|Publication number||US3422487 A|
|Publication date||Jan 21, 1969|
|Filing date||Dec 9, 1966|
|Priority date||Dec 9, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3422487 A, US 3422487A, US-A-3422487, US3422487 A, US3422487A|
|Inventors||Brancati Mario J, Dickinson Lloyd R|
|Original Assignee||Mckinney Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (16), Classifications (13), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 2l, 1969 Sheet 2 of 4 III INVENTOR Lovo e. .o/cK//I/.s BYMM/ Jn. 21, 1969 RplcKlNsoN ET Al.-
GEARED HINGE W'ITH FLOATING RACK BAR v Filed Dec. 9, 1966 v II I I 'I II I I I I I I I I I I II l II II I I 1| I I II I I I I III II I III
Jan- 21, 1969 l.. R. DlcKlNsoN ET Al- GEARED HINGE WITH FLOATING RACK BAR Sheet Filed Dec. 9I 1966 Jan. 21, 1969 l.. R. DICKINSON ET AL GEARED HINGE WIT'H FLOATING RACK BAR Sheet Filed Dec. 9, 1966 ATTOR/VEVS.
United States Patent O 3,422,487 GEARED HINGE WITH FLOATING RACK BAR Lloyd R. Dickinson, Moscow, and Mario J. Brancati, Scranton, Pa., assignors to McKinney Manufacturing Company, Scranton, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Dec. 9, 1966, Ser. No. 600,545 U.S. Cl. 16-163 9 Claims Int. Cl. E05d 7/00 ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE The two leaves of a hinge turn on spaced parallel axes in a channel member and are provided with gear teeth that mesh with a floating rack bar between them, whereby the bar moves back and forth as the hinge is operated.
A channel member has a `web and side flanges, and a pair of opposed hinge leaves extend outwardly away from the open side of the channel. Extending lengthwise along the inner edge of each hinge leaf and joined thereto is a barrel, the two barrels being disposed in the channel between its side flanges, which the barrels rotatably engage. A floating toothed rack bar between the barrels extends lengthwise thereof in engagement with them. The barrels are provided with longitudinal gear teeth meshing with the rack bar, so that when the hinge leaves are swung apart the barrels will move the rack bar away from the channel web. It is an object of this invention to provide a geared hinge, in which the hinge barrel gear teeth do not mesh with each other.
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the hinge connected to a door and door jamb;
FIG. 2 is an elevation with the door open;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary horizontal section, taken on the line III-III of FIG. 2; and
FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are views of a modification correponding, respectively, to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.
Referring to FIG. 1 of the drawings, two laterally spaced hinge leaves 1 and 2 are shown opposed to each other in substantially parallel relation. In one use of this hinge it is disposed vertically with one leaf attached to a door jamb 3 and the other leaf 2 supporting a door 4 in the door opening. The hinge leaves may be short, or long enough to extend substantially the full height of the door. The two leaves project from one side of the closed door and are joined to transversely arcuate barrels 5, which extend vertically along the projecting edges of the leaves. The inner surface of each barrel forms more than 180 of a cylinder, but generally less than 270. The barrels fit part way around a pair of laterally spaced, parallel pivot pins 6, which are the enlarged, cylindrical, in-turned free edges of a vertical channel 7.
The channel projects above and below the hinge barrels and is provided at each end with means holding it against vertical movement. Preferably, for this purpose an end cap fits in each end of the channel and projects out of the open side of it across the adjoining ends of the hinge barrels as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. A set screw 11 threaded in the inner end portion of a horizontal bore 12 in each cap, presses tightly against the web Vof the channel to hold the end caps in place. A similar member forms a .bearing block 13 to help support hinge leaf 2. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the bearing fits in the channel in the same manner as the end caps and projects out into a pair of gaps 14 formed in the barrels and leaves. The number of bearing blocks used depends on the length of the hinge. The block may be made of a suitable `bearing material, preferably a synthetic plastic such as nylon or Teflon.
3,422,487 Patented Jan. 21, 1969 rice Inside the channel there is a rack bar 16 that extends lengthwise of the hinge between the barrels. The teeth on the opposite sides of the bar mesh with longitudinal gear teeth 17, with'which the outsides of the barrels are provided. While the door is closed, as shown in FIG. 1, the barrel teeth engage the rack bar farthest from the channel web. The rack bar extends through a slot 18 in bearing block 13.
It will be seen that in order to open the door; that is, to swing the hinge leaves apart, the rack bar must be able to move forward out of the channel as shown in FIG. 3. To permit this, the slot 18 in the bearing block must extend out into the portion of the bearing that projects from the channel. The rack bar is supported by the lower end cap, and the upper end of the bar substantially engages or slides against the upper end cap. Preferably, the end caps are provided with recesses 19 of substantially the same size and shape as slot 18 in order to receive and guide the opposite ends of the bar as it is moved back and forth when the hinge is operated. The travel of the bar can be limited by the end walls of slot 18 and recesses 19. One function of the floating rack bar is to prevent metal-to-metal contact of the barrel teeth, which would allow them to `wear away fairly rapidly. Therefore, the bar will usually be made of nonmetallic material, such as compressed fiber or a plastic such as nylon, Daeron or Teflon. However, even if the rack bar is made of metal, its use permits the barrel teeth to be positioned in identical positions on both barrels because one barrel does not have to mesh with the other.
It will be seen that when the door 4 that is supported by this hinge is swung open, the barrel 5 attached to the door will rotate around the adjoining pivot pin 6, and the teeth on that barrel will move the rack bar away from the channel web. This will cause the rack bar to swing around the other barrel so that by the time the door has been opened about 180 as shown in FIG. 3, the rack bar will be in its outermost position and the channel will have turned about from its original position. The hinge leaves may be provided -with lugs or ribs 15 that can engage the outer surfaces of the channel flanges to offset any tendency of those flanges to spring apart when the door is swung open rather forcefully.
In the modification shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, the hinge leaves 20 and 21 are connected to the door 22 and the door jamb 23, respectively, in the same way as before. Likewise, the two leaves project from one side of the closed door and are joined to barrels 24 extending lengthwise along the projecting edges of the leaves. However, in this case the barrels are solid and are provided wtih more gear teeth 25 than the barrels first described. The teeth mesh with the teeth of a rack bar 27 that extends lengthwise of the hinge between the barrels. To hold the barrels against the rack bar, all of them are disposed inside of a vertical channel 28. The inner sides of the side flanges of the channel are provided with rack teeth 29 that extend lengthwise of the channel and that are engaged by the gear teeth 25.
The channel projects above and below the hinge leaves and is provided at each end with means holding it against movement lengthwise. Most suitably, end caps 31 that lit in the projecting ends of the channel are used for this purpose. They can be held in place by set screws 32 threaded in the inner end portions of bores 33 through the caps, with the inner ends of the screws pressing tightly against the web of the channel. The end caps project from the open side of the channel above and below the hinge leaves. A bearing block 34, which is similar in size and shape to the end caps, is mounted in the central portion 3 of the channel and projects out into a pair of gaps 35 formed in the barrels and hinge leaves.
To permit the door to be opened, the rack bar 27 must be movable away from the channel web and part way out of the channel. The bearing block is provided with a rectangular slot 37, through which the bar extends and which permits the forward and backward movement of the bar. The rack bar is supported `by the lower end cap 31, which is provided with a recess 38 (FIG. 5) of substantially the same size and shape as the slot in the bearing block. The lower end portion of the bar is seated in the recess, which helps to guide the bar in its horizontal movements. The upper end portion ofthe bar may be disposed in a similar recess 39 in the upper end cap.
When the door is swung open, the hinge barrel attached to the door will turn and its teeth will cause the rack bar and the web of the channel to move in opposite directions simultaneously. This will cause the side of the channel closest to the door jamb to swing around the other barrel so that by the time the door has been opened about 180 as shown in FIG. 6, the rack teeth at the outer edges of the channel anges will be engaging the barrel teeth, and the barrel teeth will be engaging the rack bar teeth near its inner edge. Thus, the channel will have turned about 90 from its original position and the rack bar will project from the channel. As in the rst embodiment, the hinge leaves may be provided with stops 40 for engaging the outer faces of the channel flanges when the door is swung wide open.
According to the provisions of the patent statutes, we have explained the principle f our invention and have described what ywe now consider to represent its best embodiment.
1. A hinge comprising a channel having a web and side ilanges, a pair of opposed hinge leaves extending outwardly away from the open side of the channel, a barrel extending lengthwise along the inner edge of each hinge leaf and joined thereto, the barrels being disposed in said channel lengthwise thereof between said flanges and rotatably engaging them, and a floating toothed rack bar between the barrels and extending lengthwise thereof in engagement with them, the barrels being provided with longitudinal gear teeth meshing with the rack bar, whereby when `said hinge leaves are swung apart the barrels will move the rack -bar away from said channel web.
2. A hinge according to claim 1, in which said channel projects beyond the ends of said barrels, end caps fit inside the projecting ends of the channel and contain threaded openings perpendicular to the channel web, set screws in said threaded openings press tightly against said lweb to lock the caps in the channel, and the end caps project from the open side of the channel to hold said rack bar against substantial longitudinal movement.
3. A hinge according to claim 1, in which said channel projects beyond the ends of said barrels, and end caps rigidly connected to the projecting ends of the channel project from its open side and hold said rack bar against substantial longitudinal movement.
4. A hinge according to claim 3, in which said end caps are provided with recesses receiving the end portions of the rack bar.
5. A hinge according to claim 3, in which said end caps t inside the projecting ends of the channel.
6. A hinge according to claim 1, in which said barrels and adjoining portions of the hinge leaves have a pair of opposed gaps therein, a bearing tits in said channel and projects out through said gaps and is provided with a slot therethrough containing said rack bar, and means at the ends of said channel hold the bar against substantial longitudinal movement.
7. A hinge according to claim 6, including means rigidly securing said bearing to said channel.
8. A hinge according to claim 1, in which the inner sides of said channel flanges are provided with longitudinal rack teeth meshing with said gear teeth.
9. A hinge according to claim 1, in which the free edges of said channel flanges are in-turned toward each other and are cylindrical to form parallel pivot pins, and said barrels are transversely arcuate and fit only part way around said pivot pins for rotation thereon.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,646,820 10/1927 Jimmis 49-107 859,489 7/1907 Donovan 49-107 456,914 7/1891 Stebbin 49--107 311,636 2/1885 Bergmann 49-107 BOBBY R. GAY, Primary Examiner.
DORIS L. TROUTMAN, Assistant Examiner.
U.S. Cl. X.R.
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|US6170210 *||Mar 16, 1999||Jan 9, 2001||C. Hager & Sons Hinge Manufacturing Company||Continuous gear hinge with intumescent seals|
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|US9332814 *||Mar 14, 2014||May 10, 2016||Barbara Brock||Compact organizer for cosmetics|
|US9684343 *||Jun 12, 2014||Jun 20, 2017||Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc||Radius hinge|
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|US20140261533 *||Mar 14, 2014||Sep 18, 2014||Barbara Brock||Compact Organizer for Cosmetics|
|US20140318568 *||Apr 28, 2014||Oct 30, 2014||Leonel LOPES||Display case for powdered products comprising a lid and at least one device for braking the movement of the lid|
|US20160090763 *||Dec 15, 2014||Mar 31, 2016||First Dome Corporation||Multi-joint turning axle structure|
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|U.S. Classification||16/354, 296/35.1, 16/273, 49/107|
|International Classification||E05D3/06, E05D3/00, E05D3/18, F16C11/04|
|Cooperative Classification||E05D3/06, F16C11/04, E05Y2201/71|
|European Classification||F16C11/04, E05D3/06|
|Jul 14, 1986||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: KIDDE CONSUMER DURABLES CORP. A CORP. OF DE.
Effective date: 19860206
Owner name: MCKINNEY PRODUCTS COMPANY, 820 DAVIS STREET, SCRAN
|Jul 14, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MCKINNEY PRODUCTS COMPANY, 820 DAVIS STREET, SCRAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KIDDE CONSUMER DURABLES CORP. A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004583/0362
Effective date: 19860206
Owner name: MCKINNEY PRODUCTS COMPANY,PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KIDDE CONSUMER DURABLES CORP. A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004583/0362