|Publication number||US3420064 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1969|
|Filing date||Dec 22, 1966|
|Priority date||Feb 17, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3420064 A, US 3420064A, US-A-3420064, US3420064 A, US3420064A|
|Inventors||Blass Ischajahu, Blass Symcha|
|Original Assignee||Blass Ischajahu, Blass Symcha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (15), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 7, 1969, BLAss ETAL 3,420,064
IRRIGATION DRIPPER UNIT AND PIPE SYSTEM I Filed Dec. 22, 1966 uuuuuu-ff-- bww PAM: By ARTHUR/PL@ 5V /J W/ l www am `l sqm United States Patent M 3,420,064 IRRIGATION DRIPPER UNIT AND PIPE SYSTEM Ischajahu Blassland vSyrnclla Blass, both of 26 Rehov Mannen, Tel Aviv, israel Filed Dec. 22, 1966,:Se'. No'.f603`,980 Claims priority, application-Israel, Feb. 17, 71966,-
-25 19 Us. ci. s1-1s a claims Int. Cl. E02b 13/ 00 ABSTRACT F THE vDISCLOSURE This invention' relates 4to a`n *irrigation dripper unit for use in irrigation in association with an irrigation supply pipe and more particularly relates to a dripper unit which may be connected in series with the supply pipe and which has means to tap off a portion of the water owing through the unit and to discharge such portion at a low drip rate.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved form of irrigation dripper unit.
According to the present invention there is provided an irrigation dripper unit comprising an outer tubular member, an inner tubular member fitting tightly within the outer tubular member, end portions of one of the tubular members adapted to connect together irrigation supply pipe portions, a continuous conduit defined by the walls of a continuous groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, at least one inlet port formed in said inner tubular member adjacent to and communicating with one end of said conduit, at least one outlet port formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of said conduit.
One embodiment of an irrigation dripper unit in accordance with the present invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: i
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of the unit shown connected to two opposite ends of irrigation supply pipe portions,
FIG. 2 is a plan view, on an enlarged scale, of a detail of the unit shown in FIG. 1, and
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of an irrigation supply pipe including irrigation dripper units as shown in FIG. l.
As seen in FIG. l of the drawings, the irrigation dripper unit 1 comprises an inner tubular member 2 having a pair of serrated end connecting portions 3- and 4 adapted for insertion into opposite ends of a pair of exible irrigation supply pipe portions 5a and 5b. The inner tubular member 2 is formed with a peripheral abutment rib 6 which separates a central helically threaded portion 7 of the inner tubular member 2 from the end connecting portion 4. Formed adjacent the left-hand end of the threaded portion 7 is a peripheral lridge 8 of lesser height than the threading. A set of inlet ports 9 are formed in a central tubular member directly adjacent the peripheral ridge 8, whilst separating these inlet ports 9 from the end connecting portions 3 is a further peripheral ridge 10 substantially equal in height to the threading.
An outer tubular member 11 fits tightly over the inner tubular member 2 and surrounds the central threaded portion 7 thereof so that the threading makes firm contact with the inner wall of the outer tubular member thereby defining a tubular conduit.
The outer tubular member 11 is pushed over the inner tubular member 2 whilst these are still hot and flexible after moulding, the right-hand end of the outer tubular member 11 being adapted to abut against the peripheral abutment rib 6 and being formed at its right-hand edge with a plurality of slots 12, (seen clearly in FIG. 2 of the Patented Jan. 7, 1.969
drawings) `or incisions so Ias `4to define 'together lwith-said ribf6 a plurality of outlet ,'ports.
'As can be seen clearlyfrom FIG. -3 4of the'drawings there Alean thus Ibe formed 'an irrigation supply. pipe v5 c0n= sisti-ng'bf successive portions :5a and 5b `'connected by liinits 1 Thelunits 1tlrerefore'constituteanrintegral part of `the supply pipe .5 and fthe' lmainflow of 'water 'passes from unit -1'to uniti. l
In `usetlne'refore water -owing ,through thersu'pply pipe 5 lenters fthe iinner =tube -2 vand whilst 4most of the water passesthrough this tube .2 'to the'succeedingtubes 'zlof succeedingnn'its "lia small-quantity ofthe wateriows out of each unit via the inlet ports 9 and through the helical conduit defined by the helical threaded portion 7 of the inner tube 2 and the inner wall of the outer tube 11.
By virtue of the fact that the ridge 8 does not reach the opposite wall of the outer tube 11 but is narrowly spaced therefrom, grit, etc., which may be present in the supply water and which would otherwise block the iine helical conduit is prevented from passing over this ridge 8 which therefore serves 'as a iilter. The water which emerges from the helical conduit percolates out through the outlet ports constituted by the slots 12. It will be readily understood that whilst in the example shown above these outlet ports are defined between the abutment rib 6 of the inner tubular portion 2 and the edge of the outer tubular portion 11 these outlet ports could equally well be formed in the wall of the outer tubular portion itself.
Furthermore, it will be realised that the helical groove could equally well be formed on the inner surface of the outer tubular member whilst the end portions ofthe latter can be adapted for connection to the irrigation supply pipe portions.
1. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipe line sections, comprising -an outer tubular member, an inner tubular member fitting tightly within the outer tubular member, opposite end portions of one of the tubular members projecting beyond the ends of the other tubular member for connection to adjacent supply pipe sections, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the contiguous surface of the other tubular member, at least one port defining an inlet, formed in said inner tubular member adjalcent to and communicating with one end of said continuous conduit, the portions of said ltubular members adjacent said port sealing said one end of the conduit from communication with the exterior of said unit, and at least one port defining an outlet in communication with the exterior of said unit, said port being formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of said conduit.
2. An irrigation dripper unit according to claim 1, wherein said outlet port is defined between relatively spaced apart portions respectively integral with said tubular members.
3. An irrigation dripper unit according to claim 1, wherein one of said tubular members is provided with a continuous encircling rib located between said inlet port and said one end of the conduit, the edge of said rib being spaced from the opposite surface of the other tubular member.
4. Au irrigation dripper unit according to claim 1, wherein said groove is for-med on the outer surface of the inner tubular member.
5. An irrigation supply pipe system comprising a plurality of successive supply pipe portions connected together by the inner tubular member of the irrigation dripper units according to claim 1.
6. An irrigation dripper unit to connect adjacent pipe line sections, comprising an outer tubular member, an inner tubular member tting tightly Within the outer tubular member, opposite end portions of the inner tubular member projecting beyond the corresponding endk portions of the outer tubular member for connection to adjacent pipe line sections, a continuous elongated helical groove formed in the surface of one of the tubular members and defining a continuous conduit with respect to the continuous surface of the other tubular member, at least one port defining an inlet formed in said inner tubular member adjacent to and communicating with one end of said contiguous conduit, the portions of said tubular members adjacent said port sealing said one end of the conduit from communication with the exterior of said unit, at least one port defining an outlet formed in said unit adjacent to and communicating with the opposite end of said conduit,
said inner tubular member having a continuous encircling rib, said outlet port being dened between said encircling rib and the adjacent edge of the outer tubular member, said adjacent edge being spaced from said encircling rib.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 146,572 1/1874 Clark 61--13 379,392 3/1888 Haines 61--12 10 2,981,072 4/ 1961 Brewington 61-13 X FOREIGN PATENTS 505,608 5/1939 vGreat Britain.
15 EARL J. WITMER, Primm Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US146572 *||Dec 15, 1873||Jan 20, 1874||Improvement in irrigation-pipes|
|US379392 *||Mar 13, 1888||System of irrigation|
|US2981072 *||Feb 21, 1957||Apr 25, 1961||Brewington Philip J||Drain pipe joint|
|GB505608A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3792588 *||May 15, 1972||Feb 19, 1974||Gilaad Y||Trickle irrigation unit|
|US4221501 *||Oct 11, 1978||Sep 9, 1980||World Seiko Kabushiki Kaisha||Method of and system for underground irrigation|
|US4960584 *||Oct 24, 1988||Oct 2, 1990||Wade Manufacturing Co.||Adjustable emitter for heap leach mining percolation system and method|
|US5031837 *||Jan 2, 1990||Jul 16, 1991||Raindrip, Inc.||Drip irrigator|
|US5137216 *||Apr 3, 1990||Aug 11, 1992||Raindrip, Inc.||Multiple unit drip irrigator|
|US8302887||Mar 31, 2006||Nov 6, 2012||Rain Bird Corporation||Drip emitter|
|US8439282||Feb 6, 2009||May 14, 2013||Rain Bird Corporation||Low flow irrigation emitter|
|US8628032||Dec 31, 2008||Jan 14, 2014||Rain Bird Corporation||Low flow irrigation emitter|
|US20060237561 *||Mar 31, 2006||Oct 26, 2006||Rain Bird Corporation||Drip emitter|
|US20090266919 *||Oct 29, 2009||Rick Mavrakis||Drip emitter|
|US20100163651 *||Dec 31, 2008||Jul 1, 2010||Feith Raymond P||Low Flow Irrigation Emitter|
|US20100200676 *||Aug 12, 2010||Allen Kirk A||Low Flow Irrigation Emitter|
|US20100282873 *||Nov 11, 2010||Mattlin Jeffrey L||Drip Emitter and Methods of Assembly and Mounting|
|DE2224320A1 *||May 18, 1972||Dec 7, 1972||Title not available|
|DE2548670A1 *||Oct 30, 1975||May 5, 1977||Gershon Eckstein||Irrigation pipe with internal dripper units - having external helical grooves leading to pipe outlets|
|U.S. Classification||239/542, 405/47|
|International Classification||A01G25/02, A01G25/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A01G2025/006, A01G25/023|