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Publication numberUS3425025 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 28, 1969
Filing dateOct 19, 1966
Priority dateOct 19, 1966
Publication numberUS 3425025 A, US 3425025A, US-A-3425025, US3425025 A, US3425025A
InventorsWilliams James D
Original AssigneeHewlett Packard Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dual plug-in module
US 3425025 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 28,1969

J. D. WILLIAMS DUAL PLUG-IN MODULE Filed Oct. 19, 1966 JAMES D. WlLl-JAMS BY \0. W

ATTORNEY United States Patent Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A pair of mechanically separate and electrically related plug-in units are mechanically and electrically mated in side-by-side relationship to form a unitary plug-in module for insertion into a single cavity of a main instrument.

This invention relates to mehanically separate but electrically related plug-in units that are mechanically and electrically mated to form a dual plug-in module for insertion into a high frequency instrument such as an oscilloscope.

In order to increase the versatility of an oscilloscope system the horizontal and vertical deflection circuits for the cathode ray tube are often housed in separate horizontal and vertical plug-in units, which may be mechanically and electrically attached to and detached from the basic display instrument. It is then possible, for example, to substitute a delayed sweep horizontal plug-in unit for a standard sweep horizontal plug-in unit without also replacing the vertical plug-in unit. Typically, these separate horizontal and vertical plug-in units are each inserted into a separate cavity of the basic instrument and are each separately attached mechanically and electrically to the basic instrument. This increases the hardware such as mechanical guides and latches and electrical connectors required to mechanically and electrically attach the plug-in units to the basic instrument and therefore increases the cost of the oscilloscope system. Moreover, interconnecting circuitry between the plug-in units must be routed out the back end of one plug-in unit through a set of connectors, along signal transmission leads, and into the back end of the other plug-in unit through another set of connectors. These additional connections also increase the cost of the oscilloscope system and, in addition, increase the lead inductance and capacitance and the contact potential as sociated with the interconnections between the plug-in units thereby increasing the signal loss during signal transfer between the plug-in units.

Accordingly, it is the principal object of this invention to reduce the mechanical and electrical hardware required to mechanically and electrically attach a pair of mechanically separate but electrically related plug-in units to a basic instrument and to make the required electrical interconnections between the plug-in units more direct so as to reduce the lead inductance and capacitance and the contact potential associated withv these electrical interconnections.

This object is accomplished in accordance with the illustrated embodiment of this invention by providing a pair of plug-in units mechanically and electrically mating in side-by-side relationship so as to form a dual plug-in module for insertion into a single cavity of the basic instrument.

Other and incidental objects of this invention will be apparent from a reading of this specification and an inspection of the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a pair of mechanically and electrically mating plug-in units according to the preferred embodiment of this invention;

3,425,025 Patented Jan. 28, 1969 FIGURE 2 is a top view of the plug-in units of FIG- URE 1 after they have been mechanically and electrically mated and inserted into the cavity of the basic instrument; and

FIGURE 3 is a partially cut-away front view of the mechanically and electrically mated plug-in units of FIG- URE 2.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to FIGURE 1, there is shown a pair of mechanically sepa rate but electrically related plug-in units 10 and .12 comprising, for example, the vertical and horizontal deflection circuits of an oscilloscope system. A pair of keyhole slots 14 are formed in a side panel '16 of the plug-in unit 10, and a latch member 18 is slidably mounted on an adjacent side panel 20 of the plug-in unit 12. This latch member 18 may be mounted by forming a pair of narrow slots 22 in the side panel 20 of the plug-in unit 12, inserting through each slot 22 the shank of a separate retaining bolt 19 having a circular head larger in diameter than the width of the slot 22, and fastening the shank of each retaining bolt 19 to the latch member 18 so as to restrict the latch member 18 to sliding movement between the opposite extremities of the slots 22. A pair of latch buttons 24 are fixedly attached to the latch member 18 so that each latch button registers with the wide portion of a different one of the keyhole slots '14 when the latch member 18 is pulled out as shown in FIGURE 1. Each of these latch buttons 24 is adapted to fit through the wide portion of the corresponding keyhole slot 14 and has a shank 25 that is adapted to fit into the narrow portion of the corresponding keyhole slot 14 when the latch member 18 is pushed in as shown in FIGURE 2. A front subpanel 26 of the plug-in unit 10 is provided with a pair of notches 28, and a front subpanel 30 of the plug-in unit 12 is provided with a corresponding pair of tabs 32 that are adapted to fit into and engage the notches 28 of the front subpanel 26 when the plug-in units 10 and 12 are mechanically mated. This arrangement of notches 28 and tabs 32 insures proper alignment of the front panels 34 and 36 of the plug-in units .10 and 12 and prevents the front panels 34 and 36 from slipping, vertically, forward, or backward relative to one another since the notches 28 and the tabs 32 have been engaged. The plug-in units 10 and 12 are mechanically attached by pulling out the latch member 18 as shown in FIGURE 1 and as indicated by the dashed position of the latch member 18 shown in FIGURE 2, fitting each latch button 24 through the wide portion of the corresponding keyhole slot 14, and engaging the notches 28 and the tabs 32 of the front subpanels 26 and 30 as shown in FIGURE 3. The latch member 18 is then pushed in as shown in FIGURE 2 so that the shank 25 of each latch button 24 fits into the narrow portion of the corresponding keyhole slot 14. This locks the plug-in units 10 and 12 together so as to form a dual plug-in module and prevents relative, motion between the plug-in units of this module. The hardware such as guides and latches required to insert this dual plug-in module into a single cavity of a basic instrument 37 is no greater than that normally required for a single plug-in unit.

The plug-in units 10 and 12 are electrically mated together through a multi-terminal female connector 38 mounted on the side panel 16 of the plug-in unit 10 and by a corresponding multi-terminal male connector 40 mounted on the side panel 2%) of the plug-in unit 12. The male connector 40 is adapted for mating with the female connector 38 when the plug-in units 10 and 12 are mechanically locked together. This direct connection between the plug-in units 10 and 12 substantially reduces the length of the interconnecting leads conventionally used between the plug-in units 10 and 12 and therefore reduces the lead inductance and capacitance associated with these interconnecting leads. Thus, the loss of signal because of lead inductance and capacitance is substantially reduced. Moreover since only one set of connectors is used the contact potential and hence the signal loss due to contact potential is cut in half. The power for both plug-in units 10 and 12 is derived from the basic instrument 37 through a single connector 42 mounted on the back panel 44 of the plug-in unit 12. The plug-in unit 10 receives its power from the plug-in unit 12 and therefore need not be electrically connected to the basic instrument 37. This feature in combination with the direct connection between the plugin units 10 and 12 substantially reduces the number of connectors required by the plug-in units.

I claim:

1. Plug-in apparatus for insertion into a single cavity of an electrical instrument, said apparatus comprising:

A first plug-in unit for the electrical instrument, said first plug-in unit having an electrical connector and a mechanical connector; and

a mechanically separate second plug-in unit for the electrical instrument, said second plug-in unit having an electrical connector releasably engageable with the electrical connector of the first plug-in unit to provide an electrical signal conduction path between the plug-in units, said second plug-in unit also having a mechanical connector releasably engageable with the mechanical connector of the first plug-in unit for releasably mating the plug-in units together in a first direction to provide a unitary plug-in module for insertion into the cavity of the electrical instrument in a second direction substantially normal to said first direction;

at least one of said unitary plug-in module and said electrical instrument including means for electrically connecting said unitary plug-in module and said electrical instrument upon insertion of the unitary plugin module into the cavity of the electrical instrument.

2. Plug-in apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said means comprises an additional electrical connector of at least one of the plug-in units, said additional electrical connector being operable for electrically engaging the electrical instrument upon insertion of the unitary plug-in module into the cavity of the electrical instrument in said second direction.

3. Plug-in apparatus as in claim 2 wherein:

said first plug-in unit has a front panel and has a side panel including the electrical and mechanical connectors of the first plug-in unit; and

said second plug-in unit has a front panel and has a side panel including the electrical and mechanical connectors of the second plug-in unit;

whereby engagement of the electrical and mechanical connectors of the first plug-in unit with the electrical and mechanical connectors of the second plug-in unit electrically and mechanically mates these side panels of the plug-in units together in said first direction to provide the unitary plug-in module, the plug-in units of said unitary plug-in module having their front panels disposed in a common plane substantially normal to said second direction.

4. Plug-in apparatus as in claim 3 wherein:

the electrical connector mounted on the side panel of one of said plug-in units comprises a female connector;

the electrical connector mounted on the side panel of the other of said plug-in units comprises a male connector;

one of said mechanical connectors comprises a pair of spaced keyhole slots in the side panel of one of the plug-in units, each of said keyhole slots having an enlarged portion and a narrow portion; and

the other of said mechanical connectors comprises a latch slidably mounted on the side panel of the other of the plug-in units, said latch being operable in one position for entering the enlarged portions of the keyhole slots and then being slid to another position for engaging the narrow portions of the keyhole slots to releasably mate the plug-in units together and provide the unitary plug-in module.

5. Plug-in apparatus as in claim 4 wherein:

one of said plug-in units has a housing including the front and side panels of that plug-in unit and having a notch; and

the other of said plug-in units has a housing including the front and side panels of that plug-in unit and having a tab for engaging said notch when the plugin units are electrically and mechanically mated together thereby preventing relative movement of one plug-in unit with respect to the other in planes that are parallel to said second direction.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,043,796 6/ 1936 Frank 339185 2,610,998 9/1952 Lockhart 339- 3,034,000 5/1962 Todd 339154 3,255,330 6/1966 MacKenzie et a1 33919 3,345,599 10/1967 Henschen et al. 33919 2,229,150 1/1941 Wadsworth 339-31 2,265,341 12/1941 Borchert 33976 2,448,725 9/ 1948 Morris 339-76 MARVIN A. CHAMPION, Primary Examiner. JOSEPH H. MCGLYNN, Assistant Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R. 317-99; 3391-86

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3863999 *Dec 26, 1973Feb 4, 1975Muller Philip ODetachable warning light
US3916103 *Apr 9, 1973Oct 28, 1975Northern Electric CoInterconnector for telephone units
US4360241 *May 29, 1980Nov 23, 1982Nissan Motor Company, LimitedInstrument panel
US4501460 *May 9, 1983Feb 26, 1985Convergent Technologies, Inc.Modular housing for computer system
US4542951 *Apr 13, 1984Sep 24, 1985Amp IncorporatedOperating mechanism for a plugboard system
US4550968 *Oct 12, 1984Nov 5, 1985Anton/Bauer, Inc.Battery pack connection
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US5774343 *Jun 28, 1996Jun 30, 1998Digital Equipment CorporationHinged front panel assembly for circuit cards
US5838533 *Mar 19, 1997Nov 17, 1998Eaton CorporationHousing assembly for circuit components
US5921643 *Apr 19, 1996Jul 13, 1999Unisys CorporationZero clearance locating and connecting pin and connecting system using same
US6080003 *Apr 6, 1998Jun 27, 2000Nec CorporationMulti-stage interconnection type electronic component with movable hook guide member and electronic equipment having the plural modules
US7092248 *Jan 28, 2004Aug 15, 2006Paul ShuDetachable modular computer
US7798839 *Mar 17, 2008Sep 21, 2010Olympus Medical Systems Corp.Casing mechanism and stacked circuit boards, and medical imaging apparatus and ultrasound endoscope using the same
US8113864 *May 13, 2010Feb 14, 2012Delta Electronics, Inc.Quick-detachable terminal seat and programmable logic controller having the same
US8348693 *Nov 9, 2010Jan 8, 2013Virginia Panel CorporationElectrical connector interface with latch operated by threaded drive shaft
US8500485 *Feb 6, 2012Aug 6, 2013Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Fixing apparatus for connector
US20110111619 *Nov 9, 2010May 12, 2011Stowers Jeffery PInterface
US20110281453 *May 13, 2010Nov 17, 2011Delta Electronics, Inc.Quick-detachable terminal seat and programmable logic controller having the same
US20130065432 *Feb 6, 2012Mar 14, 2013Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Fixing apparatus for connector
US20130102164 *Mar 8, 2012Apr 25, 2013Acer IncorporatedMale connector and female connector in computer system
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WO1984004632A1 *May 4, 1984Nov 22, 1984Convergent Technologies IncModular housing for computer system
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/347, 361/732, 361/600
International ClassificationH01R13/629
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/629
European ClassificationH01R13/629