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Publication numberUS3434253 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 25, 1969
Filing dateJan 15, 1968
Priority dateJan 15, 1968
Publication numberUS 3434253 A, US 3434253A, US-A-3434253, US3434253 A, US3434253A
InventorsHatcher Frank M
Original AssigneeHatcher Frank M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Foldable utility building
US 3434253 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. M. HATCHER FOLDABLE UT IL I TY BUILDING March 25, 1969 Sheet Filed Jan. l5, 1968 FIG. 7.

FIG. 2.

R w m H M. K M m INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY March 25, 1969 F. M. HATCHER 3,434,253

FOLDABLE UTILITY BUILDING Filed Jan. '15, 1968 Shee t g of 2 FRANK M. HA TCHER INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,434,253 FOLDABLE UTILITY BUILDING Frank M. Hatchet, 800 th Ave., Fort Worth, Tex. 76104 Filed Jan. 15, 1968, Ser. No. 697,975 Int. Cl. E04b 7/16, 1/343 US. Cl. 52-69 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a foldable utility building, and it concerns more particularly certain specific improvements in a foldable building structure having a pair of oppositely inclined roof portions and having bottom, side, and end portions, said portions being connected one to another by hinges whereby they may be folded compactly one upon another about said hinges in the folded positions thereof, for convenience in transporting and storing.

In my Patent No. 3,280,796, dated Oct. 25, 1966, I have shown a folding dog house having incorporated therein a foldable building structure as described in which one of said hinges connects the adjacent edges of the roof portions, another of said hinges connects the upper edges of one of the side portions to the under side of one of the roof portions, a third hinge connects the bottom portion to said one of the side portions, a fourth hinge connects the bottom portion to the side portion opposite said one of the side portions, and two other hinges connect the two opposite ends of the last mentioned side portion to the adjacent edges of the adjoining end portions.

The building structure shown in the patent further includes fastening means whereby said portions are adapted to be further connected one to another, in the erected positions thereof, to form a rigid, fully enclosed unitary structure characterized by its strength.

This invention concerns four specific improvements, as hereinafter described, in the foldable building structure shown in the above mentioned patent whereby the several portions which comprise the structure may be arranged more compactly, one upon another, in their folded positions, to form a folded unit which is generally rectangular and characterized by its reduced length, width, and height dimensions. The improved unit requires a minimum of space for transporting and storing, and several such units may be conveniently stacked one upon another.

(1) Only one of the end portions has one of its side edges connected by a hinge to the adjacent end of the last mentioned side portion. The other of the end portions is connected by a hinge to the adjacent end of the floor portion and overlies the floor portion in the folded positions thereof.

(2) Said one of the end portions has a triangular upper section, immediately below the roof portions, which is connected by a hinge to an adjoining lower section and is folded downwardly and inwardly thereon in the folded positions thereof.

(3) Said other of the end portions has a pair of comparatively narrow marginal sections along opposite sides thereof which are connected by hinges to an adjoining middle section and overlies said middle section in the folded positions thereof.

(4) The two opposite side portions .have integral right angular extensions, of unequal widths, along their lower edges which extend laterally inwardly in opposing relation to the adjacent side edges of the floor portion, to which they are connected by the third and fourth hinges above mentioned, forming continuations thereof.

The invention will be readily understood by referring to the following description and the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a structure embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view, to show details of construction;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view, partly bnoken away;

FIG. 4 is an elevational view showing the structure in a partly folded condition;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 showing the structure completely folded; and

FIGS. 6 to 9 are fragmentary views on an enlarged scale showing details of construction.

Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3 of the drawing, the foldable building structure of the invention has a pair of oppositely inclined roof portions, designated by the numerals 1 and 2, and has a bottom portion 3, two opposite side portions 4, 5, and two opposite end portions 6, 7.

The above-mentioned portions are connected one to another by hinges as hereinafter described whereby they may be folded compactly one upon another about said hinges in the folded positions thereof, for convenience in transporting and storing.

One or more hinges, designated by the numeral 8, connect the adjacent edges of the roof portions 1, 2. Another set of hinges 9 connect the upper edge of one of the side portions 4 to the under side of one of the roof portions 1. A third set of hinges 10 connect the bottom portion 3 to said one of the side portions 4. A fourth set of hinges connect the bottom portion 3 to the side portion 5 opposite said one of the side portions 4. Another set of hinges 12 connect one end of the last mentioned side portion 5 to the adjacent edge of the adjoining end portion 6. Still another set of hinges 13 connect the other of the end portions 7 to the adjacent end of the bottom portion 3.

Said first mentioned end portion 6 has a triangular upper section 14, immediately below the roof portions 1, 2, which is connected by one or more hinges 15 to an adjoining lower section 16, and said other of the end portions 7 has a pair of comparatively narrow marginal sections 17 along opposite sides thereof connected by hinges 18 to an adjoining middle section 20.

The two opposite side portions 4, 5 have integral right angular extensions 21, 22, of unequal widths, along their lower edges extending laterally inwardly in opposing relation to the adjacent side edges of the bottom portion 3, to which they are connected by said third and fourth hinges 10, 11 above mentioned, forming continuations thereof.

The invention further includes fastening means as desired whereby said portions are adapted to be further connected one to another, in the erected positions thereof, to form a rigid, fully enclosed unitary structure characterized by its strength.

The screw 23 shown in FIG. 7 and the hasp 24 and staple 25 shown in FIG. 9 are optional forms of fastening devices which may or may not be used in the structure of this invention. Suitable latch means advantageously may be substituted for the screw 23, and the fastening means preferably is located on the inside of the building whereby it is not accessible from the outside, so that the building may be secured.

foldable building partly broken away Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5 of the drawing, said other of the end portions 7 overlies the [bottom portion 3, and the marginal sections 17 of said other of the end portions 7 overlie its middle section 20, in the folded positions thereof. Said one of the end portions 6 is folded inwardly on said last mentioned side portion 5, the triangular upper section -14 of said one of the end portions 6 is folded downwardly and inwardly on the lower section 16, and said last mentioned side portion 5 is folded inwardly with said one of the end portions 6 upon the bottom portion 3 and said other end of the end portions 7. The roof portions 1, 2 together are folded inwardly upon the first mentioned side portion 4, and finally the first mentioned side portion 4 is folded downwardly and inwardly with said roof portions 1, 2.

'Ilhe invention may be modified in various ways without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.

I claim:

1. A foldable building structure having a pair of oppositely inclined roof portions and having bottom, side, and end portions, said portions being connected one to another by hinges whereby they may be folded compactly one upon another about said hinges in the folded positions thereof, for convenience in transporting and storing, one of said hinges connecting the adjacent edges of the roof portions, another of said hinges connecting the upper edge of one of the side portions to the underside of one of the roof portions, a third hinge connecting the bottom portion to said one of the side portions, a fourth hinge connecting the bottom portion to the side portion opposite said one of the side portions, another hinge connecting one end of the last mentioned side portion to the adjacent edge of the adjoining end portion, and another hinge connecting the other of the end portions to the adjacent end of the bottom portion, said first mentioned end portion having a triangular upper section, immediately below the roof portions, connected by a hinge to an adjoining lower section, and said other of the end portions having a pair of comparatively narrow marginal sections along opposite sides thereof connected by hinges to an adjoining middle section, and the two opposite side portions having integral right angular extensions, of unequal widths, along their lower edges extending laterally inwardly in opposing relation to the adjacent side edges of the bottom portion, to which they are connected by said third and fourth hinges above mentioned, forming continuations thereof, and fastening means whereby said portions are adapted to be further connected one to another, in the erected positions thereof, to form a rigid, fully enclosed unitary structure characterized by its strength.

2. The structure of claim 1, said other of the end portions overlying the bottom portion and the marginal sections of said other of the end portions overlying its middle section, in the folded positions thereof, said one of the end portions being folded inwardly on said last mentioned side portion, the triangular upper section of said one of the end portions being folded downwardly and inwardly on the lower section thereof, and said last mentioned side portion being folded inwardly with said one of the end portions upon the bottom portion and said other of the end portions, the roof portions together being folded inwardly upon the first mentioned side portion, and finally the first mentioned side portion being folded downwardly and inwardly with said roof portions.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,280,796 10/1966 Hatcher 52-70 2,670,986 3/1954 Presnell 5271 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Primary Examiner.

U.S. Cl. X.R. 52-70

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2670986 *Jan 12, 1951Mar 2, 1954Presnell Harry EExpansible house trailer and building
US3280796 *Jun 7, 1965Oct 25, 1966Hatcher Frank MFolding dog house
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3714749 *Sep 2, 1971Feb 6, 1973Instant Structures IncPortable building construction
US3943671 *Oct 26, 1973Mar 16, 1976Curci William ABuilding structure supported above ground by a cradle-like means
US4021975 *Apr 2, 1976May 10, 1977Calkins William WPet house
US4112635 *Jun 24, 1977Sep 12, 1978Rylander Demaris CChild's playhouse type collapsible structure
US4479333 *Sep 8, 1981Oct 30, 1984Hendrich John HFolded building module and method of assembly
US4815242 *Nov 12, 1986Mar 28, 1989Four Seasons Solar Products CorporationModular lean-to post and beam structure
US4823519 *Dec 22, 1986Apr 25, 1989Four Seasons Solar Products Corp.Interlocking joint for a lean-to structure, or the like and related method
US4986041 *Dec 19, 1989Jan 22, 1991Inventio AgPrefabricated elevator shaft modules
US5107639 *Aug 7, 1990Apr 28, 1992Kenneth Van WezelPortable and collapsible building structure
US5493818 *Apr 28, 1994Feb 27, 1996Wilson; Martin L.Collapsible structure having compact shipping properties
US5661930 *Feb 21, 1996Sep 2, 1997Porter; William H.House floor system and shipping container therefor
US6463705Nov 18, 1999Oct 15, 2002Oakwood Homes CorporationContainer for prefabricated transportable buildings
US7765745Aug 26, 2008Aug 3, 2010Atco Structures & Logistics Ltd.Reusable worker housing and methods relating thereto
EP1156168A2 *May 10, 2001Nov 21, 2001Alessandro ColomboFoldable prefabricated module for modular housing unit
WO1999064688A1 *Jun 9, 1999Dec 16, 1999George QuentinPrefabricated building systems
WO2006051208A1 *Nov 7, 2005May 18, 2006Mandoce AlainImproved folding construction
WO2007000026A1 *Jun 27, 2006Jan 4, 2007Michael LopezCollapsible buildings and building modules
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/69, D25/33, 52/70
International ClassificationE04B1/344
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/3445
European ClassificationE04B1/344D