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Publication numberUS3416616 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1968
Filing dateMar 1, 1967
Priority dateMar 1, 1967
Publication numberUS 3416616 A, US 3416616A, US-A-3416616, US3416616 A, US3416616A
InventorsAhlgren Hans Hj
Original AssigneeSkanska Cementgjuteriet Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Deep drills with eccentric bits
US 3416616 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1968 H. HJ.AHLGREN DEEP DRILLS WITH ECCENTRIC BITS 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 1, 1967 ec. 17, 1968 H. HJ. AHLGREN 3,416,615

DEEP DRILLS WITH ECCENTRIC BITS Filed March 1, 1967 4 Shets-Sheet 2 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 H. HJ. AHLGREN DEEP DRILLS WITH ECCENTRIC BITS Filed March 1. 1967 1968 H. HJ. AHLGREN 3,416,61

DEEP DRILLS WITH ECCENTRIC BITS Filed March 1, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Fig.1. /44 4 15 I I L W ii/ United States Patent 3,416,616 DEEP DRILLS WITH ECCENTRIC BITS Hans Hj. Ahlgren, Solna, Sweden, assignor to AB Skanska Cementgjuteriet, Stockholm, Sweden, a corporation of Sweden Filed Mar. 1, 1967, Ser. No. 619,746 2 Claims. (Cl. 175-258) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A bit having an eccentric cutting edge and an eccentric sleeve rotatable through 180 about an upper portion of the bit to move the cutting edge laterally to a drilling position under the lower edge of a lining tube or to move the eccentric cutting edge under the interior of the tube thus permitting upward withdrawal of the bit.

The present invention relates to an improvement in deep drills with an eccentric bit adapted to be followed, during drilling, by a tube serving as a lining for the drilled hole. For this purpose an eccentric sleeve is mounted for rotation on an upper portion of the bit, the most eccentric portion of the sleeve being adapted to lie, during drilling, diametrically opposite the most eccentric portion of the active end portion of the bit and which sleeve, for the purpose of enabling the bit to be drawn up through the tube, is adapted to be rotated relative to said upper portion through 180. The said upper portion may possibly comprise a joining rod, screwed into the drill bit.

Prior :art drills of this type, more closely described in US. Patent 3,174,563, are encumbered with the disadvantage that, particularly in the case of certain ground characteristics, drilled particles of material enter the lining tube between its wall and the portion of the eccentric sleeve which is not provided with the eccentric portion, designed as a guiding lug; the said material thus making it diflicult to rotate the eccentric sleeve relative to the drilling rod, to enable the tube to be drawn up through the drill.

The object of the present invention is to remove the above disadvantage of prior art deep drills, which is achieved in that the deep drill according to the invention has obtained the characteristics disclosed in the claims.

The invention will be more closely described with reference to the accompanying drawings, where FIG. 1 shows in perspective and partly in section the lower portion of a deep drill according to the invention with a drill bit drawn into the lining tube,

FIG. 2 shows the same with the drill bit in drilling position and FIGS. 3 and 4 show in side view and partly in section the deep drill in the same position as FIGS. 1 and 2 respectively.

The deep drill in the shown embodiment is intended for impact drilling in which the drill is rotated, in this case counterclockwise, approximately one tenth of a revolution in each impact, and is provided with an eccentric end portion 1, active during drilling, of a drill bit 2 known per se. The drilling rod comprises joning rods connected with joining sleeves up to a shank adapter secured in the drilling aparatus. The lower joining sleeve 3 is screwed onto a pin member 4 made integral with the drill bit 2 ad provided with a left-hand thread.

The active end portion 1 of the eccentric bit is provided, in a manner known per se, with a cutting edge 5 of hard metal. In this instance the drill is also provided with a pilot drill bit 6 with four cutting edges 7. The pilot bit, however, is not part of the invention proper since in this respect the drill can just as well be without the same.

For the purpose of lining the drill hole a lining tube 8 follows the drill during drilling and moves downwards in time with the drill. The eccentric portion of the drill bit projects outside the circumference of the lining tube so that a hole large enough for the lining tube is made. To allow the drill to be drawn up out of the tube the said eccentric portion must consequently be displaced in towards the tube centre. This is etfected with an eccentric sleeve 9, which is rotatably mounted around an upper portion 10 of the drill bit 2. The sleeve 9 is provided with an inwardly projecting lug 11 engaged in a peripherally, 180 extending groove 12 in portion 10. The groove 12 is connected with the end face 13 of the portion 10 by means of an axially extending groove 14, whereby the lug 11, when assembling the drill, can be arranged in the groove 12. A locking sleeve 15 abutting the end face 13 fixes the eccentric sleeve 9 axially and builds an abutment surface for the joining sleeve 3. The drill is also provided with rinsing holes (not shown) which connect the centre channel of the drill with suitable positions on the drill bit and remaining portions for flushing away earth, powdered stone and other drilling products.

The eccentric sleeve 9 has a cross section which completely fills the circular lining tube 8, but because the sleeve 9 is eccentrically mounted relative to the drill axis a, the latter can be moved relative to the lining tube axis b (see FIG. 3). The portion 10 has a centre axis 0 lying centrally between the drill axis a and the tube axis b, when the most eccentric portion of the eccentric sleeve lies axially in line with themost eccentric portion of the active end portion 1 (FIG. 3) of the drill bit. Since on rotating the eccentric sleeve the tube axis b moves in a circular are :around the axis c the tube axis b will thus coincide with the drill axis a, when the most eccentric portion of the eccentric sleeve adopts a position diametrically opposed to the most eccentric portion of the active end portion (FIG. 4) of the drill bit. Rotation of the eccentric sleeve to drilling position occurs automatically.

on rotating the drill counterclockwise during drilling.

The portion, which has been designated as an upper portion 10 of the drill bit, naturally need not be made integral with the drill bit in general but can, as with the corresponding portions in the drill according to the aforementioned patent be connected by means of threaded joints with the drill bit, and is then called a joining rod.

The described arrangement removes the disadvantages described in the preamble, in that the eccentric sleeve, which completely fills the total cross section of the tube, prevents coarse drilling products from collecting therein and making rotation of the sleeve diflicult. Furthermore, better guiding of the drill in the lining tube is obtained.

The invention is naturally not restricted to the described embodiment but, for instance can also be adapted to rotary drills.

I claim:

1. A deep drill with an eccentric drill bit adapted to be followed during drilling by a tube (8) serving as a liner for the drilled hole, an eccentric sleeve (9) being mounted for rotation on an upper portion (10) of the drill bit (2), the most eccentric portion of the sleeve being adapted during drilling to lie diametrically opposite the most eccentric portion of the active end portion (1) of the drill bit and which sleeve is adapted, for the purpose of enabling the drill bit to be drawn up through the tube, to be rotated relative to said upper portion (10) through 180, characterized in that the eccentric sleeve (9) has a circular cross section which completely fills the lining tube (8) and is eccentrically mounted around an axis (0) which lies centrally between the drilling axis (a) and the lining tube axis (b) in the position where the eccentric portions of the eccentric sleeve (9) and the active end portion (1) lie axially in line with each other, whereby the drill axis 3 4 (a) and the lining tube axis (b) coincide when the ec- References Cited centric sleeve (9) is rotated, during drilling, to its dia- UNITED STATES PATENTS metrically POSMOH' 1 510 222 9/1924 Herman 175-399 2. A deep drill as claimed in claim 1, characterized in 3:174:5 3 3 19 5 Edblom 175 25 that the eccentric sleeve (9) is provided with an inwardly 5 3,277,972 10/1966 Lagerstrom 175-399 projecting lug (11) adapted to move in a peripherally, CHARLES OCONNELL Primary Examiner 180 extending groove (12) in the upper portion (10) R E FAVREAU Assistant Emml.ner of the drill bit (2) on which the eccentric sleeve (9) is US Cl mounted. 175 399

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1510222 *Jul 9, 1920Sep 30, 1924Henry Herman JohnExpansion percussion bit for drilling or boring operations
US3174563 *Feb 27, 1963Mar 23, 1965Skanska Cementgjuteriet AbDeep drills having an eccentric bit
US3277972 *Jul 9, 1963Oct 11, 1966Atlas Copco AbRock drilling equipment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3753470 *Nov 29, 1971Aug 21, 1973Sandvik AbEccentric drill tool
US3848683 *Feb 1, 1973Nov 19, 1974Atlas Copco AbMethod and means for drilling
US3870114 *Jul 23, 1973Mar 11, 1975Stabilator AbDrilling apparatus especially for ground drilling
US4545443 *Jun 10, 1983Oct 8, 1985Sandvik AktiebolagMeans for drilling
US4620600 *Sep 12, 1984Nov 4, 1986Persson Jan EDrill arrangement
US4682662 *Apr 25, 1985Jul 28, 1987Vladimir VancuraDrill adapter
US4770259 *Feb 24, 1987Sep 13, 1988Santrade LimitedDrill tool
US4962822 *Dec 15, 1989Oct 16, 1990Numa Tool CompanyDownhole drill bit and bit coupling
US5009271 *Jul 16, 1990Apr 23, 1991Milan MaricDrill assembly
US5009274 *Apr 3, 1990Apr 23, 1991Uniroc AktiebolagLaterally adjustable drilling tool
US5052503 *Apr 3, 1990Oct 1, 1991Uniroc AktiebolagEccentric drilling tool
US5186265 *Aug 22, 1991Feb 16, 1993Atlantic Richfield CompanyRetrievable bit and eccentric reamer assembly
US5284216 *Feb 15, 1991Feb 8, 1994Sandvik AbDown-the-hole drill tool for drilling in advance of a casing tube
DE102008028997A1Jun 20, 2008Jan 21, 2010Dr. Sven Becker und Dr. Michael Bahns GbR (vertretungsberechtigter Gesellschafter: Dr. Sven Becker, 30655 Hannover)Drilling method for producing borehole in e.g. earth in residential area, involves converting electric and/or hydraulic energy into mechanical energy in borehole for propulsion and driving of drilling tool
EP0235105A2 *Feb 16, 1987Sep 2, 1987Santrade Ltd.Drill tool
EP0235105A3 *Feb 16, 1987Dec 7, 1988Santrade Ltd.Drill tool
EP1412605A2 *Jun 19, 2002Apr 28, 2004APS Technology, Inc.Improved stabilizer for use in a drill string
WO1999007977A1 *Jul 28, 1998Feb 18, 1999Sandvik Ab (Publ)Drilling tool for down-the-hole drilling, reamer means and body element for use in the tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/258, 175/399
International ClassificationE21B10/66, E21B7/20
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/327, E21B7/20, E21B10/66, E21B10/40
European ClassificationE21B10/40, E21B10/32M, E21B7/20, E21B10/66