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Publication numberUS3417810 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1968
Filing dateSep 1, 1965
Priority dateSep 1, 1965
Also published asDE1558329A1, DE1558329B2
Publication numberUS 3417810 A, US 3417810A, US-A-3417810, US3417810 A, US3417810A
InventorsTiskus John R, Vey Regis A
Original AssigneeUnited States Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System for progressive shutdown of cooling water sprays
US 3417810 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1968 .1. R. TISKUS ETAL 3,417,810

SYSTEM FOR PROGRESSIVE SHUTDOWN OF COOLING WATER SPRAYS Filed Sept. 1, 1965 ULSE SOURCE INVENTORS JOHN R. nsxus BY REGIS A. VEY

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,417,810 SYSTEM FOR PROGRESSIVE SHUTDOWN 0F COOLING WATER SPRAYS John R. Tiskus, Monroeville Borough, and Regis A. Vey,

Ben Avon, Pa., assignors to United States Steel Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 1, 1965, Ser. No. 484,398 5 Claims. (Cl. 164150) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A system for progressively closing the valves controlling the water supply to cooling nozzles, as the trailing end of a casting travels down between banks of guide rollers, includes a counter set in operation at a predetermined time and actuated by successive pulses, one for each increment of travel of the casting. After a predetermined number has been accumulated by the counter, it notches forward a sequence switch one step and resets itself to zero for a repeat operation. The sequence switch operates valve actuators to close the valves successively.

This invention relates to continuous casting apparatus in which a steel slab is progressively cooled by means of a plurality of vertically spaced water sprays as it descends below the mold, and more particularly to an apparatus for shutting down these sprays in succession as the tail end of the casting passes therebelow.

In the continuous casting of metals and alloys such as steel, the casting is continuously formed in an openended tubular water-cooled flow-through mold which constitutes the primary cooling zone. After the mold has been initially filled and a thin shell of solid metal has been formed adjacent the mold walls and the top of the starter bar, the casting is allowed to descend below the mold through a secondary cooling zone consisting of a plurality of vertically spaced guide rolls and vertically spaced sprays which direct cooling water against the opposed faces of the casting. The speed of descent of the casting is controlled by means of motor driven pinch rolls located below the secondary cooling section.

When a casting is completed, it is necessary to shut down each of the water sprays in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said spray, in order to prevent overcooling of the tail end of the casting. Overcooling would make subsequent manipulation such as bending and rolling extremely difiicult, and would produce cracks and strains due to cold working of the metal.

The primary object of this invention is to provide an apparatus which will shut down each of the water nozzles in the secondary cooling zone of a continuous casting apparatus in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said nozzle, so that the tail end of the casting is not overcooled.

The apparatus of this invention includes an open-ended tubular Water-cooled continuous casting mold in which a casting may be formed, motor-driven pinch rolls below the mold for controlling the speed of descent of the casting, and a plurality of vertically spaced water sprays between the mold and the pinch rolls for directing cooling water against the casting. Valves and valve actuators therefor are provided for shutting off the water supply to the nozzle, as well as signal of measuring means for indicating the position of the tail end of the casting as it descends below the mold, and control means responsive to the signal means for operating the valve actuators to shut oil the water supply to each of the cooling water nozzles in sequence, beginning at the top of the cooling section, as the tail end of the casting descends below the mold. In a preferred embodiment of this invention,

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the signal or measuring means comprises a pulse counter driven by the pinch rolls, which sends out pulses whose number is directly proportional to the number of revolutions of the pinch rolls and hence to the distance the casting descends, and a reset counter which counts the number of pulses and sends out a pulse current to a controller when a predetermined count has been reached. The control means for shutting off the water supply may include a drum controller which is programmed to close nozzle valves in sequence, and cam followers and switches controlled by the drum controller for actuating the control valves provided on the water nozzles.

In the drawings, the single figure is a schematic diagram of the apparatus for shutting oiT the water supply to each of the water sprays in the secondary cooling zone as the tail end of the casting descends therebelow.

Referring now to the drawing, the apparatus of this invention comprises an open-ended tubular water-cooled flow-through continuous casting mold 10 in which a steel casting 11 is formed, a secondary cooling zone below the mold, generally indicated at 12, comprising a plurality of guide rollers 13 for contacting the two opposed faces of the casting, and a plurality of vertically spaced Water pipes 20 to 29 inclusive, each including a terminal spray nozzle which is adapted to direct cooling water against the adjacent face of the casting. Generally a horizontal row of nozzles is provided on each side of the casting line at each elevation spaced across the casting width. The vertical distance between adjacent rows of nozzles is constant throughout the secondary cooling zone 12. In this case each numeral 20 to 29 represents a row of nozzles. The speed of descent of the casting is controlled by means of motor driven pinch rolls 30 located below the secondary cooling zone. The casting 11 is shown herein at the completion of a casting operation, after mold 10 has been emptied and when the tail end of the casting is in the secondary cooling zone.

The water supply to the nozzles 20 to 29 inclusive is controlled by valves 40 to 49 inclusive. Where a row of nozzles is provided at each elevation, a single valve may control the water supply to the entire row. The opening and closing of valves 40 to 49 inclusive is controlled by valve actuators 50 to 59 inclusive, respectively. Valves 40 to 49 may be of the simple on-off variety, in which case actuators 50 to 59 are solenoids. Where more precise control of the water flow rate to each nozzle is desired, valves 40 to 49 may be of the variable opening type, and actuators 50 to 59 are electric motors which can set the respective valves at any position from shut to full open.

The system for controlling the shutoff of water to nozbles 20 to 29 inclusive includes measuring means which provides a signal indicating the position of the tail end of the casting, control means responsive to the signal means for sequentially operating the valve actuators 50 to 59 inclusive to shut off the water supply to each of the nozzles 20 to 29 in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position with respect to that nozzle, and activator means for maintaining the control means in an inactive state while a casting is being formed in the mold and for activating the signal means and the control means when the tail end of the casting descends below the mold.

The signal or measuring means includes a pulse source 60 which is activated by a rotating permanent magnet 61 driven by pinch rolls 30 so that the number of pulses sent out is directly proportional to the number of revolutions of the pinch rolls 30 and hence the distance traveled by casting 11. The signal means also includes a reset counter 62 which counts pulses from source 60 until a predetermined number is reached and then sends out a secondary pulse or signal current and resets itself to zero.

The control means includes a rotating programmed drum controller 63 which is adapted to be rotated through a fixed predetermined are every time it receives a pulse or signal current from reset counter 62, a plurality of cam followers 70 to 79 inclusive adapted to ride on the surface of said drum controller 63 and to be actuated by programmed surface irregularities 011 the drum controller, and a plurality of normally open microswitches 80 to 89 which are closed by actuation of the respective cam followers 70 to 79 inclusive. Closure of microswitches 80 to 89 causes the respective valve actuators 50 to 59 to be operated to close valves 40 to 49 and thereby shut down the water supplies to nozzles 20 to 29 in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends.

The activator means includes push button switch 90 by which operation of the signal and control means is initiated, and the relays 91 and 92 for controlling current to reset counter 62 and drum controller 63.

The pulse source 60 may be any conventional device for generating electrical impulses. A vibrating reed switch encolsed in a suitable casing, such as an RCA Minireed Switch, type RE2100, is an example.

The reset counter may be any device which is capable of receiving pulses from the pulse source 60 and causing activation of a controller when a predetermined number of pulses has been received. This reset counter must be able to reset itself to zero and begin a new count of pulses simultaneously with activation of the controller. The reset counter 62 is preset for a pulse count such that the tail end of the casting 11 descends by a distance equal to the vertical distance between adjacent sprays (or rows of sprays) 20 to 29 between successive secondary pulses sent out by the counter. One suitable reset counter is Model HZl50A6, manufactured by Eagle Signal Company and described in its Bulletin 725.

The rotating drum controller 63 includes a plurality of slots 64 arranged in rows, each of said slots being adapted to receive a peg 65 which will activate a cam follower. By placing the pegs 65 in the desired slots and using a plurality of cam followers 70 to 79 inclusive, one for each row of slots in drum controller 63, any desired program or sequence of operations of the switches controlled by the cam followers may be established. Each pulse from reset counter 62 advances drum controller 63 one step, actuating the next cam follower in the series 70 to 79. Drum controllers of this type are known in the art. One suitable controller is Tenor Model 30, manufactured by The Tenor Company, Butler, Wis., and described in its Bulletin 0363.

The apparatus for shutting down nozzles 20 to 29 should he set in motion only after the tail end of casting 11 has descended below mold into secondary cooling zone 12. This causes each nozzle 20 to 29 inclusive (or each horizontal row of nozzles at a given elevation) to be shut down in sequence, as the tail end of the casting descends below the preselected position relative to that nozzle. For this reason the system of this invention must be placed in operation at the correct time so that the water nozzles 29 are shut down neither prematurely nor too late.

A push button switch 90 under the control of an operator who is in a position Where he can see the tail end of casting 11 descending below mold 10 is provided for activating the shutdown system of this invention.

Closure of switch 90 energizes relay 91, which remains energized by means of holding contact 91a. Normally open contact, contact 9111 also closes when relay 91 is energized thereby supplying power to pulse source 60 and reset counter 62.

Lines 97 and 98 alternatively connect reset counter 62 to the same side of an AC power line 100. Line 98 includes relay 92. Normally the circuit from counter 62 back to the power line 100 runs through line 97. An internal switching arrangement in reset counter 62 switches the current from line 97 to line 98 when the predetermined count is reached, energizing relay 92. Relay 92 when energized closes contact 92a to supply power to step the drum controller 63.

-When the casting operation is ended and the tail end of the casting descends below mold 10 into secondary cooling zone 12, the apparatus of this invention is put into operation, by closing button switch 90. This closes circuit 96 so that pulses emitted by source 60 are transmitted to reset counter 62. Reset counter 62 is programmed in advance to actuate controller 63 and reset itself to zero when it receives the number of pulses emitted during the descent of the tail end of casting '11 from one row of sprays to the next row. When this count is reached, drum controller 63 is advanced one step. This advancement causes a cam follower controlling mioroswitch to be triggered by a peg in drum controller 63. When this cam follower is triggered, microswitch 80' is closed, energizing valve controller 50 which causes valve 40 to be shut down. This cuts ofl the water supply to nozzle 20. Drum controller 63 then stands motionless until the predetermined count is reached again. Then drum controller 63 is again advanced one step, this time causing microswitch 81 to be closed by a mechanism similar to that for closing microswitch 80, and thereby shutting off the water supply to nozzle 21. In this manner each of the water nozzles 20 to 29 is shut down in succession as the tail end of the casting descends below the elevation at which that nozzle is located. 1

What is claimed is:

1. In a continuous casting apparatus comprising an open-ended tubular mold for producing a metal casting,

pinch rolls below said mold for controlling the rate of' descent of said casting, a plurality of vertically spaced nozzles below said mold for directing cooling water against said casting as it descends, and valves and actuators therefor for individually controlling the water supply to each of said nozzles, the combination therewith of means for shutting off the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequences as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said nozzle, said means comprising:

signal means to provide a signal indicating the position of the tail end of said casting as it descends below the mold, and

control means responsive to said signal means for sequentially operating said actuators to shut otf the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence as the tail end of said casting descends below said preselected position, said signal means including a pulse source adapted to emit a number of pulses proportional to the distance through which the tail end of said casting descends and a reset counter adapted to count said pulses and to send out a secondary pulse current and simultaneously reset itself to zero when a predetermined count is reached.

2. In a continuous casting apparatus comprising an open-ended tubular mold for producing a metal casting, pinch rolls below said mold for controlling the rate of descent of said casting, a plurality of vertically spaced nozzles below said mold for directing cooling water against said casting as it descends, and valves and actuators therefor for individually controlling the water supply to each of said nozzles, the combination therewith of means for shutting off the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said nozzle, said means comprising:

signal means to provide a signal indicating the position of the tail end of said casting as it descends below the mold, and

control means responsive to said signal means for sequentially operating said actuators to shut off water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence as the tail end of said casting descends below said preselected position, said control means including a drum controller adapted to be rotated by a predetermined fixed amount on receipt of a signal from said signal means, cam follower means adapted to ride on the surface of said drum controller, said drum controller having means for actuating said cam follower means, and a plurality of switches adapted to be closed by actuation of said cam follower means to operate said valve actuators and thereby close said valves controlling said water sprays.

3. In a continuous casting apparatus comprising an open-ended tubular mold for producing a metal castingpinch rolls below said mold for controlling the rate of descent of said casting, a plurality of vertically spaced nozzles below said mold for directing cooling water against said casting as it: descends, and valves and actuators therefor for individually controlling the water supply to each of said nozzles, the combination therewith of means for shutting off the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said nozzle, said means comprising:

means for measuring the distance traveled by the casting after the tail-end thereof has reached a predetermined point which emits a signal for each unit of travel of said casting, means adapted to accumulate signals from said measuring means and control means responsive to said accumulator means for sequentially operating said actuators to shut 01f the water supply to each of said nomles in sequence as the tail end of said casting descends below said preselected position.

4. Apparatus according to claim 3 including means for maintaining said measuring means and said control means in an inactive state until the tail end of the casting descends below the mold, actuation of said maintaining means rendering operative said measuring means and said control means to cause sequential shutting down of the water supplies to said nozzles.

5. The combination with a continuous-casting apparatus comprising an open-ended tubular mold, pinch rolls below said mold for controlling the rate of descent of said casting, a plurality of vertically spaced nozzles below said mold for directing cooling water against said casting as it descends, valves and actautors therefor for individually controlling the water supply to each of said nozzles, of means for shutting off the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence as the tail end of the casting descends below a preselected position relative to said nozzle, said means comprising:

a pulse source actuated according to the descent of the casting, a counter connected to count said pulses and adapted to send out a secondary pulse and reset itself to zero when a predetermined count is reached,

a drum controller adapted to be moved by a fixed predetermined amount on receipt of one of said secondary pulses, said controller having a surface to cause sequential shutdown of the water supplies to said sprays, and

cam follower means adapted to be actuated by said surface to actuate a switch causing shutdown of the water supply to each of said nozzles in sequence.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,444,862 2/1923 Anderson 62157X 2,206,930 7/1940 Webster 164l55 2,332,759 10/1943 Schwarz 164-87 2,453,527 11/1948 Mero 118--2 2,804,665 9/1957 Harter et a1. 164-134 3,040,399 6/1962 Rafiaelli 164-157 3,283,370 11/1966 Jendraszkiewicz 164-154 3,364,977 1/1968 Machida 164--l54 X 3,358,743 12/1967 Adams 164-154 3,356,061 12/1967 Wiggins 118-2 FOREIGN PATENTS 467,475 6/ 1937 Great Britain.

I. SPENCER OV'ERHOLSER, Primary Examiner.

R. S. ANN-EAR, Assistant Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R.

6223l; ll88; 13457, 122; 164l54, 157

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Referenced by
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US3525382 *Oct 26, 1967Aug 25, 1970George C DevolProgram-controlled equipment
US3649340 *Jul 23, 1970Mar 14, 1972Stewart Warner CorpWeb coating control
US3669176 *Sep 18, 1969Jun 13, 1972Siemens AgDrive system for continuous casting plants
US3726334 *Sep 28, 1970Apr 10, 1973Koehring CoElectrohydraulic ram velocity control circuit
US4009750 *Jul 24, 1975Mar 1, 1977Concast AgApparatus for controlling the cooling of a strand emanating from a continuous casting mold
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US4100960 *Jan 28, 1977Jul 18, 1978Technicon Instruments CorporationMethod and apparatus for casting metals
US4580616 *Dec 6, 1982Apr 8, 1986Techmet CorporationMethod and apparatus for controlled solidification of metals
USRE30979 *May 5, 1980Jun 22, 1982Technicon Instruments CorporationMethod and apparatus for casting metals
DE1964273A1 *Dec 22, 1969Jul 16, 1970Uss Eng & ConsultVerfahren und Vorrichtung zur Steuerung des Waermeuebergangs an einen laenglichen Koerper
WO1984002669A1 *Dec 22, 1983Jul 19, 1984Southwire CoIndividually controlled spray nozzle system and method of use for caster
WO2013083391A1 *Nov 19, 2012Jun 13, 2013Siemens Vai Metals Technologies GmbhProcess engineering measures in a strand casting machine at the beginning of casting, at the end of casting, and during the manufacturing of a transition piece
Classifications
U.S. Classification164/151.2, 62/231, 134/57.00R, 164/414, 164/444, 164/157, 134/122.00R
International ClassificationB22D11/22
Cooperative ClassificationB22D11/225
European ClassificationB22D11/22A