|Publication number||US3435567 A|
|Publication date||Apr 1, 1969|
|Filing date||Aug 18, 1966|
|Priority date||Aug 18, 1966|
|Publication number||US 3435567 A, US 3435567A, US-A-3435567, US3435567 A, US3435567A|
|Inventors||Tyson Kenneth A|
|Original Assignee||Tyson Kenneth A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (19), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 1, 1969 K. A. TYSON WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 18, 1966 INVENTOR KENNETH A. TYSON l fl flfifl/ ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,435,567 WALL CONSTRUCTION Kenneth A. Tyson, 15520 W. El Rio Drive, Menomonee Falls, Wis. 53051 Filed Aug. 18, 1966, Ser. No. 573,346 Int. Cl. E04g 21/12; E04c J/06; E04b 1/62 US. Cl. 52125 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Reinforced concrete slabs amenable for easy assembly with other like slabs to form building walls. Said slabs having a plurality of internal passageways to minimize the weight of the slabs and to provide conduits for pipes, wires or heating elements. The reinforcements in the slabs are provided by three-dimensional integral lattice structures equipped with means adaptable for use in transporting or lifting the slabs.
My invention relates to improvement in wall construction, and more particularly to a new and improved reinforced concrete panel used in the construction of walls for buildings and the novel method of manufacture of the same.
The prime object of my invention is to provide reinforced concrete panels, of a predetermined height and width, that may be assembled one with the other for constrncting basement walls or the like for buildings.
Another object of my invention is to provide a slab or panel of the character described, that may be conveyed as a unit, ready for assembly.
A further object of my invention is to provide a panel that may be molded integrally, with longitudinally extending internal passages employed for insulation or the like.
A still further object is to provide a wall panel, or slab that may be cast in a mold into which the entire reinforcing rods are disposed.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a reinforced wall panel, in which the reinforcing assembly is equipped with means adaptable for hoisting the slab into any desired position, to form a wall.
An additional object of the invention is to provide a novel and useful method of manufacturing a concrete panel for use in the construction of building.
It is manifest to anyone familiar with building construction that basement walls, or the like are usually constructed of a series of conventional concrete blocks in staggered relation to one another, one on top of the other, in horizontal tiers on a previously prepared concrete foundation, and held in position by conventional mortar, or the like. This process necessitates considerable labor in conveying and laying the individual blocks.
The device illustrated, described, and claimed herein, is molded in a form of any predetermined size, such as seven feet wide and ten feet high. The mold or form has a plurality of longitudinal extending tubes about which a pre-assembled reinforcing unit may be placed in the form, adjacent to and encircling the tubes.
The form with the reinforcing unit emplaced is then filled with concrete, which after removal, takes the form of the mold with the reinforcing unit embedded therein and a plurality of longitudinal, vertically extending when in use, passageways.
By providing upwardly extending contact members forming a part of the reinforcing unit, the entire panel of concrete formed by the mold around the tubes and reinforcing member, may be removed from the mold as a complete panel.
Thus, instead of molding the individual blocks and laying them in position individually, one entire slab, or panel may be constructed in one operation and placed into 3,435,567 Patented Apr. 1, 1969 position in one operation, saving much time and labor and providing a better and stronger wall.
Other more specific objects, advantages and features of this invention will be better understood by reference to the following description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the completely constructed wall panel;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the assembled reinforcing unit, ready for positioning in the mold, before pouring the concrete;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a plurality of panels or sections of wall, assembled one with the other, and showing an angular corner section;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the assembled reinforcing unit, as shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is an end view of the reinforcing unit shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, embedded in the concrete, which is shown in phantom; and
FIG. 6 is a top view of the reinforcing unit embedded in the concrete, which is shown in phantom.
Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts and features, throughout the several views, and referring now to the same, the character 10, shows generally the completed slab or panel, constructed of concrete or the like, and provided with a plurality of longitudinal passageways or openings 11 shown vertically disposed. The panel is shown equipped at one vertical edge with a tongue 12, and at its other vertical edge with a conformingly sized groove 13.
Obviously, the panel or slab 10 may be of angular shape as shown as 14 in FIG. 3, or molded to any other form or contour.
In FIG. 3, I also show openings 15 and 16 cut into the panel 10. These openings 15 and 16 may be of any shape, or size, and may be placed into the panel 10, at any predetermined or convenient location.
In FIG. 2, I show a perspective View of a portion of an assembled reinforcing unit generally indicated by the numeral 9, consisting of vertical sections 17 and horizontal sections 18, together with cross-members 19. These members 17, 18 and 19, consist of steel bars, or the like, welded together or attached to one another in any other eflicient or practical manner. The steel sections are spaced in a manner to be embedded in the concrete (see FIGS. 5 and 6), surrounding the vertical openings 11, and the upper cross-members 19 are shown equipped with vertical threaded members 20, which are employed for attaching a lifting device (not shown), for hoisting the panel into position while constructing the building wall.
In manufacturing the panel 10, I employ the steps of first, furnishing a mold defining a slab-shaped hollow and having a plurality of spaced longitudinal members therein. Second, I provide a reinforcing unit 9- composed of a lattice of steel rods interconnected and spaced so as to surround, when placed in the mold, the longitudinal members. Third, I place the unit 9 within the mold and support it so that the rods of the unit are spaced from and free of the mold and the internal longitudinal members. Fourth, I fill the mold with concrete, surrounding the longitudinal members and embedding the unit therein. Fifth, I withdraw, after allowing the concrete to set, the hardened concrete and the embedded reinforcing unit from the mold.
The device illustrated, described, and claimed herein serves a practical purpose, is simplete in construction, and is a means of saving much time and labor, over the conventional method of building a wall with conventional blocks.
Although I have shown a specific structure and arrangement, I am fully cognizant of the fact that many changes may be made without affecting the operativeness of the device, and I reserve the rights to make such changes as I may deem necessary or convenient, Without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent in the United States is: 1. A reinforced concrete panel having longitudinal transverse ends for use in the construction of Walls for buildings,
said :panel comprising: a plurality of adjacent longitudinally extending openings, a reinforcing unit having a plurality of reinforcing rods formed into a three-dimensional integral lattice surrounding the plurality of spaced adjacent longitudinally extending openings, said reinforcing unit comprising a plurality of parallel,
spaced apart, rectangular sections, each of said rectangular sections being comprised of a peripheral bar bent to form a closed loop rectangular unit having a pair of longer sides and a pair of shorter sides with the longer sides vertically disposed, said rectangular units joined together by parallel horizontal bars therebetWeen that are normal to the longer sides of the rectangular units, in the same plane as the longer sides of the said rectangular units, and located on both sides of said longer sides, cross-member bars extending between said horizontal bars co-planer with said rectangular units and normal to both the said longer sides and to the said horizontal bars, a plurality of lifting members, each of said lifting members comprising a rod extension medianly affixed to the top ones of the short sides of said rectangular units and extending perpendicularly therefrom, each of said lifting members threaded for receiving a lifting device, and
said reinforcing unit being embedded in the concrete which is formed to define the longitudinally extended openings.
2. The reinforce-d concrete panel as defined in claim 1, in which said longitudinal openings are vertically positioned and additional horizontal openings through said panel are defined therein.
3. The reinforced concrete panel as defined in claim 1, in which one longitudinal edge end has a longitudinal groove formed therein, and the other longitudinal edge end has a conformingly shaped, longitudinally extending tongue projecting therefrom so that said panel may be tongue and groove edge end connected to a similarly defined panel.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 891,313 6/1908 White 52-125 20 1,259,698 3/1918 Wilson 52-125 1,607,114 11/ 1926 Byrd 249-93 2,014,778 9/ 1935 Pedersen 52-587 2,772,560 12/1956 Neptune 52-125 2,903,878 9/1959 Humphrey 52-503 25 2,979,801 5/1961 Gashmire 249-91 3,239,982 3/ 1966 Nicosia 52-503 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,215,814 4/1960 France. 0 1,150,523 1/1958 France.
HENRY C. SUTHERLAND, Primary Examiner.
US. Cl. X.R. 35 52-503,'600, 651
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|U.S. Classification||52/125.4, 52/649.3, D25/118, 52/503, 52/649.1, 52/600|