|Publication number||US3416282 A|
|Publication date||Dec 17, 1968|
|Filing date||Jun 16, 1966|
|Priority date||Jun 16, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3416282 A, US 3416282A, US-A-3416282, US3416282 A, US3416282A|
|Inventors||Daugherty Benjamin E|
|Original Assignee||Cardinal Extrusions Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (56), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 17, 1968 B. E. DAUGHERTY 3,416,232
7 ELONGATE PANELEDGING STRIP OF THE PREFABRICATED TYPE Filed June 16,1966 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Few INVENTOR.
BENJAMIN E DAUGHERTY HIS ATTORNEY Dec. 17, 1968 E. DAUGHERTY 3,416,282
ELONGATE PANEL EDGING STRIP OF THE PREFABRICATED TYPE Filed June 16, 1966 2 SheetsSheet 2 INVENTOR;
, BENJAMIN E. DAUGHERTY BYEI HIS ATTORNEY United States Patent ice 3,416,282 ELONGATE PANEL EDGING STRIP OF THE PREFABRICATED TYPE Benjamin E. Daugherty, Louisville, Ky., assignor to Cardinal Extrusions C0,, Louisville, Ky., a corporation of Kentucky Filed June 16, 1966, Ser. No. 558,075 7 Claims. (Cl. 52627) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An elongate stifiiy-resilient metal extrusion of U-shaped cross-section intended to be press fitted over and thereby secured to the marginal edge portion of a panel, such as a shelf, and constructed to have opposed substantiallystraight slightly-converging side walls, a bight, a mouth wide enough to receive the panel and an elongate ledge of transverse triangular cross-section integrally formed on the inner face of one side wall to extend longitudinally parallel with the bight but spaced a substantial distance therefrom, the ledge being arranged for slidable engagement by the edge of an incoming panel, which, during insertion, earns the side wall apart.
This invention relates to an elongate channel-shaped metal strip of the type intended to be snugly fitted over and secured to an elongate uniformly thick edge of a shelf, counter or other panel-like member. Strips of this character, which are hereinafter called panel edging strips, are variously known as face or facing strips, trim strips and, sometimes, molding strips.
Panel edging strips are widely used for decorative and protective purposes. Normally, when installed, they will not remain permanently in place unless held therein by auxiliary securing means. Consequently, the conventional practice today is to tack or glue bond them in place.
The principal object of the present invention is to provide a panel edging strip of simple construction which can be quickly and inexpensively produced and easily and quickly installed and which, when installed, will automatically secure itself so firmly to the panel and resist removal so tenaciously as to render the use of auxiliary securing means unnecessary.
The principal object of my invention is more or less completely achieved by providing the inner side walls of an elongate stifily resilient metal strip, which is U-shaped in cross section, with one or more elongate ledges, of triangular cross section integrally formed to extend longitudinally parallel with the bight and so arranged that they permit the edge of a shelf to be easily inserted into the U-shaped channel of the strip but oppose its withdrawal. More particularly, my principal objected is completely achieved in the preferred form of my invention which comprises: (A) an elongate stifily resilient metal extrusion of U-shaped cross-section having opposed substantially straight side walls, a bight, and a mouth, (1) each of said side walls having an elongate ledge integrally formed on its inner face to extend longitudinally parallel with the bight, but spaced a substantial distance outwardly there- 'from, (2) each ledge having a transverse triangular crosssection characterized by (a) a short side facing the bight, and (b) a long side, which extends from said short side toward said month, which, when said extrusion is being fitted over an elongate panel edge portion, slidably engages said panel edge portion, and which cooperates with said short side to form an apex pointed in a direction such that it oposes the separation or withdrawal of said extrusion from a panel edge portion over which said extrusion is fitted.
3,416,282 Patented Dec. 17, 1968 Another important object of my invention is to provide a panel edging strip which substantially achieves the primary object of my invention and which can be used to join the adjacent edges of two panels together and to cover the joint line between panels.
All of the foregoing objects of this invention may be substantially if not completely achieved by providing, in a single elongate extrusion, at least two panel edging strips embodying my invention.
It will be appreciated that extrusions embodying single or multiple panel edging strips may be rapidly and continuously formed over grate lengths or selected fractions thereof at low cost. In use, it is only necessary to press fit a panel edging strip over the marginal edge of a panel member and this obviously may be easily and quickly done. When the installation is complete, the ledges of the strip bite into the panel so effectively as to render it extremely difficult to separate or withdraw the extrusion from the panel edge portion over which it is fitted. As a matter of fact, it cannot normally be accomplished without tearing up and substantially damaging that edge portion; hence, for all practical purposes, the panel edging strip is permanently mounted.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a small scaled perspective view of a bookcase having the front edge of a shelf covered by a panel edging strip, which is made in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a relatively enlarged perspective view of the panel edging strip of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a still further enlarged and elevational view showing the relationship of the panel edging strip of FIG. 2 to the front edge of the shelf of FIG. 1 over which it is about to be fitted;
FIG. 4 is a corresponding and elevational view showing the FIG. 3 parts as they appear when the strip of FIG. 2 is completely fitted over the front edge of the FIG. 1 shelf;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged end view of a fragmentary portion of the strip of FIGS. 1-4;
FIG. 6 is a small scale perspective view of a drawer case, the panel edges of which are faced and joined together by single and multiple panel edging strips made in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 7-9 are transverse cross-sectional views respectively taken along lines 7-7, 88 and 99 of the drawer case shown in FIG. 6; and
FIG. 10 is a transverse cross-sectional view of modified form of panel edging strip made in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a perspective of a price card holder integrated with a panel edging strip by which it may be attached to a shelf; and
FIG. 12 is a transverse cross-sectional view of another modified form of panel edging strip.
FIG. 1 illustrates an open-front bookcase 1, having at least one wooden shelf 2, the front edge (designated 3 in FIG. 3) of which is covered by a panel edging strip 4, which is made in accordance with my invention and which constitutes the presently preferred embodiment thereof.
As shown in FIGS. 2-5, the panel edging strip 4 comprises an elongate stifily resilient metal extrusion 4 of U-shaped cross-section having opposed substantially planar sidewalls 5, a bight 6 and a mouth. While the panel edging strip 4 may be formed of any of a variety of extrudable metals having stiflly resilient properties, it is preferably made of aluminum alloys, such as 6063T5 and 6463T5 and the like.
Although it is not essential, the sidewalls 5, preferably converge towards each other in a direction proceeding from the bight 6 toward the mouth. While the angle of convergence may vary (from upwardly within practical limits, it preferably should not exceed 10 to any appreciable degree. The angle shown approximates 7.
Each sidewall 5, has at least one and preferably two elongate ledges 7, integrally formed on its inner face to extend longitudinally parallel to the bight 6. Each ledge 7 is spaced a substantial distance from the bight 6 and, as seen in FIG. 5, has a triangular cross-section characterized by a short side 7A and a long side 7B.
The short side 7A of each ledge 7 faces the bight 6. It preferably converges slightly toward the major plane of the bight 6 in a direction proceeding from its side wall inwardly of the strip toward its (76 apex-forming) intersection with wall 7B. Since the side walls converge toward each other, ledge wall 7A and the adjacent side wall, as shown in FIG. 5, form a 90 angle. With parallel side walls, ledge wall 7A may continue at a 90 angle but preferably would extend at a lesser angle up to 80 more or less and, more particularly, about 83.
The long side 73 of each triangular ledge 7 diverges inwardly from its side wall at an angle of about 14 in a direction proceeding from its side wall toward the bight 6 and its apex-forming intersection with the short wall 7A.
Preferably both ledges 7 on each side wall are formed immediately adjacent one another. Preferably also, both are spaced as far from the bight and arranged as close to the mouth as is practicable so as to insure a better edgegripping action. Thus, the preferred arrangement shown in FIGS. 1-5, has its outermost ledge 7 located adjacent the mouth with the next ledge 7 located as close to the outer ledge 7 as possible.
As can be seen in FIGS. 3-4, the thickness of the shelf edge 3 is smaller than the corresponding width dimension of the mouth of the strip 4 but larger than the spacing between the apices of the opposed outermost ledges 7. In mounting or fitting the strip 4 on shelf edge 3, the mouth of the strip may be shoved inwardly over the edge 3 either progressively along the length of the strip or simultaneously throughout the length thereof. Since the strip 4 is stitfly resilient, progressive installation may normally be accomplished with a hammer or like tool whereas simultaneous installation will normally require a power tool. It will be appreciated that, during the process of fitting a strip 4 over the front edge 3 of shelf 2, the long walls 7B of the opposed outermost ledges 7 of the strip will slidably engage the end edges of the shelf and, through such slidable engagement, be cammed or sprung away from each other as the strip moves inwardly over the shelf. This slidable camming arrangement facilitates the inward movement of the strip over the edge of the shelf; hence, it is a relatively simple matter to force the strip home, i.e. force it inwardly over the edge of the shelf sufficiently to press the inner face of the bight 6 into face-to-face engagement with the end face of shelf 2.
The elongate and sharp pointed apices of all ledges 7 resiliently engage and normally penetrate the marginal faces of the shelf edge 3; hence, while the strip may be easily fitted thereover, it is more or less impossible to withdraw or remove therefrom without substantial damage to the shelf because of the tenacious penetrating grip provided by the apices of the ledges 7. As a consequence, it is not necessary to use auxiliary means to maintain the panel edging strip 4 firmly mounted on the edge.
The panel edging strip 4 may be made of various materials. The strips 4 may be made in a range of sizes for a corresponding range of panel or shelf thicknesses. For example, when made to receive a standard inch (0.1875") plywood panel, a 6063T5 strip may be dimensioned as follows: side walls 5 and bight 6, 0.035" thick; angles as indicated in FIG. 5; width of mouth, 0.210"; spacing between opposed apices of the outermost ledges, 0.165"; maximum spacing between the mouth and the 4 outer face of the bight, 0.375"; width of short side 7A (between side walls and apex), 0.015"; and width of long side 7B, 0.062". For a ,5 (0.781) inch thick edge, the width of mouth and the spacing between opposed apices of the outermost ledges may be 0.812 and 0.750 inch respectively. Strips may be made to accommodate edges 1.25" thick and even thicker.
FIGS. 6-10 FIG. 6 illustrates a drawer case 10 composed of top and bottom wall panels 11-12, left and right end wall panels 13-14 and a back wall panel 15, the adjoining edges of which are faced and secured rigidly together by panel edging strips made in accordance with the present inven tion. Each of the wall panels 11-15 is preferably made of wood or some other more or less equivalent material which can be penetrated by ledges 7 on the panel edging strips. Among these are flake board, particle board, tack board, Masonite, cork, Plexiglas and other plastics. Due to the high p.s.i. which can be developed on the tips of the ledges, panel edging strips made in accordance with this invention, may also be mounted on panels composed of metal, such as steel, either paint-coated or uncoated.
As seen in FIG. 7, four double panel edging strips 16 are required to interconnect the horizontal left and right end edges of the horizontal top and bottom wall panels 11-12 with the adjoining horizontal top and bottom edges of the vertical left and right panels 13 and 14 and to face all of the eight panel edges involved. All four of the double panel edging strips 16 are identically constructed. As constructed, each comprises a single extrusion 16 providing two panel edging strips which have their respective channels 17 and 18 disposed at right angles to each other and which are integrated through a common wall 19 providing one side wall of channel 17 and the bight wall of channel 18.
The double edging strips 16 are intended for use in a physically small case; hence, while each strip may be provided with two pairs of ledges 7, it is sufficient to provide the side walls of channel 17 with three ledges 7, including one pair on its integrated side wall 19, and to provide the side walls of the other channel 18 with two ledges 7, one on each side wall.
As seen in FIGS. 8-9, four single panel edging strips 21 are required to face the horizontal top and bottom rear edges of the horizontal top and bottom wall panels 11-12 and the vertical rear end edges of the vertical left and right end wall panels 13 and 14. All four of the single panel edging strips 21 are identically constructed. As constructed, each comprises a single extrusion providing one panel edging strip which has a forwardly facing channel 22, the outer side wall 5 of which is rearwardly extended to provide a rear side flange 23 and the bight wall 6 of which is inwardly extended to provide a rear inward flange 24 at right angles to the rear side flange 23. For the reasons given in connection with FIG. 7, it is suflicientto provide the side walls of channel 22 with three ledges 7, including one pair on its outer side wall 5. When all four of the edging strips 21 are assembled over the rear edges of the horizontal top and bottom wall panels 11 and 12 and the vertical left and right end wall panels 13 and 14, the rear flanges 23 and 24 cooperate to form a rearwardlyopen recess into which the back wall panel 15 may be fitted and within which it may be held by suitably riveting it to the rear inward flanges 24 or otherwise securing it in place.
As also seen in FIGS. 8-9, four single panel edging strips 26 are required to face the horizontal top and bottom front edges of the horizontal top and bottom wall panels 11-12 and the vertical front end edges of the vertical left and right wall panels 13 and 14. All four of the single panel edging strips 26 are identically constructed. As constructed, each comprises a single extrusion providing one panel edging strip which has a rearwardly facing channel 27, the bight wall 6 of which may be extended inwardly to provide a front face flange 28 of any desired extrudable shape. Again, for the reasons given in connection with FIG. 7, it is sufiicient to provide the side walls of channel 27 with three ledges 7, including one pair on its outer side wall 5. When all four of the edging strips 26 are assembled over the front edges of the case (i.e. the horizontal front edges of the top and bottom wall panels 11 and 12 and the vertical front edges of the left and right end wall panels 13 and 14) the front flanges 28 cooperate to form an open-ended recess into which a drawer or the like may be inserted. It will be understood that such a drawer will be supported within the drawer case in any suitable manner by means not shown.
Before passing, we note that strip 16 integrates a 3-ledge strip with a 2-ledge strip. Either of these strips may be used in the simplified fiangeless single-strip form shown in FIGS. 1-5. All such forms may also be made with wide shallow channels and with narrow deep channels.
The panel edging strip 4 shown in FIG. 10 has its bight 6A slanted to accommodate the correspondingly slanted or chamfered edge of a shelf or panel. The side walls 5 converge as before.
The panel edging strip 4 shown in FIG. 11 is integrated with a price (or other) card holder 30 having a d0ve tail channel. In an arrangement of this type, a price card, having a vertical dimension greater than the vertical width dimension of the mouth of the channel, is flexed so that it may be introduced into the channel through the mouth thereof. When released, it will straighten out sufiiciently to be retained in the channel by the top and bottom walls of the channel.
The panel edging strip 4A shown in FIG. 12 has side walls 5 and 5A, a bight 6 and a ledge 7 on side wall 5. The outer or tip end portion of its upper side wall SA is bent inwardly as indicated at 5B. A strip of this modified design sacrifices gripping strength by omitting a ledge from side wall 5A in order to gain the hygienic advantages which flow from the close engagement of the outer tip end 5B with a counter or other food handling surface.
Miscellaneous From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that panel edging strips, which embody my invention, may be easily, quickly and inexpensively produced by extrusion, cut to desired short or long lengths, and fitted over a panel, shelf or equivalent edge. When fitted, they operate to hold themselves in place so tenaciously as to eliminate the need for auxiliary fastening means. Furthermore, they can be readily made in the form of single or multiple strips which are integrated with other things (such as flanges, price markers and other devices) or entirely separated therefrom.
Panel edging strips made in accordance with my invention not only serve to cover the marginal edge, but they may also function to reinforce that edge and increase its mechanical strength very substantially. Additionally, they may maintain, in assembled relationship, a multi-layer edge, such as one composed of corrugated cardboard faced with sheet metal, such as sheet aluminum.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. An elongate panel edging strip of the prefabricated type intended to be press fitted over and thereby secured to a uniformly-thick marginal edge portion of a panel, shelf or the like, comprising:
A. an elongate stiffly-resilient metal extrusion of U- shaped cross-section having opposed substantiallystraight stilily-resilient side walls, a bight, and a mouth wider than the thickness of said panel,
(1) one of said side walls having a rigid elongate ledge integrally formed on its inner face to extend longitudinally parallel with the bight but spaced a substantial distance therefrom,
(2) said ledge having a transverse triangular cross-section characterized by (a) a short side facing the bight, and (b) a long side,
(i) which extends from said short side toward said mouth,
(ii) which, when said extrusion is being fitted over an edge, slidably engages said edge to cam the stitHy-resilient side walls apart, and
(iii) which cooperates with the short side to form a sharp apex ponted in a direction such that it opposes the withdrawal of said extrusion from an edge on which it may be mounted,
(3) said extrusion normally being operative, when mounted on an edge, to grip that edge so rigidly and tightly as to (a) prevent any appreciable relative movement between said extrusion and edge parts and (b) render, extremely diflicult, the removal of the extrusion from the edge without inflicting substantial damage to at least one of said parts.
2. The strip of claim 1, wherein:
A. said short side of said ledge inclines from said inner face toward the major plane of said bight.
3. The strip of claim 1, wherein:
A. said side walls converge in a bight-toward-mouth direction.
4. The strip of claim 1 wherein:
A. The opposite side wall has a substantially identical ledge similarly formed on its inner face.
5,. The strip of claim 1, wherein:
A. said one side wall has more than one such ledge so formed on its inner face.
6. The strip of claim 1, wherein:
A. the opposite side wall has its free or tip end turned inwardly for counter-engaging purposes.
7. A pair of claim 1 strips integrated into a single extrusion.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,523,285 1/1925 Pritchett 49-462 XR 2,564,386 8/1951 Webb 593 2,872,713 2/1959 Haas 49488 XR 3,341,251 9/1967 Costin 297457 XR FOREIGN PATENTS 537,129 12/1955 Italy.
BOBBY R. GAY, Primary Examiner. A. CALVERT, Assistant Examiner.
U.S. c1. x.R. 49-462
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|U.S. Classification||52/716.8, D25/123, 428/122, 49/462, 52/800.12, 52/717.6, 428/358|
|International Classification||A47B95/04, A47B95/00|