|Publication number||US3421676 A|
|Publication date||Jan 14, 1969|
|Filing date||Aug 2, 1966|
|Priority date||Aug 2, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3421676 A, US 3421676A, US-A-3421676, US3421676 A, US3421676A|
|Inventors||Jenkins William B|
|Original Assignee||Reynolds Metals Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (14), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 14, 1969 r w. B. JENKINS APPARATUS FOR JOINING METAL PRODUCTS of 5 v Sheet Filed Aug. 2, 1966 FIG-4A INVENTOR. WILLIAM B. JENKINS BY j HIS ATTORNEYS Jan. 14, 1969 B, E N 3,421,676
APPARATUS FOR JOINING METAL PRODUCTS Filed Aug. 2, 1966 Sheet 2 ors FIG-5 FIG-6 Al K 22A 32 2IA 22A 32 2|A 22A 32 2|A FIG-5A FIG-6A FIG-7A INVENTOR. WILLIAM B. JENKINS BY a w &,Z%.W/ HIIS ATTORNEYS W. B. JENKINS APPARATUS FOR JOINING METAL PRODUCTS Jan. 14, 1969 v Sheet Filed Aug. 2; 1966 FIVGQIO A FIG-9 FIG-Jl INVENTOR.
WILLIAM BY A4, w
s. JENKINS HIS ATTOR YS United States Patent 3,421,676 APPARATUS FOR JOINING METAL PRODUCTS William B. Jenkins, Henrico County, Va., assignor to Reynolds Metals Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 2, 1966, Ser. No. 569,743
US. Cl. 228-43 Int. Cl. B23k 1/20; B23k 5 00; B23k 5/24 12 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention pertains to joints, which may also be referred to hereinafter in this specification as joint means, and more particularly to an improved apparatus for and method of joining metal product means, i.e., products.
Presently, metal product means, such as a pair of metal sheets, for example, are joined together by placing such metal sheets in adjoining relation and welding along their adjoining portions using conventional welding techniques. In order to provide a satisfactory weld such conventional techniques require comparatively precise control of welding parameters such as providing exceptionally clean surfaces, assuring that the sheets to be welded are properly and firmly held together, and precisely controlling the action of the welding torch. In welding comparatively thin sheets using conventional techniques there is often considerable waste due to burning through such thin sheets. Also, in welding one metal sheet to another that is comparatively thicker it is very difficult to obtain a quality weld using present techniques because of heat balance problems.
Accordingly, it is a feature of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for and method of joining metal product means, such as metal sheets, for example, in which welding parameters of the character mentioned above are not critical in the provision of a high-strength joint.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for joining metal product means simply and economically without requiring highly skilled operators.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for joining metal product means by utilizing a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles to provide a weld between such product means.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for making a high-strength joint between a plurality of metal sheet means, i.e., metal sheets, by utilizing such spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles, allowing such particles to solidify, and then heating the solidified particles and the adjoining portions of such sheet means to melt the solidified particles and join such adjoining portions by providing a high-strength fused joint.
Another feature of this invention is to provide compressing means, such as planishing roll means, (i.e., a planishing roll), for example, for compressing such fused joint before it has completely cooled to improve the structural qualities of such joint.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an im- 3,421,676 Patented Jan. 14, 1969 proved apparatus for joining a plurality of metal sheet means by modifying and controlling known welding devices in cooperation with appropriate welding metal means to provide a controlled 'heat source which is used to provide a welding spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus of the character mentioned which is particularly effective in economically joining a plurality of thin metal sheet means utilizing butt joint means as well as being effective in providing a strong butt joint between comparatively thick metal sheets having different thicknesses.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus of the character mentioned which is readily adaptable for joining metal sheets or webs moving along continuous conveyor means.
Another feature of this invention is to provide a simple and economical method of joining metal product means which can be carried out by comparatively unskilled operators to provide a strong joint between such product means.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved method of joining metal product means by utilizing a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles to make a high-strength joint.
Another feature of this invention is to provide an improved method of making high-strength butt joint means for joining a plurality of metal sheet means by utilizing a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles, allowing such particles to solidify, heating the solidified particles and the adjoining portions of such sheet means to melt the solidified particles and join such adjoining portion by providing a high-strength fused joint, and then compressing such fused joint before it has completely cooled to compress such metal particles together to thereby provide a joint having high structural integrity between the metal sheet means.
Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for and method of joining a plurality of metal product means having one or more of the novel features of this invention as set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.
Other objects, uses, and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view, with parts broken away, schematically illustrating the apparatus and method of this invention utilized to join metal product means, shown as a pair of elongated metal sheets, which are to be cut, held together, joined-using butt joint means, and then passed through an annealing oven.
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view on the line 22 of FIGURE I particularly illustrating cutting means for cutting cooperating end portions of the metal sheet means of FIGURE 1 enabling them to be placed together in abutting relation to define such butt joint.
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary perspective view particularly illustrating the metal sheets of FIGURE 1 moved in position under a joining station while being held together by holding means.
FIGURE 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 4A is a sectional view similar to FIGURE 4 illustrating the manner of abutting sheets having'diiferent thicknesses to define butt joint means.
FIGURE 5 is a sectional view on the line 5--5 of FIG- URE 3 showing the metal sheet means of FIGURE 1 being held together at such joining station in the manner 3 illustrated in FIGURE 4 and particularly showing hot molten metal particles deposited thereon to join the two sheets together.
FIGURE 5A is a view similar to FIGURE 5 illustrating the sheets of FIGURE 4A with such metal particles deposited thereon.
FIGURE 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-6 of FIGURE 3 illustrating the solidified metal particles of FIGURE 5 fused to the end portions of the abutting sheets to provide a high-strength joint.
FIGURE 6A is a sectional view similar to FIGURE 6 showing the sheets of FIGURE 5A similarly joined.
FIGURE 7 is a sectional view on the line 7--7 of FIGURE 3 showing the fused joint of FIGURE 6 after passing compressing means thereover.
FIGURE 7A is a sectional view similar to FIGURE 7 showing the sheets of FIGURE 6A similarly compressed.
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary perspective view particularly illustrating the metal depositing means of the apparatus of FIGURE 3 shown as a metal inert gas electric arc heat means used with associated welding metal means, i.e., welding metal, to provide a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles to form the butt joint means illustrated in FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to FIGURE 8 illustrating an oxyacetylene heat means comprising such depositing means to provide such spray of metal particles.
FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to FIGURE 8 illustrating a tungsten inert gas electric are heat means used with welding metal means to provide such spray of metal particles.
FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to FIGURE 8 illustrating a plasma-arc electric arc heat means comprising such depositing means and utilized with welding metal means to provide such spray of metal particles.
FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to FIGURE 11 in which such plasma-arc heat means has been modified to use a metal powder to provide such spray of metal particles.
While the various features of this invention are hereinafter illustrated and described as being particularly adaptable for joining together metal product means, such as a pair of metal sheets or webs, and to an improved method of joining such metal sheets, it is to be understood that the various. features of this invention can be utilized singly or in any combination thereof tojoin other metal product means as desired.
Therefore, this invention is not to be limited to only the embodiments illustrated in the drawings because the drawings are merely utilized to illustrate one of the wide variety of uses of this invention.
In the exemplary embodiment of this invention illustrated in FIGURE 1 of the drawings, an improved apparatus designated generally by the numeral is shown for joining together a plurality of metal product means such as a pair of metal webs or sheets 21 and 22. After being joined together using the apparatus and method of this invention, sheets 21 and 22 are passed through an annealing oven 23.
Sheet 22 is provided in roll form as shown at 24 and suitably supported for rotation. In this example of the invention the beginning portion of sheet 22 is unrolled under an idler and guide roll 25 and placed over the tail end portion of sheet 21, which may have been previously provided in roll form and supported for unwinding rotation from an associated supply roll similar to the supply roll shown at 24, and the two sheets 21 and 22 are suitably cut to enable them to be placed together in adjoining relation to define a square butt joint.
Sheets 21 and 22 are cut simultaneously in this example of the invention by cutting means comprising a cutting knife 26 which is fastened to the terminal end portion of a telescoping rod 27 which is moved into and out of cutting engagement by an actuating cylinder 28 which is preferably an air cylinder. Sheet 22 is overlapped against sheet 21 as shown at 29 and cutting knife 26 is actuated into cutting position to provide a straight cut across the full width of sheets 21 and 22 in a simultaneous manner. A back-up plate 30 is suitably supported under the overlapped portions of sheets 21 and 22 and opposite knife 26 for cooperation with such knife to enable the end portions of sheets 21 and 22 to be properly cut.
Sheets 21 and 22 are suitably placed so that their cut edges are placed in abutting relation to define joint means shown as a square butt joint and so that their respective end portions 21A and 22A are placed adjoining each other. The improved apparatus and method of this invention enables sheets 21 and 22 to be joined at the joint means defined by adjoining end portions 21A and 22A in a simple and economical manner by holding such end portions together, depositing a spray of hot molten metal particles thereon, allowing such molten particles to partially cool and solidify, and then heating such solidified particles and adjoining end portions 21A and 22A to provide a strong fused joint. Such fused joint is then preferably compressed by planishing roll means to provide a joint having high structural integrity. The apparatus and method of this invention enables end portions 21A and 22A to be held together without great concern for the precision with which they are held.
Holding means is provided for holding end portions 21A and 22A in adjoining relation and in this example of the invention such holding means comprising a pair of holding plates each designated by the numeral 31 c0- operating with a back-up plate 32 which also serves as a chill plate to carry away heat produced by the heat means of the apparatus of this invention as will be described subsequently. Each holding plate 31 is suitably actuated toward and away from plate 32 by suitable actuation means and in this example of the invention each plate is actuated by cylinder means shown as an air cylinder 33.
After cutting the associated end portions of sheets 21 and 22 as described above, such sheets are placed with end portions 21A and 22A in adjoining relation and in position at what will be referred to as a joining station and designated by the numeral 34. Any suitable means may be used to move and place end portions 21A and 22A in position at the joining station 34, including manual movement of both end portions 21A and 22A as well as movement wherein the same apparatus used to move sheet 21 through oven 23 may also be used to move end portion 21A in position. Holding plates 31 are each brought into holding engagement by energizing their associated cylinders 33 thereby sandwiching adjoining end portions 21A and 22A between plates 31 and back-up plate 32 for cleaning and joining thereof as will be presently described.
Surface preparation means is provided for preparing the top surfaces of the adjoining end portions 21A and 22A of sheets 21 and 22 respectively and such surface preparation or cleaning means in this example comprises electric are means 35 for cathodically cleaning the top surfaces of end portions 21A and 22A. The electric arc heating means which provides the cleaning action in this example of the invention is preferably tungsten inert gas electric arc heat means, commonly referred to as a TIG torch, powered by alternating current or by reverse polarity direct current.
Reverse polarity direct current signifies that such TIG torch is connected so that its electrode is positive. In alternating current reversal occurs every half cycle and the polarity is not important. With alternating current there is, of course, some cleaning action every half cycle. The cathodic cleaning action especially when using direct current reverse polarity has been found very effective in cleaning surface oxides from aluminum sheet means.
The tungsten inert gas cleaning device 35 cleans the adjoining surfaces 21A and 22A so that upon spraying metal particles thereon a better bond is provided therefor. While cleaning device or torch provides cathodic cleaning, it will be appreciated that other forms of cleaning may be employed, depending on the application.
Depositing means is provided for depositing a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles on end portions 21A and 22A placed in adjoining relation as previously mentioned. The depositing means of this invention is designated generally by the numeral and comprises heat means cooperating with welding metal means, such as a welding rod, or the like, which is to be melted by such heat means. The position of the heat means and the welding metal means above sheets 21 and 22 as well as the effective temperature of such heat means and the material comprising such welding metal means are all controlled so as to assure the provision of an adhering spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles.
The heat means comprising depositing means 40 may comprise various types of heat means and in this example of the invention four preferred types of heat means are presented.
The depositing means 40 shown in FIGURES 1 and 3 of the drawings cooperating with the remainder of the apparatus of this invention is shown in more detail in FIGURE 8. Depositing means 40 comprises a metal inert gas welding torch, commonly referred to as a MIG torch, 41 having welding metal means shown as a welding rod 42 provided therewithin as an integral part thereof.
MIG torch 41 has its voltage suitably electrically controlled for cooperation with integral metal rod 42 and such torch and rod are properly positioned and arranged above sheets 21 and 22 at joining station 34. The inert gas fiow through torch 41 is also suitably controlled to provide a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles designated by the numeral 43 both in their spray form and in their solidified deposited form.
The composition of the welding metal means or rod 42 associated with torch 41 is selected based on the materials being joined. Of course, by closely controlling and correlating the voltage used with torch 41, the type of inert gas and the flow thereof, and the rate of feed of rod 43 the desired form of molten spray is provided for the particular application. Welding rod 43 in this example is preferably automatically controlled (fed) using suitable known controls.
FIGURES 9-12 of the drawings illustrate other embodiments of the depositing means all of which have been designated generally by the numeral 40 followed by different letter designations for the different embodiments. As before, the spray of molten metal particles and the solidified layer of deposited metal formed by the various embodiments of depositing means will be designated by the numeral 43.
In the embodiment of depositing means 40A shown in FIGURE 9, oxyacetylene heat means shown as an oxyacetylene torch 45 is provided for providing a welding spray to join end portions 21A and 22A. Torch 45 cooperates with a welding rod 46 which is preferably supported on torch 45 by a support and rod feed assembly 47 Assembly 47 of this example preferably feeds rod 46 automatically as a function of the performance of torch 45 and of course both torch 45 and rod 46 are positioned and controlled to provide a welding spray of hot molten metal particles 43 in a manner as previously described.
In the embodiment of FIGURE 10, depositing means 40B includes heat means comprising tungsten inert gas electric arc heat means such as a TIG torch 50. Torch 50 cooperates with welding metal means or a welding rod 51 which is preferably fed into position by a support and rod feed assembly 52 fastened to torch 50. Rod feed assembly 52 is preferably automatic in operation.
In a similar manner as described in connection with the embodiment of FIGURE 8, the voltage, inert gas flow, etc., of torch '50 are all suitably controlled to cooperate with properly selected rod 5 1 to provide spray 43 of hot molten metal particles against end portions 21A and 22A of sheets 21 and 22 respectively.
In the embodiment of FIGURE 11, depositing means 40C comprises heat means such as a plasma-arc electric arc torch 53 having a central core of extremely high temperature surrounded by a sheath of relatively cool inert :gas. Plasma torch 53 cooperates with welding metal means such as welding rod 55 to provide a spray of metal particles 43 in a similar manner as previously described. Once again, the amount of inert gas flow, position of plasma-torch 53 above adjoining end portions 21A and 22A and the relative position of rod 55 are all properly coordinated and controlled. Rod 55 in this example is supported on torch 53 by an assembly 56 which preferably provides an automatic feed therefor.
The embodiment of this invention illustrated in FIGURE 12 comprises depositing means 40D utilizing a plasma-arc torch 60 which cooperates with welding metal means such as a welding metal powder 61. Powder 61 is fed automatically, employing a feed device shown at 62 supported on torch 60. Powder 61 is fed through a conduit 63 which is positioned to introduce such powder at the proper position within torch 60 so as to provide a spray of hot molten metal particles 43 for welding end portions 21A and 22A.
In the embodiments of FIGURES 11 and 12 the plasma-arc torches are both illustrated operating in the non-transferred mode of operationnozzle being the anode. It will be appreciated the plasma-arc torches may also be used operating in the transferred mode of operationworkpiece being the anode.
It has been shown that all known elements can be melted by the heat provided by the plasma-arc torch and such elements includes tungsten, tantalum carbide and the like. Therefore, it will be appreciated that with this capability and with proper adjustment of inert gas flow through the plasma torch, :proper positioning of such torch, and proper selection and cooperating control of welding material means to provide a desired metal spray, practically any type of metal sheet means, or the like, can be suitably joined to provide a high-strength joint.
End portions 2 1A and 22A of sheets 21 and 22 respectively are held in abutting relation as shown in FIGURE 4 (4A for end portions of typical sheets of different thicknesses and designated by the numerals 21B and 22B). The various embodiments of depositing means illustrated in FIGURES 8-12 are each used to provide a spray and resulting solidified layer of metal particles 43 as shown in FIGURE 5-5A for end portions 21B and 22B.
Heat means is provided for heating the solidified metal particles deposited on adjoining end portions 21A and 22A as well as simultaneously heating such end portions. Such heat means or torch will be designated generally by the numeral 67 in FIGURES 1 and 3 of the drawings. Heat means or torch 67 melts the solidified metal particles and provides a fused joint between the abutting end portions 21A and 22A as illustrated in FIGURE 6 of the drawingsFIGURE 6A for end portions 213 and 22B.
Fusing torch 67 may be a MIG torch of the type illustrated in FIGURE 8 of the drawings in which the welding rod associated therewith is used to deposit very little welding material. Torch '67 may also be similar to torches 45, 50, and 5-3 used alone without welding material. Therefore, because of the known nature of the torches presented in the illustrations of FIGURES 8-12 of the drawings together with this explanation as to what comprises or may comprise heating means 67, a further description of heating torch 67 is not considered necessary.
As seen in FIGURES 1 and 3 of the drawings and as previously mentioned sheets 21 and 22 employ back-up plate 32 at joining station 34 which also serves as a cooling plate during cathodic cleaning by torch 35. Once hot metal particles 43 have been sprayed on end portions 21A and 22A and such particles have been melted, after partial cooling, to fuse such end portions together, plate 32 provides support enabling the fused joint formed by torch 67 to be compressed using suitable compressing means. The compressed fused joint and associated end portions are worked to form a high-strength joint as illustrated in FIGURE 7-7A for end portions 21B and 22B.
The compressing means illustrated in this example of the invention comprises a compressing or planishing roll 65. Planishing roll 65 compresses metal particles 43 against end portions 21A and 22A and across the butt joint formed by holding the terminal edges of sheets 21 and 22 against each other. Planishing roll 65 closely follows torch 67 and works the fused joint and deposited spray 43 on either side thereof. This working action with the deposited and solidified spray 43 not yet completely cooled increases the density of the weld, provides a more uniform thickness, and provides a better bond area having greater strength.
Roll 65 is suitably supported for rotation and moves across the butt joint between sheets 21 and 22 so as to traverse the entire width of sheets 21 and 22. Roll 65 is yieldingly urged against sheets 21 and 22 by a pneumatic cylinder 66. Cylinder 66 is suitably controlled so that the compressing force exerted by roll 65 is closely correlated with the types of metal being joined and the particular requirements of the joint being produced.
As will be seen particularly in FIGURE 3 of the drawings the cleaning means or torch 35, depositing means 40, fusing torch 67, and planishing roll 65 are all supported on a common mechanical assembly designated by the numeral 70. Assembly 70 is supported above sheets 21 and 22 for movement thereacross by suitable conveyor means illustrated in this example of the invention as a plurality of roller bearing devices 71 fastened to assembly 70 and carried on a monorail track assembly 72 to enable the entire assembly 70 to be moved across sheets 21 and 22 simultaneously. In this example of the invention sheets 21 and 22 are held with their respective end portions 21A and 22A at joining station 34. Assembly 70 is then moved thereacross in order to provide first a cleaning operation, then a metal spray depositing operation, then a fusing operation, which is then followed by the compressing or planishing operation.
The cleaning torch 35, depositing means 40, torch 67, and planishing roll 65 are carried by assembly 70 in spaced apart relation and each are individually adjustable with respect to assembly 70 so as to provide their respective functions in the most efficient manner. Of course the rate of cleaning by torch 35, metal spraying by device 40, melting action by torch 67, and application of compressing force by roll 65 are all controlled in a cooperating manner and correlated with the rate of moving assembly 70 across sheets 21 and 22 to thereby provide an optimum high-strength joint.
Although the planishing roll 65 is carried on assembly 70 in this example of the invention, it will be appreciated that such roll may be individually supported on a separate (more rugged, if desired) support therefor. Such individual support would allow more thorough working of the fused joint and deposited material as required for any given application.
The depositing means 40 deposits metal layer 43 across end portions 21A and 22A having the general configuration shown in FIGURE 5 of the drawings. The holding plates 31 serve, in effect, to limit the width of the metal layer deposited and to also confine any remelting thereof by torch 67 that might take place. After planishing roll 65 is moved thereacross, the deposited metal 43 has a stronger and more uniform configuration as shown in FIGURE 7 and 7A) as previously described. The holding plates 31 also tend to confine the deposited metal 43 during the rolling action.
While FIGURES 5-7 illustrate sheets of the same thickness which have been joined using the apparatus and method of this invention, such apparatus and method have been especially effective in joining sheets having different thicknesses as previously mentioned and as shown in FIG- URES 5A-7A of the drawings in which a comparatively thin sheet 21B is joined to a compartively thick sheet 22B. When welding sheets such as sheets 21B and 22B using normal welding techniques, the heat balance between such relatively thin and comparatively thick sheets is such that a satisfactory bond or weld therebetween is quite difficult (and in some cases impossible) to obtain. However, using the apparatus and method of this invention it has been found that heat balance does not play nearly as significant a part in the provision of a proper high-strength weld or joint. Strong butt joints have been successfully provided using the apparatus and method of this invention in which the thickness ratios of the sheets joined was of the order of 3 to 1.
The fused joint in this example of the invention has not been reduced in any way prior to compressing there of by planishing roll 65. It will be appreciated that such joint may be reduced if desired by wire brushing, sanding, or the like, to suit the particular application.
The apparatus and method of this invention may be used to weld or join all types of weldable metal product means irrespective of whether the products to be joined are made of the same material or not. Such apparatus and method have been especially successful in providing a strong butt joint between aluminum sheets having thicknesses ranging from .005 inch to .125 inch as well as in many combinations of thick to thin sections having ratios of approximately 3 to 1 or greater.
The apparatus and method of this invention do not require precise control of welding parameters while providing a strong joint without wasting welding material and producing scrap parts. Normally a lot of scrap parts are produced particularly in welding or joining comparatively thin gauge sheet means due to the harshness of the heat source which causes the edges being joined to be burned through. This invention makes possible welding even the very thinnest of sheet means or sheets without burning thereof as well as providing a high-strength fused joint in very thick metal products.
The compressing means or planishing roll illustrated in the drawings produces a flat surface as shown in FIG- URE 7. It will be appreciated that a planishing roll having a preferably contoured surface is used when planishing sheet means of different thicknesses to provide a surface as shown in FIGURE 7A.
The positioning and control of the various types of heat means whether oxyacetylene torch, metal inert gas torch, tungsten inert gas torch, or plasma-arc torch, each cooperating with their associated welding material means at a controlled position above metal sheets 21 and 22 to be joined results in providing a spray 43 which is harmless to such sheets when striking against surface portions thereof to be joined. Nevertheless, spray 43 provides an improved high-strength bond economically, efiiciently, and without requiring complicated equipment.
In this disclosure of the invention an annealing oven has been shown and described, by way of example, to show further processing of joined sheet means. It will be appreciated, of course, that the improved apparatus and method of this invention may be used to join metal sheet means where further processing thereof is not desired. Obviously, further processing of sheet means joined by such improved apparatus and method may be achieved by anysuitable equipment as determined by the end use of such sheet means and may include equipment such as heat treating ovens, painting equipment, surface treating equipment, etc. Therefore, the schematic showing of an annealing oven presented in FIGURE 1 of the drawings is for purposes of illustration only and could be replaced with the above items of equipment or other equipment, as desired.
Thus, it is seen that an improved apparatus for joining a plurality of metal product means, such as metal sheet means has been provided which is of simple and economical construction, requires a minimum of time to accomplish such joining, and is practically foolproof in operation.
Further, an improved method has been provided for joining a plurality of metal product means.
While the form of the invention now preferred has been disclosed as required by statute, other forms may be used, all coming within the scope of the claimed subject matter which follows.
What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for joining a pair of metal sheets comprising, holding means for holding end portions of said sheets in adjoining relation to define a joint, a mechanical assembly supported above said sheets for reciprocating movement thereacross, depositing means mounted on said assembly and being adapted to deposit a spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles on said joint which are allowed to cool and solidify, first heat means mounted on said assembly in spaced relation from said depositing means, said first heat means being adapted to heat thesolidified metal particles and said adjoining end portions of said sheets to melt said solidified particles and join said end portions while providing a high strength fused joint and compressing means mounted on said assembly for compressing said metal particles against said end portions to increase the bond therebetween and provide a layer with a more uniform thickness and thereby increase the strength of said high-strength joint and said mechanical assembly being supported for movement in a predetermined path across said joint to simultaneously move said depositing means, heat means and compressing means respectively across said end portions to define said high-strength joint in a rapid manner.
2. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1 in which said holding means comprises a lower back-up plate and a pair of spaced holding plates supported for movement toward and away from said back-up plate, said holding plates sandwiching said end portions against said back-up plate, limiting the width of a layer of said metal particles deposited by said depositing means, and confining any remelting thereof by said first heat means.
3. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1 and further comprising electric arc cleaning means mounted on said assembly ahead of said depositing means for simultaneous movement therewith, s aid electric arc cleaning means being adapted to cathodically clean the top surfaces of said end portions during movement of said assembly and prior to depositing said metal particles thereon.
4. An apparatus as set forth in claim 2 in which said compressing means is a planishing roll.
5. An apparatus as forth in claim 4 in which said backup plate is in the form of a chill plate and carries away heat produced by said heat means.
6. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1 in which said depositing means comprises second heat means, cooperating with an associated welding metal and said second heat means and welding metal are supported and controlled to provide said spray of finely divided hot molten metal particles.
7. An apparatus as set forth in claim 6 in which said heat means comprises oxyacetylene heat means.
8. An apparatus as set forth in claim 6 in which said heat means comprises metal inert gas electric arc heat means carrying said welding metal therewithin.
9. An apparatus as set forth in claim 6 in which said heat means comprises tungsten inert gas electric are heat means.
10. An apparatus as set forth in claim 6 in which said heat means comprises plasma-arc electric are heat means.
11. An apparatus as set forth in claim 6 and further comprising electric arc cleaning means mounted on said assembly ahead of said depositing means for simultaneous movement therewith, said electric arc cleaning means being adapted to cathodically clean the top surfaces of said end portions during movement of said assembly and prior to depositing said metal particles thereon.
12. An apparatus as set forth in claim 11 in which said apparatus further comprises cutting means for cutting said metal sheets enabling them to be placed in said adjoining relation to define a butt joint, and said compressing means comprises a planishing roll adapted to be rolled across said butt joint after depositing said metal spray thereon.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,866,044 7/1932 Krebs. 2,143,969 1/1939 'Biggert. 2,864,137 12/1958 Brennan 117-22 X 2,922,869 1/ 1960 Giannini. 3,149,222 9/ 1964 Giannini. 3,190,525 6/1965 Foley 2285 3,191,843 6/1965 Tomkins 228-5 3,278,720 10/1966 Dixon 2l912l X 3,307,764 3/1967 Robinson 2285 3,328,556 6/1967 Nelson 219 X JOHN F. CAMPBELL, Primary Examiner.
R. F. DROPKIN, Assistant Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||228/13, 228/32, 228/203, 228/5.7, 228/206, 228/248.1, 228/213, 228/19, 228/57, 228/171, 228/44.3, 228/234.1, 228/244, 228/227, 219/76.14|