma'rginal area from the'periphery of the gum applicator roll." These areas do not immediatelypull free of the roll as in. the 'case of trailing marginal .area gumming. The leading-edges tend to adhere to and follow the applicator roll rather than remain flat in their shingled relation as they'should. Following the applicator roll causes a messy. and irregular'application of gum, as well as misalignment of the blanks;

An attempt has been made to overcome this difficulty experienced in gummingthe leading edge of shingled ginal'areas of'the blanks as -well as the t'railin'g marginal of contact of the shingled blanks with the applicator roll.

Referring to the drawings, FIGURES l and 2 illustrate generally the shingled envelopes E being carried between gum applicator roll 10 and backing roll 12. Transfer roll 14 picks up gum on its periphery because of its association with the interior of gum box 16, and subsequently transfers it to applicator roll 10, with which it is'in peripher'al contact. A pair of parallel upper belts 18 and 20, trained over rolls 22 and 24, coact with a pair of lower belts 26 and 28, trained over rolls'30 and 32, to grip the shingled envelope blanks and convey them between applicator roll 10 and the backing roll 12. The blanks are arranged in shingled order before-they are fed into the conveyor belts, and maintain this position until they are removed from the other end of the belt conveyor. It will, of course, be understood that various other operations may be performed on the blanks while being conveyed by the belts before and after passing through the coating applicator. Also, other types of conveyors which will hold the blanks in alignment in their shingled relation may be used in lieu of'the belt conveyor.

The shingled arrangement of the blanks advancing through the gumming mechanism may be seen by referring to' FIGURE 5. The portion of each envelope E which is to receive a coating of gum is exposed in a substantially continuous surface. The coating on each blank extends from the leading edge 33 of thatblank to the leading edge 33 of the succeeding blank. The shingled succession of blanks is ordinarily held flat and relatively tight by the conveyor belts 18, 20, 26, and 28, and is moved in the direction of the arrow. The leading marginal areas 34 of the blanks which are to receive the coating are, subject to becoming bent and misaligned by the sticky gum applicator roll 10, even through under normal conditions,

' the belts 18, 20, 26, and 28 hold them firmly. With these To remedy this situation, the present invention provides for temporary stiffening of the blanks as they pass through the applicator mechanism, in a manner such that the free marginal edges of the blanks will not bend in the longitudinal direction, or direction of movement. The blanks are thus prohibited from bending to assume the contour of the surface of the applicator roll 10, and following it in a circular path. To accomplish this, the blanks are bowed in the transverse direction as they pass through the gumming apparatus, preferably by the use of a crowned backing roll 12 and a deformable, but resilient, applicator roll which is, in its normall condition, of a right circular cylindrical shape. The roll 10 may be suitably constructed of soft rubber or similar material. As shown best in FIG- URE 3, the axis of the applicator roll 10 is spaced from the axis of the backing roll 12 a distance such that the rolls are coacting i.e., having at least tangential contact over the entire axial distance of which the coating is to be applied to the blanks. This being the case, then, in the embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings, the rolls 10 and 12 will be in tangential contact at their ends, represented by the intersection of the shaded area boundary lines in FIGURE 5. Inwardly from the ends, however, the applicator roll 10 will be deformed by the crowned roll 12 so that there will be area contact of the applicator roll 10 and the shingled envelopes E. The applicator roll 10 will bend the blanks to conform to the configuration of the backing roll 12. The blanks will thus be bent, or bowed, in the transverse direction.

The backing roll 12 is illustrated in the drawings as being convex, i.e., having a barrel-like shape. Actually, this backing roll could assume any contour which would result in the blanks being transversely bowed. For example, it could be of a larger diameter at its mid-portion, and taper inwardly towards the ends. Also, it is conceivable that the backing roll 12 might be concave instead of convex. In this case, the roll 12 would be of a smaller diameter in its mid-portion and taper to larger diameters at its ends. In any case, however, it is essential that the distance between the axes 40 and 42 of the rolls 10 and 12 respectively be spaced apart a distance so that the rolls will at least be tangent at the lesser diameter portion or portions of the backing 12 over the cooperating, or working portions of the rolls 10 and 12. The portions of roll 12 of greater diameter will thus depress the resilient applicator roll 10, cooperating therewith by area contact, and bending the shingled blanks E such that they will assume a transversely bowed shape. It will be understood that while the applicator roll 10 and the backing roll 12 are referred to herein as being in contact, actually they are substantially in contact when there are no blanks between them. When in operation, the rolls are, of course, separated by the thickness of the shingled blanks E. The rolls 10 and 12 are ordinarily of sufficient resiliency, or the mounting of the rolls 10 and 12 in the frame (not shown) is spring loaded so that the rolls would be substantially in contact were it not for the shingled blanks E between the rolls.

As the deformable, resilient roll 10 rotates in cooperation with the backing roll 12, it is continuously depressed and relaxed, so that the only portion of the applicator roll 10 which is not of a right circular cylindrical shape is approximately the portion in contact with the crowned backing roll 12 at a given time. The applicator roll 10 has resumed its normal shape by the time it rotates around to the transfer roll 14. Common types of gum box constructions may therefore be utilized because the transfer roll 14 is of the normal, right circular cylindrical design, and difiicult, odd-shaped gum boxes and doctor blades are avoided.

It is also conceivable that matching concave and convex applicator and backing rolls might be used to bend the shingled blanks transversely. However, specially designed doctor blades and gum transfer rolls, also having contoured shapes, would be necessary in this case. It is,

of course, desirable to keep away from these more complex designs when possible. Also, cooperating applicator and backing rolls which contact over an area having sloping leading and trailing boundary lines, such as the lines 42 and 44 in FIGURE 5, are desirable because the blanks are initially separated from the applicator roll 10 substantially at a point (in this case, approximately in the center of the roll) and then progressively separated towards the sides as the shingled blanks E advance through the rolls. This substantially reduces the magnitude of the force at any instant tending to cause the blanks to follow the applicator roll 10.

It will be understood that various changes in the details, materials, steps and arrangements of parts, which have been herein described and illustrated in order to explain the nature of the invention, may be made by those skilled in the art within the principle and scope of the invention as expressedin the appended claims. In these claims the term longitudinally curved has been-used to designate a backing roll which may be either concave or convex, the word longitudinally being used to mean longitudinally or axially of the roll.

I claim:

1. The method of continuously applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks which comprises the steps of (a) advancing the shingled blanks between a pair of cooperating, axially parallel rollers which in the absence of blanks therebetween contact one another along a line of contact curved longitudinally of said rollers, so as to bow the shingled blanks during movement between the rollers, and

(b) applying coating material to the surface of the roll which contacts the exposed leading edges of the advancing shingled blanks, whereby the coating on said roll may be rolled onto said leading marginal areas.

2. The method of continuously applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks which comprises the steps of (a) providing a pair of cooperating axially parallel rolls which contact each other over their entire working portions, one being a deformable, resilient, normally right circular cylindrical applicator roll, and the other being a non-deformable, longitudinally curved backing roller,

(b) advancing the shingled blanks between the rollers so that the exposed leading marginal areas of the blanks will contact the applicator roll, and

(c) applying a coating material to the surface of the applicator roll, whereby the coating may be rolled onto said leading marginal areas of the blanks.

3. The method of continuously applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks which comprises the steps of (a) providing a pair of cooperating, axially parallel rolls, one being a deformable, resilient, normally right circular cylindrical applicator roll and the other being a nondeformable longitudinally curved backing roller extending along the full length of said applicator roll,

(b) maintaining such a spacing between the axes of said rolls that in the absence of any blanks therebetween they contact one another along a line extending along their length with said backing roll deforming said applicator roll to a shape conforming to said backing roll along said line of contact,

(c) advancing the shingled blanks between the rolls so that the exposed leading edges of the blanks will contact the applicator roll, and r (d) applying a coating material to the surface of the applicator roll, whereby the coating'may be rolled onto said leading marginal areas of the blanks.

4. The method of continuously applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks which comprises the steps of (a) providing a pair of cooperating, axially parallel rolls, one being a deformable, resilient, right circular cylindrical applicator roll, and the other being a nondeformable longitudinally curved backing roll extending along the full length of said applicator roll,

(b) advancing the shingled blanks between the rolls so that the exposed leading edges of the blanks will contact the applicator roll,

(0) maintaining such a spacing between the axes of said rolls that as said shingled blanks are advanced therebetween said blanks are pressed between both of said rolls along the full length of said applicator roll, and

(d) applying a coating material to the surfaces of the applicator roll, whereby the coating may be rolled onto said leading marginal areas of the blanks.

5. Apparatus for applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks comprising (a) a deformable, resilient, right circular cylindrical applicator roll,

'(b) a non-deformable longitudinally curved backing roll,

(c) said rolls having substantially parallel axes and cooperating surfaces which contact one another along at least a portion of a line extending along the lengths thereof so that along at least a part of said line said applicator roll is deformed into a shape generally similar to that of said backing roll,

(d) means for providing coating material to the periphery of said applicator roll, and

(e) means for advancing the shingled blanks between the rolls, with the exposed leading edges of the blanks contacting said applicator roll.

6. Apparatus for applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks comprising (a) a deformable, resilient, right circular cylindrical applicator roll,

(b) a non-deformable longitudinally curved backing roll,

(c) said rolls having substantially parallel axes and cooperating surfaces which contact one another along at least a portion of a line extending along the lengths thereof so that along at least a part of said line said applicator roll is deformed into a shape generally similar to that of said backing roll,

((1) means for providing coating material to the periphery of said applicator roll including a right circular cylindrical transfer roll having its axis parallel to that of said applicator roll and cooperating with said applicator roll to transfer coating material thereto along a line spaced a suflicient distance angularly about the axis of said applicator roll from said line of contact between said applicator roll and said backing roll so that the surface of said applicator roll is in a substantially undeformed shape along said line of transfer, and

(e) means for advancing shingled blanks between said rolls, with the exposed leading edges of the blanks contacting said applicator roll.

7. Apparatus for applying coating material to exposed leading marginal areas of advancing shingled blanks comprising (a) a deformable, resilient, right circular cylindrical applicator roll having a working surface,

(b) a rigid, longitudinally curved backing roll,

(c) said rolls having substantially parallel axes so spaced from one another that said rolls contact one another along a line of contact extending along substantially the full length of said applicator roll working surface with said backing roll deforming said applicator roll into a shape conforming to said backing roll along said line of contact,

(d) means for providing coating material to the periphery of said applicator roll, and (e) means for advancing shingled blanks between said rolls, with the exposed leading edges of the blanks contacting said applicator roll.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,573,052 10/1951 Parker 118249 3,186,315 6/1965 Pahlitzsch 93-62 ALFRED L. LEAVITT, Primary Examiner.

C. R. WILSON, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2573052 *Jan 24, 1948Oct 30, 1951Parker Raymond HLiquid coating device
US3186315 *Apr 24, 1963Jun 1, 1965Pahlitzsch BrunoMethod and apparatus for manufacturing envelopes, bags and like objects
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3873025 *May 6, 1974Mar 25, 1975Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags AbMethod and apparatus for atomizing a liquid medium and for spraying the atomized liquid medium in a predetermined direction
US4322472 *Oct 27, 1980Mar 30, 1982Alco Standard CorporationAdhesive based on a starch and acrylamide graft copolymer
US5487780 *Feb 15, 1994Jan 30, 1996Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for applying coating materials to overlapped individual sheets
US5849358 *Oct 14, 1997Dec 15, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US5851592 *Oct 14, 1997Dec 22, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US5863330 *Oct 14, 1997Jan 26, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet meters
US5868838 *Oct 14, 1997Feb 9, 1999Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US5916630 *Oct 23, 1997Jun 29, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US5958135 *Oct 14, 1997Sep 28, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US5972113 *Oct 14, 1997Oct 26, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US6040006 *Jan 14, 1999Mar 21, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US6074704 *Jun 4, 1998Jun 13, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US6254678Jun 7, 1995Jul 3, 2001Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for applying coating materials to overlapped individual sheets
US6406244Jul 9, 1998Jun 18, 2002Frederic P. A. Le RicheStack of sheets with repositionable adhesive alternating between opposite edges and containing one or more sheets different from other sheets
US6500260 *Mar 27, 2001Dec 31, 2002Minnesota Mining & MfgApparatus for applying a coating material to sheets
US6517900Oct 14, 1997Feb 11, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US6551654Oct 14, 1997Apr 22, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for applying coating materials to individual sheet members
US6669992Jun 10, 2002Dec 30, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyStack of sheets with repositionable adhesive alternating between opposite edges and containing one of more sheets different from other sheets
EP1531061A2 *Jul 13, 1995May 18, 2005Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing CompanyMethod and apparatus for applying a coating material to sheets
WO1997019761A1 *Nov 29, 1996Jun 5, 1997Ritter Johannes AProcess and device for applying adhesives
Classifications
U.S. Classification427/285, 427/428.17, 427/207.1, 118/249
International ClassificationB05C1/02, B31B19/00, B05C1/08
Cooperative ClassificationB05C1/027, B31B19/62, B31B21/00, B31B2221/10, B05C1/08, B31B2219/6007
European ClassificationB31B19/62, B31B21/00