|Publication number||US3421568 A|
|Publication date||Jan 14, 1969|
|Filing date||Jun 29, 1966|
|Priority date||Jun 29, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3421568 A, US 3421568A, US-A-3421568, US3421568 A, US3421568A|
|Inventors||Youngs Wilbur R|
|Original Assignee||Youngs Wilbur R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (30), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1969 w. R. YOUNGS 3,421,568
.FLEXIBLE DOOR CLOSURE Filed June 29, 1966 I4 INi ENTOR 74 \kmbur R- \Qmmss h77777777777777 MA/W- ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,421,568 FLEXIBLE DOOR CLOSURE Wilbur R. Youngs, 1905 Queenswood Drive, Findlay, Ohio 45840 Filed June 29, 1966, Ser. No. 561,627 US. Cl. 160310 Int. Cl. E06b 3/00 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Although this invention has applicability to many uses including, for example, gymnasium or meeting room dividers, it will be described in reference to a closure for an airplane hangar. The structures commonly employed as closures for the openings of airplane hangars are necessarily large, and because of the necessity for ability to withstand heavy wind loading, are also of quite substantial and heavy construction. These closures are normally of the laterally sliding or folding type, or they move as a single unit from a vertical position to an elevated position which approaches the horizontal. A principal problem with closures of such conventional types for airplane hangars is in the heat loss during cold weather each time the doors must be opened. This heat loss is substantially the same regardless of the size of the airplane, because for each opening, the closure is removed substantially completely, and to its maximum height, i.e., the height of the header above the ground. Heat which accumulates in the upper portion of the hanger is then allowed to escape. On a larger hangar having, for example, a 90-foot opening, this loss is considerable.
Flexible curtains or closures for hangar door openings have been previously disclosed, and reference may be had to my Patent 3,211,211 dated Oct. 12, 1965. This latter structure overcomes the problem of heat loss for the reason that the flexible curtain is removed from and returned to closing position by means of a traveling roller supported entirely by the flexible panel or curtain. By applying force to the end of the roll to cause it to roll upwardly or downwardly, it will roll itself into the curtain or unroll itself from the curtain, as the case may be. Thus, where a small aircraft is being removed from the hangar, for example, the curtain need by raised only halfway thereby saving a substantial portion of the heat which would otherwise be lost.
The present invention embodies an entirely different principle from the invention of my prior patent. Instead of a movable roller, I employ a fixed roller secured across the top of the opening which is to be closed and mounted there for rotation. In order that the flexible curtain may be a continuous sheet across the entire opening, it is possible only to support the roller, onto which the flexible curtain is wrapped or wound during opening, at the extremities of the roller. To span a great distance with a roller without encountering sagging would require an unduly expensive structure. Accordingly, in carrying out the present invention, one or more support members is or are disposed intermediate the extremities of the roller, and secured adjacent the roller to the adjacent structure, for example, the lintle, or header member. The supporting means are conveniently embodied in the form. of one "ice or more rollers preferably defining a cradle for supporting the main curtain roller and accommodating a variable amount of curtain material which is wound about the main curtain roller.
Such a structure contemplates that the curtain material shall in virtually all positions of the curtain relative to the ground level be interposed between the main curtain roller and the support roll or rollers.
It has been found that the plastic materials from which the flexible membranes or curtains are made, when submitted to the forces arising when portions thereof are interposed between the main curtain roller and the sup port means, undergo a moderate amount of elongation or stretching. If this elongation or stretching of the curtain material in the region of the support means is not compensated for, the curtain will undergo folding and wrinkling in the region of the support means resulting in excessive build-up of material on the roller, excessive wear, and unsightly appearance. To overcome this, it has been found that the diameter of the main flexible curtain roller should be increased a predetermined amount in the region where it will be in indirect contact with the intermediate supporting means through the flexible curtain material. This invention, then, makes possible the provision of a wide span, flexible curtain operated from a fixed overhead roller of relatively small diameter and simple construction, and avoids the problems attendant a long span roller supported by the curtain and moving towards and away from the header member. Not only does it take considerable power to elevate such a roller, but the structure encounters problems when dirt, tools, foreign matter, ice, etc. are caught in the bight between the moving roller and the curtain. The structures of the present invention are much simpler, more economical to operate, avoid all of the difficulties attendant a moving roller structure, and are made possible by the invention hereof.
This invention may be better understood by having reference to the annexed drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the front portion of an airplane hanger showing the exterior appearance of a flexible closure in accordance with the present invention in a partially open position;
FIG. 2 is a rear view on a somewhat larger scale of the closure structure and showing the fixed main roller rotatably supported on the lintle of the opening, the support means, the flexible curtain, and means for driving the roller to raise and lower the curtain;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken in the plane indicated by the line 3-3 in FIG. 2, and showing the details of a preferred form of support means for the roller to prevent sagging;
FIG. 4 is a plan view of a roller adapted for use with a flexible curtain and supported at two intermediate points, and showing the enlarged diameter of the roll to accommodate stretched material at these points;
FIG. 5 is a section showing the details of a roller support carriage with a pair of support rolls defining a cradle;
FIG. 6 is a detail view of a curtain locking device useful with the closures hereof.
Referring more particularly to FIG. 1, there is here shown in diagrammatic form a fragmentary perspective view of an airplane hangar 10 having an opening 12 partially closed by flexible curtain 14. Flexible curtain 14 is dimensioned to cover the opening 12 when in its fully extended position, and is provided along its lower marginal edge with a bead 16 suitably secured thereto and adapted to coact with the ground level or sill 18 to effect a closure therewith. Means coacting between the beads 16 and the sill 18 may be provided to lock the door in the closed position, as will be hereinafter more particularly exemplified and described.
Referring more particularly to FIG. 2, there is here shown the closure of FIG. 1 from the reverse side in somewhat more detail and on an enlarged scale. Curtain 14 is shown in a partly open position with head 16 secured along the lower marginal edge. It will be understood that any suitable means for securing the bead 16 or an equivalent structure along the lower marginal edge may be employed. Bead 16 is desirably of substantial weight in order to exert a tensioning effect on the curtain.
Curtain 14 is conveniently formed of a very tough, thin-section plastic material, for example, a nylon fiber reenforced vinyl sheet, a neoprene sheet, polyester fiber reenforced nylon sheet, or the like. Usually, the large section panels of sufficient dimension to cover the opening of an airplane hangar are formed from a plurality of strips of the tough plastic sheeting material which are heat sealed along overlapped marginal edges to provide a continuous sheet of the proper dimension. The heat seals of panel 14 are shown in FIG. 2 and indicated by the numeral 20. Such heat seals should be vertically disposed relative to the opening covered by the flexible closure. For most purposes, a heat seal in width to about 1 in width is most satisfactory, best results being secured with the wider heat seal.
Along the marginal edges of the opening 12 there are provided a pair of parallel vertically disposed guides suitably secured to the vertical margins defining the opening 12 and forming a channel or way 24 in which the lateral marginal edges 26 of the curtain 14 are free to move. Roller 28 spans the entire length of.the opening 12 and is mounted and journaled for rotation in bearings 30 at each end of the roller, which bearings 30 are in turn secured to the lintle 32 across the top of opening 12. Roller 28 is better shown in cross-section in FIG. 3, it being obscured from view by convolutions of the flexible curtain 14 in FIG. 2. Roller 28 is, however, conveniently a steel tube, preferably about 4.5" in diameter and dimensioned to span the opening. As indicated above, these openings may vary, depending upon the ultimate use of the closure from to as much as 100 feet or more. To accommodate the largest airliners in current use, openings of as much as 200 feet may be required. Depending upon the overall span, the basic tube diameter may range from about 2.5" to about 12" for most purposes. The diameter of the basic roller is not critical.
As shown in FIG. 2, support means are provided intermediate the extremities of the roller to prevent the roller 28 from sagging. If the roller 28 were allowed to sag, it would be impossible to raise and lower the curtain without encountering extreme wrinkling, distortion, and possible destruction of the flexible membrane. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, two such support means are provided, although it will be understood that one or more roller sup-port means may be provided. It is a relatively simple matter to calculate how many such supports are required for a roller of given physical properties, diameter, and length in order to eliminate sag. Usually, for a six inch steel tube having walls about 0.3 thick, about 8 to 10 feet can be tolerated without intermediate support. Of course, the more flexible the tube, the shorter the span that can be tolerated without support.
Accordingly, in FIG. 2, there are provided supports 34, desirably about uniformly spaced from the extremities of the roller 28 and from each other, and secured by any suitable means such as bolts 56 to the header or lintle 32. As best shown in FIG. 3, the supports 34 include a bracket 38 which is contoured to extend from the lintle 32 rearwardly and downwardly to support in turn a carriage 40 for disposition below and in supporting relation with respect to the roller 28. Carriage 46 is provided in the embodiment shown in the annexed drawings with a pair of parallel rollers 42 journaled for rotation in the carriage 40 with their axes parallel to the axis of roller 28. The bracket 38 of support 34 may desirably be somewhat flexible to accommodate relative movement between the main curtain roller 28 and the support rolls 42"due to build-up of the flexible curtain material 14 in convolutions about the roller 28. Alternatively and conveniently, the rollers 42 are provided with a resilient rubber coating able to accommodate the relatively slight build-up in the relatively few revolutions required to fully raise the curtain. The carriage 40 is of very simple structure and is composed of a pair of parallel side rails 44 and 46, each having a pair of spaced notches 48 adapted to receive axial pins 50 in the rollers 42. The side rails 44 and 46 of carriage 40 are conveniently welded to the support bracket 38 at its lower extremity as shown in FIG. 3. The forward portion of the carriage 40 adjacent to curtain 14 may be open or closed by a suitable header or crossmember if desired. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, no such cross-member is provided.
The rollers 42 may be of conventional design of the type used in roller type conveyors, such conveyors being commonly used for conveying boxes of material from one point to another in a packaging plant, and preferably provided with a skin of resilient rubber.
FIG. 4 shows in greater detail a main roller 28. The terminal portions of the roller are provided with shaft ex tensions 52 and 54 adapted to be journaled for rotation in bearings 30 (FIG. 2). Shaft extension 54 is also provided with a splined end portion 56 to accept a gear 60- for meshing coaction with drive gear 62 operating from a motor-gear reduction apparatus of conventional design generally indicated at 64 in FIG. 2. While electric drive means have been shown in the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2, it will be understood that any suitable driving means, manual, pneumatic, hydraulic, electric, or any combination of these may be employed to rotate roller 28 about its own axis in a relatively fixed position to raise and lower curtain 14.
The curtain roller 28 is provided with diametral enlargements 66, the centers being located at approximately the 25% of the length of the rod 28 and the 75% marks of the rod 28 calculated from the left-hand end, respectively, and are designed to be located for coaction with the supports 34. The amount of increase in the diameter will depend to some extent upon the plastic which is used. In the preferred case, the curtain is formed of a nylon thread reenforced vinyl sheeting material which has a thickness of about 0.025", and is characterized by a remarkable property of memory. Once the material is stretched out of shape in any region, it gradually reassumes the original dimension and contour which it possessed prior to the stressing. This is a very desirable attribute from the standpoint of appearance of the door. With such a curtain of. 0.025" thickness, it has been determined that a build-up 66 is formed by wrapping around the roller 28 approximately 3.0 times a strip of the same curtain material having a width preferably slightly greater than the width of the roller 42. More specifically for a 4.5" diameter roller 28, the length of the strip wrapped about the exterior of the roller 28 is 43" of the same curtain material. This will provide a build-up of sufficient increase in diameter to compensate for the stretch which will occur in the curtain at the supporting rollers 0r support means when operating the curtain from the fully closed position to the fully open position. For best results, the built-up portion 66 is fared out smoothly to the diameter of the adjacent sections with the cement material. With the other heat sealable plastic materials, the extent of stretching may not be precisely the same as with the aforesaid nylon-vinyl material which is preferred for use in airplane hanger door applications and gymnasium applications. However, it is a simple matter to calculate the amount of build-up which will be required to accommodate the stretch imposed by the rollers 42 on which the main roller 28 rests and rotates. The nylon-vinyl plastic is preferred because of its excellent weatherability and extreme toughness. It can be obtained in a variety of colors and in white from commercial sources.
The closures of the present invention are also desirably provided with locking means which may be of very simple structure. As shown in FIG. 6, a locking pin 70 of very simple design may be extended through an angle plate 72 secured through a sill plate 73 to the sill 18, through an aperture 74 in the bead 16 and through a second angle plate 75, also secured to sill plate 73. When the pins 70 are inserted through the angle plates 72 and 75 and through the cooperating aperture 74 in the beam 16, the door is locked in the down position, and the application of a slight amount of tension by attempting to raise the door while the pins are restraining it against upward movement applies a tension to the curtain 14 which increases the wind resistance of the curtain 14 and also serves to obliterate quickly any wrinkles which may have formed in the curtain.
There has thus been provided a flexible closure for an opening which is particularly adapted for use as a closure for an opening in an airplane hangar, but is equally adaptable for use as a garage door, a room divider, a gymnasium divider, or any other opening where a substantial span for the fixed roller for the flexible curtain is encountered. Under such circumstances, unless supporting means are provided for the roller, the roller will sag. In most cases, where a steel roller is contemplated having a diameter of about 2.5" up to about 12", a span in excess of about feet is contemplated. For smaller diameter rollers, shorter spans, of course, are contemplated. In any event, when such supports are provided and result in rolling action against the surface of the flexible membrane dimensioned to cover the opening, there results a stretching of the material in the area where the support means bears against the curtain. In the absence of a roller including an enlarged diameter in the region of such support means, the wear is so excessive and the build-up of such a nature that the device is soon rendered inoperable, unsightly, or the curtain itself is destroyed. This invention overcomes these difliculties and makes possible the fabrication of flexible membrane closures which span very large distances and which but for the present invention have not heretofore been possible in this simplified form. Moreover, because of the enlargement of the roll diameter at the point of support, the effect it is distribute the load more evenly to all portions of the curtain.
What I claim is:
1. A flexible closure for an opening defined by a head member, a pair of spaced parallel side members or jambs, and a base or sill comprising in combination:
(a) a flexible curtain dimensioned to cover the opening and having top and bottom marginal edges;
(b) a fixed roller spanning said opening and to which roller the top marginal edge of said curtain is secured, said roller being mounted for rotation on an axis adjacent said head member whereby said curtain is wrapped on or unwrapped from said roller to raise and lower said curtain, respectively;
(c) means for supporting the roller and curtain to limit sagging of said roller intermediate the extremities of the roller, convolutions of said curtain being disposed between said support means and said roller;
(d) diameter increasing means coacting between said roller intermediate its extremities and said support means in the region of said support means, and dimensioned to compensate for any stretching of said curtain between said support means and said roller; and
(e) driving means mechanically coupled to and coacting directly with said roller at, at least, one extremity for directly applying a rotational force thereto to Wrap said curtain on or unwrap said curtain from said roller.
2. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 1 which is further characterized by the provision of a bead along the bottom marginal edge of said flexible curtain.
3. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 2 wherein the bead includes a pair of rigid angle members secured together and gripping the lower marginal edge of said flexible curtain on opposite sides thereof.
4. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 1 wherein the means for supporting the roller and curtain includes a roller positioned for rolling and supporting contact with the surface of the curtain wrapped around said fixed roller.
5. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 4 wherein said at least one supporting roller is provided with a resilient rubber surface for contact with said flexible curtain on said fixed roller.
6. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 1 wherein said support means includes a bracket secured to the head member at one extremity, and having a carriage secured to its lower extremity, said carriage including a pair of spaced support rollers disposed with their axes parallel to the axis of said fixed roller and defining a cradle for supporting said fixed roller at a point intermediate its extremities.
7. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 1 wherein the diameter increasing means on said fixed roller comprises a wrapping of flexible material about said roller and secured thereto.
8. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 7 wherein the flexible material is of the same composition as the flexible curtain.
9. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 1 in which the flexible curtain is a fiber reenforced plastic sheet.
10. A flexible closure in accordance with claim 9 in which the fiber reenforced elements in said flexible curtain are nylon fibers.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 705,214 7/ 1902 Daus 242-735 869,447 10/ 1907 McCloud -267 1,164,385 12/1915 Neupauer 160-264 X 1,243,923 10/1917 Dargo 160-273 1,377,784 5/1921 Nodland 242-735 1,655,260 1/1928 Dixson 160-264 1,776,119 9/1930 Johnson 160-23 X 2,894,578 7/1959 Caesar et al. 160-308 3,292,685 12/1966 Clark 160-26 FOREIGN PATENTS 584,631 10/ 1959 Canada.
PETER M. CAUN, Primary Examiner.
US. Cl. X.R. 160-267
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US705214 *||Mar 13, 1902||Jul 22, 1902||Louis A Daus||Support for awning-rollers.|
|US869447 *||Feb 2, 1906||Oct 29, 1907||Kinnear Mfg Co||Fire-resisting curtain and channel therefor.|
|US1164385 *||Apr 8, 1915||Dec 14, 1915||George Neupauer||Roller-screen.|
|US1243923 *||Feb 7, 1917||Oct 23, 1917||Joseph Dargo||Window-screen.|
|US1377784 *||Dec 29, 1919||May 10, 1921||Jacob O Nodland||Awning-support|
|US1655260 *||Aug 16, 1926||Jan 3, 1928||Rolscreen Co||Rolling-window-screen structure|
|US1776119 *||Oct 19, 1928||Sep 16, 1930||Wilson J G Corp||Rolling-door-curtain mounting|
|US2894578 *||May 6, 1955||Jul 14, 1959||Caesar Orville S||Roller shade|
|US3292685 *||Sep 9, 1963||Dec 20, 1966||Guaranteed Weather Inc||Weatherproof retractable wall|
|CA584631A *||Oct 6, 1959||Du Pont||Yarn packaging|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3900063 *||Jun 18, 1973||Aug 19, 1975||J H Channon Inc||Roller curtain|
|US4026649 *||Nov 26, 1975||May 31, 1977||Nuarc Company, Inc.||Portable processing station|
|US4175608 *||Feb 14, 1978||Nov 27, 1979||Alten K||Closure structure, especially for openings in a building|
|US4390054 *||Jul 8, 1981||Jun 28, 1983||Seiwa Kagaku Kabushiki Kaisha||Apparatus for opening and closing a flexible screen in a greenhouse or the like|
|US4673019 *||Feb 27, 1986||Jun 16, 1987||Silverthorne Daniel F||Garage door screen enclosure|
|US4727919 *||Nov 7, 1985||Mar 1, 1988||Nergeco||Safety and emergency actuator device for a concertina type door|
|US4887660 *||Jun 30, 1988||Dec 19, 1989||Frommelt Industries, Inc.||Roll-up door|
|US5450890 *||Oct 1, 1993||Sep 19, 1995||Rite-Hite Corporation||Roll-up strip curtain barrier apparatus|
|US5503211 *||May 6, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||Engi; Everett C.||Flexible safety screen|
|US5542463 *||Jul 15, 1994||Aug 6, 1996||Rite-Hite Corporation||Roll-up strip curtain barrier apparatus|
|US6098698 *||Dec 11, 1998||Aug 8, 2000||King-Darr; Carol L.||Garage door opening screen enclosure|
|US6933030 *||Feb 7, 2003||Aug 23, 2005||Tmi Incorporated||Continuous web of flexible plastic strips for strip door systems|
|US7134473||Sep 17, 2004||Nov 14, 2006||Stephen Lukos||Anti-bow roller tube arrangement|
|US7631683||Dec 15, 2009||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US7770625||Aug 10, 2010||Stephen Lukos||Anti-bow roller tube arrangement|
|US7802607||Sep 28, 2010||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US8016014||Sep 13, 2011||Grant W. Crider||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US8220520||Jul 17, 2012||Stephen Lukos||Spring biased slide arrangement for anti-bow roller tube|
|US8607842||Oct 11, 2011||Dec 17, 2013||Rytec Corporation||Device and method for increasing the wind load resistance and disengage-ability of overhead roll-up doors|
|US8733024||Jul 30, 2010||May 27, 2014||Jamison Door Company||Flexible door with rigid insulation|
|US20060060312 *||Sep 17, 2004||Mar 23, 2006||Stephen Lukos||Anti-bow roller tube arrangement|
|US20060060313 *||Mar 22, 2005||Mar 23, 2006||Stephen Lukos||Anti-bow roller tube arrangement|
|US20060090401 *||Oct 28, 2005||May 4, 2006||Jamison Door Company||Air heated, flexible door panel|
|US20070240443 *||Feb 17, 2005||Oct 18, 2007||Oliver Merker||Refrigerated Cabinet with Rolling Night Blind|
|US20080289775 *||May 15, 2008||Nov 27, 2008||Stephen Lukos||Spring biased slide arrangement for anti-bow roller tube|
|US20090025886 *||Jul 24, 2007||Jan 29, 2009||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US20090025889 *||Apr 4, 2008||Jan 29, 2009||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US20090199978 *||Apr 20, 2009||Aug 13, 2009||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|US20110011003 *||Jul 30, 2010||Jan 20, 2011||Vogel Lynn D||Flexible door with rigid insulation|
|WO2009014958A1 *||Jul 16, 2008||Jan 29, 2009||Crider Grant W||Combination garage door and roll-up curtain system|
|U.S. Classification||160/310, 160/267.1|
|International Classification||E06B9/174, E06B9/17|