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Publication numberUS3431895 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1969
Filing dateMay 16, 1967
Priority dateMay 16, 1967
Also published asDE1751354A1
Publication numberUS 3431895 A, US 3431895A, US-A-3431895, US3431895 A, US3431895A
InventorsJohn M Bailey
Original AssigneeCaterpillar Tractor Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Engine fuel injection valve assembly
US 3431895 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 11, 1969 J. M. BAILEY 3,431,895

ENGINE FUEL INJECTION VALVE ASSEMBLY Filed May 16, 1967 INVENTOR JOHN M. BAILEY United States Patent 3,431,895 ENGINE FUEL INJECTION VALVE ASSEMBLY John M. Bailey, East Peoria, 111., assignor to Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, Ill., a corporation of California Filed May 16, 1967, Ser. No. 638,782

US. Cl. 123-32 1 Claim Int. Cl. F02m 61/14 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Fuel injectors are usually secured to the cylinder head by a clamping means or by a threaded adapter which locks the injector to the head. Fuel lines are attached to the injectors by threads, brazing, etc. and usually pass through a side wall of the cylinder head or head cover where they lead to the fuel injection pump. Seals are necessary where the lines pass through cylinder heads to prevent fuel leakage and to prevent oil and fumes from escaping from the head.

To service conventional injectors, the cylinder head cover must be removed and fuel lines disconnected before the fuel lines can be removed. In some engines it is necessary even to remove the rocker arm shaft and other components to enable removing of the injector. Such operations are time consuming and result in unnecessary wear and damage to the parts which must be removed and replaced.

It is the object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages referred to above and to provide a fuel injection valve assembly in which a single valve and nozzle unit it very readily removable and replaceable by means permitting removal and replacement without the necessity of adjusting or disturbing any adjacent engine structure. Or other objects and advantages of the invention and the manner in which it is carried into practice are made apparent in the following specification wherein reference is made to the accompanying drawing.

The drawing is a view in vertical transverse section through an engine head showing the head cover and a portion of the block and illustrating the assembly of a fuel injection valve therein which embodies the present invention.

The engine head is shown at in the drawing as resting on a conventional block 11 wherein the usual cylinder provides a combustion space 12 above a piston 13. A head cover 14 is secured on top of the head by conventional means (not shown) and encloses such equipment as a valve rocker arm support 15 and its related supporting mechanism.

A fuel injection valve, generally indicated at 16 and having a nozzle 17 for injecting a spray of fuel into the "ice combustion chamber 12, is mounted in the head 10 by means of an adapter 18 with a conical opening 19 therein for reception of a complementary conical portion on the valve. A threaded part 20' on the valve is received within a threaded opening in the head just below the adapter and by threading the valve into the head by means of a suitable tool engaged in a serrated part 21 on the valve, the valve compresses a seal 22 to prevent escape of gases from the combustion chamber and is at the same time brought down into sealing engagement with the adapter at the the meeting conical surfaces. A tubular shroud 24 is threaded to the upper end of the adapter and sealed at its upper end by a plug-like seal 25 with a friction fit. The seal 25 may be readily removed when it is desired to remove the valve and nozzle assembly.

Fuel is supplied to the valve by means which remain in place when the valve is removed. This means comprises a short fuel line 26 passing through the cylinder head and secured by a conventional fitting including a nut 27 to an external line 28 which leads to the usual fuel pump (not shown). At its inner end, the line 26 is secured as by brazing or the like to the adapter 18 and delivers fuel to an annular groove 30 in the tapered part of the valve and through radial orifices 31 in the groove to the interior of the valve which is of conventional construction.

With the construction illustrated, the valve and nozzle assembly may be removed for replacement or repair by simply removing the seal 25 and releasing the threaded connection 20 with a suitable tool which extends into the shroud 24 for engagement with the serrated surface 21.

I claim:

1. In combination with an engine having a head fitted to a cylinder block, an adapter in the head for reception of a fuel injection valve, a fuel line extending through a wall of the head and communicating with the adapter, and registering passages in the adapter and fuel injection valve to communicate fuel from the line to the interior of the valve whereby the valve can be removed without disturbing the fuel line, the adapter and valve having complementary tapered sealing surfaces, a threaded connection for drawing the surfaces into sealing contact, said passages being disposed between the ends of the tapered sealing surfaces, a cylindrical shroud extending from the adapter through the head cover to surround the valve, and removable means closing the external end of the shroud, said valve having an external surface for reception of a tool for imparting turning movement thereto without removing the shroud.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,179,912 4/1916 Hamill.

2,001,358 5/1935 Guernsey 123-32 3,077,189 2/1963 Earnshaw et al. 12332 XR 3,125,078 3/ 1964 Reiners 12332 3,194,221 7/ 1965 Dinger et a1 123-32 LAWRENCE M. GOODRIDGE, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1179912 *Mar 24, 1913Apr 18, 1916William Wilson HamillLiquid-fuel-spraying device.
US2001358 *Dec 2, 1931May 14, 1935American Car And Foundry MotorInternal combustion engine
US3077189 *May 13, 1960Feb 12, 1963Earnshaw Alvin RDiesel engine converted into a twocycle gas engine
US3125078 *Jan 16, 1961Mar 17, 1964 Fuel supply system
US3194221 *Apr 22, 1963Jul 13, 1965Daimler Benz AgCylinder head construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3924583 *Jun 21, 1974Dec 9, 1975Caterpillar Tractor CoMounting apparatus
US4295452 *Jun 6, 1979Oct 20, 1981Robert Bosch GmbhFuel injection system
US4485790 *Sep 28, 1982Dec 4, 1984Yanmar Diesel Engine Company LimitedHolding construction of a fuel injection valve in an internal combustion engine
US4528959 *Jan 23, 1984Jul 16, 1985Deere & CompanySeal for an internal combustion engine
US4715103 *Aug 4, 1986Dec 29, 1987Caterpillar Inc.Method of producing interference connection between a fluid line and a fluid injector
US5125383 *Jul 16, 1991Jun 30, 1992Volkswagen AgMounting arrangement for a fuel injection pump nozzle in a cylinder head
US5365907 *Oct 27, 1993Nov 22, 1994Mercedes-Benz AgCylinder head for an internal combustion engine with fuel injection
US6182638 *Apr 8, 1998Feb 6, 2001Deutz AgInternal combustion engine with inlet and outlet valves
US6279540 *Jul 20, 1999Aug 28, 2001Lucas Industries PlcConnector
US7350507 *Apr 28, 2006Apr 1, 2008Denso CorporationFuel injector assembly and method of mounting the same
US7703421Jul 31, 2008Apr 27, 2010Caterpillar Inc.Cooling arrangement for a fuel injector and method
US8505515 *Jun 21, 2007Aug 13, 2013Volvo Lastvagnar AbHydraulic connection of injector to a pressure source
US20060048754 *Sep 8, 2005Mar 9, 2006Naganawa Arthur SInternal combustion engine, a cylinder head and an injector support
US20060243254 *Apr 28, 2006Nov 2, 2006Denso CorporationFuel injector assembly and method of mounting the same
US20090126674 *Nov 27, 2006May 21, 2009Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki KaishaEngine and vehicle
US20100024746 *Jul 31, 2008Feb 4, 2010Caterpillar Inc.Cooling arrangement for a fuel injector and method
US20100126470 *Jun 21, 2007May 27, 2010Volvo Lastvagnar AbHydraulic connection of injector to a pressure source
DE3309854A1 *Mar 18, 1983Oct 27, 1983Yanmar Diesel Engine CoHaltevorrichtung fuer das kraftstoffeinspritzventil eines dieselmotors
U.S. Classification123/470
International ClassificationF02M55/00, F02M61/14
Cooperative ClassificationY02T10/123, F02B2275/14, F02M61/14, F02M55/005
European ClassificationF02M61/14, F02M55/00D2