|Publication number||US3409223 A|
|Publication date||Nov 5, 1968|
|Filing date||Sep 29, 1966|
|Priority date||Sep 29, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3409223 A, US 3409223A, US-A-3409223, US3409223 A, US3409223A|
|Inventors||Duane E Gosh|
|Original Assignee||Duane E. Gosh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (37), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 5, 1968 0. E. GOSH 3,409,223
METHOD OF ASSBMBLING AN ARTIFICIAL WATERFALL Filed Sept. 29, 1966 BY Magda 5 nuwel JTVTORNE YS United States Patent 3,409,223 METHOD OF ASSEMBLING AN ARTIFICIAL WATERFALL DuaneE. Gosh, 4645 Beechnut, Houston, Tex. 77035 Filed Sept. 29, 1966, Ser. No. 582,935 3 Claims. (Cl. 239-12) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a new and improved method of assembling a waterfall and more particularly to a new and improved method for assembling an artificial waterfall that is portable and easily assembled.
In grouudkeeping operations around housing and buildings, it is well known that a beautiful waterfall properly positioned improves the landscape generally and more particularly improves the landscape setting around the house and buildings. However, while such waterfalls are highly desirable, in recent years they have become prohibitive in expense, upkeep, or maintenance and more and more complicated in their construction.
. Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved method of assembling a waterfall, which assembly may be done easily and quickly with a minimum of time and unnecessary expense.
, Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved method of assembling of a waterfall utilizing a minimum of materials for construction thereof.
The preferred embodiment ot this invention will be described hereinafter together with other features thereof, and additional objects will become evident from such description.
The invention will be more readily understood from a reading of the following specifications and by reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof wherein an example of the invention is shown and wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an assembled portable waterfall;
FIG. 2 is a side view illustrating an alternative first step in assembling the waterfall;
FIG. 3 is a side sectional view illustrating further steps in assembling the waterfall; and
FIG. 4 is a side sectional view illustrating the last steps in the assembling of the waterfall.
Briefly, the present invention relates to a method of assembling a waterfall utilizing a pool liner, a plurality of flat members, and a plurality of boulder members in an assembled relationship.
Attention is directed to FIG. 1 wherein the waterfall of the present invention is generally designated by the numeral and is illustrated as including a pool liner 11, which in the preferred form is constructed of synthetic resin, vinyl resin, or other suitable materials as further illustrated, a plurality of boulder members B are assembled adjacent the liner 11 in a definite relationship to be brought out hereinafter. A body of water W is retained by said pool liner 11 and is circulated through a plurality of boulder members and other materials forming the head of the waterfall generally designated at 15 for forming the waterfall effect.
Attention is directed to FIG. 2, wherein the pool liner 11 is illustrated as being partially positioned in the ground G. It is to be understood that the inner surface 11:: of the pool liner 11 is adapted to retain the water W as illustrated in FIG. 1. It is also to be understood that while the positioning or inserting of the pool liner 11 partially into ground G may comprise the first step of the method of this invention, such step is not absolutely necessary for the method of assembling the waterfall.
Attention is next directed to FIG. 3 wherein the first steps in assembly of the invention 10 are illustrated. As illustrated therein, the pool liner 11 is positioned partially in the ground G with an'upstanding portion 11b extending thereabove. A fiat member 16 is positioned on the bottom 11c adjacent a portion of the pool liner 11 generally designated at 17. The fiat member 16 may be cut or hewn out of natural rock or may be constructed from other suitable materials which simulate fiat boulders or rocks. Positioned on top of the flat member 16 and adjacent the portion of the pool liner-generally designated at 17 is a generally circular boulder member 18. The member 18 may be of any general size and shape and may be a volcanic ash boulder or other suitable materials which are adapted to simulate boulders or other natural rocks.
Asillustrated in FIG. 3, another member 19 is positioned on top of and rests on the member 18. However, it is to be understood that this is an alternative step depending upon the size of the member 18.
Another fiat member 20 is positioned on member 19 at preferably a 45 degree angle relative to the bottom of the pool liner 11. Thereafter, member 21 is positioned on the ground G adjacent the portion of the pool liner generally designated at 17 so that the end 20a of the fiat member 20 may rest thereon. Thereafter, a plurality of round members 22,23, and 24 is positioned on the flat member 20 above and adjacent the portion 11b of the pool liner 11. It should be understood that the members 22, 23, and 24 may comprise one member if said member is large enough or suitable in size to perform its necessary function set forth hereinafter. Another flat member 30 is then positioned to rest on top of the members 22 and 24. The flat member 30 is positioned at approximately or preferably a 45 degree angle relative to the bottom 110 of the pool liner 11 and that the edge 30b of such member is positioned directly above the upper portion 200 of the flat member 20. Also, the fiat member 20 also extends outwardly from the members 18 and 19 so that the edge 20b is directly above the bottom of the pool liner 110.
As further illustrated in FIG. 3, a pump P is suitably positioned on the bottom 110 of the pool liner 11 preferably adjacent or in openings created by the member 18 adjacent the flat member 16 and under the edge 20b of the flat member 20. The pump P is a pump for circulating water W in a manner to be brought out hereinafter and is provided with a watertight electrical connection 35 for driving such pump. The pump P is provided with a circulation hose 36 which is hidden and positioned among the various members until becoming arranged and positioned such that the end 36a is on top of the flat member 3011.
As illustrated in FIG. 4, a boulder member 51 is then positioned over the fiat member 30 and immediately adjacent the top surface 30a thereof to hide from view the end 36a of the hose 36. After the steps of constructing the head of the waterfall designated at 15 are completed, boulder members 40 are then placed around the inner surface 11a of the periphery of the pool liner 11 and are positioned to rest on the bottom 11c. Thereafter, the members 45 are positioned on the ground and adjacent the upper portion 11b of the pool liner 11 such that the inner and outer periphery of the pool liner 11 will have a natural outdoor boulder or rough hewn rock effect.
It should here be noted that in some instances it may be desirable to paint the pool liner 11 black or any other viously mentioned to create a natural effect. It should also be noted that the bottom 11c of the pool liner 11 may be covered with pebbles or other suitable materials, either natural or artificial, generally designated at 50, for further creating a natural effect.
From the foregoing, it is submitted that the present invention can be readily understood, but briefly the present invention operates in the following manner. Pool liner 11 is positioned on top of or positioned partially in the ground G. The fiat member 16 of suitable material as previously mentioned is positioned on the bottom 11c f the pool liner 11 adjacent one side generally designated at 17 of the pool liner. Thereafter, member 18 is positioned thereon. As previously mentioned, member 18 and the other members similarly shaped may be either a natural boulder such as volcanic ash or may be of a waterproof papier mache type material or other suitable materials.
Flat member 20 is then positioned thereon preferably at a 45-degree angle to the bottom surface 110 of the pool liner 11. Then, member 21 is positioned on the ground adjacent 17 to support the end or edge 20a of the fiat member 20. The next step involves positioning members 22, 23, and 24 on member 20. Subsequently fiat member is positioned on members 22 and 24 such that the edge 30b of said member is above a portion of flat member 20, and fiat member 30 is also positioned at a 45- degree angle relative to the bottom surface 110 of the pool liner 11.
At this point, the pump P is positioned and hidden among the members 16 and 18 in the bottom of the pool 11c and the circulation hose 36 is positioned such that the end 36a of such hose 36 extends over the edge of the fiat. member 30 opposite from edge 3012. Thereafter, member 31 is positioned around and on top of the end of the hose 36a so that it is hidden from view.
To complete the waterfall 10, it is necessary to position the members 40 around the inner periphery 11a of th pool liner 11 and then position the members on the ground and adjacent the outer periphery of the pool liner 11 such that a natural effect is created such as that illustrated in FIG. 1.
Thereafter, the pump P may be actuated to cause water W positioned in the pool liner 11 to be circulated upwardly through the hose 36 and out through the end 36a thereof to spill or fall on the upper surface 30a of the fiat member 30 such as that being designated at 52. The water W then flows or cascades down the inclined slope of the flat member 30 to drop on the upper surface of the flat member 20 such as that illustrated at 53. Thereafter, the water falls or cascades downwardly to fall into the pool liner 11 such as that illustrated in FIG. 4 to be recirculated by the pump P through the hose 36 thereagain. It is to be understood that as many of the boulder members and fiat members as desired may be alternatively positioned relative to each other without departing from the scope of this invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A method of assembling an artificial waterwall without the use of mortar and the like comprising the steps of:
(a) positioning a pool liner having upstanding sides and a bottom adjacent the ground;.
(b) positioning a first fiat member on the inside of the pool liner wherein the first fiat member rests on the bottom thereof and is adjacent one of the sides;
(c) positioning a first boulder member on the first flat member; v
(d) positioning a second fiat member on top of the boulder member at an angle relative to the pool liner wherein one edge of the first fiat member extends itito the pool; 7
(e) positioning a second boulder member adjacent the liner and under the second fiat member for supporting the second fiat member;
(f) positioning a plurality of upper boulder members on top of the second flat member; 7
(g) positioning a third fiat member on top of the plurality of upper boulder members parallel to the second fiat member such that one edge of the third fiat member is positioned above the center portion of the second fiat member;
(h) inserting and positioning a water circulation pump in the pool liner on the bottom surface thereof adjacent the first flat member in (b);
(i) connecting a circulation hose to the water pump;
(j) positioning the unconnected end of the hose on the top surface of the third fiat member;
(k) pOsitiOning a boulder member over the hose and the third fiat member;
(1) placing water in the pool liner to substantially cover the water pump;
(m) actuating the pump; and
(n) circulating Water through the pump and .hose wherein water flows from the connected end of the hose onto the top surface of the third flat member to thereby cascade downwardly to fall on the top surface of the second fiat member to thereafter cascade into the pool liner to be recirculated there again by the pump, thereby creating an artificial waterfall.
2. The structure as set forth in claim 1 including the step of positioning and placing boulder members around the inner surface of the pool liner.
3. The steps as set forth in claim 2 including the step of positioning and placing boulder members around the outer surface of the pool liner wherein a natural effect boulder pool is created.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,322,803 11/1919 MacFadden 2391"7.X 1,762,126 6/1930 Smith 239--20 X 2,133,499 10/1938 Dolan.
OTHER REFERENCES Garden Pools, Fountains and Waterfalls, Lane Books,
Menlo Park, Calif. Copyright 1965. Scientific Library date: Sept. 20, 1965. Pertinent pages: 1, 3, 5, 9, 13, 23, 25, 33, 35, 50, 54, 55, 56, 63, 70. Gr. 332, SB, 423, S8.
Thomas, Dr. G. L., Jr.: Garden Pools, Water-Lilies, and Goldfish, Copyright 1958, Gr. 332, SB, 423, T4. Pertinent Drawing 14.
ALLEN N. KNOWLES, Primary Examiner.
VAN C. WILKS, Assistant Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||239/12, 239/23, 52/741.1, 239/17|
|Cooperative Classification||E02B3/00, B05B17/08, B05B17/085|
|European Classification||E02B3/00, B05B17/08|