Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3416713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1968
Filing dateMay 28, 1965
Priority dateMay 28, 1965
Publication numberUS 3416713 A, US 3416713A, US-A-3416713, US3416713 A, US3416713A
InventorsStephens Joseph F
Original AssigneeStephens Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Filament inserting tool
US 3416713 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 17, 1968 J. F. STEPHENS 3,416,713

FILAMENT INSERTING TOOL Filed May 28. 1965 Yi- N E INVENTOR. E TosEPH F STEPHENS f1/Mvg, 9- O CC M? United States Patent Office 3,416,713 Patented Dec. 17, 1968 3, 416,713 FILAMENT INSERTING TOOL Joseph F. Stephens, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to Stephens Industries, Inc., Kansas City, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Filed May 28, 1965, Ser. No. 459,844 3 Claims. (Cl. 223-104) My invention relates to a filament inserting tool for applying tags to fabrics by concomitantly feeding a length of solid filamentary material through the tag and fabric, and more particularly to an improved filament inserting tool which is long wearing and which will not cnt or damage the fabr-ic.

A new merchandise tagging machine and method are disclosed in copending United States patent application Ser. No. 422,643, filed Dec. 3l, 1964, by Frederick N. Stephens, Robert R. Vetter and Stuart J. Burhans. Brieiiy, this new merchandise tagging machine operates by first placing a tag on the fabric and then bowing the fabric and tag slightly. While in bowed position, a hollow tool which surrounds a length of solid, heat reactive plastic filamentary material is driven through the tag and the fabric. The tool is withdrawn, leav-ing the plastic filament extending through the tag and the cloth and thus attaching them to each other. A heater melts each end of the plastic filaments, forming heads thereon, which prevent the tag from being removed from the cloth without breaking either the plastic filament or one of the heads.

Usually the tags are made of a tough cardboard or plastic or the like. The soft goods to be tagged are often delicate fabrics. Hypodermic needles have been used as filament inserting tools in the prior art. The point of a hypodermic needle is formed and sharpened as a lance,

and is easily able to cut through the tough cardboard tags. However, I have found that these hypodermic type needles are unsatisfactory for several reasons. Their sharp edges often cut the fabric or sever fabric threads. Their sharp points frequently penetrate the fabric yarns, splitting them.

Another problem encountered occurs as the hypodermic needle repeatedly strikes the tough cardboard tags (and in some cases the harder fibers such as nylon) in that its point or leading edge bends or distorts in the region where the wall of the needle has been reduced in thickness to sharpen it. Typically, the point `deflects only about Mp, of an inch, and its deflection is difficult to detect without magnification. But such points fray the fabric even though the extent of the detiection is slight. The fraying is usually not noticeable while a plastic filament is holding a tag in place. It is apparent only after the goods have been sold and the filament and tag removed. Thus sometimes many pieces of merchandise have been tagged with a tag applicator which has a needle having a bent point which frayed each piece. This problem is especially serious when the filament inserting tool is used in a high speed tag applicator such as that -disclosed in the aforementioned application, Ser. No. 422,643, because of the high impact force between the needle point and the tag.

I have discovered that I can advantageously punch rather than cut through the tags, and I have invented a filament inserting tool which does not damage even delicate fabrics.

One object of my invention is to provide a filament inserting tool for soft goods tag applicators which does not cut fabric or damage its threads.

Another object of my invention is to provide a filament inserting tool for soft goods tag applicators which ldoes not penetrate or split the fabric yarns but rather wedges them apart and passes through the interstices formed by the weave.

A further object of my invention is to provide a filament inserting tool for soft goods tag applicators which is long wearing and which has a leading edge that resists bending.

In general my invention contemplates the provision of a filament inserting tool comprising a hollow steel shank one end of which is adapted to be carried by the tag applicator machine as in the prior art and the other end of which is tapered and ground to form a generally spherical point with rounded edges in the tapering region. Thus I form a strong point and provide a wedging or camming surface which can pierce the tags while having the ability to force the fabric yarns apart without cutting them.

In the accompanying drawings which form part of the instant specification and which are to be read in conjunction therewith and in which like reference numerals are used to indicate like parts in the various views:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of an embodiment of my new filament inserting tool showing the tapering end;

FIGURES 2 and 3 are views of sections taken respectively along the lines 2-2 and 3-3 of FIGURE 1 FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view of the tool shown in FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of an embodiment of my new filament inserting tool passing through a piece of fabric.

More particularly, referring now `to the `drawings a steel tube or shank generally indicated by the reference number 12 has a longitudinally extending passageway 14 lthrough which the plastic filamentary material 4is fed. In a typical embodiment the outside `diameter of the steel tube 12 is about 0.048 inch; the diameter of the passageway 14 is about 0.042 inch; and the wall 15 of tube 12 is thus about 0.006 inch thick.

The other end of my new filament inserting tool (not shown) is adapted to be positioned in a tag applicator machine and has suitable fitting for the particular machine, such as a socket for example. A typical fitting construction is disclosed more fully in the aforementioned patent application Ser. No. 422,643.

Tubej12 tapers to a generally spherical point 16. The taper should be gradual. A taper angle 0, as shown in FIGURE 4, of approximately 10 degrees is satisfactory. As will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art, tube 12 can conveniently lbe tapered and the -point 16 rounded by grinding the end of the tube with a -grinding wheel or other suitable apparatus known in the art.

I also grind the edges of the tube wall 15 forming a rounded surface 18 in the region that is tapered. Preferably, the radius of curvature of the surface 18 and radius of curvature of the point 16 are both substantially equal to one-half the thickness of the wall 15 so that the point 16 is approximately spherical, or more precisely approximately hemispherical.

It will be noted that the surface 18 is substantially tangential to the point 16, forming a strong leading edge which resists bending. It will also be noted that there are no sharp edges at 20 or 24 with my new construction, preventing side cutting of the yarns as the tool passes between them, as can be seen in FIGURE 5.

In operation, the filament inserting tool 12 is driven through a bowed cardboard tag and an underlying piece of fabric, usually at high speed. The hemispherical point 16 punches through the tag, wedges apart the yarns or strands 22, and passes through the interstices of the fabric. I have found that yarns lmet head on by the point 16 slide to one side and are not pierced or split.

Thus it can be seen that I have accomplished the objects of my invention. My lament inserting tool will not cut fabric, and will not split yor penetrate yarns or bers or strands. Additionaly, my tool is long wearing and its point Iresists turning or bending.

It will be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and subcombinations. This is contemplated by and is Within the scope of my claims. lt is further obvious that various changes may be made in details within the scope of my claims without departing from the spirit of my invention. It is therefore to be understood that my invention is not to be limited to the specific details shown and described.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A lament inserting tool for advancing a lament axially through a ticket and through soft goods comprising a thin walled filament receiving tube, said tube tapering at one end to a substantially spherical point the radius of which is substantially equal to one-half the thickness of said tube wall, and the edges of said wall in the region of said taper being rounded and forming a surface which is substantially tangential to said point.

2. A filament inserting tool for advancing a lilament axially through a ticketand through soft goods comprising a thin walled filament receiving tube, said tube tapering at one end to a substantially hemispherical point which has a radius substantially equal to one-half the thickness of said tube wall.

3. A filament inserting tool `for advancing a filament axially through a ticket and through soft goods comprising a thin walled lament receiving tube, said tube tapering at one end to a curved point which has a radius of curvature substantially equal to One-half the thickness of said tube wall.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 263,890 9/1882 Gates 223-102 1,000,168 8/1911 Glanz 112-80 X 1,937,947 12/1933 Exter 112-80 2,972,438 2/ 1961 Rimbrough 223--103 X FOREIGN PATENTS 220,363 8/ 1924 Great Britain.

455,035 10/ 1936 Great Britain.

PATRICK D. LAWSON, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US263890 *Apr 7, 1881Sep 5, 1882 Ments
US1000168 *Oct 6, 1909Aug 8, 1911Joseph GlanzPlug-inserting device.
US1937947 *Feb 18, 1932Dec 5, 1933Emma C WellsTufting machine
US2972438 *Jan 8, 1957Feb 21, 1961Kimbrough Frank RFish stringer
GB220363A * Title not available
GB455035A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4751926 *Sep 12, 1986Jun 21, 1988Dow Corning Wright CorporationInstrument for subcutaneous insertion of an injection reservoir
US5725497 *Jun 7, 1995Mar 10, 1998American Cyanamid CompanyInjection dart system
US5785215 *Nov 12, 1996Jul 28, 1998Hinkel; John AllenDrawstring restringing apparatus
US5868699 *Jun 7, 1995Feb 9, 1999American Cyanamid CompanyInjection dart system
US5897044 *Jan 24, 1995Apr 27, 1999Avery Dennison CorporationNeedles useful in the dispensing of plastic fasteners
U.S. Classification223/104
International ClassificationD06H1/04, D06H1/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06H1/04
European ClassificationD06H1/04
Legal Events
Apr 17, 1990ASAssignment
Effective date: 19891227