|Publication number||US3415386 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1968|
|Filing date||Oct 13, 1966|
|Priority date||Oct 15, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3415386 A, US 3415386A, US-A-3415386, US3415386 A, US3415386A|
|Original Assignee||George Ogilvie|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (2), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Filed Oct; 15. 1966 United States Patent 3,415,386 CLOTHES DRYING DEVICES George Ogilvie, 12 Livingstone Ave., corner of 3rd St., Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia Filed Oct. 13, 1966, Ser. No. 586,435 Claims priority, application Southern Rhodesia,
Oct. 15, 1965, 386/65 2 Claims. (Cl. 211-418) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A clothes hanger having a telescopic mechanism so that it can be easily extended and retracted and which will enable the radial arms to be stowed within the retracted telescopic support. The clothes hanger consists of a tubular casing having an open ended slot at its bottom end. An outer tube is slidably fixed within the casing by a plunger attached to one end. This outer tube has an internal annular shoulder adjacent its other end. An inner tube is slidable within the outer tube and has an outwardly flared end portion to co-operate with the annular internal shoulder of the outer tube. The other end of the inner tube has a series of radial arms carried by a hub. These arms can be rotated so that they lie adjacent the axial length of the inner tube and the clothes hanger can be telescopically closed so that the inner tube, outer tube, and radial arms are all within the tubular casing. A pin is carried at the hub end of the inner tube, which pin engages with the slot in the tubular casing so as to retain the clothes hanger in closed condition. Preferably the outer tube carries a collar with downwardly extending skirt for housing the ends of the radial arms when lying adjacent the inner tube.
This invention relates to hanging device for articles to be freely suspended for air drying.
More particularly the invention is directed to a hanging device for articles of clothing which require to be dried indoors after washing.
In modern day living there are at least two primary factors influencing the need for indoor drying of articles of clothing. Firstly, a considerable percentage of present day wearing apparel, especially that which is generally washed as opposed that which is dry cleaned, consists of garments manufactured in synthetic textile materials which if hung out of doors in strong sunlight are subject to discolouration. This is understood to be expressly true in regard to the yellowing of white synthetic textile materials which can be avoided almost completely if the garments are hung indoors away from direct sunlight.
Secondly, outdoor hanging facilities for drying clothes are often limited, inconvenient or even nonexistent for the flat dweller or hotel resident to whom indoor hanging facilities would be an asset.
Another factor influencing the occasional need for indoor drying is precipitate weather conditions.
Numerous hanging devices have been proposed for drying garments indoors including a telescopic support which can be secured to an overhead fixture so as to be suspended therefrom and a series of clothes supporting arms pivoted to the telescopic support so that they can be turned to extend radially outwards and, when not required, turned to a substantially vertical position to extend adjacent to the retracted telescopic support.
The present invention has for its object to provide improvements in the construction of clothes hangers comprising a telescopic support and pivoted arms carried by the support, the improvements being designed to permit the support to be easily extended and retracted and which will enable the arms to be stowed within the retracted support when not required.
A preferred embodiment of the invention will now be described with reference to .the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIGURE 1 is an elevation of the hanger in its extended or operable position,
FIGURE 2 is a view corresponding to FIGURE 1 but showing the hanger in section,
FIGURE 3 is also a sectional elevation of the hanger but showing it in its collapsed or retracted position,
FIGURE 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3, and
FIGURE 5 shows one of the spokes.
In the drawings the casing, tubes and also the spokes are shown broken away at the centre and in FIGURES 1 and 2 for clarity only two spokes areshown.
The hanger as shown in the drawings includes a tubular casing and two tubes 11 and 12, the casing 10 being of substantially greater diameter than the tube 11 and tube 12 making a sliding fit in tube 11. When tube 11 is telescoped within the casing 10 it forms therewith an annular housing 13. The upper end of the casing 10 has securedthereto an outwardly extending annular flange 14 having holes 15 through which screws can be inserted to suspend the hanger from an overhead fixture. For example it can be suspended from the joist of a bathroom ceiling and positioned directly over the bath. The lower end of casing 10 is open but it is of restricted diameter as at 10a to retain therein a plunger 16 which is secured to the upper end of the tube 11 and makes a sliding fit within the casing 10. The tube 11 towards-its lower end is of reduced diameter as at 17 so as to form an internal shoulder 18 and at the foot of this rod is secured an external flange 19 which has a series of gaps or notches 20 in its periphery.
The tube 12 is flared outwardly at its upper end as at 21, the flared end resting on and being supported by the said shoulder when the hanger is extended as shown in FIGURE 2. Secured within the lower end of the tube 12 by a shear pin 22 is a cylindrical plug 23 the foot of which is of reduced diameter as to 23a and is screwthreaded. On the reduced end is fitted a hub 24 and below the hub is a circular supporting member 25 with upwardly turned annular wall 26. A nut 27b with wire loop 270 is screwed on the threaded end of the plug to secure the hub and the supporting member 25 thereon. The hub is formed with an annular recess in which is; fitted the hinged ends of a series of spokes 27, the spokes having eye holes 27d through which is threaded a circlet 27a housed in the annular recess of the hub. The hanger is shown provided with ten spokes and it will be seen that the annular wall is provided with ten gaps or notches 28 evenly spaced apart circumferentially in which the spokes rest when they are in their radially extending positions. There are also ten gaps or notches 20 in the flange 19 and there is a corresponding number of similar gaps or notches in the sides forming the annular recess in the hub.
The gaps or notches 20 are positioned to receive the spokes when they are folded upwards and when the spokes are so folded they may be retained in such position by means of a collar 30 with downwardly turned skirt 39a which forms an annular recess to receive the free ends of the spokes, the collar being axially slidable on the tube 11.
Any suitable means may be provided to retain the tubes 11 and 12 within the outer casing 13. The tubes are retained within the outer casing 10 by providing the latter with inverted L or bayonet slots 31 at the foot thereof and in providing the tube 12 with a pin 32 which engages the slots when the hanger is retracted.
In use flange 14 is seclured to an overhead fixture, preferably to a ceiling joist of a bathroom so that the hanger is suspended over the bath. If the hanger is not required for use the tubes 11 and 12 together with the spokes 27 are all accommodated within the outer casing 10 and therefore do not constitute an unsightly obstruction. When required the hanger is first extended so that the plunger 16 abuts against the restricted lower end of the casing 10 and the flared end 21 of the tube 12 abuts against the shoulder 18 of the tube 11. That is the hanger is now extended to its limit. The collar 30 is moved upwards to clear the upper ends of the spokes and the spokes are then turned downwards so that they extend radially outwards and rest in the gaps 28 of the wall 26. The articles to be dried are then suspended from the spokes. When no immediate further use of the hanger is required the spokes are turned upwards to lie against the tubes 11 and 12, the collar 30 is adjusted to retain the upper ends of the spokes in their upright position and then the tube 12 is telescoped upwardly into the tube 11 and both of said rods telescoped upwardly into the casing 10, the spokes being accommodated within the housing 13.
It is found that with ten spokes each about fifteen inches long there is ample supporting means for normal requirements. To accommodate the spokes and tubes 11 and 12 the casing 10 is preferably about eighteen inches in length and about one and a quarter inches in diameter.
What I claim is:
1. A clothes hanger comprising a tubular casing adapted at one end thereof to be secured to an overhead fixture and which is of restricted diameter at its other end, which end has an open ended slot, an outer tube supported at one end thereof by a plunger slidable within the casing and towards its other end being of reduced diameter to form an annular internal shoulder, the outer tube when housed within the casing forming therewith a cylindrical chamber, an inner tube slidable within the outer tube and having an outwardly flared end to co-operate with the said shoulder, a hub secured to the other end of the inner tube, a series of arms carried by said hub, which arms can be turned to lie adjacent to the outer tube and to extend radially from the hub, means carried by the inner tube to support the arms when they extend radially, and a pin also carried by the inner tube to engage in the slot of the casing, the tubes and the arms being accommodated in the casing and the rods accommodated in said cylindrical chamber when the hanger is not being used and the co-operation of the pin with the slot then retaining the tubes therein, and the plunger co-operating with the re duced end of the casing and the flared end of the inner tube co-operating with the internal shoulder of the outer tube when the tubes are extended.
2. A clothes hanger as claimed in claim 1 in which the outer tube carries a collar with downwardly extending skirt which forms an annular recess to receive the upper ends of the arms when turned to lie adjacent to the outer tube.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 495,409 4/1893 Fry 211 1,113,169 10/1914 Kyllo 211-117 1,178,343 4/1916 Payne et a1 2111 17 XR 1,455,605 5/1923 Davis -25 1,642,336 9/1927 Friedrichs 13525 2,091,676 8/1937 Fliegner 13525 ROY D. FRAZIER, Primary Examiner.
W. D. LOULAN, Assistant Examiner.
US. Cl. X.R. 211-172
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US495409 *||Apr 15, 1892||Apr 11, 1893||Thomas fry|
|US1113169 *||May 26, 1914||Oct 6, 1914||Olaf Kyllo||Clothes-drier.|
|US1178343 *||Jun 12, 1915||Apr 4, 1916||Daniel H Payne||Clothes-drier.|
|US1455605 *||Jun 1, 1922||May 15, 1923||Davis Rulon H||Folding umbrella|
|US1642336 *||May 27, 1925||Sep 13, 1927||Gustav Friedrichs||Collapsible umbrella|
|US2091676 *||Jul 6, 1936||Aug 31, 1937||Charles Fliegner||Collapsible umbrella|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4431108 *||Oct 31, 1980||Feb 14, 1984||Lee Ellis M||Clothes hanger support|
|US20050139742 *||Feb 6, 2003||Jun 30, 2005||Erik Frisell||Column|
|U.S. Classification||211/118, 211/172|
|International Classification||D06F57/00, D06F57/04|