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Publication numberUS3408319 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1968
Filing dateDec 8, 1964
Priority dateDec 8, 1964
Also published asDE1494858A1, DE1494858B2, DE1494858C3
Publication numberUS 3408319 A, US 3408319A, US-A-3408319, US3408319 A, US3408319A
InventorsWilliam J Rau
Original AssigneeRohm & Haas
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tanning compositions comprising aqueous solutions of unsaturated acid-unsaturated sulfated oil copolymers
US 3408319 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,408,319 TANNING COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING AQUE- OUS SOLUTIONS OF UNSATURATED ACID-UN- SATURATED SULFATED OIL COPOLYMERS William J. Rau, Wyndmoor Valley, Pa., assignor to Rohn & Haas Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Filed Dec. 8, 1964, Ser. No. 416,874 17 Claims. (Cl. 260-43) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Tanning compositions are made by copolymerization of a mixture of (A) methacrylic acid, acrylic acid or mixtures of such acids with (B) a sulfated unsaturated oil. The unsaturated acid used is preferably 75 to 100% methacrylic acid and 25 to 0% respectively of acrylic acid, and generally the use of methacrylic acid exclusively is most practical from the standpoint of cost and effectiveness. The amount of sulfonated oil is from to 25% by weight of the acid monomer.

The present invention is concerned with the tanning of leather.

It is already known that various skins or hides can be tanned by the application of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid or copolymers of these acids. These materials may be used as the sole tanning agents or they may be used as pretanning or retanning agents preceding or following respectively the application of other tanning agents such as chrome, zirconium, natural tannins, and synthetic tanning agents. The use of these agents has an important disadvantage, however, in that they frequently impart crackiness to the grain of the leather and this even occurs in some instances with heavily fat-liquored skins. Most synthetic tanning agents do not cause cracking in this fashion even when applied without fat-liquoring. Compositions made up with the tanning agent and a fat-liquoring agent such as an oil, have the disadvantage that there is gross separation of the oil from the composition on storage after a few days.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a new composition having advantageous tanning properties. It has been discovered that such tanning compositions can be made by copolymerization of a mixture of (A) methacrylic acid, acrylic acid or mixtures of such acids with (B) a sulfated unsaturated oil. The unsaturated acid used is preferably 75 to 100% methacrylic acid and 25 to 0% respectively of acrylic acid, and generally the use of methacrylic acid exclusively is most practical from the standpoint of cost and etfectiveness. The amount of sulfated oil is from 10 to 25% by weight of the acid monomer. Preferably, the amount of such oil is about to based on the weight of the monomer.

The sulfated oil with which the unsaturated acid is polymerized is one in which the extent of sulfation has not been so great as to completely eliminate points of unsaturation in the product. Thus, the extent of sulfation may be such as to remove all points except one of unsaturation in the oil. In those oils which also contain hydroxyl groups, the sulfation may be exerted exclusively On the hydroxyl groups leaving all of the points of unsaturation essentially untouched or the sulfation may convert both the hydroxyl groups and part of the unsaturated groups into sulfates. For example, in olive oil, which contains as a major constituent a glyceride of oleic acid, sulfation may introduce sulfate groups on one or two of the three points of unsaturation in the glyceride molecule leaving one or two of the unsaturated groups essentially untouched or unmodified. While olive oil is mentioned there may be used instead any of the other animal and vegeice table oils containing one or more glycerides of unsaturated acids having long chains such as from 12 to 20 carbon atoms. Examples of these oils include:

Almond Peanut Beechnut Poppy seed Black mustard Porpoise (body oil) Candlenut Pumpkin seed Castor Rape seed Chaulmoogra Satfiower Cod liver Seal Corn (maize) Sesame Cotton seed Soja bean (soya, soy) Lard oil Sperm Linseed Sunflower Menhaden Tung (China wood) Neats-foot Walnut Palm Whale The preparation of the still partially unsaturated sulfation products of these oils is well known and in fact, many are commercially available.

The copolymerization is effected in an aqueous medium in which the sulfated oil is dissolved, for example at a concentration of 5% to 15% by weight. To this solution there is added a water-soluble polymerization initiator and, optionally, a water-soluble chain-transfer agent. An aqueous solution of a chain-transfer agent, if such an agent is used, may also be dissolved directly in the monomer and this solution may then be added to the sulfated oil/ catalyst solution in the flask. The sulfated oil/catalyst solution (which may also contain a chain-transfer agent) may be held at room temperature or raised to as high as 97 C. or even higher (such as to reflux) and maintained at the desired temperature while adding the acid monomer. The addition of the acid monomer results in copolymerization of such acid with the unsaturated sul-' fated oil yielding the product of the present invention which is highly effective as a tanning agent for leather and has the advantage of effecting tannage without imparting crackiness to the grain of the leather even without fat-liquoring the leather.

The relative proportions of the acid monomer and sulfated oil are and by weight of monomer to 20 to 10% by weight respectively of the oil. In other words, the amount of monomer used is about 4 to 8 times the amount of sulfated oil. The proportion of initiator is from 0.5 to 6% by weight of the monomer. Examples of initiators include hydrogen peroxide, ammonium persulfate, sodium persulfate, and potassium persulfate.

The proportion of chain transfer agent depends on the particular agent and its effectiveness in controlling the molecular weight of the copolymer. In general, the amount of chain transfer agent used is correlated with the amount of initiator so as to result in the production of a copolymer which in acid form at approximately 33% concentration in water and at 25 C. will have a viscosity in the range of about 15 to 300 poises. No chain-transfer agent is needed if the proportion of initiator used is high enough to produce a copolymer of low molecular weight in the range specified. It is estimated that the most suitable molecular weight range of the product is from about 5,000 to 50,000 number average. Examples of chain-transfer agents include hydroxylamine or salts thereof, such as hydroxylamine sulfate, mercaptoethanol, mercaptopropanol, thiodiglycol, thioglycollic acid, ascorbic and isoascorbic acid. The chain-transfer agent may be used in an amount of about 0.2 to 3.5% by weight based on the weight of the monomer.

The copolymers of the present invention are water-soluble and dilutable. They remain in solution indefinitely without signifiicaut separation of oil content and are capable of tanning skins or hides without imparting crackiness to the grain.

For the purpose of tanning hides or skins, the copolymer is dissolved in water at a concentration of about 5 to 40% by weight. Of course, the copolymer need not be isolated from the aqueous solution in which it is prepared. Such solutions need only be adjusted to the desired concentration for use in tanning. A salt, such as sodium chloride or sodium sulfate, is included in the tanning solution at a concentration of 3 to 8% by weight. The tanning liquor is introduced into a suitable vessel such as the conventional tanning drum and then the skins are introduced into the drum. The weight of skins relative to the weight of liquor is generally determined to provide about 20 to 25% of active tanning agent based on the weight of wet pickled skin and about 5 to 15% of salt, when used, on the weight of skin. The tanning is effected by tumbling the skin within the drum or vessel at room temperature up to but not above 35 C. Most commonly, the temperature may extend between 28 and 32 C. The tumbling in the tanning liquor may be carried out for a number of hours such as from 4 to 24 hours.

This tannage may be followed by a mineral tanning, vegetable extract tanning, or synthetic tanning agent.

In the retanning of skins which have previously been mineral-tanned, especially chrome-tanned, or zirconium tanned or tanned by other means, the concentration of the copolymer may be from /2 to 10% by weight in the tanning liquor. Generally, there is no salt used in this tanning liquor and the amount of the tanning liquor relative to the partially tanned leather treated therewith is such as to provide about 1% to 5% of the copolymer based on the weight of the wet chrome leather. This means that to provide 3% on the leather there would be used 200% based on the weight of leather of a liquor containing 1 /2% of the copolymer.

The tanning composition of the present invention may be employed for the treatment of all types of skins and hides, such as horsehide, cowhide, kidskin, lambskin, goatskin, pigskin and so on. The tanned products are adapted for use in all types of leathers such as shoe, sole and upper, garment, case, upholstery and industrial leathers.

To assist those skilled in the art to practice the present invention, the following modes of operation are suggested by way of illustration, parts and percentages being by weight and the temperatures in C. unless otherwise specifically noted.

(1) Three solutions are prepared as follows:

Solution A:

312 g. aqueous sulfated castor oil (234 g. actual oil) a Solution A is heated in a glass reaction vessel to 90 C. Solutions B and C are added gradually simultaneously over a 50-minute period through suitable devices, such as dropping funnels, to feed the reaction vessel, holding the temperature at 89 to 93 C. The mixture is heated 1 hours longer at 90 C. (:1" C.). It is then cooled, while agitating, to 70-75 C. There is then added 0.1% phenol (based on product) and stirring is continued another minutes at 7075 C. The 33 /a% solids copolymer solution weighs 4268 g. and has a viscosity of 33 poises at C. (Brookfield LVF viscometer, No. 3 spindle at 12 r.p.m.)

(2) Tannage of pickled skin.-Thirty-eight grams of pickled calfskin is put into a bottle. To this is added a tanning solution comprised of:

4 27 grams of the 33Va% solids tanning material (obtained in 1 above) 3.8 grams of NaCl 76 ml. of water This bottle is sealed and is agitated in a shaking machine for 24 hours. Then 1.5 g. of sodium acetate is added and the bottle is shaken 3 hours longer; then the liquor is drained. The skin is washed thoroughly with water, fat liquored with a mixture of 0.3 g. Texol N (a commercial sulfated meats-foot oil), 0.08 g. meats-foot oil, and 57 ml. of water, shaken one hour, set out and dried; and finally sammied and staked.

An excellent piece of White leather is obtained which shows outstanding lightfastness and very good ageing characteristics.

(3) Two solutions are prepared:

Solution A:

105 ml. water 1.75 g. ammonium persulfate Solution B:

50 g. methacrylic acid (MAA) 13 g. aqueous sulfated sperm oil (10 g. actual oil) Solution A is heated to C. Solution B is added 10 Solution A over a 40-minute period. The mixture is stirred 1 /2 hours at 90-95 C. There is then added 1.5 g. ammonium hydroxide (28% NH followed by stirring 15 minutes longer at 9095 C. The mass is agitated while cooling to approximately 70 C. The product is a 35% solids solution of copolymer. At 25 C. and 33% concentration, it has a viscosity of 70 poises.

(4) Retannage of chrome leather. -Twentythree grams of chrome-tanned calfskin is put into a bottle. To this there is added a tanning solution comprised of:

2.5 grams of the tanning agent 35% solution obtained in 3 above 46 ml. of water This is agitated in a shaking machine for 1 hours. Then the liquor is drained, and the resulting leather is washed thoroughly. Finally it is set out, dried, sammied, and staked. The leather obtained shows excellent fullness and is well bleached, being much superior to chrome leather which had not been retanned. The leather also shows excellent lightfastness and ageing properties.

(5) Three solutions are prepared:

Solution A:

160 ml. water 2.0 g. hydroxylamine sulfate 26 g. aqueous sulfated neats-foot oil (20 g. actual oil) Solution B:

g. methacrylic acid (MAA) Solution C:

3.3 g. hydrogen peroxide (30%) 50 ml. water Solution A is heated to 90 C. Solutions B and C are then added gradually and simultaneously over a 40-minute period while stirring. Then 0.7 g. H 0 is added quickly. The mixture is stirred 1 /2 hours longer at 90-95 C. Then there is added an ammonium hydroxide solution (2 g. of 28% NH +4 ml. H O) over a 1-minute period. The mixture is stirred 20 minutes longer at 90-95 C. and then while continuing the agitation, it is cooled to approximately 70 C. The product is a 35% solids solution of the copolymer. At 25 C. and 33% concentration, it has a viscosity of 40 poises.

(6) Retannage of zirconium-tanned leather.Fortyone grams of zirconium tanned calfskin is put into a bottle. To this there is added a tanning solution comprised of:

6.8 g. of the 35 solution of tanning agent of 5 above 82 ml. of water. i

This is shaken for 3 hours. The liquor is drained and the leather is washed thoroughly. It is then fat-liquored with 1.64 g. of Albinoil 300 W (a commercial sulfated heats-foot oil) and 0.41 g, oil in 63 ml. of water; finally set out, crusted, sammied and staked. The white leather obtained shows excellent fullness and color.

(7) Three solutions are prepared:

Solution A:

190 ml. water 30 ml. hydroxylamine solution-1.02 actual HA. 26 g. aqueous sulfated codfish oil (20 g. actual oil) Solution B:

90 g. methacrylic acid (MAA) g. acrylic acid (AA) Solution C:

2.9 g. hydrogen peroxide (35%) 50 ml. water Heat Solution A to 90 C. Add Solutions B and C simultaneously over a period of 40 minutes. Add 0.5 g. H 0 (35%) quickly. Stir 1 hours longer at 8992 C. Let agitate while cooling to approximately 70 C. The product is a 30.5% solution of acid copolymer. At 25 C. and 33% concentration, it has a viscosity of 35 poises.

(8) Pretannage of mineral tanned leather.-Forty-one grams of pickled calfskin is put into a bottle. To this there is added a tanning solution comprising:

6.9 g. of the 30.5% solution of tanning agent obtained 4.1 g. of NaCl 82 ml. of water This is shaken for 18-20 hours. The pretanned leather is then tanned in the normal way with 9.9 g. of basic zirconium sulfate. After tannage, the skin is washed thoroughly and fat-liquored with 1.64 g. Albinoil 300 W and 0.41 g. meats-foot oil in 63 ml. water. Finally the piece is set out, crusted, sammied, and staked. The leather obtained shows excellent fullness and color.

(9) Two solution are prepared:

Solution A:

200 ml. water 13 g. aqueous sulfated soybean oil (10 g. actual oil) 0.25 g. lauroyl peroxide Solution B:

50 g. methacrylic acid (MAA) 50 ml. water 1.5 g. mercaptoethanol Heat Solution A to 90 C. Add Solution B over a period of 45 minutes. One hour later, add a solution of 0.8 g. ammonium persultate in 7 ml. water. Stir 1 hour at 90 C. (:1 C.). Let agitate While cooling to 34-40 C. Vacuum strip-weight of distillate =107 g.; final copolymer solution weight is 212 g. (approximately 28% solids). At 25 C. and 33% concentration, it has a viscosity of 34 poises.

(10) Retannage of chrome-tanned calfskin with polymeric tanning agent and vegetable tanning agent.A thirty-gram piece of chrome-tanned calfksin is put into a bottle. To this there is added a tanning solution comprising:

1.8 g. of the 28% solution of tanning agent 9 above 60 ml. of water This is shaken for 2 hours; then the liquor is drained and the tanned piece is rinsed. Then the following solution is added:

1.2 g. of quebracho powder 60 ml. of water This is shaken for 2% hours and the liquor is drained; then the piece is washed thoroughly and fat-liquored with 0.60 g, of sulfated heats-foot oil in 45 ml. of water, and finally set out, dried, sammied, and staked. An excellent piece of leather is obtained showing a very light color, superior light fastness, and good fullness and roundness.

6'. (ll) Acid/sulfated oil copolymer solutions of'approxi mately 30% concentration are obtained by repeating procedure 7 except that the sulfated. codfish oil is replaced by (a) sulfated castor oil (b) sulfated meats-foot oil (0) sulfated sperm oil (d) sulfated soybean oil Each of the resulting copolymer solutions may be used for tanning, retanning or pretanning as in any of procedures 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10.

(12)(a) Acid/sulfated oil copolymer solutions of approximately 30% concentration are obtained by repeating procedure 7 except that Solution B is replaced by a mixture of g. of methacrylic acid and 25 grams of acrylic acid.

(b) Part (a) is repeated except that the sulfated codfish oil is replaced by (a) sulfated castor oil (b) sulfated neats-foot oil (c) sulfated sperm oil (d) sulfated soybean oil Each of the resulting copolymer solutions may be used for tanning, retanning or pretanning as in any of procedures 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10.

I claim:

1. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mix ture of (A) to by weight of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and mixtures thereof and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an oil selected from the group consisting of animal and vegetable oils.

2. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and mixtures thereof and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an oil selected from the group consisting of animal and vegetable oils, a 33% solution in water of said copolymer in acid form at 25 0., having a viscosity of about 15 to 300 poises.

3. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of a vegetable oil.

4. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an animal oil.

5. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of castor oil.

6. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of neats foot oil.

7. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) '80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of sperm oil.

8. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of codfish oil.

9. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of methacrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of soybean oil.

10. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of a mixture of at least 75% by weight of methacrylic acid and up to 25% by Weight of acrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of castor oil.

11. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of a mixture of at least 7 75% by weight of methacrylic acid and up to 25% by weight of acrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of meats-foot oil.

12. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of a mixture of at least 75 by weight of methacrylic acid and up to 25% by Weight of acrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by Weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of sperm oil.

13. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of a mixture of at least 75 by weight of methacrylic acid and up to 25% by weight of acrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of codfish oil.

14. As a composition of matter, a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by Weight of a mixture of at least 75 by weight of methacrylic acid and up to 25 by weight of acrylic acid and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of soybean oil.

15. In an aqueous composition for tanning leather, the improvement wherein a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and mixtures thereof and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an oil selected from the group consisting of animal and vegetable oils serves as a tanning agent therein.

16. As a tanning composition, an aqueous solution containing to 40% by Weight, based on the total solution weight, of a copolymer of a mixture of (A) 80 to 90% by weight of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and mixtures thereof and (B) to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an oil selected from the group consisting of animal and vegetable oils, a 33% solution in water of said copolymer in acid form at C., having a viscosity of about 15 to 300 poises.

17. As a tanning composition, an aqueous solution containing 3 to 8% by weight, based on the total solution weight of a salt selected from the group consisting of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate, and 5 to 40% by weight, based on the total solution weight, of a copolymer of a mixture of (A) to by weight of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and mixtures thereof and (B) 20 to 10% by weight of an unsaturated sulfation product of an oil selected from the group consisting of animal and vegetable oils, a 33% solution in water of said copolymer in acid form at 25 C., having a viscosity of about 15 to 300 poises.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,205,883 6/1940 Graves 8-94.33 2,280,310 4/ 1942 Koppenhoefer et a1. 8-94.22 2,452,536 11/1948 Kirk 8-94.21 3,231,420 1/1966 Lowell et al 117-142 3,245,832 4/ 1966 Doggett et a1 8-94.23 3,291,558 12/1966 Bader et a1. 117-142 DONALD E. CZAJA, Primary Exdminer.

R. W. WHITE, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2205883 *Jun 16, 1938Jun 25, 1940Du PontTanning
US2280310 *Oct 25, 1940Apr 21, 1942Socony Vacuum Oil Co IncTreatment of leather
US2452536 *Jul 25, 1944Nov 2, 1948Du PontProcess for impregnating leather with sulfonated polymeric compositions
US3231420 *Jul 6, 1962Jan 25, 1966Rohm & HaasProcess for treating leather and leathers obtained
US3245832 *Nov 23, 1962Apr 12, 1966Armour & CoImpregnation of leather with polymer dispersion by application of pressure
US3291558 *Aug 27, 1962Dec 13, 1966DegussaTreatment of leather
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4285688 *Mar 28, 1979Aug 25, 1981Leather Life, Inc.Cleaning and preserving leather with a mixture of a nondrying oil, a vegetable oil, an animal fat, and natural and paraffin waxes
US4314802 *Aug 24, 1979Feb 9, 1982Rohm And Haas CompanyProcess for producing leather
US4334876 *Aug 21, 1980Jun 15, 1982Rohm And Haas CompanyProcess for producing leather
US4345006 *Aug 14, 1981Aug 17, 1982Rohm GmbhWith dispersion of an acrylate resin
US4398911 *Mar 3, 1982Aug 16, 1983Rohm GmbhCellulose ethers as thickeners
US4439201 *Mar 1, 1982Mar 27, 1984Ciba-Geigy CorporationProcess for retanning leather with acrylic-based oligomers
US4443221 *May 21, 1982Apr 17, 1984Rohm GmbhTanning method
US4626559 *Apr 22, 1985Dec 2, 1986Pep Rally Paint, Inc.Non-permanent ornamental paint mixture
US4822373 *Mar 11, 1988Apr 18, 1989Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyProcess for providing polyamide materials with stain resistance with sulfonated novolak resin and polymethacrylic acd
US4937123 *Jan 29, 1990Jun 26, 1990Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyProcess for providing polyamide materials with stain resistance
US5074883 *Dec 11, 1989Dec 24, 1991Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyApplying partially sulfonated novolak, methacrylic acid homo-or copolymer, or blend
US5223340 *Jul 16, 1991Jun 29, 1993Peach State Labs, Inc.Protective coating comprising a copolymer of an acrylic acid or ester and a phenolic resin; discoloration inhibition; protects against Acid Dyes, e.g. wine, mustard, coffee
US5310828 *Oct 28, 1991May 10, 1994Peach State Labs, Inc.Polyamide carpets and textiles
US5428117 *Oct 18, 1993Jun 27, 1995Interface, Inc.Treatment for imparting stain resistance to polyamide substrates and resulting stain resistant materials
US5620748 *Jul 13, 1993Apr 15, 1997Basf AktiengesellschaftContacting tanned leather or fur skin with water soluble or dispersible graft polymer of vegetable and/or animal oil and unsaturated acid
US6133372 *Jun 26, 1997Oct 17, 2000Stockhausen Gmbh & Co. KgIntroducing into a reactor an aqueous dispersion of hydrophilized animal or vegatable fat/oil, a neutralized monoethylenically unsaturated acid, a comonomer, initiating copolymerizing with redox system then heating
US6524492Dec 28, 2000Feb 25, 2003Peach State Labs, Inc.Composition and method for increasing water and oil repellency of textiles and carpet
DE19625984A1 *Jun 28, 1996Jan 8, 1998Stockhausen Chem Fab GmbhWrige Polymerdispersionen, Verfahren zu ihrer Herstellung und ihre Verwendung in der Lederherstellung
DE19625984C2 *Jun 28, 1996Jul 29, 1999Stockhausen Chem Fab GmbhWrige Polymerdispersionen, Verfahren zu ihrer Herstellung und ihre Verwendung in der Lederherstellung
EP0024886A1 *Aug 21, 1980Mar 11, 1981Rohm And Haas CompanyProcess for tanning leather with acrylic polymer and mineral tanning agent and leather so produced
Classifications
U.S. Classification525/7, 252/8.57, 8/94.22, 106/249, 8/94.33, 8/94.21
International ClassificationC08F220/06, C14C3/22, C08F28/00
Cooperative ClassificationC14C3/22, C08F28/00, C08F220/06
European ClassificationC08F28/00, C08F220/06, C14C3/22