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Publication numberUS3428256 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1969
Filing dateMar 20, 1967
Priority dateMar 20, 1967
Publication numberUS 3428256 A, US 3428256A, US-A-3428256, US3428256 A, US3428256A
InventorsPainter William L
Original AssigneePainter William L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary pop-up sprinkler
US 3428256 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 18, 1969 w. L. PAINTER ROTARY POP-UP-SPRINKLER INVENTOR. WILL MM L. Pill/V75 United States Patent 3,428,256 ROTARY POP-UP SPRINKLER William L. Painter, 3981 Bledsoe Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 90066 Filed Mar. 20, 1967, Ser. No. 624,475 US. Cl. 239-206 3 Claims Int. 'Cl. B0511 15/10, 15/08; F16k /12 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A rotary pop-up sprinkler having a fixed cam for dispersing water over an area, the contour of which is determined by the shape of the cam while varying the volume of water dispersed directly with the instantaneous elevation of the nozzle and having a figure-eight cross-section nozzle for dispersement of water in a vertical plane at an equal volume along any radial line from the nozzle.

Background of the invention The present invention relates to a rotary pop-up sprinkler and more particularly to a rotary pop-up sprinkler employing a fixed cam for varying elevations of the nozzle and in which water volume is directly proportional to the elevation of the nozzle.

Prior art rotary popup sprinklers employing a fixed cam for irregular areas being sprinkled have been plagued by many disadvantages. One of the problems encountered Was an even dispersement of water regardless of the radial length of the area being sprinkled at any given instant under the nozzle. If an even distribution, or if a steady volume of water is dispersed from the nozzle regardless of any given height or elevation of the nozzle, the areas furthest from the nozzle will receive more water since in directing the water to the periphery of the area being dispersed, very little will fall short of that area resulting in a heavier concentration around the periphery of the area being sprinkled. Hence, the problem is twofold, i.e., with an area having a fixed radius being sprinkled, the outside periphery will receive more Water than the inner portions of the area and secondly, and if the radial distance from the sprinkler is varied according to an irregular contour, for example, areas having a shorter radial length will receive much more water than areas having a longer radial length, resulting in an overall uneven watering regardless of the contour of the area being sprinkled.

According to the invention, the first problem listed above is solved by providing a novel constricting mechanism which is coupled to a fixed cam which alters the elevation of the nozzle. This mechanism constricts a resilient tube or water line just prior to the nozzle itself inversely with the elevation of the nozzle. This means that the lower the nozzle is in elevation, the less volume of water is being dispersed, resulting in an even watering of the area in a radial line from the nozzle at any given time regardless of nozzle elevation or distance of the area being watered. The second problem encountered as outlined above is solved by the utilization of a unique nozzle configuration which disperses water in a vertical plane from the nozzle in a manner to ensure equal distribution of Water regardless of distance from the nozzle.

The most efiective and elficient configuration of crosssectional shape of the nozzle has been found to be an inverted figure-eight. This nozzle shape disperses a larger volume of water at higher angles and a lower volume of water at lower angles ensuring equal distribution of water over the entire radial length being sprinkled.

An object of the present invention is the provision of an improved rotary pop-up sprinkler having a cam-controlled nozzle elevation.


Another object is to provide a rotary pop-up sprinkler in which water is evenly dispersed along the entire radial length being sprinkled at any given time.

' A further object of the invention is the provision of a rotary pop-up sprinkler which varies the volume of water being dispersed directly with the angle of elevation of the nozzle, varying volume with the radius of the area being sprinkled.

A further object of the invention is the provision of the rotary pop-up sprinkler having a cam-controlled nozzle elevation angle which is extremely simple to manufacture and install and requires a minimum of maintenance and adjustment.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof and wherein:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view partially a cross-secti0n of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation in cross-section of the embodiment of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an end view taken along lines AA of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an end view taken along lines BB of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 5 is a perspective view partially a section of the nozzle portion of the present invention.

Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 5, incoming water line 11 is coupled to a turbine drive unit 12 which is, in turn, coupled to a pipe 13 terminating at housing unit 14. Housing unit 14 has a ceiling flange 16 cooperating with top surface 18 of threaded adapter 19. Camming cylinder 21 has a cam surface 22 and is coupled to threaded extension 23. Coupling rod 24 terminates in mounting bracket 26 at the top end which carries a mounting extension 27 and hose fitting 28. Coupling rod 24 terminates in an end fitting 29. Retaining nuts 31 and 32 cooperate with the threads at the end of coupling rod 24. Resilient hose 33 cooperates with hose fitting 28 and is retained by retaining wire 34. Nozzle shaper 36 is received by hose 33 and retained by retaining wire 37. Cam bracket 38 is rotatably coupled to fitting 27 and rotatably carries constriction wheel 39 by retaining pin 41 Within aperture 42. Cam bracket also carries rod 42 by retaining pin 43. Cam follower Wheel 44 is rotatably carried. by rod 42. Coupling rod 10 couples turbine unit 12 to end fitting 29. Coupling rod 24 is rotatably carried within threaded extension 23 at bushing 30.

Referring to FIG. 3, it can be seen that nozzle shaper 36 slightly stretches hose 33 which, together with retaining wire 37, makes the end of hose 36 conform generally to an inverted figure-eight cross-sectional contour.

Referring to FIG. 4, an end view of end fitting 29 is shown which cooperates with coupling rod 10 to ensure rotatable coupling between turbine 12 and the mounting bracket 26.

Operation Referring back to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, it can be seen that cam cylinder 21 is fixedly coupled to threaded extension 23 which, in turn, is threadably engaged with threaded adapter 19. Threaded adapter 19 fits relatively loosely within pipe 13 having its upper travel limited with flange 16 of housing 14 and its lower limit and rotation limited by screw 15 within slot 15a. Hence, prior to water pressure being applied up through pipe 13, threaded adapter 19, together with threaded extension 23 drop down within pipe 13, cylindrical cam 21 resting on the top surface of flange 16 and within housing 14. Hose 33 is mounted at an angle resulting in its tendency to raise upwardly at the nozzle 36 end, which rotates cam bracket 38 upward, bringing cam follower wheel 44 in contact with cam surface 22 of cam cylinder 21.

When water pressure is applied up through water supply line 11, turbine 12 rotates coupling rod 10 which, in turn, rotates coupling rod 24 via end fitting 29, rotating the cam bracket 38, together with hose 33 and nozzle 36.

At the same time, water pressure exerted against the bottom of threaded adapter 19 moves the entire assembly upward until the top of threaded adapter 19 comes in contact with flange 16 of housing 14. O-ring 17 effects a seal between the top of threaded adapter 19 and flange 16. This raises the nozzle 36 of hose 33 up above the ground (assuming a subterranean installation) and the entire unit rotates, delivering water as it does. As the unit rotates and follower wheel 44 follows the contour of cam surface 22 of cam cylinder 21 which, as can be seen, varies, which will result in raising and lowering cam bracket 38 about mounting extension 27 in a vertical plane. Hose 33 follows the elevational changes of cam bracket 38 due to its resilience and tendency to move up into an almost vertical position, i.e., in axial alignment with hose fitting 28. At the same time, constriction wheel 39 is moving in and out against resilient hose 33 con stricting it more as the angle of elevation lowers resulting in a smaller volume of delivered water at the lower angles of elevation and in a larger volume of delivered water at the higher angles of elevation.

It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A rotary pop-up sprinkler comprising:

a resilient nozzle member;

rotatable coupling means coupling said resilient nozzle member to a water supply;

a constricting means, said constricting means pivotally mounted for engagement with said resilient nozzle member;

cam means;

cam follower means for following said cam means; and

coupling means for coupling said cam follower means to said constricting means, whereby said constricting means will vary the angle of inclination and the cross-sectional area of said resilient nozzle member in accordance with the shape of said cam means.

2. The rotary pop-up sprinkler of claim 1 wherein:

said rotatable coupling means includes elevating means for elevating said nozzle when water pressure is applied to said rotary coupling means.

3. The rotary pop-up sprinkler of claim 1 and further including:

shaping means in contact with an open end portion of said resilient nozzle member, said shaping means operable to form an inverted figure-eight cross-sectional shape to the said open end portion of said nozzle member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 9/1961 Nobinger 239-229 9/1966 Coson 239-206

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2999644 *Apr 7, 1959Sep 12, 1961Edward NobingerPortable sprinkling device
US3272437 *Jul 27, 1964Sep 13, 1966Gen Sprinkler CompanyRotary pop-up sprinkler employing a fixed cam
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3528093 *Jan 3, 1968Sep 8, 1970Cornelis EerkensSquare pattern irrigation sprinkling device
US4471908 *Feb 23, 1983Sep 18, 1984The Toro CompanyPattern sprinkler head
US4474328 *Sep 29, 1982Oct 2, 1984Virginia HaleVariable lift sprinkler unit
US5098021 *Apr 30, 1990Mar 24, 1992Kah Jr Carl L COscillatable nozzle sprinkler with integrated adjustable arc and flow
US5526982 *Dec 23, 1993Jun 18, 1996The Toro CompanyAdjustable sprinkler nozzle
US5620141 *Jan 30, 1995Apr 15, 1997Chiang; Jung-LiPop-up rotary sprinkler
US5671885 *Dec 18, 1995Sep 30, 1997Nelson Irrigation CorporationNutating sprinkler with rotary shaft and seal
US6029907 *Mar 3, 1998Feb 29, 2000The Toro CompanyAdjustable sprinkler nozzle
US6834814Jun 16, 2003Dec 28, 2004Alfred James BeckmanAdjustable pattern irrigation system
US7988071Aug 2, 2011Bredberg Anthony JLawn sprinkler
US8177148May 15, 2012The Toro CompanyIrrigation sprinkler with adjustable nozzle trajectory
US8328117Dec 11, 2012Bredberg Anthony JLawn sprinkler
US8567697Nov 8, 2012Oct 29, 2013Anthony J. BredbergLawn sprinkler
US9089866Sep 15, 2011Jul 28, 2015Stephen SchultheisSprinkler with vertical oscillation
US9108206Mar 12, 2014Aug 18, 2015Anthony J. BredbergWater control system for sprinkler nozzle
US9227207Mar 12, 2014Jan 5, 2016Anthony J. BredbergMulti-nozzle cam driven sprinkler head
US20090108088 *Oct 29, 2008Apr 30, 2009Bredberg A JLawn sprinkler
EP0190792A1 *Jan 29, 1986Aug 13, 1986Veenhuis Machines B.V.Irrigation system and sprinkler for such a system
U.S. Classification239/206, 251/6, 239/229, 137/624.14, 239/240, 239/236, 239/97, 239/285, 239/210
International ClassificationB05B15/00, B05B3/02, B05B15/10, B05B3/04
Cooperative ClassificationB05B15/10, B05B3/0454
European ClassificationB05B3/04C2H7B, B05B15/10