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Publication numberUS3408780 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 5, 1968
Filing dateAug 23, 1966
Priority dateAug 23, 1966
Publication numberUS 3408780 A, US 3408780A, US-A-3408780, US3408780 A, US3408780A
InventorsBrister William C
Original AssigneeWilliam C. Brister
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Guy wire anchorage device for attachment to a sloping shingle roof
US 3408780 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. C. BRISTER GUY WIRE ANCHORAGE DEVICE FOR ATTACHMENT T Nov. 5, 1968 A SLOPING SHINGLE ROOF Filed Aug. 23, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 W/mm r/sfer GUY WIRE ANCHORAGE DEVICE FOR ATTACHMENT TO Nov. 5, 1968 w. c. BRISTER 3,408,780

A SLOPING SHINGLE ROOF Filed Aug. 23, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I INVENTOR. Will/11m C. Brlsfer United States Patent 3,408,780 GUY WIRE ANCHORAGE DEVICE FOR ATTACH- MENT TO A SLOPING SHINGLE ROOF William C. Brister, P.O. Box 87, East Dennis, Mass. 02641 Filed Aug. 23, 1966, Ser. No. 574,333 3 Claims. (Cl. 5258) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An improved anchorage device for guy wires in which there is provided a substantially flat flashing plate arranged in off-set relation to a means for ready attachment to a sloping shingle roof with the off-set flat flashing plate having a sealing relation to the attachment means, and including a portion thereof adapted to be slipped between overlaying shingles so that, as the attachment means is inserted through a puncture is a roofing shingle, the flashing plate may be drawn down tightly in a contiguous relation to the roofing shingle to prevent leakage of water through the shingle at the puncture through which the attachment means has been inserted.

This invention relates to an improved guy wire anchorage device for attachment to a sloping shingle roof, and more particularly, to a novel roof anchor having an offset disc-like shield or flashing plate so arranged that a portion thereof may be slipped under a roofing shingle without need for removal of the shingle.

An object of the present invention is to provide a simple anchorage device for guy wires of, for example, a radio or television antenna, or display sign, and including means for ready attachment to a shingle roof together with a novel flashing shield uniquely arranged on the attachment means so as to seal the roof from leakage at the point of insertion of the attachment means into the shingle roof.

Heretofore, the conventional guy wire mount related to a lag screw eye or hook device having a wood screw type of thread on its shank portion to be inserted into a shingle roof smeared with a roof cement where the screw punctured the roof surface. With such a device, high winds often caused the antenna to shake the guy wires, working the hook back and forth so as to enlarge the puncture in the roof, causing cracks in the roof cement. Such taut hook mountings are prone to cause eventual leaks in the roof.

An object of the present invention is to provide a secure and water tight attachment, including a novel flashing plate, which is unique in that a portion thereof may be installed under the edge of a shingle, while an attachment shaft is fastened through the shingle roof so as to prevent a leakage in the roof at the puncture formed by the threaded shaft.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel guy wire anchorage device, including a shaft having aflixed thereto intermediate opposite end portions thereof, an offcentered flashing plate, a lower end portion of the shaft having threads thereon for insertion into and through a roofing shingle, and the opposite or upper end portion of the shaft having threads thereon for receiving a fastening nut and an arcuate arm, the arm having a threaded nut portion adjacent one end for threadingly receiving the threaded end portion of the shaft, another aperture being provided in the arcuate arm adjacent the free opposite outer end thereof in which a guy wire may be attached, and the off-centered flashing plate being so arranged that, as the threaded end portion of the shaft is inserted into and through the roofing shingle, the flashing plate is drawn downwardly toward the roofing shingle until the off-centered flashing plate is contiguous to the last mentioned shingle, the peripheral edge portion of the off-centered 3,408,780 Patented Nov. 5, 1968 flashing plate, having the greatest length, is wedged between the first mentioned contiguous roofing shingle and a next immediately above shingle so that the flashing plate serves to prevent leakage of water about the screw threads of the lower end portion of the shaft inserted into and through such roofing shingle.

These and other objects and features of the invention are pointed out in the following description in terms of the embodiment thereof, which is shown in the accompanying drawings wherein like numerals indicate like parts. It is to be understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration only and are not defined as a definition of the limits of the invention, reference being had to the appended claims for this purpose.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a vertical view of an anchorage device embodying the features of the invention with the flashing plate being shown in section;

FIGURE 2 is a top view of'the anchorage device of FIGURE 1, showing the off-center relation of the circular flashing plate to the shaft of the anchorage device;

FIGURE 3 is a top view of a portion of a shingled roof with the anchorage device mounted in a shingle and showing. the initial relation of the off-centered flashing plate to a leading edge of an immediately above shingle;

FIGURE 4 is a top view of the portion of the shingled roof of FIGURE 3 with the off-centered flashing plate being drawn down contiguous to a shingle in which the shaft of the anchorage device is screw threadedly fastened while the peripheral edge portion of the off-centered circular flashing plate having the greatest radius is slipped beneath the leading or butt edge of the next immediately above shingle;

FIGURE 5 shows a section of the portion of the sheathing and roof rafters supporting the shingled roof of FIG- URE 4 and portrays the manner in which a portion of the circular flashing plate of the anchorage device of FIG- URE 4 is wedged between the next immediately above shingle and the contiguous shingle in which the shaft of the anchorage device is screw threadingly engaged;

FIGURE 6 is a top view of a modified form of anchorage device embodying the features of the invention, showing the off-center relation of a rectangular flashing plate to the shaft of the anchorage device;

FIGURE 7 is a top view of a portion of a shingled roof with the rectangular off-centered flashing plate being drawn down contiguous to a shingle through which the threaded shaft of the anchorage device is fastened to the roof sheathing and supporting rafters by means of a washer and a nut while the peripheral edge portion of the ofi-centered rectangular flashing plate having the greater length is slipped beneath the leading or butt edge of the next immediately above shingle;

FIGURE 8 is a vertical view of the modified anchorage device shown in FIGURE 6 with the flashing plate being shown in section; and

FIGURE 9 shows a fragmentary section of the sheathing and supporting rafters of the shingled roof of FIG- URE 7, and portrays the manner in which a portion of the rectangular flashing plate of the anchorage device of FIGURE 7 is wedged between the next immediate above shingle and the contiguous shingle in which the shaft of the anchorage device passes for being threadingly bolted to the underside of a wooden supporting roof rafter.

Referring now to the drawings and particularly to FIGURES 1 to 5 thereof, the anchorage device includes a shaft .10, having a substantially flat circular flashing plate or shield 12 mounted in an eccentric or off-centered relation with the shaft 10 and formed integrally with or aflixed or fused to and about the shaft 10 in sealing relation therewith at 14 intermediate opposite end portions 16 and 18 of the shaft 10.

The end portion 16 of the shaft has suitable machine threads 20 formed therein and arranged to be threadedly engaged by a correspondingly threaded fastening nut 22 and by a threaded nut portion 24 formed integrally with one end of an arcuate arm 26.

The arcuate arm 26 has an aperture 28 therein adjacent its outer free end. A guy wire 30, as shown in FIGURE 5, may be inserted in the aperture 28 and fastened to the arcuate arm 26, which may be threadedly engaged by the nut portion 24 on the machine threads 20 and locked in an adjusted position thereon by suitable screw threaded adjustments of the fastening nut 22 into an abutting relation with the nut portion 24 of the arcuate arm 26.

The opposite end portion 18 of the shaft 10 is tapered and has a wood screw type of thread 32 thereon for screw threaded engagement to the sheathing 31 and sup porting roof rafters 33 of a building to mount the guy wire anchorage device 10.

Operation The guy wire anchorage devices 10 and 40 ofthe present inventionmay be used to anchor any suitable device to the sheathing 31 and supporting roof rafters 33 of a shingle roof or sidewalls of a building, without the danger of leaksarising through the mounting thereof, so as to provide an excellent anchorage means for a radio or television antenna guy wire or a display sign attachment. It will be obvious that, while the circular flashing plate device 10 is designed to be screw threaded into the sheathing 31 and supporting roof rafters 33 and the rectangular flashing plate device 40 is designed to be bolted through the sheathing 31 and supporting roof rafters 33, these means of fastening may be made interchangeable on the devices 10 and 40, without departing from the scope of the invention.

Referring now to FIGURES 1 to 5, it will be apparent that the proper placement of the tapered screw threaded end portion 18 of the shaft 10 in relation to the shingle butt of the immediately above shingle is necessary to insure weather tightness. A guide hole in a shingle 35 as shown in FIGURES 3 and 5, in which the tapered end portion 18 is to be inserted should be positioned from the butt of the immediately above shingle 39 a distance equal to the shortest radius of the peripheral edge of the circular flashing plate 12 from the shaft 10. The guide hole should be further placed in the lower shingle 35 at a point free of cracks or joints that might cause leakage, and also so as to avoid cracks or joints in the upper shingle 39.

Thus, in an anchorage device having the measurements given on FIGURES 1 and 2, it will be seen that the shaft 10 is positioned in an off-center relation in the flashing plate 12 with the shortest of the peripheral edge of the plate 12 from the shaft 10 being one inch and the greatest radius of the peripheral edge of the plate 12 from the shaft 10 being two inches. In mounting such an anchorage device, the guide hole for the tapered end portion 18 of the shaft 10 may be placed in the shingle 35 approximately one inch from the butt 37 of the upper shingle 39. Then, upon the tapered end portion 18 of the shaft 10 being inserted in such guide hole, the circular flashing plate 12 may be drawn into a contiguous relation with the lower shingle 35, by the screw threaded tapered end portion 18 of the shaft 10 being screwed into the shingle 35 by hand or by the use of a tool, until the position shown by FIGURE 3 is reached. In this position, the butt 37 of the upper shingle 39 would extend tangentially to the peripheral edge of the circular flashing plate 12 having the shortest radius from the shaft 10 (as for example one inch).

A claw end of a hammer or other suitable tool may be used to raise the free end of the upper shingle 39 enough to permit the anchorage device 10 to be threaded fully into the lower shingle 35, while the circular shield or flashing plate 12 passes under the upper shingle 39 as the shield or flashing plate 12 is angularly adjusted from the position shown by FIGURES 4 and 5 in which the portion of the flashing plate 12, having the peripheral edge of greatest radius from the shaft 10 (as for example two inches), will be disposed immediately between the lower shingle 35 andthe-upper shingle 39. The off-center relation of the shaft 10 to the circular flashing plate 12 makes it possible to slip the flashing plate 12 between the lower and upper shingles 35 and 39 without removing the upper shingle 39.

With the anchorage device 10 threadingly tightened down contiguous with the lower shingle 35 and at an angular position in which the shield plate 12, having the peripheral edge of greatest radius from the shaft 10 immediately under the shingle 39, the anchorage device 10 will then be ready for guy wire attachment. In order to provide themaximum strength of mounting, the arcuate arm 26 should be positioned as low as possible on the machine threaded portion 20 of the shaft 10. The guy wire 30, as shown by FIGURE 5, may then be inserted in the aperture 28 in the arm 26 and secured thereto. Obviously, the arm 26 is free to move with the stresses set up in the guy wire 30. 7

With the arm 26 removed, the anchorage device 10 may still provide a weather-proof and a convenient and secure mounting means for display signs or the like.

-In either case, the shield or flashing plate 12 cooperates with the upper shingle 39 to shield the screw hole in which the tapered end portion 18 of the shaft 10 is tightly threaded from the leakage of Water around the tapered portion 18 due to weathering rain, snow and sleet. The flashing plate 12 is unique in that it may be installed on a sloping shingle roof with a portion thereof between an upper shingle 39 and a lower shingle 35 without the need for removing a single shingle.

The offset arrangement of the circular flashing shield 12 on the threaded shaft 10 permits a portion of the shield 12 thus to be slipped under the edge of an upper shingle 39 While being threaded into the sheathing 31 and supporting roof rafters 33 of a lower roof shingle 35 so as to provide a secure anchorage and a weather tight attachment, because of the unique flashing plate 12 being formed integrally with the shaft 10 of the anchorage device.

Referring now to FIGURES 6 to 9 of the drawings, the modified anchorage device includes a shaft 41, having a substantially flat rectangularly shaped flashing plate or shield 42 mounted in an eccentric or off-centered relation with the shaft 41 and formed integrally with or aflixed or fused to and about the shaft 41 in sealing relation therewith at 43 intermediate opposite ends 44 and 46 of said shaft 41. v

The upper end portion 44 of the shaft 41 has suitable machine threads formed therein and arranged to be engaged threadingly by a correspondingly threaded fastening nut portion 24 formed integrally with one end of an arcuate arm 26, which also has an aperture 28 adjacent its free outer end for securing the guy wire 30 thereto. It will be apparent that the arcuate arm in both modifications are identical.

The opposite or lower end 49 of the shaft 41 is not tapered or provided with screw threads, as shown in FIG- URES 1 to 5, but has a straight shank that is provided with machine threads 51. The shank portion 49 of the shaft 41 is adapted to be passed through aligned apertures formed through the roofing shingle 35 and its wooden supporting sheathing 31 and roof rafters 33. The lower end of the threaded shank portion 49 of the shaft 41, which projects through and below the roof rafter 33, is adapted to receive a washer 56 and a machine nut 58. When the machine nut 58 is drawn up tightly against the washer 56 forcing it to engage the underside of the roofing rafter 33, the guy wire anchorage device 40 will be securely fastened to the roofand ready for attachment of its guy wire 30.

It is not believed necessary to further describe in detail the proper placement and positioning of the anchorage device 40 with respect of the roof shingles 35 and 39 since the description given with respect of the anchorage device applies with equal force and effect to the anchorage device 40.

Although only two embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, various changes in the form and relative arrangements of the parts, which will now appear to those skilled in the art, may be made without departing from the scope of the invention. Reference is, therefore, to be had to the appended claims for a definition of the limits of the invention.

What I claim is:

1. In an anchorage device of a type including a shaft, a flashing plate secured to said shaft intermediate opposite ends of the shaft and in sealing relation to the shaft, an upper end of said shaft extending above said flashing plate, a lower end of said shaft extending below said flashing plate, the lower end of the shaft including means for securing the anchorage device to a sheathing of a building; wherein the improvement comprises the upper end of said shaft including an arm mounted thereon for pivoting thereabout and having a free outer end provided with means for attaching a guy wire thereto, the flashing plate being substantially flat and mounted in an offcentered relation to the shaft, the off-centered flat flashing plate including one portion thereof projecting outwardly from the shaft a substantially greater distance than another portion of the off-centered flashing plate, the one portion of the off-centered flat flashing plate being operatively positioned between an upper shingle and a lower shingle upon the flat flashing plate being angularly adjusted to slip the one portion of the plate into said operative position, and thereafter upon the securing means at the lower end of the shaft being fastened in the sheathing the off-centered flat flashing plate may be forced into a contiguous relation with an outer surface of the lower shingle so as to shield from leakage of water a puncture through the lower shingle by the lower end of the shaft in rendering effective the means for securing the anchorage device to the sheathing of the building.

2. The improvement defined in claim 1, wherein the lower end of said shaft has a wood screw threaded portion for attaching the anchorage device to the sheathing of a building, the flat flashing plate being substantially circular in shape with one portion of a peripheral edge of said flashing plate having a radius from said shaft substantially greater than another portion of the peripheral edge thereof, and including the greater radius portion of the circular flat flashing plate being adapted to be slipped between an upper shingle and a lower shingle of a sloping roof upon the wood screw threaded portion of the shaft being fastened into the sheathing supporting the lower shingle so as to draw the flat flashing plate into a contiguous relation with said lower shingle, whereupon said flat flashing plate in cooperation with said upper shingle shields the point at which said wood screw threaded portion enters the lower shingle from leakage of water.

3. The improvement defined in claim 1, including the flashing plate being substantially rectangular in shape, said shaft being mounted in the plate along a longitudinal axis thereof with one end portion of the plate projecting outwardly from the shaft a substantially greater distance than an opposite end portion of the plate, the greater projecting portion of the rectangular flat flashing plate being adapted to be slipped between an upper shingle and a lower shingle of a sloping roof upon the lower portion of the shaft being fastened into the sheathing supporting the lower shingle so as to draw the flat flashing plate into a contiguous relation with the lower shingle, whereupon said flat flashing plate in cooperation with said upper shingle shields the point at which said lower portion of the shaft enters the lower shingle from leakage of water.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,925,689 9/1933 Dietrich 32 2,769,606 11/1956 Larson.

3,269,679 8/ 1966 Grappo 248-237 X 3,307,811 3/1967 Anderson 24843 FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.

P. C. FAW, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1925689 *Jun 29, 1932Sep 5, 1933Dietrich Erich WForm clamp
US2769606 *Apr 13, 1951Nov 6, 1956Charles O LarsonAnchorage device
US3269679 *Jun 18, 1964Aug 30, 1966M & W Electric Mfg Company IncWire support bracket
US3307811 *Jul 27, 1965Mar 7, 1967Roy A AndersonWire tie down assembly
Referenced by
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US4321745 *Apr 28, 1980Mar 30, 1982Energy Design Corp.Sealing method
US4905131 *Jan 6, 1989Feb 27, 1990Gary Products Group, Inc.Bracket for decorative lighting
US5143171 *Feb 5, 1991Sep 1, 1992Sinco IncorporatedRoof lifeline safety system and anchor assembly therefor
US5687535 *Nov 3, 1995Nov 18, 1997D B Industries, Inc.Detachable roof anchor
US5850889 *Sep 15, 1997Dec 22, 1998Rexroad; JohnSingle post safety anchor
US8122648 *Apr 26, 2010Feb 28, 2012Jun LiuRoof mounting system
US8250829May 22, 2009Aug 28, 2012Mainstream Energy CorporationModule attachment apparatus
US8251326May 22, 2009Aug 28, 2012Mainstream Energy CorporationCamming clamp for roof seam
US8376298Aug 2, 2011Feb 19, 2013Mainstream Energy CorporationUniversal end clamp
US8448407 *Dec 12, 2011May 28, 2013Gregory M. WienerRoof mounting assembly
US8505863Aug 21, 2012Aug 13, 2013Mainstream Energy CorporationCamming clamp for roof seam
US8539719 *Jun 9, 2011Sep 24, 2013Mainstream Energy CorporationModule attachment apparatus
US8585000May 22, 2009Nov 19, 2013Mainstream Energy CorporationUniversal end clamp
US8707654 *Mar 13, 2013Apr 29, 2014D Three Enterprises, LlcRoof mount sealing assembly
US8801349Aug 2, 2011Aug 12, 2014Sunrun South LlcUniversal mid clamp
US8833032Mar 27, 2014Sep 16, 2014D Three Enterprises, LlcRoof mount sealing assembly
US8833033Mar 27, 2014Sep 16, 2014D Three Enterprises, LlcRoof mount sealing assembly
US9057195Jul 18, 2013Jun 16, 2015Sunrun South LlcCamming clamp for roof seam
US9068339Oct 2, 2014Jun 30, 2015D Three Enterprises, LlcRoof standoff device
US20100281793 *May 22, 2009Nov 11, 2010Mcpheeters GregModule attachment apparatus and method
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US20100284737 *May 22, 2009Nov 11, 2010Mcpheeters GregCamming clamp for roof seam
US20110232222 *Jun 9, 2011Sep 29, 2011Mcpheeters GregModule Attachment Apparatus and Method
US20110233358 *Jun 9, 2011Sep 29, 2011Mcpheeters GregModule Attachment Apparatus and Method
US20130292531 *Mar 13, 2013Nov 7, 2013D Three Enterprises, LlcRoof mount sealing assembly
DE202010015110U1Nov 8, 2010Jul 27, 2011Till KleberMontageelement
DE202011104734U1Aug 23, 2011Nov 2, 2011Till KleberMontageelement
EP1798357A1 *Nov 28, 2006Jun 20, 2007IDEEMATEC Deutschland GmbHHolding device for objects of all kinds, in particular for solar modules or photovoltaic installations, on tiled roofs.
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/58, 248/237, 52/148
International ClassificationH01Q1/14, H01Q1/16, E04D1/30
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/30, H01Q1/16
European ClassificationE04D1/30, H01Q1/16