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Publication numberUS3431992 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1969
Filing dateDec 16, 1966
Priority dateDec 16, 1966
Publication numberUS 3431992 A, US 3431992A, US-A-3431992, US3431992 A, US3431992A
InventorsWhitecar Alten E
Original AssigneeSmithkline Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lift truck scale
US 3431992 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 11, 1969 A. E. WHITECAR LIFT TRUCK SCALE Filed Dec. 16. 1966 NVENTOR ALTEN E. WHITECAR BWM ATTORNEYS March 11, 1969 w T 3,431,992

LIFT TRUCK SCALE Filed Dec. 16, 1966 Sheet & of 4' FIG. 3.

FIG. 4.

iNVENTOR ALTEN E. WHITECAR QW W ATTORNEYS LIFT TRUCK SCALE Sheet Filed Dec. 16, 1966 INVENTOR ALTEN E. WHITECAR F l G. 5.

ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,431,992 LIFT TRUCK SCALE Alten E. Whitecar, Westville, N.J., assignor to Smith Kline & French Laboratories, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Dec. 16, 1966, Ser. No. 602,368

U.S. Cl. 177-140 10 Claims Int. Cl. G01g 19/08 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A scale on a lift truck for handling palletized loads, the scale comprising four hydraulic units depressible by an undersurface of the pallet and transmitting pressure to a weight indicator.

This invention relates to a lift truck scale and more particularly relates to such a scale of particular utility with a lift truck for handling loaded pallets.

In handling palletized material it is frequently necessary to check the weight of the material on each pallet. This is generally accomplished by placing the loaded pallet on a scale which is a time consuming operation. Alternatively and rarely used due to the expense, the lift truck carrying the loaded pallet can be weighed on a floor scale. In accordance with this invention, the loaded pallet is Weighed when it is elevated off the ground by the lift truck by a scale incorporated in the lift truck. This is accomplished employing inexpensive mechanism and results in a substantial time saving.

The device of this invention is suitable for use with any of the well known lift trucks. Briefly, the invention employs a plurality of load bearing rods which project upwardly above the top of the supporting surface of the truck in a manner to support the loaded pallet when the lift truck supporting surface is elevated to lift the pallet off the ground. A force transmission system transmits the force exerted on the rods to a force accumulating device which totals the received forces. The force accumulating device is connected to a readout device whicdi can, if desired, give a direct reading of the Weight of the load on the pallet. When the lift truck is of the hydraulic type, it is advantageous to incorporate the scale of the invention in the hydraulic system of the lift truck.

The invention will be further clarified by reading the following description in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational of a typical hydraulic a fork lift truck;

FIGURE 2 is a front perspective view partially broken away of a portion of the hydraulic actuating means of the truck of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the truck of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged elevation partially broken away, of one of the force transmitting devices of the scale incorporated in the truck of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a horizontal sectional view of the valve employed with the scale incorporated in the truck of FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of a force reducing mechanism employed in the scale in the truck of FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 7 is a plan view of a gauge employed with thesca'le in the truck of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 8 is a front elevation of the force accumulating device employed in the scale of the truck of FIG- URE 1.

Referring first to FIGURE 1 a fork lift truck 2 of conventional construction has a frame 4 to which is secured a hydraulic ram 6 which in turn is secured to the so as to provide for the elevation member 11 is secured to axle 8 by axle 8 of wheels 10 of frame 4. A tow means not shown.

A pair of forks 12 and 14 are fixedly secured to frame 4 (FIGURE 3) and are adapted to pass below a pallet and then support it when elevated. Wheels 18, 1 8 are provided for the elevation of forks 12 and 14. Each wheel 18 is mounted on a bell crank 20 pivoted at 22 and pivotally connected at 24 to a linking system 26 (only part of which is shown) which is connected to hydraulic ram 6 in a manner so that the actuation of the ram causes bell crank 20 to rotate clockwise as viewed in FIGURE 1 resulting in the elevation of the fork to which it is connected.

A hydraulic pump indicated at 30 (FIGURE 2) is actuated by a camming foot lever 32 which actuates pump plunger 34. A pump discharge line '36 connects pump 30 to ram 6.

The thus described structure is old in the art, having been in substantial commercial use for many years, and hence will not be described in further detail. Any of the known trucks wherein the forks or pallet lifting platform are elevated hydraulically is satisfactory for use with the invention.

Platforms 42 and 44 recessed in fork 12 and platforms 46 and 48 recessed in fork 14 substantially below the top surfaces thereof (FIGURE 3) each have a drilled passage 50 communicating with a recess 52 in the platform (see FIGURE 4) forming part of a ram 53. Each ram 53 has a cup-shaped piston 54 received in recess 52 and has attached thereto a diaphragm skirt 56 of rubber or the like. A load bearing piston rod '58 is secured to piston 54 and passes through an opening 60 in a 'boss 61 extending downwardly from the interior of a cap 62 which is provided with vent openings 64. A clamping ring 65 is secured to each platform by means of machine screws =66 (FIGURE 3) and engages a flanged portion 68 of cap 62 under which is secured the peripheral portion 70 of diaphragm skirt 56 (FIGURE 4).

The pass-ages 50 in the platforms 42, 44, 46 and 48 are respectively connected to hydraulic lines 86, 88, 82 and 84 which in turn are connected to the force accumulator '90 (FIGURE 8). Lines 82, 8'4, 86 and 8-8 are respectively connected by lines 92, 94, 96 and 98 to double valve 100.

Each of lines '82, 84 and 86 communicates with a passage 106 in a plate 108 which is fixedly secured as by welding to a vertical plate 110 mounted on frame 4. Each passage 106 communicates with a hydraulic ram 112 mounted on plate 108 and having a rod 114. Each hydraulic ram 112 and its associated plate 108 is of the same construction as the rams 53. Line 88 communicates with a drilled passage 11-8 in a plate fixedly secured to plate 110. Passage 118 communicates with a ram 112. Each rod 114 bears against a plate 122 which in turn has secured thereto by machine screws 124 a pair of vertical straps 126 and 128. The upper end of each of straps 126 and 128 is secured to a yoke member 130 which in turn is secured to a plate 132 (FIGURE '6). A knife edge member 134 is secured to plate 132 by machine screws indicated at 1'36 (FIGURE 6) and extends downwardly into engagement with a V-shaped bearing member 138 which is secured to multiplier arms 140 and 142. A knife edge member 144 is secured to arms 140 and 142 and engages a V-shaped bearing member 146 which is secured to plate 120. The other ends of arms 140 and 142 are connected by a rod 148 carrying a roller 150 which bears against the end of rod 152 of hydraulic ram 154 which is mounted on a plate 156 secured to plate 120 by means of posts 158. Hydraulic ram 154 and plate 156 are structurally the same as hydraulic rams 53. As

3 best seen in FIGURE 8, plate 156 has a passage 162 which communicates with a hydraulic line 164 which in turn communicates with a conventional pressure gauge shown at 166. As shown .in FIGURE 7, gauge 166 can be calibrated to show the weight in any desired unit of weight, for example, pounds as illustrated.

Double valve 100 (FIGURE 5) has a body portion 180 with an enlarged bore 182 to which is secured line 36 from pump by a threaded fitting 184 having discharge openings 186, 186 which discharge into bore 182. A smaller bore 188 in communication with bore 182 contains a hollow spool valve member 190 having a headed portion 192 which is adapted to abut against fitting 184 and adjacent which is mounted an O-ring 194. Openings 196, 196 in member 190 are adapted to communicate with bore 182. Valve member 190 is also provided with openings 198, 200, 202 and 204 in grooved portions thereof which are respectively in communication with passages 198A, 200A, 202A and 204A. A compression coil spring 206 biases valve member 190 towards fitting 184. A vent opening 208 provides communication between bore 188 and the atmosphere. Lines 92, 94, 96 and 98 are in communication with passages 204A, 202A, 200A and 198A respectively as shown in FIGURE 5.

Valve 100 has a hollow valve member 220 slidably mounted in a bore 222 which has a reduced portion 224 through which passes a rod 228 secured to member 220. A compression coil spring 230 biases valve member 220 away from a threaded fitting 232 by means of which a return line 234 is connected to bore 222. Line 234 is connected to the hydraulic system reservoir 236 as shown in FIGURE 2. Member 220 is provided with openings 238, 240, 242 and 244 in grooved portions thereof which are adapted to communicate with passages 198A, 200A, 202A and 204A as best seen in FIGURE 5. A foot crank member 250 (FIGURE 2) is fixedly secured to a link 252 pivotally mounted in bearings 254 and 256 to which is secured a pusher member 258 adapted to engage and urge inwardly rod 228 of valve member 220.

Operation In operation, the fork lift truck 2 is moved under a pallet indicated in phantom at 260 in FIGURE 1 with the load bearing rods 58 in the lowered position. Pump 30 is now actuated by foot lever 32 to increase the pressure in line 36 and hence in lines 82, 84, 86 and 88 through communication with double valve 100 through lines 92, 94, 96 and 98 respectively. This causes the four pistons 54 and load bearing rods 58 to be elevated immediately from their recessed positions to the position shown in FIGURE 1 where rods 58 project upwardly above forks 12 and 14 to bear against crossboards 262 of pallet 260 shown in phantom before the forks 12 and 14 are elevated. When the pressure in this system reaches a predetermined figure insufficient to elevate the forks and pallet, for example, p.s.i., the pressure exerted on spool valve member 190 causes it to move downwardly as viewed in FIGURE 5 against spring 206 until O-ring 194' seals against the lower face as viewed in FIGURE 5 of bore 182 thus sealing off the weighing system from pump 30 and moving openings 198, 200, 202 and 204 out of alignment with the corresponding passages 198A, 200A, 202A and 204A. If desired, the gauge may be calibrated to register zero when an empty pallet is lifted in order to show the true weight of the load on a loaded pallet.

Continued operation of pump 30 provides suflicient pressure to actuate ram 6 in the conventional manner to elevate frame 4 and pivot bell cranks 20 to elevate forks 12 and 14. This results in the truck lifting pallet 260 off the surface on which it rests at which time the entire weight of the pallet and any load thereon is carried by the four load bearing rods 58. The downward force exerted on the four pistons 54 produces a corresponding increase in the weighing system pressure in each of lines 82, 84, 86 and 88 and the correspondingly increased pres sure in the four rams 112 of accumulator causes a corresponding increase in the accumulated force exerted by the knife edge member 134 on multiplier arms and 142 through the bearing member 138. Arms 140 and 142 in turn cause a proprotionally smaller force to be exerted on ram 154 with an increase in the pressure in gauge 166 which will be reflected on the weight scale to give, for example, the weight of the load on the pallet.

Since it saves wear and tear on the rods 58, it is preferred to retract them after the weighing operation and permit the pallet to rest directly on forks 12 and 14. In the retracted position rods 58 are ready to pass under the next pallet which is to be handled. This can readily be accomplished by actuation of foot crank 250 which pivots link 252 to cause pusher member 258 to urge rod 228 and valve member 220 against the action of spring 238 until the grooves associated with spool openings 238, 240, 242 and 244 are in registry with passages 198A, 200A, 202A and 264A which permits the hydraulic fluid in lines 98, 96, 94 and 92 and hence in lines 88, 86, 84 and 82 respectively to pass into the center of valve member 220, thence into bore 222 and thence through line 234 to the reservoir 236. This permits the loaded pallet to force rods downwardly into their retracted position.

It will be obvious that the accumulated forces produced by the four rams 112 of acumulator 90 could be applied directly to a ram capable of withstanding the pressures involved.

It will be understood that the above described embodiment is by way of illustration and is not intended to be limiting.

What is claimed is:

1. In a lift truck for pallets having pallet supporting means and means for elevating the pallet supporting means to lift a pallet off the ground the improvement comprismg:

a weighing system having a plurality of cylinders secured to the pallet supporting means below the top of the pallet supporting means,

a piston in each cylinder,

load bearing means attached to each piston and adapted to project above the top of the pallet supporting means,

pressure totaling means connected to each of said cylinders,

output indicating means connected to the pressure totaling means, and

means to supply a fluid at a predetermined pressure to said weighing system to project the load bearing means above the top of the pallet supporting means.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 in which the fluid is a hydraulic fluid.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 in which the pressure totaling means includes a means to accumulate the pressures to be totaled, an output ram and divider means connecting the output ram to the accumulating means.

4. The apparatus of claim 2 in which a fluid supply line is connected to each cylinder,

each fluid supply line is connected to a valve which in turn is connected to the supply means, and

means is provided to shut the valve at a predetermined pressure.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 having a line connecting the supply line to a reservoir and valve means controlling said last mentioned line.

6. In a lift truck for pallets having pallet supporting means and hydraulic means for elevating the pallet supporting means to lift a pallet off the ground the improvement comprising:

a weighing system having a plurality of cylinders secured to the pallet supporting means below the top of the pallet supporting means,

a piston in each cylinder,

load bearings means attached to each piston and adapted to project above the top of the pallet supporting means,

pressure totaling means connected to each of said cylinders,

output indicating means connected to the pressure totaling means,

a fluid supply line connected to each cylinder and to avalve,

means connecting the valve to the hydraulic elevating means, and

means to close the valve at a predetermined pressure.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 having a line connecting the supply line to a reservoir and valve means controlling said last mentioned line.

8. In a lift truck for pallets having pallet supporting means and means for elevating the pallet supporting means:

a Weighing system having a plurality of cylinders secured to the pallet supporting means,

a piston in each cylinder,

load bearing means attached to each piston and projecting above the top of the pallet supporting means, pressure totaling means,

means connecting each cylinder with the pressure totaling means,

fluid in said cylinders, pressure totaling means and connecting means, and

output indicating means connected to the pressure totaling means.

9. The apparatus of claim 8 in which the fluid is a hydraulic fluid.

10. The apparatus of claim 8 in which the pressure totaling means includes a means to accumulate the pressures to be totaled, an output ram and divider means connecting the output ram to the accumulating means.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,147,128 7/1915 Troll 177-208 X 2,020,307 11/1935 Fitch 177-139 2,109,460 3/1938 Brasher 177-139 2,659,592 11/1953 Wetsel 214-2 2,756,983 7/ 1956 Furcini 177-139 RICHARD B. WILKINSON, Primary Examiner. G. H. MILLER, J R., Assistant Examiner.

U.S. C1.X.R. 177-141, 208; 214-2

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1147128 *Jun 8, 1912Jul 20, 1915Douglas H Thomas JrCombined load indicator and alarm for motor-trucks.
US2020307 *Oct 24, 1932Nov 12, 1935Motor Terminals CoLoad weighing device
US2109460 *Mar 23, 1936Mar 1, 1938Geddings JowittHydraulic scale
US2659592 *Apr 7, 1952Nov 17, 1953Wetsel Cecil LLoad weight indicator for forklift trucks
US2756983 *Mar 26, 1951Jul 31, 1956Furcini James FLoad weighing and supporting mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3589459 *May 20, 1969Jun 29, 1971Lansing Bagwall LtdIndustrial pallet truck with hydraulic weighing means
US4033420 *May 20, 1976Jul 5, 1977Brookline Instrument Company, Inc.Weighing scale
US4638876 *Oct 3, 1985Jan 27, 1987Franz BalduinWeighing apparatus
US4666004 *May 1, 1986May 19, 1987Pallet Truck Scale CorporationPallet truck with weighing scale
US4682665 *Aug 20, 1986Jul 28, 1987Young Brad JPortable low profile mechanical scales
US4792004 *Sep 25, 1987Dec 20, 1988Richard SheffieldWeight scale for a hydraulic loader and related method
US5990423 *Jun 12, 1998Nov 23, 1999Eze Weigh, LlcMobile hospital bed scale
US6680442Sep 1, 2000Jan 20, 2004Eze Weigh, LlcMobile hospital bed scale
US6756547Jan 30, 2002Jun 29, 2004Howard LeflerMethod and apparatus for loading and unloading equipment
US7002083Oct 13, 2003Feb 21, 2006Simons Gerald SHand truck weighing device and weighing method
US7232962 *Jan 20, 2004Jun 19, 2007Richard RyndMobile hospital bed scale
US20100212972 *Jul 24, 2008Aug 26, 2010Mirraview Pty LtdVehicle for weighing an item
EP1486394A2 *May 26, 2004Dec 15, 2004Franz Kahl GmbHLift truck, particularly fork lift truck
WO1982002024A1 *Dec 8, 1981Jun 24, 1982Ergotest AbAn electronic weighing device for pallet-lifting apparatuss
Classifications
U.S. Classification177/140, 177/141, 177/208, 414/21
International ClassificationG01G19/08, B60P5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB62B2203/50, G01G19/083
European ClassificationG01G19/08B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 21, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: SMITHKLINE BECKMAN CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SMITHKLINE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004080/0769
Effective date: 19820304
Owner name: SMITHKLINE BECKMAN CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA