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Publication numberUS3422039 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1969
Filing dateJun 16, 1965
Priority dateJun 16, 1965
Publication numberUS 3422039 A, US 3422039A, US-A-3422039, US3422039 A, US3422039A
InventorsNametkin Nikolai Sergeevich, Vdovin Valentin Mikhailovich, Zavyalov Valery Ivanovich
Original AssigneeInst Neftechimicheskogo Sintez
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for producing silylmethylene polymer(elastomer)
US 3422039 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,422,039 METHOD FOR PRODUCING SILYLMETHYLENE POLYMER[ELASTOMER] Nikolai Sergeevich Nametkin, Valentin Mikhailovich Vdovin, and Valery Ivanovich Zavyalov, Moscow, U.S.S.R., assignors to Institute Neftekhimicheskogo Sinteza im. S.V. Topchieva, Moscow, U.S.S.R.

No Drawing. Filed June 16, 1965, Ser. No. 464,543 US. Cl. 2602 9 Claims Int. Cl. C08g 31/34; C08g 31/32; C071 7/20 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A method for the preparation of a high-molecular weight silylmethylene elastomer-type polymer by subjecting l,l,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane which has been preliminarily purified from absorbed air components and moisture to thermal polymerization at temperatures below 250 C.

This invention relates to methods of producing polymeric silicone compounds of the type. This polymer is distinguished from its structural analogue, dimethylpolysiloxane, which is widely used in technology, by its high chemical stability while retaining high thermal stability.

The following prior-art methods of producing polymers of the aforesaid type are known:

(4) A method is also known of polymerizing 1,1,3,3- tetramethyl-l,3-disilacyclobutane in an inert atmosphere at a temperature of at least 250 C. under pressure. Said methods result in low-molecular, oily products of molecular weights not exceeding 15,000.

The disadvantage of prior-art methods is that they yield liquid silylmethylene polymers of low molecular weight.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a method of producing polymers having substantially higher molecular Weights and constituting solid rubber-like substances.

Another object of the invention is to produce chemically stable polymers.

Still another object of the invention is to produce polymers of high thermal stability.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a method and elaborate the conditions for polymerizing 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane so as to produce high-molecular weight elastomers.

The objects of the invention are achieved by polymerizing l,l,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane at reduced pressure, preferably in a vacuum of 10 to 10- mm. Hg or in an inert atmosphere, at a temperature of ISO-250 C., preferably 150-200 C., using monomer which has been freed from occluded air in a vacuum of 3,422,039 Patented Jan. 14, 1969 "ice 10 to 10" mm. Hg over an active drying agent to remove traces of moisture.

When carried out according to said method, polymerization enables the production, in practically quantitative yield, of elastomers possessing high chemical resistance and mechanical strength, by the reaction indicated as follows:

The resulting polymers (elastomers) have a molecular weight of from 2X10 to 6 X10 For a better understanding of the invention by those skilled in the art, the following examples of the production of polymers (elastomers) are given by way of illustration, the polymerization being effected in both cases at a temperature between 150 and 200 C.

Example 1 25 g. of 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane, which has been freed from occluded air at 10- mm. Hg over metallic potassium, is recondensed in an ampoule under a vacuum of 10- mm. Hg, and the ampoule is sealed and heated for 6 hours.

As a result of polymerization, 17.5 g. of a silylmethylene elastomer is obtained (70% yield with respect to the initial monomer), having a molecular weight of 4x10 as determined by the light-diffusion method.

Example 2 25 g. of 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane, which has been freed from occluded air at 10 mm. Hg over metallic potassium, is recondensed in an ampoule under a vacuum of 10 mm. Hg, and the ampoule is sealed and heated for 6 hours.

As a result of polymerization, 22 g. of a silylmethylene elastomer is obtained yield with respect to the initial monomer), having a molecular weight of 4x10 as determined by the light-difiusion method.

Na, LiH or CaH or any other active drying agent, can be used in place of the potassium.

Although the present invention has been described in accordance with a preferred embodiment, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as presented in the description and claimed in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A method for producing a silylmethylene elastomeric polymer, said method comprising purifying 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane by treating same at a reduced pressure in the presence of an active drying agent to remove air and moisture therefrom and heating the thusly purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane in the absence of a catalyst to a temperature of to 250 C. at a reduced pressure.

2. A method according to claim 1 wherein the 1,l,3,3- tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclo'butane is treated at a pressure of 10 to 10- mm. Hg and the active drying agent is potassium, sodium, lithium hydride or calcium hydride.

3. A method according to claim 1 wherein the purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane is heated to a temperature of ISO-200 C.

4. A method according to claim 3 wherein the purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-l,3-disilacyclobutane is heated at a pressure of 10 to 10- mm. Hg.

5. A method according to claim 2 wherein the purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane is heated to a temperature of 150-200 C. at a pressure of 10 to 10- mm. Hg.

(CHa)2Si 6. A method for producing a silylmethylene elastomeric polymer, said method comprising purifying 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyc1obutane by treating same at a reduced pressure in the presence of an active drying agent to remove air and moisture therefrom and heating the thusly purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane in the absence of a catalyst to a temperature of 150 to 250 C. in an inert atmosphere.

7. A method according to claim 6 wherein the 1,l,3,3- tetramethyl-1,3-disi1acyclobutane is treated at a pressure of 10 to 10- mm. Hg and the active drying agent is potassium, sodium, lithium hydride or calcium hydride.

8. A method according to claim 6 wherein the purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane is heated to a temperature of ISO-200 C.

9. A method according to claim 7 wherein the purified 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane is heated to a temperature of ISO-200 C.

References Cited SAMUEL H. BLECH, Primary Examiner.

U.S. C1. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2850514 *Oct 25, 1955Sep 2, 1958Du PontOrganometalloids
US3178392 *Apr 9, 1962Apr 13, 1965Rohm & HaasHeterocyclic and linear siliconmethylene and polysiloxane compounds containing siliconmethylene units and their preparation
US3293194 *Feb 1, 1965Dec 20, 1966Ici LtdPolymerization of disilacyclobutane in the presence of a platinum catalyst
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4052430 *Apr 19, 1976Oct 4, 1977The Research Institute For Iron, Steel And Other Metals Of The Tohoku UniversityMethod for producing organosilicon high molecular weight compounds having silicon and carbon as main skeleton components and said organosilicon high molecular weight compounds
US4159259 *Feb 18, 1977Jun 26, 1979The Research Institute For Iron, Steel And Other Metals Of The Tohoku UniversityFor production of silicon carbide moldings
US4339562 *Jun 15, 1979Jul 13, 1982Guselnikov Leonid EHigh-molecular crystalline polymer with alternating dimethylene and methyl-substituted disilene units in the main chain and method for preparing same
US4414403 *Mar 23, 1982Nov 8, 1983Union Carbide CorporationReacting branching-capable silanes with an active metal, and pyrolysis of the polycarbosilanes thus formed
US4472591 *Mar 28, 1983Sep 18, 1984Union Carbide CorporationHydrosilyl-modified polycarbosilane precursors for silicon carbide
US4590253 *Jan 18, 1985May 20, 1986Kurosaki Refractoris Co., Ltd.Organosilicon polymer and process for production thereof
DE3136786A1 *Sep 16, 1981Apr 7, 1983Kurosaki Refractories CoOrganosilicon polymer, and process for the preparation thereof
EP0295061A2 *Jun 8, 1988Dec 14, 1988Dow Corning CorporationPolydisilacyclobutasilazanes
Classifications
U.S. Classification528/35, 528/14, 556/435, 528/12, 528/37
International ClassificationC08G77/60, C08G77/00
Cooperative ClassificationC08G77/60
European ClassificationC08G77/60